Cornville, Arizona

Last updated
Cornville, Arizona
CDP
Cornville-Post Office-1909.jpg
1909 Cornville Post Office
Yavapai County incorporated areas Cornville highlighted.svg
Location in Yavapai County and the state of Arizona
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Cornville
Location in the United States
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Cornville
Cornville (the US)
Coordinates: 34°42′58″N111°54′36″W / 34.71611°N 111.91000°W / 34.71611; -111.91000 Coordinates: 34°42′58″N111°54′36″W / 34.71611°N 111.91000°W / 34.71611; -111.91000
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona
County Yavapai
Area
[1]
  Total13.16 sq mi (34.08 km2)
  Land13.16 sq mi (34.08 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,225 ft (983 m)
Population
  Total3,280
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
86325
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-15920
GNIS feature ID0027961
Cornville in 2005 CornvilleCenter2005 RLoy.jpg
Cornville in 2005

Cornville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 3,280, down from 3,335 at the 2000 census. The Cornville CDP includes the communities of Cornville and Page Springs.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Yavapai County, Arizona County in the United States

Yavapai County is near the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073. The county seat is Prescott.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Cornville and Page Springs are rapidly growing suburban areas that serve as bedroom communities for nearby Sedona and Cottonwood. Both communities are located along Oak Creek, a tributary of the Verde River. Lower Oak Creek has been designated an Important Bird Area by the National Audubon Society. [3] Page Springs hosts a large fish hatchery operated by the Arizona Game and Fish Department. Adjacent to the hatchery are creekside hiking trails and bird-watching areas. [4]

Sedona, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Sedona is a city that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,031.

Cottonwood, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Cottonwood is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 11,265.

Verde River river in the United States of America

The Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is about 170 miles (270 km) long and carries a mean flow of 602 cubic feet per second (17.0 m3/s) at its mouth. It is one of the largest perennial streams in Arizona.

Cornville's best known resident was U.S. Senator and 2008 Republican presidential nominee John McCain. McCain's home in the community, referred to in the media as his "Sedona Cabin," is where he and his running-mate, Alaska governor Sarah Palin, prepared for their debates. On August 25, 2018, McCain died in his home in Cornville. [5] [6] [7] [8]

Republican Party (United States) political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

John McCain American politician

John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer who served as a United States Senator from Arizona from January 1987 until his death. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for President of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama.

Sarah Palin 9th Governor of Alaska

Sarah Louise Palin is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009. As the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2008 election alongside presidential nominee, Arizona Senator John McCain, she was the first Alaskan on the national ticket of a major political party and the first Republican woman selected as a vice presidential candidate. Her book Going Rogue has sold more than two million copies.

Cornville has a Greater Cornville Community Association, which meets monthly. [9]

History

The Cornville area, particularly above and below the Cornville Bridge on Oak Creek, was well settled by the Sinagua. The Sinagua had disappeared from the abandoned buildings at nearby Montezuma Castle National Monument by the early 15th century. Some Hopi clans claim descent from these Sinagua.

Sinagua

The Sinagua were a pre-Columbian culture that occupied a large area in central Arizona from the Little Colorado River, near Flagstaff, to the Salt River, near Sedona, including the Verde Valley, area around San Francisco Mountain, and significant portions of the Mogollon Rim country, between approximately 500 CE and 1425 CE.

Montezuma Castle National Monument

Montezuma Castle National Monument protects a set of well-preserved dwellings located in Camp Verde, Arizona which were built and used by the Sinagua people, a pre-Columbian culture closely related to the Hohokam and other indigenous peoples of the southwestern United States, between approximately 1100 and 1425 AD. The main structure comprises five stories and twenty rooms, and was built over the course of three centuries.

Hopi ethnic group

The Hopi are a Native American tribe, often recognized for populating the North American continent and in particular, Arizona. As of the 2010 census, there are 19,338 Hopi in the United States. The Hopi language is one of 30 in the Uto-Aztecan language family. The majority of Hopi people are enrolled in the Hopi Tribe of Arizona but some are enrolled in the Colorado River Indian Tribes. The Hopi Reservation covers a land area of 2,531.773 sq mi (6,557.26 km2).

