Where-to-be-born Index

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The Economist Intelligence Unit’s where-to-be-born index (previously called the quality-of-life index, abbreviated QLI) attempts to measure which country will provide the best opportunities for a healthy, safe and prosperous life in the years ahead. It is based on a method that links the results of subjective life-satisfaction surveys to the objective determinants of quality of life across countries along with a forward-looking element.



The index calculated for 2013 includes data from 80 countries and territories. The survey used ten quality of life factors along with forecasts of future GDP per capita to determine a nation's score. [1]

The life satisfaction scores for 2006 (on a scale of 1 to 10) for 130 countries (from the Gallup Poll) are related in a multivariate regression to various factors. As many as 11 indicators are statistically significant. Together these indicators explain some 85% of the inter-country variation in life satisfaction scores. The values of the life satisfaction scores that are predicted by the indicators represent a country's quality of life index. The coefficients in the estimated equation weight automatically the importance of the various factors. The estimated equation for 2006 can be utilized to calculate index values for year in the past and future, allowing for comparison over time as well across countries. [2]

The independent variables in the estimating equation for 2006 include:

2013 rankings

Where to be born index 2013 World map Where-to-be-born-index-2013.jpg
Where to be born index 2013 World map
Where to be born in 2013 [3]
(out of 10)
1Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 8.22
2Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 8.12
3Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 8.09
4Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 8.02
5Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 8.01
6Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 8.00
7Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 7.95
8Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 7.94
9Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 7.81
10Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 7.80
11Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 7.76
12Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 7.74
13Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 7.73
14Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 7.67
15Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 7.51
16Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 7.38
16Flag of the United States.svg  United States 7.38
18Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 7.33
19Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 7.25
20Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 7.23
21Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 7.21
22Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 7.18
23Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 7.10
23Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 7.10
25Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 7.08
26Flag of France.svg  France 7.04
27Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 7.01
28Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 6.96
28Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 6.96
30Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 6.92
30Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 6.92
32Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 6.77
33Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 6.66
34Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 6.65
35Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 6.64
36Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 6.62
37Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 6.52
38Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 6.49
39Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 6.41
40Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 6.39
40Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 6.39
42Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 6.27
43Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 6.24
44Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 6.07
44Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 6.07
46Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 6.06
46Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 6.06
48Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 6.01
49Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 5.99
50Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 5.96
51Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 5.95
52Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 5.93
53Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 5.89
54Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 5.86
54Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 5.86
56Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 5.85
57Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 5.82
58Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 5.78
59Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 5.77
60Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 5.76
61Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 5.73
62Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 5.72
63Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 5.71
63Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 5.71
65Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 5.70
66Flag of India.svg  India 5.67
66Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 5.67
68Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 5.64
69Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 5.63
70Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 5.60
71Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 5.54
72Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 5.31
73Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 5.29
74Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 5.20
75Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 5.17
76Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 5.09
77Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 5.07
78Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 4.98
79Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 4.91
80Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 4.74

1988 rankings

The original quality-of-life index was released in 1988. It included a "philistine factor" for a lack of culture and a "yawn index" which measured how boring a country might be despite all its other advantages. [1] [4]

1Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2Flag of France.svg  France
3Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
4Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
5Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
6Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
7Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg  Hong Kong
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
9Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
10Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
10Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
12Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
13Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
13Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
15Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
15Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland
15Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
18Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
18Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
18Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
21Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
21Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
23Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
24Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
24Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
24Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg  Philippines
27Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
27Flag of India.svg  India
27Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
30Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
30Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
32Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
32Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
32Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates
32Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg  Venezuela
36Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
36Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
38Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
39Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia
40 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg South Africa
41Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
42Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
43Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
44Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
45 Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg Libya
46Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
47Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
48Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
48Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq
48Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe

See also

Measurement and metrics



  1. 1 2 "The Lottery of Life: Where to be Born in 2013". The Economist. 21 November 2012.
  2. "The Lottery of Life Methodology: How we Calculated Life Satisfaction". The Economist. 21 November 2012.
  3. "The lottery of life - Where to be born in 2013". The Economist. November 21, 2012.
  4. WOND: Economist Where To Be Born Index – Business Insider

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