Clarkdale, Arizona

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Clarkdale
Town
Clarkdale, Arizona
Public Works Building (Clarkdale, Arizona).jpg
Public Works Building
Motto(s): "A Place That Makes Sense"
Yavapai County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Clarkdale Highlighted 0413890.svg
Location of Clarkdale in Yavapai County, Arizona.
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Clarkdale
Location in Arizona
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Clarkdale
Clarkdale (the US)
Coordinates: 34°46′N112°3′W / 34.767°N 112.050°W / 34.767; -112.050 Coordinates: 34°46′N112°3′W / 34.767°N 112.050°W / 34.767; -112.050
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yavapai
Government
  Mayor Doug Von Gausig
Area [1]
  Total 10.57 sq mi (27.38 km2)
  Land 10.42 sq mi (26.99 km2)
  Water 0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2)
Elevation 3,545 ft (1,081 m)
Population (2010) [2]
  Total 4,097
  Estimate (2016) [3] 4,272
  Density 409.86/sq mi (158.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code 86324
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-13890
GNIS feature ID 27687
Website Town of Clarkdale

Clarkdale (Yavapai: Saupkasuiva [4] ) is a town in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The Verde River flows through the town as does Bitter Creek, an intermittent tributary of the river. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 4,097. [2]

Yavapai is an Upland Yuman language, spoken by Yavapai people in central and western Arizona. There are four dialects: Kwevkepaya, Wipukpaya, Tolkepaya, and Yavepe. Linguistic studies of the Kwevkepaya (Southern), Tolkepaya (Western), Wipukepa, and Yavepe (Prescott) dialects have been published.

Yavapai County, Arizona County in the United States

Yavapai County is near the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073. The county seat is Prescott.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

Clarkdale, formerly a mining town, is now largely a retirement community with an eye for the arts.

History

Clarkdale was founded in 1912 as a company smelter town by William A. Clark, for his copper mine in nearby Jerome. Clarkdale was one of the most modern mining towns in the world, including telephone, telegraph, electrical, sewer and spring water services, and was an early example of a planned community. [5] The Clark Mansion, a local landmark, was built in the late 1920s by William Clark III, Clark's grandson and heir to the United Verde Copper Company. The structure, east of town across the Verde River near Pecks Lake, was destroyed in 2010 by a fire of "suspicious" origin. [6]

William A. Clark American mining magnate and politician (1839-1925)

William Andrews Clark Sr. was an American politician and entrepreneur, involved with mining, banking, and railroads.

Jerome, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Jerome is a town in the Black Hills of Yavapai County in the U.S. state of Arizona. Founded in the late 19th century on Cleopatra Hill overlooking the Verde Valley, it is more than 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level. It is about 100 miles (160 km) north of Phoenix along State Route 89A between Sedona and Prescott. Supported in its heyday by rich copper mines, it was home to more than 10,000 people in the 1920s. As of the 2010 census, its population was 444.

Planned community any community or city that was carefully planned from its inception

A planned community, planned city, or planned town is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped land. This contrasts with settlements that evolve in a more ad hoc fashion. Land use conflicts are less frequent in these communities.

The town center and business district were built in Spanish Colonial style, and feature the Clark Memorial Clubhouse and Memorial Library, both still in use. The Clubhouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The entire original town site is also on the National Register as the Clarkdale Historic District. [5]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

The mine and smelter closed in 1953, and Clarkdale entered hard times. Clarkdale was bought and sold by several different companies. In 1957, Clarkdale was incorporated as a town. The 1959 construction of the Phoenix Cement Company plant restored a modest prosperity to the community. [5]

Phoenix Cement Company

The Phoenix Cement Company, headquartered in Phoenix, operates a cement plant in Clarkdale in the U.S. state of Arizona. Built in 1959 by the American Cement Company to make cement for construction of the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River, the Clarkdale plant produces Portland cement, fly ash, and gypsum for a regional market.

