Abbottabad District

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Abbottabad District

ضِلع ایبٹ آباد
Sajikot Waterfall, Havelian.jpg
THANDIANI IN WINTER.jpg
Pakistan - Khyber Pakhtunkhwa - Abbottabad.svg
Coordinates: 34°00′N73°00′E / 34.000°N 73.000°E / 34.000; 73.000 Coordinates: 34°00′N73°00′E / 34.000°N 73.000°E / 34.000; 73.000
Country Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Province PK-NWFP.svg   Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Established1853
Headquarters Abbottabad
Area
[1]
  Total1,967 km2 (759 sq mi)
Population
 (2017) [2]
  Total1,332,912
  Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PKT)
Number of union councils 51
Number of Tehsils 4
Website www.abbottabad.gov.pk

Abbottabad District (ضِلع ایبٹ آباد) is a district of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is part of Hazara Division and covers an area of 1,969 km2, with the city of Abbottabad being the principal town. [3] Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west, and Rawalpindi to the south. [4]

Contents

History

Origin of name

The district is named after Major James Abbott, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849–1853). [4]

Hazara

During British rule Abbottabad became the capital of Hazara division, which was named after and contained the Hazara valley, a small valley in the outermost Himalayas, between the Indus in the west and Kashmir in the east. [5]

The current Abbottabad District was originally a tehsil of Hazara, the Imperial Gazetteer of India described it as follows:

Tahsīl of Hazāra District, North-West Frontier Province, lying between 33°49' and 34° 22' N. and 72°55' and 73° 31' E., with an area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2). It is bounded on the east by the Jhelum, which divides it from Pūnch and the Punjab District of Rawalpindi; and it comprises part of the mountain valleys drained by the Dor and Harroh rivers, together with the hill country eastward. The hill-sides to the north and north-east are covered with timber forest. The population in 1901 was 194,632, compared with 175,735 in 1891. It contains the towns of ABBOTTABAD (population, 7,764), the tahsil and District headquarters, and NAWASHAHR (4,114); and 359 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs. 97,000. [6]

In 1976 the tehsils of Mansehra and Battagram were separated into the new Mansehra District, while the tehsil of Haripur became a separate district in 1991. [7] :8

Demography

The population counted in 1998 census was 881,000. [1] According to an estimate this had risen to 1.05 million in 2008. [8]

The major language of the area is Hindko, which in the 1981 census was the mother tongue of 95% of households. [9] The variety spoken in the city of Abbottabad has formed the basis of a literary language. [10] It is very close to the Hindko varieties of Mansehra: the two share 86% of their basic vocabulary. [11] In the Galliat region in the southeast of the district, the language is still known as Hindko but becomes more distinct and gradually transitions into the dialects of Pahari. [12] Other languages are overall more common in urban areas: in the 1998 census, 2.3% of the population reported their language as Punjabi (rising to 10.8% in urban areas), while the share of Pashto was 2.2% (8.4% in urban areas) and that of Urdu1.1% (5.1% in urban areas). [7] :18

Parks and protected areas

Under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 1975, two areas have been designated with the district: Ayubia National Park and Qalandarabad game reserve. [13] Both areas cover only 6% of the landed area of the district. [13]

The Ayubia National Park was established in 1984, this park covers an area of over 3,312 ha. [13]

The Qalandarabad game reserve was established in 1980 with an area of 8,940ha. [13]

Subdivisions

Map showing the administrative subdivisions of Abbottabad District, the Union Councils of Havelian Tehsil are highlighted in green, whilst those of Abbottabad Tehsil are highlighted in red (the names neighbouring districts to Abbottabad are also shown). Abbottabad Union Councils.svg
Map showing the administrative subdivisions of Abbottabad District, the Union Councils of Havelian Tehsil are highlighted in green, whilst those of Abbottabad Tehsil are highlighted in red (the names neighbouring districts to Abbottabad are also shown).

