List of Roman bridges

Last updated
Ponte Sant'Angelo in Rome, Italy Ponte St. Angelo.jpg
Ponte Sant'Angelo in Rome, Italy
Roman stone pillar bridge in Trier, Germany. The arches were added in the 14th century. Trier-Romerbrucke.01.jpg
Roman stone pillar bridge in Trier, Germany. The arches were added in the 14th century.
Pons Cestius, Rome, during a flood Ponte Cestio, Rome, Italy. Pic 04.jpg
Pons Cestius, Rome, during a flood

This is a list of Roman bridges. The Romans were the world's first major bridge builders. [1] The following list constitutes an attempt to list all known surviving remains of Roman bridges.

Contents

A Roman bridge in the sense of this article includes any of these features:

Also listed are bridges which feature substantially Roman material (spolia), as long as the later bridge is erected on the site of a Roman precursor. Finally, incidences where only inscriptions lay testimony to a former Roman bridge are also included.

In the following, bridges are classified either according to their material or their function. Most data not otherwise marked come from O’Connor's Roman Bridges, which lists 330 stone bridges for traffic, 34 timber bridges and 54 aqueduct bridges. [2] An even larger compilation of more than 900 Roman bridges (as of 2011) is offered by the Italian scholar Galliazzo, who is used here only selectively. [3]

Note: the table columns are sortable by clicking the header, e.g. for country of origin, etc.

Note on classification

Bridges are particularly difficult to classify as they, more than other structures, are subject to wear, on account of war and the impact of natural elements. The constant need for repairs through the ages has often turned bridges into hybrid structures, making it often difficult or nearly impossible to determine the exact date and origin of individual parts of a bridge. Thus, the majority of bridges listed below can be assumed to include medieval or (early) modern modifications, replacements or extensions, to a small or large extent.

Masonry road bridges

The following table lists road bridges made out of stone or brick. The vast majority features arches, although stone deck slabs were also known. Bridges' spans and height abbreviations: S = small, M = middle, L = large.

