1919 Ontario general election

Last updated
1919 Ontario general election
Flag of Ontario.svg
  1914 October 20, 1919 1923  

111 seats in the 15th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
56 seats were needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  EC Drury Photo B (HS85-10-36997).jpg HH Dewart 1912.jpg
Leader Ernest C. Drury Hartley Dewart
Party United Farmers Liberal
Leader sinceOctober 1919 [lower-alpha 1] June 26, 1919
Leader's seat- Toronto Southwest
Last electionpre-creation24
Seats won4427
Seat changeIncrease2.svg44Increase2.svg3
SwingIncrease2.svg21.0pp Decrease2.svg12.4pp

 Third partyFourth party
  William Hearst.jpg Walter Rollo 1919.png
Leader William Hearst Walter Rollo
Party Conservative Labour
Leader since1914-
Leader's seat Sault Ste. Marie (lost re-election) Hamilton West
Last election841
Seats won2511
Seat changeDecrease2.svg59Increase2.svg10
SwingDecrease2.svg19.8pp Increase2.svg7.8pp

Premier before election

William Hearst

Premier after election

Ernest C. Drury
United Farmers

The 1919 Ontario general election, held on October 20, 1919, elected 111 Members of the 15th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs"). The United Farmers of Ontario captured the most seats but only a minority of the legislature. They joined with 11 Labour MPPs and three others to form a coalition government, ending the 14-year rule of Ontario's Conservatives. [1] This is one of the few examples of coalition government in Canadian history.


Premier William Howard Hearst had aimed to win a fifth consecutive term for the Conservatives, but instead the party became the first in Ontario history to fall from first to third place. [2] As newspaperman John Willison later remarked, "There could not have been a worse time for a general election." [2]


The parties tended to have a targeted approach in fielding their candidates:

Candidate contests in the ridings
Candidates nominatedRidingsParty

It was the first in which women could vote and run for office. [lower-alpha 2] Election day was also held on the same day as the scheduled referendum on prohibition. [2]


Hearst alienated the business community with his progressive policies; he had a rift with Adam Beck (London) over the direction of the Ontario Hydro-Electric Commission; and his promotion of prohibition alienated the urban "wets". [2]

Only the Conservatives attempted to field a full slateand were helped by having four candidates being declared elected by acclamation [5] but about two dozen incumbents decided to step aside in favour of the local farmer candidates. [6]

Seventeen Conservative MLAs either retired from the Legislature, or had failed to be renominated. [7] Arthur Pratt (Norfolk South) opted to campaign as an Independent-Conservative, claiming earlier in the year that at least 27 MLAs privately opposed Hearst's prohibition policy. [6]

Beck also decided to stand as an Independent, saying, "I do not object to the Government having a control of the Hydro enterprise, but I object to its becoming a Government department; only as an Independent can I look after the interests of Hydro-Electric Power for the people of the Province in the most efficient manner." [6]


The Liberals split between those still loyal to former leader Newton Rowell and his successor William Proudfoot (Huron Centre), and those who supported the new leader, Hartley Dewart. [2] John Campbell Elliott (Middlesex West) (who had come in 3rd in the 1919 leadership contest), joined by five others, decided to drop out of the race. [8]

They tried to avoid direct contests with UFO candidates, [2] fielding candidates in only 66 ridings as opposed to the 90 named in the 1914 election. In many respects, however, they underestimated the discontent that was simmering among rural Ontarians, and Dewart focused his attention unnecessarily against the Conservative campaign manager George Howard Ferguson. [9]

Proudfoot opted to campaign as an Independent. [10]

United Farmers

The UFO focused on rural areas. Its leader, R.H. Halbert, did not campaign, as he had been elected to the House of Commons of Canada in an earlier by-election. [8] It had only two incumbent MPPs, Beniah Bowman and John Wesley Widdifield, who had entered the legislature by winning by-elections in Manitoulin and Ontario North.