Abbottabad district is divided into three tehsils, Abbottabad Tehsil, Havelian Tehsil and Sherwan Teshsil [14] as well as one urban administration area – Nawanshehr. There are fifty-one Union Councils in the district, 38 in Abbottabad tehsil and 13 in Havelian.

Election 2008

With the announcement by the Election commission of Pakistan that elections would be held on 8 January 2008 [15] more than a dozen candidates filed their nomination papers in Abbottabad. [16]

Political campaigns

Abbottabad was the centre of the Sooba Hazara movement that started after national assembly passed 18th amendment to change the name of province from North West Frontier Province (NWFP) to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The former governor of the province has been vocal in this opposition to the new name [17]

Provincial assembly

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs (PK-36 to PK-39): [18]

Education

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings2015, Abbottabad is ranked 31 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 72 out of 148. [19]

See also

Related Research Articles

Abbottabad City in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Abbottabad is the capital city of Abbottabad District in the Hazara region of eastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is about 120 km (75 mi) north of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, and 150 km (93 mi) east of Peshawar, at an altitude of 1,256 m (4,121 ft). Kashmir lies to the east.

Hindko language and PASHTO

Hindko is a cover term for a diverse group of Lahnda dialects spoken by people of various ethnic backgrounds in several discontinuous areas in northwestern Pakistan, primarily in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.

Haripur District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Haripur District is a district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Before becoming a district in 1991, Haripur had the status of a tehsil in Abbottabad District. Its headquarters is the city of Haripur.

Mansehra District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mansehra District is a district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Mansehra district and town are named after the Sikh Khalsa Army general Mahan Singh Mirpuri, who founded the city. It is an important and popular tourist destination due to the Lulusar-Dudipatsar National Park and Kaghan Valley area being located in the district and the Karakoram Highway passing through the district. It is main gateway to upper valleys of Kaghan, Naran and also to Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir.

Galyat region, or hill tract, is a narrow strip or area roughly 50–80 km north-east of Islamabad, Pakistan, extending on both sides of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Punjab border, between Abbottabad and Murree. The word itself is derived from the plural of the Urdu word gali, which means an alley between two mountains on both sides of which there are valleys and it is not the highest point in the range. Many of the towns in the area have the word gali as part of their names, and are popular tourist resorts.

Muzaffarabad District District in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Muzaffarabad district of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan is located on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers, and is very hilly. The district is bounded to Punjab in the west and to Kupwara and Baramulla districts of the Kashmir in the east. To the north is Neelum District; the fall on the northeast of the district and Bagh District forms the southern boundary. The total area of the district is 1,642 square kilometres. The city of Muzaffarabad serves as capital of Azad Kashmir.

Haripur, Pakistan District Headquarter / City in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Haripur is the main city of the Haripur District in Hazara, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa in Pakistan, with Swabi and Buner to the west,some65 km (40 mi) north of Islamabad and 35 km Khanpur Road Tofkian Valley Taxila and 35 km (22 mi) south of Abbottabad. It is in a hilly plain area at an altitude of 520 m (1,706 ft).

Havelian Municipality in Abbottabad District, Pakistan

Havelian is the second largest municipality in the Abbottabad District, in the Hazara Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It serves as the headquarters for Havelian Tehsil. The word literally translates into English as "mansions". The outskirts of the city are also home to one of the largest ordnance factories of Pakistan, Pakistan Ordnance Factories Havelian. An ordnance depot also exists in the vicinity of the city and the factory.

Mansehra District Headquarter / City in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mansehra is a city in northern Pakistan. One of the largest cities of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, it is the capital of Mansehra District.

Hazara University A public university in Pakistan

The Hazara University (HU) is a public university, situated on the crossroads of the ancient civilization of Gandhara and Ashoka and facing the Silk Route on the outskirts of Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan which had been the ancient link between sub-continent, China and Central Asia. The university was founded in 2001. It was ranked No.28 in national and No.7 in provincial level as per HEC rankings, 2015.