ImageNameRiverTownLocationCountrySpansHeightComment
Aesepus Bridge. Picture 02.jpg Aesepus Bridge Gönen Çayı
(Aesepus)
Cyzicus 3.5 mi above mouth Turkey 11 x S-M?
Ain Diwar 1.jpg Ain Diwar Bridge formerly crossed the Tigris Ain Diwar 3.5 km NE of Ain Diwar Syria ?In ruins, one span remaining.
Albarregas.jpg Albarregas bridge Albarregas Mérida NW entrance to town Spain 1.3 m; 1.7 m; 3 x 5 mS
Bridge Alcantara.JPG Alcántara Bridge Tagus Alcántara ? Spain 13.8 m; 21.9 m; 28.8 m; 27.4 m; 21.9 m; 13.8 mL
Puente de Alconetar, Caceres Province, Spain. Pic 08.jpg Alconétar Bridge Tagus Alconétar Now 6 km N Spain 16 x 7.3–15 mMSegmental arch bridge [4]
Luxemburg Echternach BW 2016-08-06 17-48-31.jpg Alte Sauerbrücke Sauer Echternach ? Luxembourg/
Germany
??Roman origin unclear
Old bridge, Arapsuyu, Antalya, Turkey. Pic 02.jpg Arapsu Bridge Arapsu Olbia Antalya-Arapsuyu Turkey 1 x SS
Asi bridge? Antakya ? Turkey 4 x 10 mS
Avila puente Adaja 01 by-dpc.jpg Ávila Bridge Adaja Ávila ? Spain ?M?
Sushtar Bridge.jpg Band-e Kaisar Karun Shushtar ? Iran c. 40 x MMEasternmost Roman bridge [5]
Afrin,Huri.jpg Bridge at Afrin Afrin Aleppo 1 km E of Cyrrhus Syria 11.5 m; 12.5 m; 12 mM
Aurel Stein LHAS 186-23-1-38.jpg Bridge at Eski MosulWadi al MurrEski Mosul2.25 km NW of Eski Mosul Iraq c. 15 mM
Bridge near Limyra. Pic 04.jpg Bridge at Limyra Alakır Çayı Limyra 7.5 km NE of Finike Turkey 27 x c. 10.65 mSSegmental arch bridge [6]
Bridge at MaamelteinMaameltein Beirut 18 km NE Lebanon 12 mS
Bridge at Nimreh Wadi al-Liwa Shahba 10 km SE from Shahba Syria 6.73 mSTransversal arch [7]
Oberzeiring - Romerbrucke an der Romerstrasse zwischen Ober- und Unterzeiring.jpg Bridge at OberzeiringBlahbach Oberzeiring 20 km NW of Judenburg Austria 1 or 2 x SS
Bridge at Oinoanda Koca Çayı
(Xanthos river)
Oinoanda At foot of town hill Turkey ??Excavated inscription points at existence [8]
BaibarsBridge20.JPG Jisr Jindas Nahal Ayalon Lod 35 km NW of Jerusalem Israel ?Only the foundations are of Roman construction
Chesters bridge abutment - geograph.org.uk - 809553.jpg Chesters Bridge North Tyne Chesters England 4 x SAbutment and possible stone arches [9]
Cinque Ponti? Salona 7 km NE of Split Croatia 2 x SS
Cloaca di Porta San Clementino Marta Graviscae Near Tarquinia on Via Aurelia Italy, Central1 x SS
Constantine's Bridge Adırnas Çayı
(Rhyndacus)
Ulubad
(Lopadium)
Turkey ?In ruins. Only a few piers remain on north bank. [10]
Culverts in Siliana valley? Maktar E Tunisia 1 x SS
Eurymedon Bridge, Aspendos, Turkey. Pic 01.jpg Eurymedon Bridge Köprüçay
(Eurymedon)
Aspendos c. 3 km SW Turkey 5.1 m; ?; ?; 14.95 m; 23.52 m; 14.95 m; ?; ?; ?;M
Eurymedon Bridge, Selge, Turkey. Pic 06.jpg Eurymedon Bridge Köprüçay
(Eurymedon)
Selge c. 5 km N of Beşkonak Turkey 7 mS
Bridge, Gemarrin (jmryn), Syria - View from southeast - PHBZ024 2016 1526 - Dumbarton Oaks.jpg Gemarrin Bridge Wadi Zeidi Gemarrin N of Bostra Syria 3 x SS
Göksu bridge Göksu
(Calycadnus)
Samsat 25 km W Turkey c. 30 m?
Hadji Bektari bridge Shkumbi Hadji Bektari 10 km NE of Elbasan Albania 3 x S?
Jisr Majami.jpg Jisr el Majami Jordan Gesher ? Israel, Jordan c. 15 m; c. 18 mM
Bac Bridge.jpg Baç or Justinian Bridge (Justinyen Köprüsü)Berdan River Tarsus Near Adana Turkey 3 x SS
Karamagara Bridge Arapgir Çayı Ağın ? Turkey 17 mLPossibly earliest known pointed arch bridge [11] [12]
Karas bridge?Karas10 km N of Erzerum Turkey 4-8 x MS
Bridge near Kemer, Lycia, Turkey. Pic 15.jpg Kemer Bridge Koca Çayı
(Xanthos river)
KemerN of Kalkan Turkey 4.1 m; 4.5 m; >4.0 mS
Kharaba Bridge Wadi Zeidi Bostra 3.5 km NW of Bostra Syria 3 x 3.8 mS
Fotografi fran Libanon - Hallwylska museet - 104298.tif Leontes Bridge Leontes Tyre 10 km N Lebanon 1 x MSSegmental arch bridge [4]
Makestos Bridge. Drawing 01.png Macestus Bridge Susurluk Çayı
(Roman Macestus)
Balıkesir Between Susurluk und Sultançayir Turkey 15 x 14.20 mSSegmental arch bridge [13]
MisisBrucke.jpg Misis bridge Ceyhan Adana E of Adana Turkey 9 x MS
Muro del Peccato? Civita Castellana N of Ponte sul Treia Italy, Central??
NysaTunnel.jpg Nysa Bridge Cakircak Nysa In Nysa Turkey 5.7–7 mS2nd largest ancient bridge substructure [14]
RomanBridgeAtPhilippi.JPG Philippi?Philippi Greece ?paving stones are part of the via Egnatia
StAngelo Bridge Rome.jpg Pons Aelius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity6 x 18M
Roma-ponterotto01.jpg Pons Aemilius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity6 spans, incl. 4 x 24.3 mM
Pons Agrippae Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity
Pons Auruncus? Sessa Aurunca 1 km W Italy, Southern21 x MS
040227 tevere18PonteCestio.jpg Pons Cestius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity3 x 13.7 mM
Pons Fabricius.jpg Pons Fabricius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity24.2 m; 24.5 mM
Remains of Neronian Bridge, Rome, Italy.jpg Pons Neronianus Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity
Pons Minucius Tiber Otricoli 3 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central??
Piranesi-Ponte-Milvio.jpg Pons Mulvius Tiber Rome 5 km north Italy, Rome & vicinity9 m; 4 x 18 m; 9 mM
Pons Probi Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinityDemolished in 1484, footers removed 1874.
Pons Sangarius Sakarya
(Sangarius)
Candir Köprü 55 km SE of Eskişehir Turkey ??
Pons Servili? Orakë W of Lake Ohrid Albania ??
Pont de Boissezon Bénovie Boissezon 1 km S of Sommières France 6 m; 8.8 m; 9.4 m; 8.8 m; 6 mS
Pont de César Velaj Mondouilloux On Via Bolena France ??
Pont de Chemtou Mejerda Chemtou 20 km W of Jendouba Tunisia 5 x SM
Chimtou, romische Brucke.jpg Pont de Civitas AvensisMejerda Bou Salem
(Souk el Khemis)
11 km E Tunisia 2 x S?In ruins.
Pont romain de Domqueur 01 09.jpg Pont de Domqueur? Domqueur 16 km E of Abbeville France 2.3 mS
Pont de DuperréOued ChelifDuperré150 km SW of Algiers Algeria ??
Pont de Gastal? Tébessa Possibly 30 km N Algeria 7.5 mS
Pont de Grich el Oued Oued el Hamar Grich el Oued (Roman Thisiduo)6 km NE of Mejez el Bab Tunisia >3 mS
Pont de JedeidaMejerda Jedeida E end of town Tunisia 9 x SS
Pont de Khémissa? Khémissa 2 km E Algeria S; 5.4 m; SM
Narbonne - Le pont des marchands 2.jpg Pont des Marchands Canal de la Robine Narbonne France 1 x c. 15SOne of the few remaining bridges with shops on it.
Pont mendjez el beb.jpg Pont de Mejez el BabMejerda Mejez el Bab W end of town Tunisia 7 x SS
0 Montignies-Saint-Christophe - Le pont dit romain.JPG Pont de Montignies-St Christophe Hantes Montignies-St Christophe 1 km NW Belgium 13 x 1.5 mS
Aoste, roman bridge - i.jpg Pont de Pierre Buthier Aosta E of Arch of Augustus Italy, Northern17.1 mSSegmental arch bridge [4]
Pont de Pregibert 01 09.jpg Pont de Rolampont Marne Rolampont 1-1.5 km SE France 3 x SS
Pont de Sbeitla Oued Sbeitla Sbeitla 300 m NE Tunisia 4 x MM
Pont de Tébessa? Tébessa 2.5 km NE Algeria 4 x 3.1 mS
Pont de TébourbaMejerda Tébourba SE of town Tunisia c. 16 x SS
Pont de Trajan.GIF Pont de Trajan Oued Béja Béja 10 km S Tunisia 5.8 m; 5.3 m; 6 mS
Pont de Treviri Oued Rhumel Constantine ? Algeria c. 3.5 m; 5.3 m; c. 3.5 mM
WierPontRoman.JPG Pont de Sommières Vidourle Sommières In town France 2 x S; 13 x 8.5 m; 2 x SS
Pont de St Gabriel? Tarascon ? France 3 m?
St-Thibery-Pont-Romain1.JPG Pont de St Thibéry Hérault Saint-Thibéry 1 km SE on Via Domitia France 9 x 10–12 mSSegmental arch bridge [4]
Roman Bridge, Vaison-la-Romaine, France. Pic 02.jpg Pont de Vaison-la-Romaine Ouvèze Vaison-la-Romaine In town France 17 mS
Pont d'Adpertusa Oued Chafrou Adpertusa 5 km W of Tunis Tunisia 6.3 mS
Pont d'Ain Hedja? Agbia ? Tunisia ??
Pont d'Ain Younes Oued el Kebir Téboursouk 9 km SE Tunisia 1 x SS
Pont Ambroix, Gard department, France. Pic 01.jpg Pont Ambroix Vidourle Ambrussum W of Gallargues-le-Montueux on Via Domitia France 5 x M?
Ascain - pont romain.jpg Pont d’Ascain Nivella Ascain 7 km SE of Saint-Jean-de-Luz France ??
Le pont romain d'El Kantara, Wilaya de Biskra, Algerie.jpg Pont d’el Kantara Oued Kantara El Kantara 65 km SW of Batna Algeria 10 mM
Pont d’Ombret Semois Arel Arel-Trier road Belgium ??
Pont d'Oudna Oued Oudna Oudna 200 m NE Tunisia 3 x SS
Pont d'Oued Budjema Oued Budjema Annaba 1 km S, at Hippone Algeria 11 x SS
Pont d'Oued Bou-Zid Oued Bou-Zid Ksar Hellal ? Tunisia ??
