A victory column, or monumental column or triumphal column, is a monument in the form of a column, erected in memory of a victorious battle, war, or revolution. The column typically stands on a base and is crowned with a victory symbol, such as a statue. The statue may represent the goddess Victoria; in Germany, the female embodiment of the nation, Germania; in the United States either female embodiment of the nation Liberty or Columbia; in the United Kingdom, the female embodiment Britannia, an eagle, or a war hero.
|Image||Date||Monument||City||Location||Height above ground||Comment|
|478 BC||Serpent Column||Istanbul||Hippodrome of Constantinople||8 m||Originally part of a tripod at Delphi|
|115 BC||Heliodorus Pillar||Vidisha||Madhya Pradesh, Central India||Erected around 113 BCE in central India in Vidisha (then known as Besnagar), by Heliodorus, a Greek ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialcidas the court of the Shunga king Bhagabhadra|
|c. 65||Great Column of Jupiter||Mainz||Landesmuseum Mainz||12.5 m||Replica displayed in front of the Landtag|
|113||Trajan's Column||Rome||Trajan's Forum||35.07 m||Internal spiral staircase, external helical frieze of reliefs. Tomb of the honorand, Trajan. Archetype of victory column.|
|161||Column of Antoninus Pius||Rome||Campus Martius||14.75 m||Monolithic granite column shaft, c. 14.8 m. Only the base now survives.|
|Before 193||Column of Marcus Aurelius||Rome||Piazza Colonna||39.72 m||Internal spiral staircase, external helical frieze of reliefs. Directly modelled on Trajan's Column|
|c. 200||Column at the end of the Via Appia||Brindisi||Near the port||18.74 m|
|Between 268 and 337||Column of the Goths||Istanbul||Gülhane Park||18.5 m|
|298-302||Pompey's Pillar||Alexandria||Serapeum of Alexandria||26.85 m||Entirely unconnected with Pompey. Dedicated to Diocletian by Aelius Publius, the governor of Aegyptus, between 298 and 302. Monolithic granite column shaft, 20.75 m. Corinthian capital. Originally topped with a statue of the augustus in porphyry, c. 7 m. |
Possibly accompanied by smaller columns honouring of Diocletian's co-emperors.
|11 May 330||Column of Constantine||Istanbul||Forum of Constantine, Çemberlitaş, Fatih||35 m||Upper portion of the column has not survived.|
|330-400||Column of Phocas||Rome||Roman Forum||13.6 m||Column originally fourth century, Constantinian dynasty or after; imitating the Column and Forum of Constantine in Constantinople. Monolithic fluted marble column shaft. Corinthian capital.|
|386-393/'4||Column of Theodosius||Istanbul||Forum of Theodosius, Fatih||c. 50 m||Largest Roman column monument. Internal spiral staircase, external helical frieze of reliefs. Originally topped in 393/'4 with a statue of Theodosius I in bronze. |
The statue fell in an earthquake in 480. Rededicated to Anastasius I in 506 with a new bronze statue. Demolished 16th century; precise site in Theodoisus's Forum unknown.
|c. 400||Iron pillar of Delhi||Delhi||Qutb Complex||7.12 m||It was transferred from Udayagiri or Vidisha to Delhi in the 11th century by Iltutmish the Sultan of Delhi. It was originally erected by the Chandragupta II of the Gupta empire.|
|401-421||Column of Arcadius||Istanbul||Forum of Arcadius, Fatih||c. 46.1 m||Internal spiral staircase, external helical frieze of reliefs. 21 monolithic column drums. Doric capital. Originally topped with a statue of Arcadius, c. 8.5 m, similar to the statue on the Column of Theodosius.|
|450-452||Column of Marcian||Istanbul||Forum of Marcian, Fatih||c. 16.5 m |
|Dedicated to Marcian by Tatianus, prefect of Constantinople between 450 and 452. Monolithic granite column shaft, 8.74 m. Corinthian capital. Originally topped with a statue of the augustus, referred to in the inscription and lost at an unknown date.|
|457-474||Column of Leo||Istanbul||Forum of Leo Fatih||21–26 m||Built in the reign of Leo I. Eight marble column drums, decorated with wreaths. Corinthian capital. Originally topped with a statue of the augustus.|
|543||Column of Justinian||Istanbul||Augustaeum , Fatih||Masonry column shaft decorated with wreaths next to Hagia Sophia. Colossal equestrian statue in bronze reused from a Theodosian monument. c. 7 m statue. |
Column's bronze sheath removed after the Fourth Crusade's1204 Sack of Constantinople. Statue removed soon after 1453 Fall of Constantinople. Toppled by Ottomans in 1515. Socle and statue destroyed in 1529.