Clarkdale was a segregated town for much of its early history. Mexican and Mexican-American laborers were restricted to living in Patio Town (see neighborhoods), with a separate swimming pool and park; the town swimming pool was marked "whites only." Additionally, Upper Clarkdale was designated for engineers and executives, while Lower Clarkdale was for the "working class." [7]

Racial segregation separation of humans

Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life. It may apply to activities such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a public toilet, attending school, going to the movies, riding on a bus, or in the rental or purchase of a home or of hotel rooms. Segregation is defined by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance as "the act by which a person separates other persons on the basis of one of the enumerated grounds without an objective and reasonable justification, in conformity with the proposed definition of discrimination. As a result, the voluntary act of separating oneself from other people on the basis of one of the enumerated grounds does not constitute segregation". According to the UN Forum on Minority Issues, "The creation and development of classes and schools providing education in minority languages should not be considered impermissible segregation, if the assignment to such classes and schools is of a voluntary nature".

A portion of the Yavapai-Apache Nation is within Clarkdale's boundaries. [5]

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, Clarkdale has a total area of 7.5 square miles (19 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (19 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) is water.

Clarkdale is at 3,545 feet (1,081 m) above sea level at the confluence of Bitter Creek and the Verde River in Yavapai County, northern Arizona. The town is about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Flagstaff and about 90 miles (140 km) north of Phoenix. Arizona Route 89A skirts the town on its south edge, while Historic Route 89A passes through Clarkdale. Nearby towns include Jerome, about 4 miles (6.4 km) to the southwest, and Cottonwood, about 4 miles (6.4 km) to the southeast. [8]

Tuzigoot National Monument, a 42-acre (17 ha) Sinagua pueblo ruin, [9] is between Clarkdale and Cottonwood, Arizona, on land donated to the National Park Service by Phelps Dodge in 1938.

Sycamore Canyon Wilderness lies several miles north of town. Sycamore Creek, which flows through the wilderness, enters the Verde River canyon about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) north-northwest of Clarkdale. [10]

The average temperature in Clarkdale in January is 45 °F (7 °C), and in July it is 84 °F (29 °C). The highest recorded temperature for the town was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1994, and the lowest was 8 °F (−13 °C) in 1990. The wettest month is August, averaging about 2 inches (51 mm) of precipitation. [11] In the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clarkdale has a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate, abbreviated BSk on climate maps. [12]

Little snow falls in Clarkdale. Between 1949 and 1977, Cottonwood, Clarkdale's close neighbor, received an average of about 4 inches (10 cm) of snow a year. About half of this fell in December. The average snow depth in Cottonwood during the period of record was reported as zero. [13]

Climate data for Clarkdale, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)60
(16)
63
(17)
69
(21)
78
(26)
88
(31)
97
(36)
100
(38)
97
(36)
92
(33)
81
(27)
69
(21)
58
(14)
79
(26)
Average low °F (°C)30
(−1)
34
(1)
38
(3)
44
(7)
52
(11)
60
(16)
67
(19)
66
(19)
59
(15)
47
(8)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
47
(8)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.16
(29.5)
1.15
(29.2)
1.08
(27.4)
0.59
(15)
0.35
(8.9)
0.22
(5.6)
1.69
(42.9)
2.02
(51.3)
1.52
(38.6)
1.02
(25.9)
0.79
(20.1)
1.16
(29.5)
12.75
(323.9)
Source: The Weather Channel [11]

Commerce

A slag heap in Clarkdale Slag2.jpg
A slag heap in Clarkdale

The Phoenix Cement Company is Clarkdale's only major industry. The cement plant was built in 1959 to supply Portland cement for the construction of Glen Canyon Dam and is owned by the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. Clarkdale is home to the Verde Canyon Railroad, a scenic excursion train that follows part of the route of the Verde Valley Railroad, constructed in 191112 to serve Clark's mine and smelter, to Drake and Perkinsville, now ghost towns. [14] Yavapai College also has a campus in Clarkdale.