The labour political movement was fragmented between the Independent Labour Party, the Ontario section of the Canadian Labour Party, and the Ontario Labour Educational Association and its newspaper The Industrial Banner . [11] The ILP was the effective organization on the campaign trail that year, and it promoted joint action with the UFO. [12]

Media in the campaign

Media support in the campaign was mixed. The Globe and The Toronto Star , at that time both Liberal in outlook, were hostile against Dewart because of his stand on temperance issues. [13] The Toronto World , generally a Conservative backer, pursued a simmering scandal from 1916 [14] [15] concerning International Nickel and alleged provincial support of wartime shipments of the metal to Germany via the cargo submarine Deutschland . [16] [8] The Farmer's Sun , recently acquired by the UFO, was an enthusiastic promoter of farmer policies. [11]

Synopsis of results

Results by riding - 1919 Ontario general election
RidingRegion 1914 Winning partyTurnout
[a 1]
UFO Lab F-LabF-Lib Soldier Lib Con IndI-ConI-LibS-Lab Soc Total
Addington EASConConacclaimed
Brant MWOLibUFO3,59744.21 %1,02412.59%79.52%3,5971,9662,5738,136
Brant South MWOLibLab6,40846.55%2,37717.27%82.90%6,4084,0313,32613,765
Brockville EASConLib4,86656.47%1,11512.94%81.26%4,8663,7518,617
Bruce North MWOLibUFO3,68954.08%5578.17%80.47%3,6893,1326,821
Bruce South MWOConLib2,72741.88%79712.24%83.97%1,9302,7271,8556,512
Bruce West MWOLibLib3,09439.75%1011.30%84.06%2,9933,0941,6967,783
Carleton EASConUFO4,87756.24%1,08212.48%70.04%4,8773,7958,672
Cochrane NORLibLib2,95149.24%1,12018.69%62.23%1,2112,9511,8315,993
Dufferin MWOConUFO4,11753.50%5387.00%80.72%4,1173,5797,696
Dundas EASConUFO4,79259.45%1,52418.90%79.05%4,7923,2688,060
Durham East CENConUFO1,11157.89%30315.78%25.53%1,1118081,919
Durham West CENConLib3,34656.20%73812.40%81.53%3,3462,6085,954
Elgin East SWOConUFO4,93759.47%1,57218.94%80.21%4,9373,3658,302
Elgin West SWOConUFO7,54257.11%1,87914.22%74.67%7,5425,66313,205
Essex North SWOLibUFO6,48671.09%3,84842.18%75.06%6,4862,6389,124
Essex South SWOLibUFO3,55841.30%1301.51%81.13%3,5583,4281,6298,615
Fort William NORConLab3,74551.48%1,51320.80%65.99%3,7452,2321,2987,275
Frontenac EASConCon3,01647.32%5097.99%77.45%2,5073,0168506,373
Glengarry EASLibUFO4,55462.10%1,77524.20%66.84%4,5542,7797,333
Grey Centre MWOConUFO4,36352.87%4745.74%83.76%4,3633,8898,252
Grey North*MWOConF-Lib5,65955.92%1,19811.84%79.73%5,6594,46110,120
Grey South MWOConUFO5,25254.99%9539.98%78.14%5,2524,2999,551
Haldimand MWOConUFO6,05659.83%1,99019.66%85.32%6,0564,06610,122
Halton HAMConUFO4,45640.33%1,0549.54%79.06%4,4563,1903,40211,048
Hamilton East HAMLabLab16,01260.24%7,58828.55%71.90%16,0122,1468,42426,582