The earliest recorded written history of the area finds it occupied by the Yavapai people. Spanish explorer Antonio de Espejo passed through what is now Cornville on May 7 or 8, 1583, on his way to what would later become Jerome, Arizona. The Yavapai were quite friendly with the explorers, apparently regarding them as supernatural or godlike. Later expeditions over the next 25 years entered the region but with increasing hostility from the Native American peoples which may stem in part from the advent of the Apache and Navajo people in the region. Failure to find mineral resources profitably extractable according to the standards of the day, and the distance from other Spanish settlements caused the Spaniards to cease exploration of the area. [10]

Antonio de Espejo was a Spanish explorer who led an expedition into New Mexico and Arizona in 1582–83. The expedition created interest in establishing a Spanish colony among the Pueblo Indians of the Rio Grande valley.

Jerome, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Jerome is a town in the Black Hills of Yavapai County in the U.S. state of Arizona. Founded in the late 19th century on Cleopatra Hill overlooking the Verde Valley, it is more than 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level. It is about 100 miles (160 km) north of Phoenix along State Route 89A between Sedona and Prescott. Supported in its heyday by rich copper mines, it was home to more than 10,000 people in the 1920s. As of the 2010 census, its population was 444.

The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache. Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages. There are Apache communities in Oklahoma, Texas, and reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. Apache people have moved throughout the United States and elsewhere, including urban centers. The Apache Nations are politically autonomous, speak several different languages and have distinct cultures.

By the time mountain men began to arrive in the late 1820s and settlers began to arrive again in the 1860s the people of the Cornville area were a mixed community of Apache (Dil-ze'e) and Yavapai (Wipukepaya), though the Apache are thought to have been more numerous on the east side of the Verde River. The area that is now lower Oak Creek was more or less on the border of the area occupied by the Dil-ze'e Chein-chii-ii (or Red Rock Clan) and Yaa-go-gain (White Land Clan) [11] The US army gathered the Yavapai and Apache people in the area and in 1875 removed them in a tragic and brutal march and exile to the San Carlos Reservation in Eastern Arizona, [11] but many Dilze'e remained in hiding in the Lower Oak Creek and adjoining White Hills area [12] As late as 1876, numerous Dil-ze'e still lived on or near Lower Oak Creek. [13]

Relations between settlers and indigenous peoples in the Verde Valley were essentially peaceful from that point on and with the rapid increase in settlers along Oak Creek, although there were "Indian scares" into the 1880s mostly in connection with conflicts elsewhere: In the words of settler W. A. Jordan, in about 1880 "The settlers were in no danger from this band of hunters [that he had just met between Clarkdale and Cornville], but they were so wrought up over the stories of massacres and murders that the Indians themselves were in the greatest danger." [14] There was resistance among part though not all of the settler population to ending the prohibition on the return or the Dil-ze'e and Yavapai from San Carlos. Most remaining or Dil-ze'e and Yavapai lost hope of abiding peacefully and unmolested amidst increasing numbers of settlers and left to join returnees from the San Carlos Reservation in nearby communities in Camp Verde and Clarkdale. They did continue for many years to hunt throughout the valley [14] and to gather food in traditional ways. [15]

The first settlers in the Lower Oak Creek area were Captain Andrew Jackson, a retired Confederate officer from Virginia, and his wife, Margaret, who arrived in the spring of 1876. [13] Several other families including the Dickinsons, [16] Munds, [17] Copples, Pages, [18] Mullhollands and Tiptons had followed by the autumn of that year or the spring of 1877. [19] The settlers quickly built an irrigation ditch serving farms on the west side of Oak Creek.

As to the adoption of the name of "Cornville", "At a meeting of Verde Valley pioneers, one of them said it was the intention to name it Cohnville, for a family named Cohn that lived there. When the papers came back from Washington, they had read it Cornville, so the settlers accepted the name."—Letter, L.J. Putsch, early Forest Ranger. [20] However, there was no family name Cohn or Kohn in the Cornville area in 1880 according to the United States Census of 1880. [21] However, there was a Mr. Cone who together with his partner a Mr. Houghton had purchased a proved homestead in what is now Page Springs from Benjamin Coppel in 1878, farmed a year and then rented the property to a family from Arkansas. Both Mr. Cone and Mr. Houghton sold their interests in the ranch to James Page in about 1880. [22] Another theory of the origin of the name of "Cornville" for the town can be deduced from an early settler, James Dunning Tewksbury, who was born in Cornville, Maine in 1823. The Tewksburys were involved in the Pleasant Valley War, a range war in the area now known as Young, Arizona.