|c. 850||Pillar of Eliseg||Near Valle Crucis Abbey|
|983||Tyagada Brahmadeva Pillar||Shravanabelagola||2.3 m|
|c. 1000||Bernward Column||Hildesheim||Hildesheim Cathedral||3.79 m|
|c. 1190||Qutb Minar||Delhi||Qutb Complex||73m||The Qutb Minar, also spelled as Qutub Minar and Qutab Minar, is a minaret and "victory tower" that forms part of the Qutb complex. It is usually thought that the tower is named for Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who began construction of the Minar.|
|11th century||Heunensäule||Mainz||Markt||6.4 m|
|after 1244||Colonna di Santa Felicita||Florence||In front of Santa Felicita|
|1268||Columns of San Marco and San Todaro||Venice||Piazza San Marco|
|Before 1333||Colonna di San Zanobi||Florence||Piazza San Giovanni|
|1338||Colonna della Croce al Trebbio||Florence|
|1431||Colonna dell'Abbondanza||Florence||Piazza della Repubblica|
|1 March 1467||Siena||Viale Vittorio Emanuele II|
|1448||Vijaya Stambha||Chittor||Chittor Fort||37.19m||The tower was constructed by the Mewar king, Rana Kumbha, in 1448 to commemorate his victory over the combined armies of Malwa and Gujarat led by Mahmud Khilji. The tower is dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu.|
|1548?||Pestsäule||Eching am Ammersee||2 m|
|1565||Colonna della Giustizia||Florence||Piazza Santa Trinita||Spolia from the 3rd century AD Baths of Caracalla in Rome|
|1572||Colonna di San Felice||Florence||In front of San Felice|
|1572||Colonna di San Marco||Florence||In front of San Marco||12.9 m|
|1574||Alameda Hércules column. Roman columns with statues of Hercules (inspired by the Farnese Hercules) and Julius Caesar||Seville||In front of La Alameda, Seville||10 m|
|1574||Medici column||Paris||In front of Paris Bourse||28 m|
|1614||Column of Peace||Rome||Piazza del Esqualino, in front of Santa Maria Maggiore||42 m||Spolia from the 4th century AD Basilica of Maxentius|
|1627||Colonna di San Domenico||Bologna||San Domenico|
|31 May 1628||Column of Infamy||Genoa||Piazza Vacchero|
|7 November 1638||Mariensäule||Munich||Marienplatz|
|1644||Sigismund's Column||Warsaw||Castle Square||22 m|
|1647||Mariensäule||Wernstein am Inn||17 m||Transferred from original site in Vienna in 1667.|
|1650||Mary Column||Prague||Old Town Square||16 m||Destroyed in 1918|
|1656||Countess Pillar||Near Brougham|
|1666||Colonna di Sant'Oronzo||Lecce||Originally one of the columns at the end of the Via Appia in Brindisi|
|1675||Monument to Ludovico Ariosto||Ferrara||Piazza Ariostea|
|1677||The Monument||London||Corner of Monument Street and Fish Street Hill||62 m|
|1679||Beschornerkreuz||Vienna||Favoritenstraße||Badly damaged in World War II and replaced in 1979.|
|1680||Dreifaltigkeitssäule||Klagenfurt am Wörthersee||In front of the Church of the Holy Spirit|
|1681||Column of the Blessed Virgin Mary||Kłodzko||11.5m|
|1694||Kolumna Maryjna||Prudnik||Town Square|
|26 July 1706||St Anna's Column||Innsbruck||Maria-Theresien-Straße|
|1715||Column of the Virgin Mary Immaculate||Kutná Hora||Šultysova street|
|2 December 1717||Mariensäule||Ochsenhausen||Ochsenhausen Abbey|
|Blenheim Column of Victory||Blenheim Palace||41 m|
|1723||Immaculata||Košice||Hlavná ulica||14 m|
|1727||Kolumna Maryjna||Racibórz||Town Square||14 m|
|1728||Colonna dell'Immacolata||Palermo||Piazza San Domenico|