Hamilton West HAMConLab8,72260.25%4,64332.07%72.94%8,7221,6754,07914,476
Hastings East EASConUFO3,64151.22%1742.44%80.76%3,6413,4677,108
Hastings North EASConConacclaimed
Hastings West EASConCon5,07252.19%4254.38%79.54%4,6475,0729,719
Huron Centre MWOLibLab3,19338.65%1631.97%81.37%2,0393,1933,0308,262
Huron North MWOConCon2,89737.61%3414.43%85.18%2,2492,5562,8977,702
Huron South MWOConUFO3,29841.91%7749.84%84.22%3,2982,0472,5247,869
Kenora NORConLab1,87049.47%97525.79%73.99%1,8704056108953,780
Kent East SWOLibUFO5,37455.28%1,02610.56%84.57%5,3744,3489,722
Kent West SWOConLib8,09848.03%2,91917.31%82.89%5,1798,0983,58316,860
Kingston EASConConacclaimed
Lambton East SWOConUFO4,57553.09%2,41428.01%85.86%4,5751,8822,1618,618
Lambton West SWOConUFO6,08140.42%1,2998.64%80.56%6,0814,7824,18015,043
Lanark North EASConUFO2,88140.85%831.18%81.33%2,8811,3732,7987,052
Lanark South EASConUFO3,87248.18%8039.99%76.05%3,8721,0963,0698,037
Leeds EASConCon4,35154.59%7319.18%78.03%3,6204,3517,971
Lennox EASConCon2,32939.98%3145.39%81.71%1,4822,0152,3295,826
Lincoln HAMLibLib3,24239.39%5076.16%80.22%2,7353,2422,2538,230
London SWOConLab13,00853.94%1,9017.88%78.32%13,00811,10724,115
Manitoulin NORConUFO2,42860.20%82320.40%74.05%2,4281,6054,033
Middlesex East SWOConUFO5,46352.61%2,96328.53%80.53%5,4632,5002,42110,384
Middlesex North SWOLibUFO3,85750.41%1,69622.18%84.48%3,8571,6272,1617,645
Middlesex West SWOLibUFO4,39475.59%2,97551.18%81.35%4,3941,4195,813
Muskoka CENConCon3,05446.22%2904.39%67.05%2,7643,0547896,607
Niagara Falls HAMConLab4,05738.37%3683.48%76.25%4,0573,6892,82610,572
Nipissing NORConLib3,12242.44%93412.70%71.52%2,1883,1222,0467,356
Norfolk North MWOLibUFO4,52263.09%1,87726.18%79.98%4,5222,6457,167
Norfolk South MWOConUFO3,28062.67%1,32625.34%79.50%3,2801,9545,234
Northumberland East CENConUFO4,52150.49%870.98%78.31%4,5214,4348,955
Northumberland West CENLibLib3,40155.32%65410.64%81.20%3,4012,7476,148
Ontario North CENConUFO4,16254.12%6338.24%84.13%4,1623,5297,691
Ontario South CENConLib7,84363.97%3,42527.94%75.93%7,8434,41812,261
Ottawa East OTTLibLib7,30963.57%4,43138.54%62.40%2,8787,3091,31111,498
Ottawa West OTTLibCon8,95334.36%1,0974.21%69.56%7,8566,5268,9532,72326,058
Oxford North MWOLibLib5,36947.61%2,31320.51%80.76%2,8525,3693,05611,277
Oxford South MWOConUFO4,45239.84%6175.52%83.74%4,4522,8883,83511,175
Parkdale TORConCon11,09168.95%6,09637.90%67.61%11,0914,99516,086
Parry Sound CENConLib4,61854.49%7618.98%67.01%4,6183,8578,475
Peel CENConCon4,56240.25%1050.93%83.63%2,3154,4574,56211,334
Perth North MWOConLib6,09541.63%1,64111.21%80.08%4,4546,0954,09214,641
Perth South MWOConUFO5,84764.20%2,58628.40%5,8473,2619,108
Peterborough East CENConUFO3,62358.18%1,01916.36%73.91%3,6232,6046,227