The Cornville post office was established May 11, 1887, and Samuel Dickinson was postmaster until 1907. It is likely that he applied for the name "Cornville". [23] With the Great Depression and a decline in profits from cattle ranching, much of Cornville was reduced to subsistence or near subsistence agriculture in the first half of the 20th century. Some families ranched the surrounding grazing lands while others went to work in the mines and smelters of Jerome, Clarkdale, and Cottonwood. The town remained almost entirely agricultural until the late 1960s, when numbers of retirees and residents who commuted to work in nearby towns began to increase dramatically.

The community of Verde Santa Fe was founded in 1995. It is a home golf-course community in Cornville, along State Route 89A, between Cottonwood and Sedona. The community consists of nearly 1,000 homes in 10 subdivisions. [24] [25]

Geography

Cornville is located at 34°42′58″N111°54′36″W / 34.71611°N 111.91000°W / 34.71611; -111.91000 (34.716202, -111.909905). [26]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.2 square miles (34 km2), all of it land.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cornville has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. [27]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1990 2,089
2000 3,33559.6%
2010 3,280−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [28]

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 3,335 people, 1,311 households, and 895 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 252.1 people per square mile (97.3/km²). There were 1,441 housing units at an average density of 108.9/sq mi (42.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.2% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 9.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,311 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,992, and the median income for a family was $42,333. Males had a median income of $31,567 versus $21,653 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,500. About 11.0% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

Eliphante , "three acres of fantastical domes, shacks and follies", [30] a hand-built sculptural village, created since 1987 by Michael Kahn, Leda Livant Kahn, and other artists, is in Cornville, and cared after by non-profit organization Eliphante, Ltd, a 501(c)(3) who seeks to preserve, restore and publicize this wonderful treasure. [31] Eliphante members may visit by appointment.

Education

The Cottonwood-Oak Creek School District serves Cornville. Oak Creek Elementary School is in Cornville. [32]

The Oak Creek Ranch School, a private boarding school, is in Cornville. [33] [34]

Notable residents

Notes

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. "Lower Oak Creek IBA". Arizona Important Bird Areas Program. 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  4. "Page Springs Fish Hatchery". Arizona Game and Fish Department. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  5. Chuck, Elizabeth. "Sen. John McCain, independent voice of the GOP establishment, dies at 81". NBC News.
  6. "Sen. John McCain, American 'maverick' and Arizona political giant, dies at age 81". The Arizona Republic .
  7. McFadden, Robert (August 25, 2018). "John McCain, War Hero, Senator, Presidential Contender, Dies at 81". The New York Times . Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  8. Burkitt, Bree; Vandell, Perry (August 25, 2018). "Sen. John McCain updates: McCain dies at 81, daughter remembers 'hero'". The Arizona Republic . Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  9. "Cornville Community Association". Cornville Community Association. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  10. Byrkit, 1984, p. 1.
  11. 1 2 Ruland-Thorne, 1993. pp. 11–12.
  12. Simmons, 1983. p. 75.
  13. 1 2 Dumas, 1975, p. 188.
  14. 1 2 Jordan, 1954, pp. 101–102.
  15. Coder, Randall, Smith-Roca & Hines
  16. Fain, 1954, p. 68.
  17. BLM Records On-line
  18. Page, 1954, p. 24.
  19. Lay, 1954, p. 67.
  20. L.J. Putsch, quoted at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-17. Retrieved 2007-05-26. (accessed 5/25/07)
  21. US Federal census for Arizona, 1800
  22. Godard et al., 1954, p. 24.
  23. Fain, 1954, p. 68
  24. "High Desert Golf at Verde Santa Fe Golf Club". Verde Santa Fe Golf Club. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  25. "Welcome". Verde Santa Fe Homeowners Association. 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  26. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  27. Climate Summary for Cornville, Arizona
  28. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  29. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  30. Wadler, Joyce (January 31, 2008). "A Handmade Home". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  31. "Eliphante". Eliphante. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  32. "Oak Creek Elementary School". Cottonwood-Oak Creek School District. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  33. Associated Press (November 6, 1980). "Remains Identified". Kingman Daily Miner . p. 3. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  34. "Map and Directions." Oak Creek Ranch School. Retrieved on February 18, 2012.
  35. Gutel, Rene (September 6, 2008). "McCain's Real Summer Home". Weekend America. American Public Media. Retrieved February 15, 2013.

Further reading

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