|23 November 1730||Coloana Ciumei||Timișoara||Piața Unirii|
|1739||Statue of St Nepomuk and Mary||Timișoara||Piața Libertății|
|9 March 1742||Pomnik Trójcy Świętej||Lądku-Zdroju||7 m|
|After 1746||Kolumna Trójcy Świętej||Bystrzyca Kłodzka||10 m|
|1749||The Grenville Column||Stowe House|
|1754||Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc||Olomouc||35 m|
|1767||Burton Pynsent Monument||Curry Rivel||Troy Hill||43 m|
|1778||Mariensäule||Nordheim am Main|
|1778||Chesme Column||Tsarskoye Selo||Catharine Palace|
|After 1778||Keppel's Column||Near Wentworth and Kimberworth||35 m|
|15 August 1802||Monument to the Magdeburg Rights||Kyiv||Podil Raion||23 m|
|August 1809||Nelson's Pillar||Dublin||O'Connell Street||40.8 m||Destroyed in 1966 by Irish Republicans|
|1809||Nelson's Column||Montreal||Place Jacques-Cartier||19 m|
|15 August 1810||Colonne Vendôme||Paris||Place Vendôme||44.3 m|
|1811||Rostral Columns||Saint Petersburg||Old Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange|
|27 June 1811||Glory Monument||Poltava||10.35 m|
|1816||Column of the Duchess of Angoulême||Angoulême|
|1816||Tenantry Column||Alnwick||25 m|
|18 June 1816||Lord Hill's Column||Shrewsbury||Outside the Shirehall||40.7 m|
|1819||Britannia Monument||Great Yarmouth||44 m|
|1821||Column of the Grande Armée||Wimille||Rue Napoleon||53 m|
|1823||Column of Louis XVI||Nantes||Place Maréchal-Foch||28 m|
|1823||Column of the Duchess of Angoulême||Saint-Florent-le-Vieil||15 m|
|4 September 1823||Column of the Pope||Nice|
|1826||Column of Charles Felix||Bonneville|
|6 March 1829||Demidovsky Pillar||Yaroslavl||12 m||Dismantled 1935, rebuilt 2004.|
|1829||Washington Monument||Baltimore||Mount Vernon||54 m|
|1831||Duke of York Column||London||Corner of Regent Street and The Mall||41.99 m|
|1835||Admiral Hood Monument||Compton Dundon||33.5 m|
|18 June 1832||Waterloo Column||Hanover||Waterlooplatz||46.31 m|
|1833||La Consulaire||Brest||Arsenal||7 m||Transformed from a captured Barbary cannon.|
|30 August 1834||Alexander Column||Saint Petersburg||Palace Square||47.5 m|
|28 July 1840||July Column||Paris||Place de la Bastille||47 m|
|November 1843||Nelson's Column||London||Trafalgar Square||51.6 m|
|25 August 1844||Column of Louis I of Hesse||Darmstadt||Luisenplatz||39.5 m|
|1845||Column of the Goddess||Lille||Grand Place||15.5 m|
|1845||Monument to the Third Council of Trent||Trento||North of Santa Maria Maggiore|
|22 December 1851||Columna de la Libertad de los Esclavos||Ocaña|
|15 October 1854 & 1855||Prussia Columns||Rügen||Neukamp and Groß Stresow||15 m||Dismantled for repair in 1991 and never rebuilt.|
|1856||Brock's Monument||Queenston||56 m|
|8 December 1857||Column of the Immaculate Conception||Rome||Piazza di Spagna||11.81 m|
|26 September 1859||Congress Column||Brussels||Place du Congrès||47 m|
|1861||Westminster Scholars War Memorial||London||In front of Westminster Abbey|
|1865||Wellington's Column||Liverpool||Corner of William Brown Street and Lime Street||40.2 m|
|8 October 1866||Mariensäule||Trier||Markusberg||40 m|
|20 February 1867||Columna de la Paz||Montevideo||Plaza de Cagancha|
|1868||Polnische Freiheitssäule||Rapperswil||Rapperswil Castle|
|1 June 1869||Soldiers' National Monument||Gettysburg Battlefield||18 m|