Peterborough West CENLibLab4,73241.49%6856.01%76.19%4,7324,0472,62511,404
Port Arthur NORConCon2,57841.33%4837.74%70.97%2,0952,5781,5646,237
Prescott EASI-LibLib3,92947.43%1,29815.67%71.03%2,6313,9291,7248,284
Prince Edward EASLibLib4,55755.78%94511.56%82.46%4,5573,6128,169
Rainy River NORConCon1,42040.00%3529.92%68.44%1,0621,0681,4203,550
Renfrew North EASConUFO3,97941.10%2302.38%82.45%3,9791,9543,7499,682
Renfrew South EASConUFO5,42651.53%3223.06%72.51%5,4265,10410,530
Riverdale TORConSoldier7,47238.84%1,5998.31%5,8737,4725,70618919,240
Russell EASLibLib6,12149.98%1,1749.59%70.80%4,9476,1211,18012,248
St. Catharines HAMConLab6,31348.67%1,89114.58%77.71%6,3132,2354,42212,970
Sault Ste. Marie NORConLab4,44459.11%1,37018.22%75.23%4,4443,0747,518
Simcoe Centre CENConUFO5,23457.89%1,42615.78%77.00%5,2343,8089,042
Simcoe East CENConUFO5,06340.78%4833.89%73.05%5,0634,5802,77312,416
Simcoe South CENConUFO2,92753.68%4017.36%79.99%2,9272,5265,453
Simcoe West CENConCon4,49155.46%88510.92%74.57%3,6064,4918,097
Stormont EASConLib4,28443.01%1,33813.43%70.19%2,9464,2842,7319,961
Sturgeon Falls NORLibLib2,69062.02%1,79841.46%71.69%7552,6908924,337
Sudbury NORConCon3,55140.59%1421.62%67.63%1,7893,4093,5518,749
Timiskaming NORConCon3,09235.84%770.89%70.81%3,0152,5203,0928,627
Toronto NE - ATORConConacclaimed
Toronto NE - BTORConCon13,49544.59%5,32317.59%56.95%2,9105,68513,4958,17230,262
Toronto NW - ATORConCon18,79753.93%2,7417.86%16,05618,79734,853
Toronto NW - BTORConLib18,52250.80%5851.60%18,52217,93736,459
Toronto SE - ATORConLib10,03738.43%4,58517.55%10,0375,4521,06326,119
Toronto SE - BTORConLib10,50866.92%5,31333.84%10,5085,19515,703
Toronto SW - ATORConLib16,55563.86%7,18627.72%54.34%16,5559,36925,924
Toronto SW - BTORConLib12,42846.88%4,80018.10%55.57%6,45712,4287,62826,513
Victoria North CENConUFO3,34857.94%91815.88%69.02%3,3482,4305,778
Victoria South CENConUFO2,45268.97%1,34937.94%82.03%2,4521,1033,555
Waterloo North MWOConI-Lib5,35434.62%2,14113.85%74.15%2,2113,2132,9741,4875,35422515,464
Waterloo South MWOConF-Lab8,07455.49%4,23829.12%78.62%8,0743,8362,64114,551
Welland HAMConLib5,18349.03%1,74316.49%95.96%1,9495,1833,44010,572
Wellington East MWOLibUFO3,27945.08%90812.48%82.86%3,2791,6232,3717,273
Wellington South*MWOL-TmpCon4,36236.70%1201.01%3,0604,2424,36222311,887
Wellington West MWOConUFO3,37954.60%5699.20%3,3792,8106,189
Wentworth North HAMConUFO4,63472.21%2,85144.42%76.21%4,6341,7836,417
Wentworth South HAMConUFO2,64234.62%3114.07%74.29%2,6421,9952,3316647,632
Windsor SWOLibLib10,87463.59%4,64927.18%72.11%10,8746,22517,099
York East CENConCon8,96236.85%1,6726.87%68.47%7,2906,9268,9621,14424,322
York North CENConCon4,13938.10%2862.63%83.24%2,8693,8534,13910,861
York West CENConCon10,43637.54%2,1137.61%67.24%8,32310,4364,9354,08727,781

