Yarnell, Arizona

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Yarnell, Arizona
CDP
Yarnell Arizona.JPG
Sign at entrance to Yarnell
Yavapai County incorporated areas Yarnell highlighted.svg
Location in Yavapai County and the state of Arizona
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Yarnell, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°13′21″N112°44′59″W / 34.22250°N 112.74972°W / 34.22250; -112.74972 Coordinates: 34°13′21″N112°44′59″W / 34.22250°N 112.74972°W / 34.22250; -112.74972
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yavapai
Area
[1]
  Total8.82 sq mi (22.86 km2)
  Land8.82 sq mi (22.86 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,780 ft (1,457 m)
Population
  Total649
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
85362
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-84980
GNIS feature ID0014039

Yarnell is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population of Yarnell was 649 at the 2010 census. Yarnell's economy is based on ranching, mining and services to travelers and retirees. Peeples Valley, three miles north, is closely linked to Yarnell.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Yavapai County, Arizona county in Arizona, United States

Yavapai County is near the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073. The county seat is Prescott.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona, one of the Four Corners states, is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada and California to the west, and Mexico to the south, as well as the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona's border with Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Contents

History

Gold was discovered in Yarnell about 1865 by Charles Genung (1839–1916), a well-known area pioneer. The community is named for Harrison Yarnell, a later prospector, who discovered the Yarnell mine in 1873. Old U.S. Route 89 (now State Route 89), which goes through Yarnell, was paved in 1933, and for many years was the main highway from Phoenix to Wickenburg, Prescott and northern Arizona.

Arizona State Route 89 highway in Arizona

State Route 89 (SR 89) is a 104.53-mile (168.22 km) state highway in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is part of the former route of U.S. Route 89 (US 89) throughout the state.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,078 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Prescott, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Prescott is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 39,843. The city is the county seat of Yavapai County. In 1864 Prescott was designated as the capital of the Arizona Territory, replacing the temporary capital at Fort Whipple. The Territorial Capital was moved to Tucson in 1867. Prescott again became the Territorial Capital in 1877, until Phoenix became the capital in 1889.

On June 30, 2013, the Yarnell Hill Fire destroyed half of the town and killed 19 firefighters. [3]

Yarnell Hill Fire 2013 wildfire

The Yarnell Hill Fire was a wildfire near Yarnell, Arizona, ignited by lightning on June 28, 2013. On June 30, it overran and killed 19 City of Prescott firefighters, members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots. It was one of the deadliest U.S. wildfire since the 1991 East Bay Hills fire, which killed 25 people, and the deadliest wildland fire for U.S. firefighters since the 1933 Griffith Park Fire, which killed 29 impromptu civilian firefighters. It was also the most fatal incident of any kind involving U.S. firefighters since the September 11 attacks, which killed 343 firefighters. It is the sixth-deadliest American firefighter disaster overall, the deadliest wildfire ever in Arizona, and at least until 2014, was "the most publicized event in wildland firefighting history."

Geography

Yarnell is located at 34°13′21″N112°44′59″W / 34.22250°N 112.74972°W / 34.22250; -112.74972 (34.222569, -112.749608). [4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), all of it land.

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Attractions

Top of Yarnell Hill looking toward Wickenburg. Top of Yarnell Hill.jpg
Top of Yarnell Hill looking toward Wickenburg.

Yarnell Hill, which Highway 89 descends 1,300 feet in four miles, [5] is a popular scenic drive. There is a developed lookout point at the top - only accessible from the downhill road.

The Shrine of St. Joseph of the Mountains is a Christian religious monument which features statuary hidden in the boulders. A short trail leads visitors through the stations of the cross.

The ghost towns of Stanton, Octave and Congress are nearby, as well as Harper's Flat being the first place on the right (east side of highway) at the top of Yarnell Hill, which also contains the old rest area for the highway that was built in 1925 and old mining buildings. The original stage road to the town of Stanton is on this property as well and still visible. A very interesting place to visit, although it is private property, the owners do allow people to drive through and take photos. This property is just south of St. Mary's Catholic church. (The church is being torn down in 2017) Rich Hill in Weaver was the richest placer gold discovery in Arizona, discovered in 1863 by a party led by the mountain man Pauline Weaver and the prospector A. H. Peeples. All are popular with amateur prospectors and ghost town buffs.

Yarnell offers great hiking, utv riding, gold prospecting, shopping, restaurants, bars and so much more.

Yarnell also includes a small community known as Glen Ilah.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

At the 2000 census, [7] there were 645 people, 359 households and 188 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 73.1 per square mile (28.2/km²). There were 516 housing units at an average density of 58.5/sq mi (22.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.90% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 1.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 359 households of which 10.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.80 and the average family size was 2.35.

11.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 1.7% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 37.7% from 45 to 64, and 33.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.0 males.

The median household income was $24,792 and the median family income was $35,417. Males had a median income of $33,333 compared with $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,837. About 11.5% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Yarnell Elementary School District #52 serves students in grades Pre-K to 8. High school students are taught in local high school districts. [8]

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. "Yarnell Hill Fire: Wildfire grows to more than 2,000 acres, 19 firefighters killed". ABC 15 News. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. "Yarnell Hill Fire". July 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-02.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. Yarnell Elementary School District #52