Several motion pictures have been shot in Clarkdale, including Desert Fury , Midnight Run , Universal Soldier , Benefit of the Doubt and Brothel . [15]

Arts

The Made in Clarkdale organization hosts an annual invitational art show each December in the Clark Memorial Clubhouse. [16] The Verde Valley Theatre performs community theatre in Clark Memorial Clubhouse, [17] and free concerts are offered in Clarkdale Park through the summer months. [18]

Neighborhoods

Clarkdale's neighborhoods are not strictly defined, but include:

Education

Clarkdale is the home of ClarkdaleJerome School District, a one-school district that encompasses both Clarkdale and Jerome. The public school has enrollment from kindergarten to eighth grade. [19] Mingus Union High School in Cottonwood encompasses Clarkdale for high school students. [20] There are also charter schools in Cottonwood. In addition, Yavapai College has a community college campus in Clarkdale. The campus is home to the newly opened Southwest Wine Center.

Historically, Clarkdale had an elementary school, located in Lower Clarkdale, a junior high school, located at the top of Miller's Hill in Upper Clarkdale, and a high school, next to the junior high school. Clarkdale High School combined with Mingus High School in Jerome in 1960 to form Mingus Union High School, then located in Jerome. The combined high school adopted the name of the Jerome school and the colors of the Clarkdale school. The school then moved to Cottonwood in 1972. [21] In 1983, the junior high school burned down. A new elementary school was built, becoming the K-8 school at 16th and Main Streets in Upper Clarkdale in 1985.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 2,435
1930 5,526126.9%
1950 1,609
1960 1,095−31.9%
1970 892−18.5%
1980 1,51269.5%
1990 2,14441.8%
2000 3,42259.6%
2010 4,09719.7%
Est. 20164,272 [3] 4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [22]

As of the census [23] of 2000, there were 3,422 people, 1,433 households, and 994 families residing in the town. The population density was 466.9 people per square mile (180.3/km²). There were 1,546 housing units at an average density of 210.9 per square mile (81.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.51% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 6.81% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.41% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. 11.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,433 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,911, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $28,824 versus $21,811 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,441. About 7.4% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Clarkdale became one of the municipalities in Arizona to recognize civil unions for same-sex partners and opposite-sex partners seeking a form of recognition other than marriage. [24] [25]

See also

Related Research Articles

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. E.W. Gifford, Northeastern and Western Yavapai, University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936. Page 248, footnote 7. PDF copy, hosted by the Arizona Navigable Stream Adjudication Commission, retrieved 31 August 2017.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "The History of Clarkdale". Town of Clarkdale. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  6. Hutchinson, Jon (June 25, 2010). "Historic Clark Mansion Fire Called 'Suspicious' ". Verde Independent. Western News&Info. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  7. About the Town of Clarkdale Archived 2009-05-22 at the Wayback Machine .
  8. Arizona Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. pp. 32&ndash, 35. ISBN   978-0-89933-325-0.
  9. "Tuzigoot: History and Culture". National Park Service. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  10. "Sycamore Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. February 8, 1980. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  11. 1 2 "Monthly Averages for Clarkdale, Arizona". The Weather Channel Interactive, Inc. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  12. "Clarkdale, Arizona". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  13. "Cottonwood, Arizona: Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  14. Filled Stopes - Mining Methods of Verde District, Arizona Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine .
  15. Titles with locations including Clarkdale, Arizona, USA, Internet Movie Database
  16. "Made In Clarkdale 2012". Made in Clarkdale. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  17. "Attraction: Verde Valley Theatre in Clarkdale". Sedonda Verde Valley Tourism Council. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  18. "Concerts in the Park". Town of Clarkdale. February 7, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  19. "Clarkdale Jerome School Page". Clarkdale–Jerome School. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  20. Wright, Philip (June 24, 2011). "Historical Societies Receive High School Annuals". Verde Independent. Western News&Info. Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  21. "A Mountainous Journey: Mingus Union High School Moves from Jerome". Verde Independent. Western News&Info. February 11, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  22. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  23. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  24. Lineberger, Mark. "Clarkdale becomes 5th town to OK civil unions - JournalAZ.com - Verde Valley News, Jobs, Classifieds". www.journalaz.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  25. "Clarkdale Registers First Civil Union". Verde Independent. Retrieved 2018-07-28.