Pont d'Oued Cherchar Oued Cherchar Bou Ficha 4 km NE Tunisia c. 16 x SS
Pont d'Oued el Ahmar Oued el Ahmar Dougga 6.5 km E Tunisia ??
Thuburnica.jpg Pont d'Oued el Enja Oued el Enja Thuburnica 11 km NW of Chemtou Tunisia or Algeria 10 mS
Pont d'Oued Nebana Oued Nebana Kairouan 36 km N Tunisia 5 m; 6 x 2.6 m; S (now c. 14 spans)S
Pont d'Oued Zarga Oued Zarga Oued Zarga? Tunisia 2 x MS
Pont d'Oued Ziuna Oued Ziuna Tolemaide (Addirsiyah)? Libya 2 x SS
Pont d’Outremecourt Mouzon Bourmont ? France 3 m; 4.7 m; 5.8 m; 4.7 m; 3 mS
Puente del Diablo, Martorell, Catalonia, Spain. Pic 02.jpg Pont del Diable Llobregat Martorell E end of town Spain c. 16 m; 37.3 mL
Pont romain des Esclapes.JPG Pont des Esclapes Le Béal Fréjus 2.5 km W on Via Julia Augusta France 3 x SS
logis des Cantonniers Fréjus on Via Julia Augusta France S
Pont Flavien, Bouches-du-Rhone, France. Pic 02.jpg Pont Flavien Touloubre Saint-Chamas E of Arles on Via Julia Augusta France 12.3 mS
Pont Julien.jpg Pont Julien Coulon Apt 7 km W France 10.3 m; 16.3 m; 10.3 mS
Pont Roma 07a.jpg Pont RomàTorrent de Sant Jordi Pollença At outskirts Spain 2 x SSOne semi-circular, one segmental arch [15]
Pont Serme ? Béziers 14 km W on Via Domitia France ?S
Pont-Saint-Martin-Ponte-DSCF8380.JPG Pont Saint-Martin Lys Pont-Saint-Martin In town Italy, Northern36.65 mMSegmental arch bridge [4]
Pont sur Couesnon? Vendelais ? France 3 mS
Pont sur Laye, Mane, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France. Pic 01.jpg Pont sur la Laye Laye Mane 1 km W France 3 m; 7 m; 12 mSSegmental arch bridge [4]
Pont sur Loire Loire Lavoûte-sur-Loire ? France ??
Pont sur l'Oued Djilf Oued Djilf Maktar 15 km E Tunisia 6 x 5.4 mM
Pont sur Rhone Rhone Arles ? France ??
Pont sur RhoneRhone Vienne To Ste Colombe les Viennes France ??
Pont Vieux Hérault Le Vigan ? France ??
PontaccioNimbalto Loano On Via Julia Augusta 44° 7'54.24"N 8°15'24.26"E Italy, Northern10 mS
Alti-gar.jpg Ponte Altinate Brenta River Padua To E of town Italy, Northern11.14 m; 12.29 m; 10.90 mSSegmental arch bridge [16]
Ponte Alto? Terracina On Via Appia Italy, Southern1 x SS
Ponte amato.jpg Ponte Amato Fosso Collafri Gallicano 0.4 km SW on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity5 mM
Ponte Antico Fosso dell'Acqua Traversa Terracina On Via Appia Italy, Southern1 x SS
Ponte Apollosa? Benevento About 8 km SW Italy, SouthernS; M; SM
Ponte Calamone? Narni 2.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.3 m; 1.4 m; 3.3 mS
Ponte Caldaro? Narni 5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.4 m; 5.5 m; 7.9 m; 5.5 m; 3.4 mS42°34'12.88"N, 12°32'17.92"E
Ponte Catena? Cori Outside Porta Ninfina Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SL
Roman bridge near Birori, Sardinia (16765300591).jpg BiroriSardiniaItaly, Insular
Single barrel vaulted Roman bridge, located on the ancient route that connected Uselis with Forum Traiani, Sardinia (16566087110).jpg on the ancient route between Uselis and Forum Traiani, SardiniaItaly, Insular
Pont'Ecciu, 1st century AD Roman bridge, restored and enlarged in 1157 during the period of the Giudicati, Allai, Sardinia (16564769070).jpg Pont'EcciuFluminedduAllaiSardiniaItaly, Insular
Ponte Corvo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern7.7 m; 8.7 m; 11 mSSegmental arch bridge [17]
Ponte Corvo? Benevento About 5 km SW Italy, Southern2 x SS
Ponte romana sobre a ribeira de Odivelas 01.png Ponte da Ribeira de OdivelasRibeira de OdivelasVila Ruiva1,5 km away from Vila Ruiva Portugal ?SSeveral arches are buried.
Ponte de Arena? Monza ? Italy, Northern5.1 mS
Ponte dei Ciclopi? Cantiano c. 3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.7 mS
Ponte dei Ladroni V. d. Ferrara Benevento 17 km ENE on Via Traiana Italy, Southern3 m; 10 m; 14 m?
Ponte degli Angeli Bacchiglione Vicenza Near Chiesa d. Angeli Italy, Northern5 x MS
Ponte del Diavolo Fiumaretta Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity7 mS
Ponte del Diavolo Spalla Bassa Cassino 0–12 km SW Italy, Southern5.5 mS
Ponte del DiavoloTiterno Campobasso ? Italy, Southern1 x MS
Ponte del Diavolo? Blera In gorge below town Italy, Central3 x SS
Ponte del Diavolo? Manziana W of Lago di Bracciano Italy, Central7 mS
Ponte del Diavolo? Massa Martana 13 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.3 mS
Ponte del Gran Caso Gran Caso Ascoli Piceno 2 km E on Via Salaria Italy, Central6 mM
Oristano1.jpg Ponte del Tirso Tirso Oristano Sardinia Italy, InsularRuins?
Ponte dell'Abbadia, Vulci, Lazio, Italy. Pic 03.jpg Ponte dell’Abbadia Fiora Vulci 8 km N of Montalto di Castro Italy, CentralS; c. 25 m; SL
Ponte dell’Acqua? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern1 x SS
Ponte dell’Acquoria Aniene Tivoli 1.2 km W Italy, Rome & vicinity7 x S?
Ponte della Regina Brembo Almenno Lecco-Bergamo Italy, Northern8 x MM-H
Ponte della Rocca? Blera 1 km W on Via Clodia Italy, Central1 x SM
Ponte della Scutella Cavignano Ascoli Piceno On Via Salaria Italy, Central10.8 mSThere is a Ponte di Solestà @ 42°51'30.62"N, 13°34'18.85"E
Buonalbergo - Ponte delle chianche 10.jpg Ponte delle Chianche T. d. Buonalbergo Montecalvo 3.5 km NW on Via Traiana Italy, Southern6 x MS
Val Ponci - Ponte delle Fate.JPG Ponte delle Fate? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern5.7 m; SM
Ponte delle Voze Voze Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern4–5 mS
Ponte detto delle Piangole Metaurus ? Pesaro region Italy, Central4 x MM
Ponte d’Arli Tronto Arli14 km W of Ascoli Piceno on Via Salaria Italy, Central17 mM42°47'53.29"N, 13°27'38.22"E
Tiberius-Brucke.JPG Ponte d'Augusto Marecchia Rimini On Via Aemilia Italy, Central8.7 m; 8.9 m; 10.6 m; 8.9 m; 8.0 mS
Narni7.jpg Ponte d'Augusto at Narni Nera Narni 0.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central19.6 m; 32.1 m; 18 m; 16 mLTallest Roman road bridge
Ponte di Agosta Aniene Agosta 8 km S of Arsoli Italy, Rome & vicinity7 x SS
Ponte di Cassino Valle del Rapido Cassino About 3 km N Italy, Southern1 x SS
Ponte di Caudino Lorenzino Caudino Near Arcevia Italy, Central8 mS
Forte Malatesta e Ponte di Cecco.jpg Ponte di Cecco Castellano Ascoli Piceno E entrance to city42° 51′ 9.2″ N, 13° 35′ 9″ E Italy, Central14.5 m; 7.2 mH
Ponte romano di Chatillon.jpg Ponte di Chatillon Marmore Châtillon In town Italy, Northern15 mM
Ponte di Corso V. Emanuele? Milan Beneath C. V. Emanuele Italy, Northern2.6 mS
Fossombrone ponte.jpg Ponte della Concordia (Diocletian) Metaurus Fossombrone 2.5 km SW Italy, Centralc. 20 mL
Ponte di Fiumicinetto Gressaga S. Dona d. Piave N Italy, Northern3 x c. 7 mS
FossatoDiVicoPonteSanGiovanni2.jpg Ponte di Fossato di Vico Regalino Fossato di Vico c. 1.5 km E of Via Flaminia Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponte di Gavoi? Gavoi SW of Nuoro, Sardinia Italy, Insular5 x S-MSNow submerged in a reservoir
Ponte di Mezzocamino? Rome ? Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Ponte di Nona, Small T. Marrana Rome 12 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity6 mS
Ponte di Nona, Large T. Marrana Rome 12 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinityS; 7 x 6 m; SL
Ponte di Nepi? Nepi 42°14'28.24"N 12°20'43.26"E Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponte di Pioraco ? Pioraco c. 25 km NE of Nocera Umbra Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponte di Pollenza? Pollenza 10 km SW of Macerata Italy, CentralM; SS
Porta Solesta Ascoli Piceno.jpg Ponte di Porta Cappuccina Tronto Ascoli Piceno NW entrance to city 42°51'32.52"N, 13°34'17.06"E Italy, Central22.2 mL
Ponte di Porta Rimini Foglia Pesaro ? Italy, Central28.7 m; 6.3 mM
Ponte di Porta Tufilla Tronto Ascoli Piceno N entrance to city42°51'24.95"N, 13°34'41.91"E Italy, Central2 x M; SM
Ponte di Promontogno? Promontogno Near Chiavenna Italy, Northern1 x SM
Ponte di Quintodecimo Tronto Quintodecimo 24 km W of Ascoli Piceno on Via Salaria Italy, Central17.1 mM
Ponte di Rodi??Island of Rhodes Greece 2 x SS
Remains of the roman bridge at Santa Giusta on the road from Othoca to Carales, Sardinia (16566701987).jpg Ponte romano (Santa Giusta)?Santa Giustaon the road from Othoca to Carales, SardiniaItaly, Insular
Roman bridge, restructured and restored in medieval times, Sant'Antioco, Sardinia (16153128443).jpg Pontimannu? Sant'Antioco SardiniaItaly, Insular
