1914 Ontario general election

Last updated
1914 Ontario general election
Flag of Ontario.svg
  1911 June 29, 1914 1919  

111 seats in the 14th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
56 seats were needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  James Whitney.jpg Newton Rowell.jpg
Leader James P. Whitney Newton Rowell
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since18961911
Leader's seat Dundas Oxford North
Last election8322
Seats won8424
Seat changeIncrease2.svg1Increase2.svg2

Premier before election

James P. Whitney

Premier after election

James P. Whitney

The 1914 Ontario general election was the 14th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 29, 1914, to elect the 111 Members of the 14th Legislative Assembly of Ontario (MLAs). [1]


The Ontario Conservative Party, led by Sir James P. Whitney, won a fourth consecutive term in government. Whitney died three months after the election and was succeeded by William Howard Hearst. The Conservatives contested 109 of the 111 ridings, deciding not to have candidates stand in Glengarry (where the Liberal Hugh Munro was acclaimed) and Norfolk North (where the Liberal incumbent Thomas Robert Atkinson was up against a Liberal anti-Temperance candidate). [2] However, dissension within the Tory ranks resulted in a significant number of them campaigning as either independent or temperance candidates. [2]

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by Newton Rowell, formed the official opposition.

Independent Labour MLA Allan Studholme was re-elected in Hamilton East. He had held the seat since a 1906 by-election.

The campaign was seen to turn more significantly on the matter of Regulation 17 (which limited instruction in French-language Catholic separate schools), in comparison to temperance issues, and that worked against the Liberals, [3] who placed Prohibition of sales in bars and clubs as a main plank in their platform. [4]

Expansion of the Legislative Assembly

Toronto ridings, as constituted in 1914 1914TorontoRidings.jpg
Toronto ridings, as constituted in 1914

An Act passed prior to the election expanded the number of members from 106 to 111, and the number of ridings from 103 to 107. [5] The following changes were made:

The Patricia Portion acquired in 1912 was divided between Cochrane and Kenora.


Elections to the 14th Parliament of Ontario (1914)
Political partyParty leaderMPPsVotes
Candidates 1911 Dissol. 1914±#%± (pp)
Conservative James P. Whitney 10982842Increase2.svg268,54854.02%1.57Decrease2.svg
Liberal Newton Rowell 9022242Increase2.svg186,16837.45%1.06Decrease2.svg
Labour 411Steady2.svg6,5351.31%1.12Decrease2.svg
Liberal–Conservative 11Decrease2.svgDid not campaign
Independent 54,8370.97%0.07Increase2.svg
Socialist 124,5320.91%0.04Increase2.svg
Blank and invalid ballots7,304
Registered voters / turnout697,93572.28%8.02Increase2.svg
Seats and popular vote by party
PartySeatsVotesChange (pp)
84 / 111
24 / 111
 Temperance factions
1 / 111
2 / 111

Results summary by region

Distribution of seats and popular vote %, by party by region (1914)
RegionCandidatesSeatsVote share (%)
Central Ontario 1914411116358.3433.075.892.130.160.42
Eastern Ontario 1613111122124149.6339.122.020.452.
Hamilton, Halton and Niagara9611271154.3126.014.1114.101.47
Midwestern Ontario 2017441137150.7838.448.062.01
Northeastern Ontario 981127250.7740.692.914.031.61
Northwest Ontario 431453.9038.317.79
Southwestern Ontario 1616119749.1147.940.532.42
Toronto 108241063.9429.874.591.61
York, Peel and Ontario65654.0046.00

Reorganization of ridings

The newly created ridings returned the following MLAs:

Essex North   Conservative Essex North   Liberal
Windsor   Liberal
Monck   Liberal Lincoln   Liberal
Lincoln   Conservative
Withdrawn from Lincoln St. Catharines   Conservative
Welland   Conservative Niagara Falls   Conservative
Timiskaming   Conservative Timiskaming   Conservative
Cochrane   Liberal
Bruce Centre   Liberal Bruce West   Liberal
Toronto ridings:   Conservative
(8 MLAs)
Parkdale   Conservative
Riverdale   Conservative
Toronto Northeast A  Conservative
B  Conservative
Toronto Northwest A  Conservative
B  Conservative
Toronto Southeast A  Conservative
B  Conservative
Toronto Southwest A  Conservative
B  Conservative

Seats that changed hands

Elections to the 12th Parliament of Ontario – unaltered seats won/lost by party, 1911–1914
Party1911Gain from (loss to)1914
Conservative 718(8)(1)171
Liberal 208(8)(1)19
Labour 11
Independent-Liberal [a 1] 11
Liberal–Conservative [a 2] 1(1)
  1. Gustave Évanturel (Prescott) was originally elected as a Liberal in 1911.
  2. James Arthur Mathieu (Rainy River) campaigned as a Conservative and won.

There were 20 seats that changed allegiance in the election:


Candidates returned by acclamation
 Conservative Kenora Harold Arthur Clement Machin
Renfrew South Thomas William McGarry
York West Forbes Godfrey
Liberal Glengarry Hugh Munro

When nominations closed, three candidates were acclaimed. [2] A later withdrawal in Kenora enabled the acclamation of Harold Arthur Clement Machin. [6]

Forbes Godfrey (York West) was acclaimed because the Liberal candidate was held to have missed the deadline by one minute. [2] In Wellington East, the Liberals opted not to press a similar case against the Conservative candidate, whose nomination papers were filed 90 minutes after the deadline. [7]

See also

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  1. "1914 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "The Ontario Campaign is Hotly Contested". The Daily British Whig . Kingston. June 23, 1914. p. 8.
  3. "Sir James' Triumph". The Toronto World . June 30, 1914. p. 6.
  4. Hopkins 1915, p. 440.
  5. The Representation Act , S.O. 1914, c. 4
  6. "Pith of the News". The Daily British Whig . Kingston. June 24, 1914. p. 1.
  7. "Provincial Election: Only 3 Elected by Acclamation". Newmarket Era . June 26, 1914. p. 2.

Further reading