|4 July 1870||Civil War Memorial||Adrian||Memorial Park||Recycled from the Bank of Pennsylvania|
|2 September 1873||Berlin victory column||Berlin||Großer Stern||66.89 m|
|1874||Column of Pedro IV||Lisbon||Rossio Square||27.5 m|
|4 July 1874||Soldiers and Sailors Monument||Lancaster, Pennsylvania||Penn Square||13 m|
|2 December 1874||Victory Column||Schwerin||23 m|
|17 September 1877||Soldiers and Sailors Monument||Boston||Boston Common||38 m|
|2 September 1879||Hakenberg Victory Column||Hakenberg||36 m|
|1881||Soldier's Monument||Davenport||College Square Historic District||15.25 m|
|4 July 1884||Soldiers and Sailors Monument||Buffalo||Lafayette Square||33.7 m|
|1886||Ivar Huitfeldt Column||Copenhagen||Langelinie|
|1887||Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument||New Haven||East Rock||34 m|
|1888||Columbus Monument||Barcelona||La Rambla||60 m|
|24 June 1889||Column of the Plaza Bolivar||Valencia||Plaza Bolívar (Valencia)|
|1891||Alexander II Column||Odessa||Shevchenko Park||12.6 m|
|4 July 1894||Cuyahoga County Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument||Cleveland||Public Square||38 m|
|1894||Column of Alexander II||Rostov-on-Don||11 m|
|1900||Millenium Monument||Budapest||Hősök tere||36 m|
|30 October 1904||Column of Adam-Mickiewicz||Lviv||Stare Misto||21 m|
|15 November 1908||Prison Ship Martyrs' Monument||Brooklyn||Fort Greene Park||45 m|
|1910||Monument to the Viscount of Mauá||Rio de Janeiro||Praça Mauá||8 m|
|16 September 1910||El Ángel||Mexico City||Paseo de la Reforma||45 m|
|1911||India de El Paraíso||Caracas||Intersection of Páez, O'Higgins, Teherán and Principal de La Vega|
|20 October 1912||Monumento a las Batallas de Jaén||Jaén||Parque de la Concordia||12 m|
|1915||Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial||Put-in-Bay||107 m||World's tallest doric column|
|1916||Columna a los Mártires||Tunja||Plazoleta de San Laureano|
|1920||Sanjan Stambh||Sanjan||15 m|
|20 March 1921||Bromley Parish Church Memorial||London||Bromley||5 m|
|15 June 1921||Monumento a Cristóbal Colón||Buenos Aires||Parque Colón||26 m|
|1923||Colonne de la Victoire||Saint-Denis||Corner of the Avenue de la Victoire and the Rue de Paris|
|1924||Jacint Verdaguer Monument||Barcelona||Plaza de Mosén Jacint Verdaguer||21.6|
|1926||Astoria Column||Astoria||City Park||38 m|
|30 October 1932||Monumento alla Vittoria||Forlì||Piazzale della Vittoria||32 m|
|18 November 1935||Freedom Monument||Riga||Freedom Boulevard||42 m|
|1 August 1937||Meuse-Argonne American Memorial||Montfaucon-d'Argonne||60 m|
|27 October 1938||Endless Column||Târgu Jiu||Ensemble||29.3 m|
|24 June 1941||Victory Monument||Bangkok||Traffic circle of Phahonyothin Road, Phaya Thai Road, and Ratchawithi Road||50m|
|1944||Monumento de Santiago||Santiago de los Caballeros||67 m|
|1948||Iglica||Wroclaw||96 m||Originally 106 m tall|
|1951||Monumento aos Heróis da Guerra Peninsular||Porto||Rotunda da Boavista||45 m|
|1953||Doyle Monument||Guernsey||Jerbourg Point||Replacing an earlier column demolished during the German occupation.|
|1957||Cenotaph for the Friendship Between China and USSR||Lüshun||22.2 m|
|12 July 1975||Monas||Jakarta||Merdeka Square||132 m|
|1985||National Capitol Columns||Washington, D.C.||National Arboretum||Originally from the portico of the United States Capitol|