Ponte di San Giovanni de Butris ? Acquasparta 1 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central2 x 8.7 mS
Ponte di San Giuliano Rapido Atina In town Italy, Southern2 x MM
Ponte di Sant’Arcangelo di Romagna Uso Rimini c. 12 km W on Via Aemilia Italy, Northernc. 4 mS
Ponte di Smirra? Acqualagna 2.0 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.8 mS
Ponte di Sperlonga? Sperlonga Near the Villa of Tiberius Italy, Southern4.7 mS
Ponte di Terra F. di Terra Rome 21 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity4.9 mS
Ponte di Traiano Metaurus Fossombrone 5 km SW on Via Flaminia Italy, Central4 m; 11.3 m; 11.3 mM
Ponte di Tre Ponti Pontine Marshes Terracina About 15 km NW on Via Appia Italy, Southern2 x SS
Ponte di Vigna Capoccio Fosso di Carano Velletri 4 km SW on Via Appia Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x S?
SigilloVillaScircaPontePietroni2.jpg Ponte Etrusco? Sigillo 7.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central4 mS
MassaMartanaPonteFonnaia.JPG Ponte FonnaiaNaia Acquasparta 3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.4 mS
Ponte FuroRetrone Vicenza Near Campo Marzio Italy, Northern2 x 4.6 mS
Ponte Genga Sentino Fabriano 16 km NE Italy, Central8 mM
Ponte GrossoBurano Cantiano N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central2 x 7 mS
Ponte Grosso a Pontericcioli Fosso della Scheggio Scheggia 6 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central? x 3.4 mS
Ponte Ladricio Eisack Franzensfeste ? Italy, Northern??
Benevento-Ponte Leproso.jpg
Ponte Leproso Sabato Benevento About 1 km SW 41° 7'53.15"N, 14°45'55.38"E Italy, Southern5 x SS
Lanuvio ponte Loreto e Monte Artemisio.JPG
Ponte Loreto Lanuvium south of Lanuvium on the via AsturaItaly, CentralS
Ponte Lucano panorama modifie-1.jpg Ponte Lucano Aniene Tivoli 3.5 km W on Via Tiburtina Italy, Rome & vicinity5 x SS
Ponte Lungo? Albenga On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern10 x 6.6-8.4 mS
Ponte Mammolo Aniene Rome 8 km ENE on Via Tiburtina Italy, Rome & vicinityS; 16 m; SM
Cagli, Ponte Mallio (Via Flaminia) - Marche, Italia - 01.jpg
Ponte Mallio Bosso Cagli 0.5 km N on Via Flaminia 43°33'0.79"N 12°39'1.10"E Italy, Central11.7 mS
Ponte Marzio Serio Gorle Near Bergamo Italy, Northern3 x MS
Ponte Molino, Padua, Italy. Pic 02.jpg Ponte Molino Bacchiglione Padua To NE of town Italy, Northern7.80 m; 8.86 m; 11.47 m; 8.51 m; 7.81 mSSegmental arch bridge [18]
Ponte Nascosa? Civitamassa c. 9 km NW of L'Aquila on Via Caecilia Italy, CentralSS
Ponte Nepesino Fosso Cerreto Nepi 3 km S on Via Amerina Italy, Central4 x SS
Ponte Nomentano Aniene Rome 6 km NE on Via Nomentana Italy, Rome & vicinityS; L; SM
Ponte Petreo? Ravenna c. 3 km S Italy, Northern??
Ponte Picchiato Miccino Orte 12 km SE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central11.5 mS
Ponte Pietra a Verona.jpg Ponte Pietra Adige Verona NE corner of town Italy, Northern5 x MS
Ponte Pietra Ofanto Canosa di Puglia 5 km W on Via Traiana Italy, Southern2 spans?
Ponte Piro? Barbarano Romano 4 km SE of Blera on Via Clodia Italy, Central??
Ponte presso Tor di Valle? Rome 10 km SW on Via Ostiensis Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Ponte presso Torre Pastore? Civita Castellana 0.3 km N of P. Ritorto Italy, Central3.1 mS
Ponte Pusterla Bacchiglione Vicenza On Via Claudia Augusta Italy, Northern3 x MS
Bridge over the Quarteira 27 09 2012 (1).jpg Ponte da Ribeira de Quarteira Quarteira River Paderne Albufeira Portugal Bridge was re-built following the 1755 earthquake
Ponte Ritorto Fosso di Chiavello Civita Castellana 4 km E on Via Flaminia Italy, Central5.9 mS
Roman bridge, Ourense (Spain).jpg Ponte Vella (Ponte Romana) Minho River Ourense ? Spain ?
Roman bridge on the road from Forum Traiani to Othoca, 1st century BC - 1st century AD, Tramatza, Sardinia (16773140041).jpg Ponte RomanoMannu OzieriTramatzaroad from Forum Traiani to Othoca, SardiniaItaly, Insular
Ponte Romano Garafo Acquasanta Terme On Via Salaria Italy, Central10.5 mM
Ponte Romano di Rieti - primo piano - 3.jpg Ponte Romano Velino Rieti In town, on Via Salaria Italy, Central?S
Ponte Rotto Carapelle Foggia 15 km SE on Via Traiana Italy, Southern10 x S-MS
Ponte Rotto Cervaro Foggia 10 km S on Via Traiana Italy, Southern17 x S-MS
Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Ponte Salario, Engraving.jpg Ponte Salario Aniene Rome 5 km N on Via Salaria Italy, Rome & vicinity8.5 m; 26.7 m; 8.5 mM
Ponte SambucoAriana creek Belmonte in Sabina 2.5 km SW, on Via Salaria Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponte San Giorgio? Arsoli 3 km N on Via Valeria Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Ponte Sanguinario Tessino Spoleto Beneath Piazza Garibaldi Italy, CentralS; 6.2 m; 6.8 m; SS
Ponte Sanguinaro Sanguinaro Otricoli 7 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central??
Ponte San Lorenzo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern12.8 m; 14.4 m; 12.5 mSSegmental arch bridge [4]
Ponte San Lorenzo? Bullicame 1 km NE of Viterbo on Via Cassia Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponte San Matteo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern??
Ponte San Nicolao? Viterbo Via Cassia Italy, Central1 x MS
Ponte San Vito Uso Rimini 10 km W on Via Aemilia Italy, Northern1 x SS
Ponte Sardone? Palestrina 0.7 km SW on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity??
Ponte Scutonico? Arsoli 2 km S on Via Valeria Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Ponte Sodo Valchetta Veii On N boundary Italy, Rome & vicinity??
Ponte Spiano Fonturce Sigillo 6 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.25 mS
Ponte sul Adda Adda Olginate S of Lecco Italy, Northern4.8 mS
Ponte sul Canalat Canalat Ceggia ? Italy, Northern8.3 m; 7.4 m; 6.8 mS
Ponte sul Lemene Lemene Concordia Sagittaria ? Italy, Northern?S
Porto Torres2.jpg Ponte sul Mannu Mannu Porto Torres To W of town, Sardinia Italy, Insular5.4 m; 5.4 m; 3 m; 5.3 m; 5.2 m; 12.5 m; 19.5 mM
Ponte sul Fosso della Mola Fosso della Mola Nepi 2 km E Italy, Central1 x MS
Ponte sul Fosso Tre Ponti Fosso Tre Ponti Nepi 4 km N on Via Amerina Italy, Central4.6 mM
Ponte sul FrattaFratta Orte 13 km SE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central??
Ponte sul Natissa Natissa Aquileia ? Italy, Northern1 x SS45°46'24.08"N, 13°22'11.30"E
PONTE OFANTO.png Ponte sul Ofanto Ofanto Canosa di Puglia 5 km W on Via Traiana Italy, Southern7 x S-MS
Ponte sul Reno Reno Bologna On Via Aemilia Italy, Northern??
Ponte sul Rio della Torre Rio della Torre San Lorenzo al Mare On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern4 mS
Ponte sul Rubicone Rubicon Savignano On Via Aemilia Italy, Northern3 x 6.2 mS
Ponte sul Savuto Savuto Scigliano Via Popilia (or Annia) Italy, Southern20.5 mM
Ponte sul Tevere Tiber Sigliano ? Italy, Central??
Ponte sul Treia Treia Civita Castellana 5 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central??
Ponte sull’AusaAusa Rimini Near Arch of Augustus Italy, CentralS; MS
Ponte sulla Dora Dora Baltea Ivrea In town Italy, NorthernL; M; SM
Ponte TavernaBurano Cagli 0.5 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central4.8 m; 16.2 m?
Ponte Toro? Terni 6 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central9 mS
Ponte Tufaro? Benevento About 10 km SW Italy, Southern3 x SS
Benevento (BN), 2006, Il Ponte Valentino sul fiume Calore. (22602421736).jpg Ponte Valentino Calore Benevento 5 km E on Via Traiana 41° 8'45.29"N, 14°49'51.08"E Italy, Southern15 m; 18 m; 15 mM
Ponte Vecchio? Rapallo In town Italy, Northern1 x MS
Ponte Voragine? Scheggia 3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3 mS
Roman bridge Ozieri, dating to the 2nd century AD and restored in the 3rd-4th century AD. It has six arcades for a total length of 87.50 metres (287 ft), Sardinia (16563701885).jpg Pont’EzzuMannu Ozieri SardiniaItaly, Insular
Roman bridge Fertilia Sardinia.jpg Fertilia Alghero SardiniaItaly, Insular
Pont Ezzu (Old Bridge), Roman bridge near Mores, Sardinia (16744259602).jpg Pont’Ezzu Mores SardiniaItaly, Insular
