Watson, Arkansas

Last updated
Watson, Arkansas
Desha County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Watson Highlighted 0573550.svg
Location of Watson in Desha County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°53′33″N91°15′24″W / 33.89250°N 91.25667°W / 33.89250; -91.25667 Coordinates: 33°53′33″N91°15′24″W / 33.89250°N 91.25667°W / 33.89250; -91.25667
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Desha
Area
[1]
  Total0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
  Land0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
148 ft (45 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total211
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
186
  Density1,027.62/sq mi (396.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71674
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-73550
GNIS feature ID0056106

Watson is a city in Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 211 at the 2010 census. [3]

Desha County, Arkansas U.S. county in Arkansas

Desha County is a county located in the southeast part of the U.S. state of Arkansas, with its eastern border the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,008. It ranks fifty-sixth of Arkansas's seventy-five counties in terms of population. The county seat is Arkansas City. Located in the Arkansas Delta, Desha County's rivers and fertile soils became prosperous for planters under the cotton-based economy of plantation agriculture in the antebellum years and late nineteenth century. Still largely rural, it has suffered population losses and economic decline since the mid-20th century.

Arkansas U.S. state in the United States

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Delta Heritage Trail

In 1992, the Union Pacific Railroad discontinued service on a rail line which ran directly through Watson, and a 73 mi (117 km) right-of-way on which the rail line ran was donated to the State of Arkansas. Parts of the abandoned rail line have since been converted into the Delta Heritage Trail. The portion of the trail passing through Watson is still[ when? ] under construction. A wilderness lies to the north of the town, where the trail will have views of the Arkansas River (from the Yancopin Bridge), and of the White River (from the Benzal Bridge). [4] Between the bridges, the trail is planned to traverse old-growth hardwood forest within the Trusten Holder State Wildlife Management Area. [5] [6]

Union Pacific Railroad Class I railroad in the United States

Union Pacific Railroad is a freight-hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 U.S. states west of Chicago and New Orleans. The Union Pacific Railroad system is the 2nd largest in the United States after BNSF and is one of the world's largest transportation companies. The Union Pacific Railroad is the principal operating company of the Union Pacific Corporation, both headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska.

Delta Heritage Trail State Park

Delta Heritage Trail State Park is a 960-acre (390 ha) Arkansas state park in Arkansas, Desha, and Phillips counties, Arkansas in the United States. A rails to trails conversion planned along 73 miles (117 km) of abandoned Union Pacific right of way, the Delta Heritage Trail currently runs 14 miles (23 km) from Lexa to Barton. Acquisition of the abandoned corridor was aided by the National Trails System Act, and the beginnings of the trail through Delta lowlands was dedicated in 2002.

Arkansas River major tributary of the Mississippi River, United States

The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. It then flows east into the Midwest via Kansas, and finally into the South through Oklahoma and Arkansas.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all land.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 139
1920 25482.7%
1930 28211.0%
1940 236−16.3%
1950 30930.9%
1960 3121.0%
1970 37118.9%
1980 43316.7%
1990 282−34.9%
2000 2882.1%
2010 211−26.7%
Est. 2017186 [2] −11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 288 people, 113 households, and 78 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,414.6 people per square mile (556.0/km²). There were 125 housing units at an average density of 614.0/sq mi (241.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.57% White, 24.65% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.69% Pacific Islander, and 1.39% from two or more races.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 113 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.10.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,143, and the median income for a family was $33,889. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $15,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,631. About 22.6% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 23.0% of those sixty five or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Watson city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  4. https://www.arkansasstateparks.com/parks/delta-heritage-trail-state-park
  5. "Delta Heritage Trail State Park". Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  6. "Delta Heritage Trail". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. April 24, 2012.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.