53T6

Last updated
53T6 (ABM-3 Gazelle)
ABM Pushkino.jpg
Type Anti-ballistic missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In serviceSince 1995
Used byRussia
Wars Cold War
Production history
Designer NPO Novator Design Bureau
Designed1978 [1]
Produced1988 [1]
No. built68 [1]
VariantsA modernized variant is in service as of July 2018[ citation needed ]
Specifications
Mass10,000  kg (22,000 lbs)
Length12 m
Diameter1.8 m [2] [3] [4]
Warheadnuclear 10 kt

Engine2-stage solid fuel
Operational
range
80–100 km [2] [5] [6] [7]
Flight ceiling80–100 km
Maximum speed Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph)
Launch
platform
silo [8] [9]

The 53T6 (NATO reporting name: ABM-3 Gazelle, previously SH-08) [1] is a Russian anti-ballistic missile. Designed in 1978 and in service since 1995, [10] it is a component of the A-135 anti-ballistic missile system.

Contents

The missile is able to intercept incoming re-entry vehicles at a distance of 80 km. The 53T6 is a two-stage solid-propellant rocket armed with a 10 kt thermonuclear weapon. The missile is about 10 meters in length and 1.8 meters in diameter. Its launch weight is 10 tons. [1] [11]

The 53T6 missile is kept in a silo-based launch container. Prior to launch its cover is blown off.

The missile achieves speeds of approximately Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph; 5.7849 km/s). [11] Maximal load manoeuvre capability is 210  g longitudinal and 90 g transverse. [4]

Radar support

The Gazelle missile system is supported by the Don-2N Pill Box radar.

See also

Treaties

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Gazelle (SH-08/ABM-3) Archived 2010-08-09 at the Wayback Machine .
  2. 1 2 "PRS-1/53T6 antimissile missile complex and A-135/RTTS-181 Cupid / 5ZH60". Tonnel-ufo.ru. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
  3. O'Connor, Sean (12 December 2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  4. 1 2 "Отечественная военная техника (после 1945г.) - Статьи - Система А-135 ракета 53Т6 - ABM-3 GAZELLE / SH-08". 8 September 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-09-08.
  5. "A-135 SAMOLET (SH-08/ABM-3 GAZELLE)". Archived from the original on 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2015-06-09.
  6. Pike, John. "53T6 Gazelle". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2015-06-03. Retrieved 2015-06-09.
  7. "Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: 1". www.astronautix.com. Archived from the original on 2015-07-11. Retrieved 2015-06-09.
  8. O'Connor, Sean (12 December 2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  9. 53t6 (25 September 2007). "Anti-ballistic missile 53T6 Gazelle Test mission Launch". Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015 via YouTube.
  10. A-135.
  11. 1 2 СИСТЕМА ПРО А-135 Archived 2011-01-03 at the Wayback Machine .