Primo Ponte Fosso di Sta Maria Morgana Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Secondo Ponte Fosso di Sta Maria Morgana Sta Marinella Via Aurelia, at 60.9 km Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
Primo Ponte Topino (old riverbed), since 13th century Canale dei Molini Foligno Via Augusto Bolletta Italy, Central4 x SS
Secondo Ponte or "Ponte di Cesare" Topino (old riverbed), since 13th century Canale dei Molini Foligno Via Feliciano Scarpellini Italy, Central7 x SS
Terzo Ponte Topino (old riverbed), since 13th century Canale dei Molini Foligno Via San Giovanni dell’Acqua Italy, Central9 m; 9 m; 10 m; 9 m; 9 mS
Quarto Ponte Topino (old riverbed), since 13th century Canale dei Molini Foligno Via Madonna delle Grazie Italy, Central8 m; 10 m; 8 mS
Primo Ponte? Gualdo Tadino In vicinity Italy, Centralc. 4 mM
Secondo Ponte della Val Quazzola? Quiliano Near Ricchini Italy, Northern6 mS
Terzo Ponte della Val Quazzola? Quiliano 2 km beyond Secondo Ponte della Val Quazzola Italy, Northernc. 6 mS
Quarto Ponte della Val Quazzola? Quiliano Volta locality Italy, Northern??
Quinto Ponte della Val Quazzola? Quiliano Colle sul Rio d. Scarroni Italy, Northern??
Sesto Ponte della Val Quazzola? Quiliano Rio del Gallo Italy, Northern??
Primo Ponte di Val Ponci? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern1 x SS
Quarto Ponte di Val Ponci? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern??
Pontetto? Loano On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern1 x SS
Ponticello? Benevento In town, to E Italy, Southern1 x MM
Ponticello? Cantiano 0.2 km N of Ponte di Ciclopi Italy, Central1 x SS
Ponticello dell’Abbazia Candigliano Acqualagna 4 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central2.1 m; 2.8 mS
Ponticello di Case Nuove? Acqualagna N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central1.4 mS
Ponticello di Isernia? Isernia ? Italy, Southern1 x MS
Ponticello sul SelinoSelino Selinunte Near Castelvetrano, Sicily Italy, Southern1 x SS
Bibeyromanbridge.jpg Ponte do Bibei Bibei A Pobra de Trives c. 8 km towards Petín Spain 6.1 m; 18.5 m; 8.8 mL
Puente de Alardos Alardos Madrigal de la Vera ? Spain 22.8 mM
Alcantara bridge in the night.jpg Puente de Alcántara Tagus Toledo E approach to town Spain 16 m; 28.3 mL
Puente de Alcantarilla Salado de Moran Utrera 32 km SE of Seville Spain 5.4 m; 5.7 mS
Congas de Onis.JPG Puente de Cangas de Onís Sella Cangas de Onís ? Spain 7.7 m; 21.6 m; 9.5 m; 6.8 m; 4.3 m; 3.6 mMThree main arches pointed. Dates originally from 2nd century AD [19]
Puente de Cáparra Ambroz Plasencia 20 km N Spain 8.7 m; 9.2 mS
Puente de Carmona? Carmona 28 km E of Seville Spain 4 m; 4 m; 5 m; 4 m; 4 mS
Roman bridge.jpg Roman Bridge Tâmega Chaves In town Portugal c. 13 x SS
Puente de El GarroAlmonte Alconétar Now flooded Spain ??
Puente de Guallaminos Guallaminos Villanueva de la Vera ? Spain 18.6 mS
Puente de Guijo de la Granadilla Alagón Plasencia c. 20 km N Spain 19.1 mM
Puente de Entrambasaguas Pancrudo Luco de Jiloca ? Spain 5.4 m; 11.2 m; 5.4 mS
Jiloca Calamocha ? Spain 7.7 mS
Puente de LumbierIrati Lumbier At Hoz de Lumbier Spain 1 x ML
Puente de Medellín Guadiana Medellín 35 km E of Mérida Spain 28 x 12 mS
Pont de Monistrol Llobregat Monistrol de Montserrat In town Spain 37 m; 27 m; 17 m; 12 mM
Puente del Paso Honroso en Hospital de Orbigo.jpg
Puente de ÓrbigoRio Órbigo Órbigo In town Spain >5 x SS
Valeria roman bridge.JPG Puente de PalmeroRio Gritos Valeria SpainS
Puente de Piedra (Zaragoza) Ebro Zaragoza In town Spain ??
Pont de Pedra Segre Lleida In town Spain ??
Ponte da Pobra de Trives Xares A Pobra de Trives Near Mendoya Spain 7 mS
PuenteromanoriveraTrebejana.JPG Ponte de Segura Erges/Erjas Segura 1 km south Portugal 7 m; 7 m; 10 m; 7 m; 7 mM
Pont de Saint-Vincent Cillian Saint-Vincent 1 km east Italy, Northern9.7 m; 3.1 mS
Pont de Santa Coloma Gran Valira Santa Coloma 3 km S of Andorra la Vella Andorra S; MS
Puente de Tres Puentes Zadorra Iruña de Oca 9 km W of Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain 13 x SS
Puente de Villa del Río Salado de Porcuna Villa del Río 10 km E of Montoro Spain 3 m; 9.1 m; 3.6 mS
Puente de Villodas Zadorra Villodas c. 12 km W of Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain 10 x SS
Puente del Jándular Jándular Andújar 5 km W Spain 7 x 5.1 m; 2-3 x SS
Puente del Vadillo Tamuja Vadillo 30 km E of Cáceres Spain 1 x MS
Puente de la Cigarrosa Sil Petín In town Spain 8 m; 10 m; 4 m; 19 m; 10 mS
Puente de la Doncella Ambroz Plasencia c. 40 km N Spain 9.3 mS
Puente LinaresLimia Bande On Bande-Porquera road Spain 7.5 m; 7 m + (2 x S)S
Rio Guadalmellato - Puente Mocho (Alcolea).jpg Puente Mocha Guadalmellato Córdoba 10 km E Spain 10 x 4.5-6.6 mS
Spain Andalusia Cordoba BW 2015-10-27 12-11-57.jpg Puente Romano Guadalquivir Córdoba In town Spain 16 x 7.9–12 mS
Puente romano en merida.jpg Puente Romano Guadiana Mérida S entrance to town Spain 62 x 5.6-11.6 mS
Puente Romano Tormes Salamanca In town Spain 15 x 9.4-9.7 mS
Pont Vell Fluvià Besalú 30 km NW of Girona Spain ??
Penkalas BridgeKocaçay
(Penkalas)
Aezani Çavdarhisar Turkey c. 3.9 m; 5.2 m; 6.5 m; 5.2 m; c. 3.9 mS
AizanoiBrucke.jpg Penkalas Bridge Kocaçay
(Penkalas)
Aezani Çavdarhisar Turkey 5 x SS
Roman bridge Biga Çayı
(Granicus)
Biga Over Biga Çayı Turkey ??
Roman bridge? Eğirdir ? Turkey ??
Sabrina bridge Karabudak Zimara ? Turkey ??
Sangarius Bridge, Justinyen Koprusu-2.JPG Sangarius Bridge Sakarya
(Sangarius)
İzmit 4 km W of Adapazarı Turkey 8-12 x MS
Sauerbrücke Sauer Wasserbillig ? Luxembourg ??
Selinus bridgeBergama Çayı
(Selinus)
Pergamon ? Turkey 2 x 11.4 mS
Pergamon bridge.jpg Pergamon Bridge Bergama Çayı
(Selinus)
Pergamon Under Temple of Serapis (Red Hall) Turkey 2 x 9 m [20] SLargest ancient bridge substructure [21]
Cendere Cayi, severische Brucke.jpg Severan Bridge Cendere Çayı Kahta 41 km E of Adıyaman Turkey 34.2 mL
Shkumbi bridge Shkumbi Topcias Near Shenjan Albania 17 x S?
Romische Brucke bei St. Dionysen 02.JPG Sankt Dionysen bridge Murufer Sankt Dionysen Between Sankt Dionysen and Oberdorf Austria 1 x SS
Susegana Bridge ? Susegana In frazione Colfosco on Via Claudia Augusta Italy, Northern5.3 mSSegmental arch bridge [22]
TAS KOPRU-ADANA - panoramio.jpg Taşköprü Seyhan Adana ? Turkey 21 x SS
1st Century Vila Formosa Roman Bridge - Apr 2011.jpg Vila Formosa BridgeSeda Alter do Chão 10 km W Portugal 6 x c. 9.6 mS
Viadotta di Valle Ariccia Valle Ariccia Rome 27 km SE on Via Appia Italy, Rome & vicinity3 x SS
Viadotta sulla Via Aurelia? Rome Pons Cestius-Janiculum Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x S?
Viaduct over the Fosso di Ponte Terra Fosso di Ponte Terra San Vittorino 1 km NE Italy, Rome & vicinity4 x MM
Voltarella? Civita Castellana 5 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central3.1 mS
White Bridge Biga Çayı
(Granicus)
?Road to Gallipoli Turkey S; S; 4 x M; S; S?Plundered for material in 19th century [23]
Pira Delal, Kurdistan.jpg Zakho bridge Little Khabur Zakho In town Iraq S; L; SL
? Arapgir Çayı Korpanik 3 km E Turkey 30 m?
? Asopus Laodicea on the Lycus ? Turkey 8.0 m; 12.3 m; 7.1 mM
? Bues Ganagobie W bank of Durance, S of Sisteron France ??
? Escoutay Viviers ? France ??
? Fosso del Giardinetto Rome 11 km E on Via Labicana Italy, Rome & vicinity5.7 mS
? Fosso della Valchetta Castel Giubileo 0.25 km N Italy, Rome & vicinity2 x 7 mS
? Fosso di Palidoro Palidoro Beneath farmhouse Italy, Rome & vicinity2 x S?
? Fosso di Vallemplice Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity1 x SS
? Fosso Malafede Ostia 9 km NE on Via Ostiensis Italy, Rome & vicinity2 x SS
? Göksu
(Calycadnus)
Silifke ? Turkey 5 x c. 17 m; 2 x 4.3 mS
Torre do Rio (1).jpg ? Guadiana Mertola ? Portugal ??
? Marsyas Incekemer ? Turkey 3 x MM
? Nahr er Rukkad ?W of Bostra Syria 8 spans?
? Nile Aswan ? Egypt ??
? Numicus Ostia 2 km SE on Via Severiana Italy, Rome & vicinity3 x SS
? Saboun-Souyou Aleppo 70 km N Syria 3.8 m; 8.4 m; 10 m; 9.8 m; 8.2 m; 3.8 mM
? Saboun-Souyou Aleppo Cyrrhus-Gaziantep Syria 4.2 m; 9.3 m; 4.7 mS
? Wadi Suweida Suweida N of Bostra Syria 1 span?
? Wadi Zeidi el-Tali’a W of Bostra Syria 2 x SS
? Yeşil
(Iris)
Amasya ? Turkey ??
?? Antakya N of Antakya Turkey 1 x SL
?? Kireli ? Turkey ??
?? Qodana W of Bostra Syria 3 spans?
?? Sette Vene 15 km N of Veii on Via Cassia Italy, Central1 x S?