|2001||Independence Monument||Kyiv||Maidan Nezalezhnosti||63 m|
|15 September 2003||Ángel de la Libertad||Chihuahua City||Plaza Mayor||35 m|
|2004||Column of Glory||Saint Petersburg||Trinity Cathedral||29 m||Replaces an identical column, destroyed in 1929|
|27 March 2004||Thanksgiving Candle||Soroca||29.5 m|
|15 April 2005||Cocking History Column||Cocking||4.57 m|
|10 May 2006||Column of the Archangel Michael||Sochi||20 m|
|23 June 2009||War of Independence Victory Column||Tallinn||Freedom Square||23.5 m|
|2010||The Four Columns||Barcelona||Near the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc||20 m||Replace originals, which were demolished in 1928.|
Flavius Arcadius was Roman emperor from 383 to 408. He was the eldest son of the augustus Theodosius I and his first wife Aelia Flaccilla, and the brother of Honorius. Arcadius ruled the eastern half of the empire from 395, when their father died, while Honorius ruled the west. A weak ruler, his reign was dominated by a series of powerful ministers and by his wife, Aelia Eudoxia.
Theodosius I, also called Theodosius the Great, was Roman emperor from 379 to 395. During his reign, he faced and overcame a war against the Goths and two civil wars. He was key in establishing the creed of Nicaea as the universal orthodoxy for Christianity. Theodosius was the last Emperor to have ruled over the entirety of the Roman Empire before its administration was permanently split between two separate, western and eastern courts.
Trajan's Column is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. It is located in Trajan's Forum, north of the Roman Forum. Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically represents the wars between the Romans and Dacians. Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.
Aelia Eudoxia was a Roman empress consort by marriage to the Roman emperor Arcadius. The marriage was the source of some controversy, as it was arranged by Eutropius, one of the eunuch court officials, who was attempting to expand his influence. As Empress, she came into conflict with John Chrysostom, the Patriarch of Constantinople, who was popular among the common folk for his denunciations of imperial and clerical excess. She had five children, four of whom survived to adulthood, including her only son and future emperor Theodosius II, but she had two additional pregnancies that ended in either miscarriages or stillbirths and she died as a result of the latter one.
The Theodosian dynasty was a Roman imperial family that produced five Roman emperors during Late Antiquity, reigning over the Roman Empire from 379 to 457. The dynasty's patriarch was Theodosius the Elder, whose son Theodosius the Great was made Roman emperor in 379. Theodosius's two sons both became emperors, while his daughter married Constantius III, producing a daughter that became an empress and a son also became emperor. The dynasty of Theodosius married into, and reigned concurrently with, the ruling Valentinianic dynasty, and was succeeded by the Leonid dynasty with the accession of Leo the Great.
Trajan's Forum was the last of the Imperial fora to be constructed in ancient Rome. The architect Apollodorus of Damascus oversaw its construction.