(* - on recount; ‡ - recount requested but subsequently abandoned)

  = incumbent re-elected under the same party banner
  = returned by acclamation
  = incumbency arose from byelection gain
  = incumbent switched allegiance for 1919 nomination
  = other incumbents renominated
  1. including spoilt ballots


The result was highly skewed as a result of the way the ridings were drawn up. The Ottawa Journal noted, "The arrangement of electoral districts in Ontario (and throughout Canada) is such that a farmer’s vote has practically twice the effect of the vote of any person resident in cities or large towns. Ottawa, for instance, with 110,000 population elects two members to the Ontario Legislature; Carleton County on one side with 20,000 people elects one member; Russell County on the other side has a population of 40,000 and elects one member." [17]

The UFO emerged from the vote with the largest bloc of seats, joining the eleven Labour MLAs to form a coalition government. Liberal-UFO MLA David James Taylor of Grey North, "Soldier" MLA Joseph McNamara of Riverdale and Labour-UFO MLA Karl Homuth of Waterloo South were also members of the governing caucus giving Drury's coalition 58 seats in total, a slight majority.

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by Hartley Dewart, increased the size of its caucus by a small number, despite turning over more than half the seats held. The Conservative Party lost ground to all other parties.

The election had several sweeping results: [7]

  • only about two dozen MPPs from the previous Legislative Assembly were re-elected;
  • notably, Conservative William Hearst was defeated by a Labour candidate;
  • Beck and Proudfoot were also defeated by Labour candidates, despite the decision of the Conservatives and Liberals not to contest the seats;
  • three clergymen were elected;
  • eighteen returned soldiers were elected; and
  • all anti-Prohibition candidates were defeated.

Upon hearing the news of the Conservative defeat, Hearst noted:

I will not make any prophecy as to what will take place. I thought the Government was going to sweep the country, and I was not alone in that, for a great many Liberals who were supporting me thought so, too. The Temperance Act no doubt had a great deal to do with my defeat, but I did what I felt was right, and if I had it to do over again, I would do the same thing. [18]

Three days after the election, James J. Morrison, Secretary of the UFO, reported on the way he had addressed the need to form a working majority in the chamber. He released the following statement:

The members-elect of the United Farmers of Ontario, after due consideration of the matter, have decided that it would be unwise for them to enter into alliance with either of the old Parties as parties. They are prepared to assume the fullest share of responsibility and form a Government in co-operation with such members of other parties as are in sympathy with their platform and principles and are free to give support thereto. In the formation of a Cabinet full consideration will be given to the various interests of the Province. [19]

Ernest C. Drury agreed to lead the new government as Premier of Ontario, [19] [20] and a UFO-Labour coalition cabinet was formed. [21] Although he was Vice-President of the UFO, [8] Drury had not been a candidate in the election [8] and had to run in a by-election to enter the legislature following his appointment to the office of Premier.

Results overview

Elections to the 15th Parliament of Ontario (1919) [1]
Political partyParty leaderMPPsVotes
Candidates 1914 Dissol. 1919±#%± (pp)
 UFO-Labour Coalition
  United Farmers 6624444Increase2.svg248,27420.97%New
  Labour Walter Rollo 21111110Increase2.svg107,5889.09%7.75Increase2.svg
  Farmer–Labour 511Increase2.svg27,8412.35%New
  Soldier 211Increase2.svg9,6180.81%New
Coalition Total58400,67933.85%
Liberal Hartley Dewart 662427273Increase2.svg301,99525.51%12.41Decrease2.svg
Conservative William Hearst 10384792559Decrease2.svg403,65534.09%19.78Decrease2.svg
Independent Liberal1111Steady2.svg5,3540.45%0.01Decrease2.svg
 Liberal-Temperance111Decrease2.svgDid not campaign
Independent 1448,2444.07%3.08Increase2.svg
Independent Conservative314,2131.20%0.81Increase2.svg
Soldier–Labour 29,0880.77%New
Socialist 36370.05%0.87Decrease2.svg
Blank and invalid ballots50,810
Registered voters / turnout1,443,74685.53%21.10Increase2.svg
Seats and popular vote by party
PartySeatsVotesChange (pp)
58 / 111
27 / 111
25 / 111
Temperance factions
0 / 111
1 / 111

Results by riding

Italicized names indicate members returned by acclamation. Two-tone colour boxes indicate ridings that turned over from the 1914 election, eg,

   (UFO in 1919 and Conservative in 1914)


