Acueducto de los Milagros

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Los Milagros Aqueduct
UNESCO World Heritage Site
El acueducto de Los Milagros.jpg
Location Mérida, Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
Part of Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida
Criteria Cultural: (iii)(iv)
Reference 664-001
Inscription1993 (17th session)
Area0.1177 ha (0.291 acres)
Buffer zone20.9 ha (52 acres)
Coordinates 38°55′28″N6°20′48″W / 38.92444°N 6.34667°W / 38.92444; -6.34667 Coordinates: 38°55′28″N6°20′48″W / 38.92444°N 6.34667°W / 38.92444; -6.34667
Spain Extremadura location map.svg
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Location of Acueducto de los Milagros in Extremadura
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Acueducto de los Milagros (Spain)

The Acueducto de los Milagros (English: Miraculous Aqueduct) is the ruins of a Roman aqueduct bridge, part of the aqueduct built to supply water to the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta , today Mérida, Spain.

Only a relatively small stretch of the aqueduct still stands, consisting of 38 arched pillars standing 25 metres (82 ft) high along a course of some 830 metres (2,720 ft). It is constructed from opus mixtum - granite ashlar blocks interspersed with red brick - utilising a double arcade arrangement. The structure originally brought water to the city from a reservoir called the Lago de Proserpina, fed by a stream called Las Pardillas, around 5 km (3.1 mi) to the north-west of Mérida. [1]

It is thought to have been constructed during the 1st century AD, with a second phase of building (or renovations) around 300 AD. In later centuries, the inhabitants of Mérida dubbed it the "Miraculous Aqueduct" for the awe that it evoked. [2]

The aqueduct was one of three built at Mérida, the other two being the 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) long Aqua Augusta, fed by the Cornalvo reservoir, and San Lázaro, fed by underground channels. [3] The aqueduct is preserved as part of the Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [4]

In the immediate vicinity, a small Roman bridge called Puente de Albarregas runs parallel to the arcades.

See also

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Acueducto de los Milagros at Wikimedia Commons

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References

  1. Roger Collins. Spain: An Oxford Archaeological Guide, p. 195, 199. Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN   0-19-285300-7
  2. "Study for the determination of the pathologies in the constituent materials of the Milagros Aqueduct (Mérida)", J.M. Ávila Macías, M.I. Mota López, I. Rodríguez Maribona, in Heritage, Weathering and Conservation: Proceedings of the International Heritage, Weathering and Conservation Conference (HWC-2006), 21–24 June 2006, ed. Alvarez De Buergo. Taylor & Francis, 2006. ISBN   0-415-41272-2
  3. Leonard A. Curchin. Roman Spain: Conquest and Assimilation, p. 106. Routledge, 1991. ISBN   0-415-02365-3
  4. "Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida". UNESCO. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.