Timber and stone pillar bridges

A timber bridge is a structure composed wholly out of wood, while a stone pillar bridge features a wooden superstructure resting on stone pillars. Strictly speaking, many bridges of the second type should be rather called "concrete pillar bridges", as the Romans preferably used opus caementicium for constructing their bridge piers (stone was confined in these cases to covering). Both types, timber bridges and stone respectively concrete pillar bridges, are listed here in the same category as historically, with the consolidation of Roman power in the newly conquered provinces, wooden bridges often gave way to solid pillar bridges.

ImageNameRiverTownCountrySpansComment
072 Conrad Cichorius, Die Reliefs der Traianssaule, Tafel LXXII (Ausschnitt 01).jpg Apollodorus Bridge
(or Trajan's Bridge)
Danube Turnu-Severin/Kladovo Romania/
Serbia
21 × >30 mConcrete pillars; longest arch bridge for over 1000 years
Il ponte di Cesare sul Reno.jpg Caesar's Rhine bridges Rhine Koblenz Germany c. 26 spans
Constantine's Bridge Danube Oescus/Corabia Bulgaria/Romania ?Concrete pillars [24]
Cornelius Fuscus's Bridge Danube Orlea Romania/
Bulgaria
?Timber bridge [25]
Justinian's bridgeSiberisSykeon Turkey 8 × 5.4-9.6 m
London Bridge Thames London England ?
Cliffe Roman Bridge 2.jpg Piercebridge Roman Bridge Tees Piercebridge England ?
Pons Aelius Tyne Newcastle England ?
Pons Sublicius - Project Gutenberg eText 19694.jpg Pons Sublicius Tiber Rome Italy ?
Pons Tirenus Garigliano Minturnae Italy ?
Roemerbruecke trier.jpg Roman Bridge Mosel Trier Germany ?Arches added in Middle Ages
CCAA-Konstantinbrucke.jpg Römerbrücke Rhine Cologne Germany 20 spans
02 Romerbrucke (Mainz). Bronze Plate retouched.jpg Römerbrücke Rhine Mainz Germany ?First built c. 30 AD [26]
? Churn Cirencester England ?
? Eden Hyssop Holme Well England ?
?Forth? Scotland ?
? Irthing Willowford England Possible stone arches [9]
?Kelvin Summerston Scotland ?
? Loire Orléans France ?
?Loire? France ?
?RedeElishaw England ?
?RedeRisingham England ?
? Rhone Genf Switzerland ?
? Saône ? France ?
? Seine Paris France ?
?TeesPounteys Bridge England ?
? Trent Cromwell England ?Probably 8th century, not Roman [27]
?Tyne Corbridge England 6-11 × SPossible stone arches [9]
? Wear Binchester England ?
??Hunwick Gill England ?
?FleetLondon, Newgate England ?
?? Wallasey England ?
?Nene Water Newton England ?
?Severn Wroxeter England ?
?Hart Burn Rothley England ?abutment at NZ045871
?Tyne Bywell England >=5piers destroyed 1836
?Wansbeck near Marlish England ?stones at NZ077844
?Hart Burn Hartburn England ?post-holes at NZ088866
?South Tyne Underbank England ?abutment at NY699493

Pontoon bridges

As an alternative to ferry services, the Roman army often made use of pontoon bridges, along with timber structures, for river crossings. They usually consisted of boats lashed together, with the bows pointing towards the current. Permanent bridges of boats were also commonly set up for civilian traffic.