Party rankings (1st to 5th place)
   United Farmers 441291
  Labour 11631
  Farmer–Labour 122
  Soldier 11
   Liberal 2721171
  Conservative 42159181
  Independent 482
  Soldier–Labour 11
  Socialist 2
Party candidates in 2nd place
   United Farmers 14381
  Labour 4331
  Farmer–Labour 1
  Soldier 1
   Liberal 8217
  Conservative 4121211
Principal races, according to 1st and 2nd-place results
  United Farmers   Conservative 42
  Liberal   Conservative 29
  Liberal   United Farmers 12
  Labour   Liberal 6
  Labour   Conservative 4
  Labour   Independent 3
  Conservative   Farmer–Labour 2
  Conservative   Independent 1
  Conservative  Independent-Conservative1
  Farmer–Labour   Liberal 1
 Farmer-Liberal  Conservative 1
 Independent-Liberal  Labour 1
  Labour   Soldier–Labour 1
  Soldier   Labour 1
  United Farmers  Independent-Conservative1
  United Farmers   Labour 1

Seats that changed hands

Elections to the 15th Parliament of Ontario – seats won/lost by party, 1914–1919
Party1914Gain from (loss to)1919
   United Farmers 103444
  Labour 13711
  Farmer–Labour 11
  Soldier 11
Liberal 24(10)(3)16(1)127
Conservative 84(34)(7)(1)(1)(1)1(16)(1)125

There were 77 seats that changed allegiance in the election:

(* - open seats, # - byelection gains held, ^ - change of affiliation)

(Riding names in italics did not have Liberal candidates. Riding names in bold did not have Conservative candidates.)

Resulting composition of the 15th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Seats retainedIncumbents returned181423
Open seats held145
Byelection loss reversed11
Seats changing handsIncumbents defeated2391102146
Open seats gained19111527
Byelection gain held224
Change in affiliation11

Notable groups of candidates

Soldier candidates in the 1919 Ontario general election [1] [22] [23]
PartyRidingCandidateMilitary rankVotesPlaced
 Conservative Kingston Arthur Edward Ross*Brigadier-GeneralAcclaimed
Leeds Andrew Wellington GrayMajor4,3511st
Parkdale William Herbert Price*Colonel11,0911st
Peel Thomas Laird Kennedy Colonel4,5621st
Port Arthur Donald McDonald Hogarth*Brigadier-General2,5781st
Timiskaming Thomas Magladery*Captain3,0921st
Toronto Northeast - B Joseph Thompson Captain13,4951st
Wellington South Caleb Henry Buckland†Captain4,3621st
 Liberal Algoma Kenneth Spencer StoverLieutenant2,2721st
Cochrane Malcolm Lang*Major2,9511st
Hastings West Edward O'FlynnLieutenant-Colonel4,6472nd
Middlesex East Bart RobsonLieutenant-Colonel2,5002nd
Sudbury Robert ArthurLieutenant-Colonel3,4092nd
Toronto Northwest - B Henry Sloane Cooper Lieutenant-Colonel18,5221st
Toronto Southwest - BJohn Carman RamsdenCaptain12,4281st
Windsor James Craig TolmieMajor10,8741st
 Soldier Hamilton East Maurice FitzgeraldCaptain2,1463rd
Riverdale Joseph McNamara Sergeant-Major7,4721st
 Soldier-Labour Hamilton East Samuel LandersLieutenant8,4242nd
Wentworth South Samuel Wilkinson6643rd
 United Farmers Grey Centre Dougall Carmichael Lieutenant-Colonel4,3631st
York East George LittleCaptain7,2902nd
 Independent Kenora Harold Arthur Clement Machin *‡Lieutenant-Colonel8952nd
 Independent Conservative Norfolk South Arthur Clarence Pratt *‡Colonel1,9542nd
Toronto Northeast - BKelly Evans ‡Lieutenant-Colonel8,1722nd

(* - incumbent; † - chaplain; ‡ - Anti-Prohibition)

Women candidates in the 1919 Ontario general election [1] [24]
Ottawa West   Independent Justenia Sears2,7234th
Toronto Northeast - B  Liberal Henrietta Bundy5,6853rd
Candidates returned by acclamation [25]
 Conservative Addington William David Black
Hastings North John Robert Cooke
Kingston Arthur Edward Ross
Toronto Northeast - A Henry John Cody

Cooke was the only acclaimed candidate who had not previously been an incumbent. [25]

See also

Notes and references


  1. named only after election
  2. Under Acts passed in 1917 and 1919 respectively. [3] [4]

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William Proudfoot, was an Ontario politician and barrister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hartley Dewart</span> Canadian lawyer and politician

Herbert Hartley Dewart QC was an Ontario lawyer and politician.