Hazara, Pakistan region of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan

Hazara is a region in the northeastern part of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located east of the Indus River and comprises seven districts: Abbottabad, Battagram, Haripur, Mansehra, Upper Kohistan, Lower Kohistan, and Torghar.

Battagram District District & Town in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Battagram District is a district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The headquarter is Battagram town, which is about 75-km from Mansehra.

The Karlal, also known as Karral, or Kiraal, are a Hindko-speaking tribe in the Hazara Division, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Sherwan Union council in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Sherwan is a Tehsil of Abbottabad District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, located 35 km west of Abbottabad. Sherwan.—A village, or rather a couple of villages almost adjoining each other,' and known, the northern as Sherwan Kalan, and the southern as Sherwan Khurd, on a ridge some 5,000 feet high in the centre of Lower Tanawal Sherwan is located in a beautiful valley which is surrounded by large, forested mountains on three sides. These forests host a number of wild animals, such as jackals, wolves, pigs, porcupines, fox and occasionally leopards. Sherwan is divided into two parts Sherwan Khurd (small) and Sherwan Kalan (wide). Sherwan Kalan covers a much larger area than Sherwan Khurd. In the North-East of Sherwan Union Council there is another village called Patheel. On the south of the valley there is a stream called Mangal, home to a number of fish such as Trout, eels and soles etc.

Lassan Nawab is a town situated in a long and narrow valley about 32 kilometers from Mansehra city. Lassan Nawab town is also a union council of Mansehra District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Abbottabad Tehsil Tehsil in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Abbottabad Tehsil is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Abbottabad District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Havelian Tehsil Tehsil in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Havelian Tehsil is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Abbottabad District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Jarral Shareef Union council in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Jarral is one of the 57 Union council of Abbottabad District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Dhund is a tribe found in the Abbottabad and Rawalpindi District, as well as Mansehra, Haripur, Bagh, and Muzaffarabad districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. They mainly speak Punjabi or Pahari dialects, as well as Hindko. The word Dhund was an honorary name given to one of their forefathers.

Hazara Motorway road in Pakistan

Hazara Motorway or M-15 Motorway, is a 180 kilometer controlled-access motorway linking the Burhan Interchange near Hasan Abdal in Punjab province with Haripur, Havelian, Abbottabad, Mansehra, Shinkiari, Battagram, and Thakot in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.

References

  1. 1 2 "Abbottabad District at a Glance". Islamabad: Population Census Organization. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  2. "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-29. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  3. Geography of District Abbottabad Archived November 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: Karachi, p. 2.
  5. Hazara – Nordisk familjebok
  6. Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 1
  7. 1 2 1998 District census report of Abbottabad. Census publication. 32. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  8. District Profile: Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Abbottabad Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  9. 1981 District Census report of Abbottabad. District Census Report. 24. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 76. The data is specifically for Abbottabad Tehsil; the only other tehsil of the district has since been promoted into the separate district of Haripur.
  10. Rahman, Tariq (1996). Language and politics in Pakistan. Oxford University Press. pp. 211–14. ISBN   978-0-19-577692-8.
  11. The figure is from: The relative homogeneity of the Hindko dialects of Abbottabad and Manshehra is mentioned in:
    • Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. (eds.). Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. p. 56. ISBN   969-8023-13-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  12. Lothers & Lothers 2010, pp. 2, 5, 24ff.
  13. 1 2 3 4 IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Karachi, p. 50.
  14. "Sherwan", Wikipedia, 2019-05-31, retrieved 2019-08-06
  15. 2008 Elections – ELECTION COMMISSION OF PAKISTAN Archived 2008-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
  16. Election campaign starts in Abbottabad – Associated press of Pakistan
  17. Complete strike on riots anniversary: Hazara to get separate identity soon: Baba
  18. PF-48 (Abbottabad-V) Result: Announced Archived 2012-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
  19. "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Archived from the original on 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2015-05-07.