The Basilica Ulpia was an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan. The Basilica Ulpia separates the temple from the main courtyard in the Forum of Trajan with the Trajan's Column to the northwest. It was named after Roman emperor Trajan whose full name was Marcus Ulpius Traianus.
The Forum of Constantine was built at the foundation of Constantinople immediately outside the old city walls of Byzantium. It marked the centre of the new city, and was a central point along the Mese, the main ceremonial road through the city. It was circular and had two monumental gates to the east and west. The Column of Constantine, which still stands upright and is known today in Turkish as Çemberlitaş, was erected in the centre of the square.
The Barberini ivory is a Byzantine ivory leaf from an imperial diptych dating from Late Antiquity, now in the Louvre in Paris. It represents the emperor as triumphant victor. It is generally dated from the first half of the 6th century and is attributed to an imperial workshop in Constantinople, while the emperor is usually identified as Justinian, or possibly Anastasius I or Zeno. It is a notable historical document because it is linked to queen Brunhilda of Austrasia. On the back there is a list of names of Frankish kings, all relatives of Brunhilda, indicating the important position of queens within Frankish royal families. Brunhilda ordered the list to be inscribed and offered it to the church as a votive image.
The Column of Constantine is a Roman monumental column built for Roman emperor Constantine the Great to commemorate the dedication of Constantinople on 11 May 330 AD. Built c. 328 AD, it is the oldest Constantinian monument in Istanbul and stood in the centre of the Forum of Constantine. It occupies the second-highest hill of the seven hills of Constantine's Nova Roma, the erstwhile Byzantium, and was midway along the Mese odos, the ancient city's main thoroughfare.
The Column of Justinian was a Roman triumphal column erected in Constantinople by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I in honour of his victories in 543. It stood in the western side of the great square of the Augustaeum, between the Hagia Sophia and the Great Palace, and survived until 1515, when it was demolished by the Ottomans.
The Forum of Theodosius was an area in Constantinople. It was originally built by Constantine I and named the Forum Tauri. In 393, however, it was renamed after Emperor Theodosius I, who rebuilt it after the model of Trajan's Forum in Rome, surrounded by civic buildings such as churches and baths and decorated with a triumphal column at its centre.
The toupha or toufa is a kind of ornamental crest or head-dress with a plumage of the feathers, hair or bristles of exotic animals, worn in classical antiquity as a triumphal decoration. In surviving depictions, it is most often seen on military helmets and emperors' crowns.
The column of Arcadius was a Roman triumphal column in the forum of Arcadius in Constantinople built in the early 5th century AD. The marble column was historiated with a spiralling frieze of reliefs on its shaft and supported a colossal statue of the emperor, probably made of bronze, which fell down in 740. Its summit was accessible by an internal spiral staircase. Only its massive masonry base survives.
The Forum of Arcadius, was built by the Emperor Arcadius in the city of Constantinople, now Istanbul.
The Isaurian War was a conflict that lasted from 492 to 497 and that was fought between the army of the Eastern Roman Empire and the rebels of Isauria. At the end of the war, Eastern Emperor Anastasius I regained control of the Isauria region and the leaders of the revolt were killed.
Pompey's Pillar is the name given to a Roman triumphal column in Alexandria, Egypt. Set up in honour of the augustus Diocletian between 298-302 AD, the giant Corinthian column originally supported a colossal porphyry statue of the emperor in armour. It stands at the eastern side of the temenos of the Serapeum of Alexandria, beside the ruins of the temple of Serapis itself. The erroneous name and association with Pompey stems from historical misreading of the Greek dedicatory inscription on the base.
The Column of Leo was a 5th-century AD Roman honorific column in Constantinople. Built for Leo I, augustus of the East from 7 February 457 to 18 January 474, the column stood in the Forum of Leo, known also as the Pittakia. It was a marble column, without flutes, composed of drums with a Corinthian capital, surmounted by a statue of the emperor.
Part of this page is based on the article Siegessäule in the German-language Wikipedia.
Media related to Triumph columns at Wikimedia Commons