CharacterRiverTownCountryComment
Bridge of boatsDanube Kostolac Serbia
Bridge of boatsDanube Turnu-Severin Romania/
Serbia
Bridge of boats Sakarya
(Sangarius)
Adapazarı, 4 km SW Turkey Replaced by stone arches of Sangarius Bridge under reign of Justinian I (r. 527-565) [28]

Aqueduct bridges

ImageDestination (Town)NameCountryBridge lengthAqueduct length overallComment
Aix-en-Provence ? France ??
Alabanda ? Turkey ?
Alatri ? Italy ??
Alcanadre ? Spain ?
Alinda ? Turkey ?
Almuñécar ? Spain ?
Ansignan ? France ?
Antibes aquaduct.jpg Antibes La Bouillide France ?
Antibes La Fontveille France ?
Antioch ? Turkey ?
Anzio ? Italy ??
Pont d'Ael - Gesamt 1.jpg Aosta Pont d'Aël Italy?
Barbegal aqueduct 23.jpg Arles Barbegal, Fontveille France ?
Aspendos Aquaedukt.jpg Aspendus ? Turkey ?
Athens, Hadrianic aqueduct Greece ?
Hadrianic aqueduct, Remains of water bridge in Nea Ionia, Athens (14046482411).jpg Athens, Nea IoniaLate Roman aqueduct Greece ?
Barcelona ? Spain ?
Bavay ? France ??
Baelo-Claudia? Spain ??
Zbaydeh-Mansourieh.jpg Beirut Aqueduct of Zubaida, Mansourieh Lebanon?20 km
Bologna ? Italy ??
Bonn Bonn Aqueduct Germany ?
Bordeaux ? France ??
Cádiz ? Spain ??
Caesarea Maritima aqueduct.jpg Caesarea ? Israel ?
Zaghouan aqueduc.jpg Carthage Zaghouan Aqueduct, Carthage Tunisia ?
Acquedotto romano Valcorrente2.jpg Catania Valcorrente Italy ??
Acquedotto romano di Catania (archi).JPG Catania Porrazzo (Paternò) Italy ??
Pena Cortada 5.JPG Chelva Peña Cortada Spain ??
Chemtou ? Tunisia ??
Cherchell ? Algeria ?
Cimiez ? France ??
Civitavecchia ? Italy ?
Mechernich-Vussem Aquaduktbrucke.jpg Cologne Eifel Aqueduct Germany 130 kmLargest ancient structure north of the Alpes
Constantine ? Algeria ?
Die ? France ??
An aqueduct near Ephesus. Engraving by J. Mathieu after J.R. Wellcome V0020182.jpg Ephesus ?Turkey?
Aqueduct near Ephesus - Mayer Luigi - 1810.jpg Ephesus, SirinceTurkey?
Erythrai ? Turkey ??
Évreux ? France ??
Frejus aquaduct.jpg Fréjus ? France ?
Gadara Gadara Aqueduct Jordan 170 kmLongest tunnel of antiquity (94 km) [29]
Granada ? Spain ??
Su kemeri (yakin).JPG Istanbul Valens Aqueduct Turkey 250 km
Canal Italica.jpg Italica ? Spain ?
Kavala ? Greece ?
Khémissa? Tunisia ?
Laodicea Aqueduct tower.jpg Laodicea ? Turkey ?
Luynes (France) Roman Aqueduct.jpg Tours Luynes France ?
Aqueduc de la Brevenne 01.jpg Lyon Brevenne France ??
08. Aqueduc de l'Yzeron - Reservoir double de Craponne.JPG Lyon Yzeron France ?
Aqueducchapo01.JPG Lyon Gier France ?
Lyon Mont d’Or France ??
Roemersteine.jpg Mainz Römersteine Germany ??
Marseille ? France ??
Mérida Cornalvo Spain ?17 km
El acueducto de Los Milagros.jpg Mérida Proserpina, Acueducto de los Milagros Spain 12 km UNESCO World Heritage Site
Acueducto de Rabo de Buey-SanLazaro2.jpg Mérida Las Tomas (Rabo de Buey) Spain ?
Metz ? France ?
Minturnae Aquaduct.JPG Minturno ? Italy ?
Ponti Rossi Napoli.jpg Naples Aqua Augusta, Serino aqueduct Italy140 kmConstr. 10AD
Susa acquedotto.jpg Susa Italy
Acquedotto-6.jpg Vicenza Italy
Roman Aqueduct in Mytilini (Lesbos), Greece.jpg Mytilene, Lesbos? Greece ?
Musti ? Tunisia ??
St George Preveza Aquaduct 1.jpg Nicopolis (near Preveza)Actia Nicopolis Greece 50 km
Pont du Gard BLS.jpg Nîmes Pont du Gard France ? UNESCO World Heritage Site
Nîmes Pont de Bornègre France ?
Orange ? France ??
Paris Lutetia France ?26 km
Roman Aqueduct of Patras(2).JPG Patras ? Greece ?
Pézenas ? France ??
Périgueux ? France ??
Phaselis (16).JPG Phaselis ? Turkey ?
Poitiers ? France ??
Wodo.jpg Plovdiv Bulgaria30 km
Pompeii ? Italy ??
01 Pont d'Ael, Aosta Valley, Italy. Bridge Arch.jpg Pont d'Aël, Aymavilles Pont d'Aël [30] Italy, Northern14.24 m span6 km66 m above bottom of valley
Rodez ? France ??
Porta Maggiore 21-09-2019.jpg Rome Aqua Anio Novus Italy 14 km [31] 86.8 kmConstr. 38-52 AD. [32] 189,520 m³ a day
Esquilino - acquedotto Anio Vetus 1000968.JPG Rome Aqua Anio Vetus Italy ?
Aqua Alexandrina 02.jpg Rome Aqua Alexandrina Italy 2 km [32] 22 kmConstr. 226 AD [32]
Rome Aqua Alsietina Italy
Aqueduct-aqua-claudia.jpg Rome Aqua Claudia Italy 14 km [31] 68.6 kmConstr. 38-52 AD. [32] 184,280 m³ a day
Rome Aqua Julia Italy 10 km [33] 68.6 kmConstr. 33 BC. [32] 48,240 m³ a day
Tivoli Acquedotto Arci 0511-03.JPG Rome Aqua Marcia Italy 10 km [33] 91.4 kmConstr. 144-140 BC. [32] 187,600 m³ a day
Rome Aqua Tepula Italy 9 km [33] 17.7 kmConstr. 126 BC. [32] 17,800 m³ a day
Sádaba ? Spain ??
Saintes ? France ??
Salona Diocletianus Aqueduct Croatia ?
Samosata ? Turkey ?
Sebaste ? Turkey ?
Side ? Turkey ?
Sbeitla ? Tunisia ?
AcueductoSegovia edit1.jpg Segovia Aqueduct of Segovia Spain ? UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sens ? France ??
CanosCarmona3.JPG Seville Caños de Carmona Spain ?
Ponte Della Mola.jpg RomePonte Della Mola, Aqua Anio Vetus Italy ?
Ponte delle Torri.jpg Spoleto Ponte delle Torri Italy ?
Bridge Ponte San Pietro.jpg RomePonte San Pietro, Aqua Marcia Italy ?
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges ? France ?
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence ? France ??
Syracuse ? Italy ??
Taormina ? Italy ??
Tarquinia ? Italy ?
Roman Aqueduct, Tarragona Spain.jpg Tarragona Francolí aqueduct Aqüeducte de les Ferreres Spain 25 km UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tarragona Gayá aqueduct Spain
Tébessa ? Tunisia ?
Termini Imerese aquaduct.jpg Termini Imerese Aquae Corneliae Italy ?
Terracina ? Italy ?
Yacimiento arqueologico de Tiermes (1 de mayo de 2006, Montejo de Tiermes) 08.JPG Termancia (Tiermes) ? Spain ?
Toledo ? Spain ?
Turin ? Italy ??
Tyre Ras al-Ain Lebanon?6 km
Os Banals (Uncastiello, Zinco Billas, Aragon), Pilastras d'o acueducto roman.jpg Uncastillo acueducto de Los Banales Spain ?
Vaison ? France ??
Valencia de Alcántara ? Spain ?
Venafro ? Italy ?
Vienne ? France ??
Viterbo ? Italy ??
Ponte dell'Abbadia, Vulci, Lazio, Italy. Pic 03.jpg Vulci de:Ponte dell'Abbadia Italy??Was a bridge for a Roman road as well as an aqueduct (note the calcification from water overflow)
Volubilis ? Morocco ??
?Ponte Funicchio Italy ?

See also

General overview

Other Roman building structures

Related Research Articles

Roman bridge

Roman bridges, built by ancient Romans, were the first large and lasting bridges built. Roman bridges were built with stone and had the arch as the basic structure. Most utilized concrete as well, which the Romans were the first to use for bridges.

Arch bridge Bridge with arch-shaped supports

An arch bridge is a bridge with abutments at each end shaped as a curved arch. Arch bridges work by transferring the weight of the bridge and its loads partially into a horizontal thrust restrained by the abutments at either side. A viaduct may be made from a series of arches, although other more economical structures are typically used today.

Ponte das Taipas

The Ponte das Taipas is a deck slab bridge across the Ave River in Caldas das Taipas, Portugal. Contrary to some sources which classify the structure as a Roman bridge, it was built in the modern age.