The 1927 Quebec general election was held on May 16, 1927, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The incumbent Quebec Liberal Party, led by Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, was re-elected, defeating the Quebec Conservative Party, led by Arthur Sauvé.

Richard Gardiner Willis was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was the leader of the Manitoba Conservative Party from 1919 to 1922, and served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1922 until his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1894 Ontario general election</span>

The 1894 Ontario general election was the eighth general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 26, 1894, to elect the 94 Members of the 8th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1914 Ontario general election</span>

The 1914 Ontario general election was the 14th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 29, 1914, to elect the 111 Members of the 14th Legislative Assembly of Ontario (MLAs).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1923 Ontario general election</span>

The 1923 Ontario general election was the 16th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 25, 1923, to elect the 111 Members of the 16th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1926 Ontario general election</span>

The 1926 Ontario general election was the 17th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on December 1, 1926, to elect the 112 Members of the 17th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1934 Ontario general election</span>

The 1934 Ontario general election was the 19th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 19, 1934, to elect the 19th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1937 Ontario general election</span>

The 1937 Ontario general election was held on October 6, 1937, to elect the 90 Members of the 20th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs"). It was the 20th general election held in the Province of Ontario.

The 1932 Manitoba general election was held on June 16, 1932 to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. A Liberal-Progressive majority government was elected.

The 1927 Manitoba general election was held on 28 June 1927 to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. The result was a second consecutive victory for Manitoba farmers, following its 1922 win.

The 15th Legislative Assembly of Ontario was in session from October 20, 1919, until May 10, 1923, just prior to the 1923 general election. The leading party in the chamber after the election was the United Farmers of Ontario. It formed a coalition government with 11 Labour MLAs and three Independent candidates of varying stripes.


  1. 1 2 3 4 "1919 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Bradburn, Jamie (May 3, 2018). "The year the UFOs came to power in Ontario". tvo.org.
  3. The Ontario Franchise Act, 1917 , S.O. 1917, c. 5, s. 4
  4. The Women's Assembly Qualification Act, 1919 , S.O. 1919, c. 8
  5. Hopkins 1920, pp. 650–651.
  6. 1 2 3 Hopkins 1920, p. 651.
  7. 1 2 Hopkins 1920, p. 661.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 Hopkins 1920, p. 655.
  9. Strange, Carolyn (2005). "Dewart, Herbert Hartley". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography . Vol. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  10. Hopkins 1920, pp. 654–655.
  11. 1 2 Hopkins 1920, p. 657.
  12. Hopkins 1920, p. 658.
  13. Hopkins 1920, p. 652.
  14. Hopkins, J. Castell (1917). The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs, 1916. Toronto: The Annual Review Publishing Co. Ltd. pp. 532–540.
  15. "An Old Bone Gnawed Dry". Toronto World . October 15, 1919. p. 6.
  16. Miller, Scott (2019). "Devil Copper: War and the Canadian Nickel Industry, 1883–1970" (PDF). Canadian Military Journal . 20 (1): 31–39. at 34
  17. Hopkins 1920, p. 665.
  18. Hopkins 1920, pp. 665–666.
  19. 1 2 Hopkins 1920, p. 667.
  20. "Simcoe County Farmer is the Unanimous Choice as Ontario's Next Premier". Toronto World . October 30, 1919. p. 1.
  21. Hopkins 1920, pp. 668–669.
  22. Hopkins 1920, pp. 660–661.
  23. "No Party has Majority in the new Legislature". The Daily British Whig . Kingston. October 21, 1919. p. 1.
  24. Scollie 2012, pp. 2, 9–13.
  25. 1 2 "Many Factions Going to Polls". The Daily British Whig . Kingston. October 14, 1919. p. 1.

Further reading