Alcántara Bridge

The Alcántara Bridge is a Roman bridge at Alcántara, in Extremadura, Spain. Alcántara is from the Arabic word al-Qantarah (القنطرة) meaning "the arch". The stone arch bridge was built over the Tagus River between 104 and 106 AD by an order of the Roman emperor Trajan in 98.

Gemarrin Bridge

The Bridge of Gemarrin is a Roman bridge in the village of Jemarrin near the ancient city of Bosra in southern Syria. The bridge belonged to the Roman road to Soada Dionysias (As-Suwayda), crossing the Wadi Zeidi some kilometers north of Bostra.

White Bridge (Mysia)

The White Bridge was a Roman bridge across the river Granicus in Mysia in the north west of modern-day Turkey. Presumably constructed in the 4th century AD, it belonged in Ottoman times to the important road to Gallipoli on the Dardanelles. The structure was praised by early European travellers for its fine construction and marble facing, but was plundered for building material during the 19th century.

The Kharaba Bridge is a Roman bridge in the village of Kharaba in the fertile Hauran region of Syria, close to the city of Bosra.

The Ponte San Lorenzo is a Roman bridge over the river Bacchiglione in Padua, Italy. Constructed between 47 and 30 BC, it is one of the very earliest segmental arched bridges in the world. It is also notable for the slenderness of its piers, unsurpassed in antiquity.

Eurymedon Bridge (Aspendos)

The Eurymedon Bridge was a late Roman bridge over the river Eurymedon, near Aspendos, in Pamphylia in southern Anatolia. The foundations and other stone blocks (spolia) of the Roman structure were used by the Seljuqs to build a replacement bridge in the 13th century, the Köprüpazar Köprüsü, which stands to this day. This bridge is characterized by a significant displacement along its mid-line, noticeable by looking at its ancient piers.

Bridge near Limyra

The Bridge near Limyra is a late Roman bridge in Lycia, in modern south-west Turkey, and one of the oldest segmented arch bridges in the world. Located near the ancient city of Limyra, it is the largest civil engineering structure of antiquity in the region, spanning the Alakır Çayı river over a length of 360 m (1,181.1 ft) on 26 segmental arches. These arches, with a span-to-rise ratio of 5.3:1, give the bridge an unusually flat profile, and were unsurpassed as an architectural achievement until the late Middle Ages. Today, the structure is largely buried by river sediments and surrounded by greenhouses. Despite its unique features, the bridge remains relatively unknown, and only in the 1970s did researchers from the Istanbul branch of the German Archaeological Institute carry out field examinations on the site.

Nysa Bridge

The Nysa Bridge is a late imperial Roman bridge over the Cakircak stream in Nysa in the ancient region of Caria, modern-day Turkey. The 100 m (328 ft) long substructure was the second largest of its kind in antiquity, after the Pergamon Bridge.

Bridge near Kemer

The Bridge near Seydikemer was a Roman bridge near the ancient city of Xanthos in Lycia, in modern-day southwestern Turkey. Its remains are located on the upper reaches of the Xanthos river, 4 km upstream from the town of Seydikemer, at a site where the gravel river bed reaches a width of 500 m. Only a 29 m long and 4.5 m wide section on the right river bank, outside the inundation zone, is left today, having once served as approach to the bridge proper. Despite its near-complete destruction, the bridge represents a noteworthy example of the early use of segmental arches and hollow chambers in bridge building.

Macestus Bridge

The Macestus Bridge or Bridge of Sultançayır was a Roman bridge across the Macestus River at Balıkesir, in the northwestern part of modern-day Turkey. Its flattened arches, slender piers and the hollow chamber system documented the progress made in late antique bridge building. A first cursory investigation of the 234 m long structure was conducted in the early 20th century, but since then its existence has been largely neglected by scholars. Current photos from 2009 show that the bridge has collapsed in the meantime.

Pergamon Bridge

The Pergamon Bridge is a Roman substruction bridge over the Selinus river in the ancient city of Pergamon, modern-day Turkey. The 196 m (643 ft) wide structure, the largest of its kind in antiquity, was designed during Hadrian's reign (AD 117–138) in order to form a passageway underneath a large court in front of the monumental "Red Basilica" temple complex. The two intact tubes, which consist of supporting walls covered with barrel vaults, still serve their purpose to this day.

Karamagara Bridge Submerged bridge in Turkey

The Karamagara Bridge is a Byzantine or late Roman bridge in the ancient region of Cappadocia in eastern Turkey, and possibly the earliest known pointed arch bridge.

Aesepus Bridge

The Aesepus Bridge was a late antique Roman bridge over the Aesepus river in the ancient region of Mysia in modern-day Turkey. It is notable for its advanced hollow chamber system which has also been employed in other Roman bridges in the region, such as the Makestos Bridge. In a field examination carried out in the early 20th century, the four main vaults of the bridge were found in ruins, while nearly all piers and the seven minor arches had still remained intact. Today, the two remaining pier stubs in the riverbed are still extant, while the condition of the rest of the structure is difficult to determine.

Ponte Nomentano

The Ponte Nomentano is a Roman bridge in Rome, Italy, which carried the Via Nomentana over the Aniene. Having lain outside the city limits for most of its history, the picturesque bridge is noted for its medieval bridge tower, which served to protect this important northern approach to Rome.

Ponte Salario

The Ponte Salario, also called Ponte Salaro during the Middle Ages, is a road bridge in Rome, Italy, whose origins date back to the Roman period. In antiquity, it lay outside the city limits, 3 km north of the Porta Collina, at the point where the Via Salaria crossed the Aniene, a tributary of the Tiber. The visible side arches are assumed to originate from the first stone structure built during the 1st century BC.

Ain Diwar Bridge Ruined Roman bridge in Syria

The Ain Diwar Bridge, also known as the Zangid Bridge, is a ruined masonry arch Roman bridge, 3.5 km northeast of the town of Ain Diwar, Syria. The bridge is within vicinity of the Syria, Iraq and Turkey border region and about 500 m west of the Tigris River of which it used to cross.

References

  1. O’Connor 1993 , p. 1
  2. O’Connor 1993 , p. 187
  3. Galliazzo 1994 , pp. 1–447 (cf. indice)
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 O’Connor 1993 , p. 171
  5. Livius.org: Šurkutir (Shushtar)
  6. Wurster & Ganzert 1978 , p. 292
  7. Kissel & Stoll 2000 , pp. 17f.
  8. Milner 1998 , pp. 117f.
  9. 1 2 3 O’Connor 1993 , p. 202
  10. A Roman Bridge on the Aesepus, F. W. Hasluck, The Annual of the British School at Athens, Vol. 12, (1905/1906):189.
  11. Galliazzo 1995 , pp. 92–93
  12. Warren 1991 , pp. 61–63
  13. Wiegand 1904 , pp. 300–301, leaflet (annex)
  14. Grewe & Özis 1994 , p. 352
  15. Galliazzo 1994 , pp. 334 (No. 689)
  16. Galliazzo 1994 , pp. 203–204 (No. 433)
  17. Galliazzo 1994 , pp. 205–207 (No. 434)
  18. Galliazzo 1994 , pp. 207–208 (No. 435)
  19. O’Connor 1993 , p. 112
  20. Grewe & Özis 1994 , p. 350
  21. Grewe & Özis 1994 , pp. 350, 352
  22. Galliazzo 1994 , p. 215; Galliazzo 1995 , p. 432
  23. Hasluck & 1905/06 , pp. 188f.
  24. Constantine's Bridge at Structurae
  25. Cornelius Fuscus's Bridge at Structurae
  26. Bauer 2004 , pp. 83f.
  27. http://www.hellfirecorner.co.uk/TV/cromwell.htm [ bare URL ]
  28. Procopius: De Aedificiis, 5.3.8-11
  29. Döring 2007 , pp. 24–35
  30. Döring 1998 , pp. 127–134
  31. 1 2 Note that Anio Novus and Claudia shared about 10 km of their aqueduct bridge mileage (O’Connor 1993 , p. 151).
  32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 O’Connor 1993 , p. 151
  33. 1 2 3 Note that Marcia, Julia and Tepula shared about 9 km of their aqueduct bridge mileage (O’Connor 1993 , p. 151).

Sources

Main source

Other sources

Further reading