This is a list of aqueducts in the Roman Empire. For a more complete list of known and possible Roman aqueducts and Roman bridges see List of Roman bridges.
|Name||Location||Image||Coordinates||Length x Height||Construction Started||Service Started||Demolition or Decommission||Influencer|
|Plovdiv||Bulgaria, Plovdiv||30 km x|
|Plavno Polje||Croatia||32.6km x 0.296m||AD 1|
|Diocletianus Aqueduct||Croatia, Solin|
|Kamares Aqueduct||Cyprus, Larnaca|
|Nicosia aqueduct||Cyprus, Nicosia|
|Barbegal aqueduct||France, Arles|
|Aqueduct of the Gier||France, Lyon|
|Aqueduct of Luynes||France, Luynes|
|Pont du Gard||France, Nîmes||50km||AD 60|
|Aqueduct from Gorze to Metz||France, Metz|
|Eifel aqueduct||Germany||130km x 1 metre||AD 80|
|Sumelocenna||Rottenburg, Germany||ca. AD 100|
|Long Walls||Greece, Athens|
|Late Roman||Greece, Athens|
|Kavala aqueduct||Greece, Kavala|
|Aqua Anio Vetus||Italy, Pleiades||330 BC||AD 640|
|Aqua Augusta||Italy, Naples||96km|
|Aqua Marcia – pictured is Aqua Marcia near Tivoli, Italy||Italy, Rome||298,556′||144 BC||140 BC|
|Aqua Tepula||Italy, Rome||126 BC||127 BC||Lucius Cassius Longinus Ravilla|
|Aqua Anio Novus||Italy, horti Epaphroditiani|
|Aqua Alexandrina||Italy, Rome||AD 226|
|Aqua Alsietina||Italy, Rome|
|Aqua Appia||Italy, Rome||312 BC|
|Aqua Claudia – Pictured are the remains of aqueducts Aqua Claudia and Aqua Anio Novus at Porta Maggiore in Rome, integrated into the Aurelian Wall as a gate in AD 271||Italy, Rome|
|Aqua Virgo||Italy, Rome|
|Ponte delle Torri||Italy, Spoleto|
|Aqua Crabra||Italy, Tusculum|
|Pont d'Aël||Italy, Aosta Valley|
|Termini Imerese||Italy, Sicily|
|Aqueduct of Triglio||Italy, Apulia||123 BC|
|Gadara Aqueduct||Jordan, Gadara|
|Aqueduct of Zubaida||Lebanon, Beirut|
|Aqueduct of Tyre||Lebanon, Tyre|
|Aqueduct of Msaylha||Lebanon, Batroun|
|Aqueduct of Nahr Ibrahim||Lebanon, Byblos|
|Aqueduct of Volubilis||Morocco, Volubilis|
|Skopje Aqueduct||North Macedonia|
|Aqueduto de São Sebastião||Portugal, Coimbra||AD 1568||AD 1570|
|Acueducto de Sexi||Spain, Almuñécar|
|Aqua Nova Domitiana Augusta||Spain|
|Baelo Claudia's aqueduct||Spain, Bolonia|
|Acueducto romano de Cádiz||Spain, Cádiz|
|Caños de Carmona||Spain, Seville|
|Cordoba (Aqua Fontis Aureae)||Spain|
|Les Ferreres Aqueduct||Spain, Tarragona|
|Acueducto de los Milagros||Spain, Mérida|
|Noain||Spain, Pamplona, Navarra|
|Rabo de Buey-San Lázaro||Spain|
|Segobriga's aqueduct||Spain, Saelices|
|Aqueduct of Segovia||Spain, Segovia||? x 28m|
|Aqueduct of Toletum||Spain, Toledo|
|aqueduct of hama||syria|
|Aqueduct of Hadrian||Tunisia|
|Zaghouan Aqueduct||Tunisia, Carthage||132 km|
|Valens Aqueduct||Turkey, Istanbul|
|Aspendos||Turkey, Antalya Province|
|Karapınar Aqueduct||Turkey, İzmir|
|Kızılçullu Aqueduct||Turkey, İzmir|
|Vezirsuyu Aqueduct||Turkey, İzmir|
|Lamas Aqueduct||Turkey, Mersin Province|
|Olba Aqueduct||Turkey, Mersin Province|
|Laodicea on the Lycus||Turkey, Denizli Province|
|Phaselis||Turkey, Antalya Province|
|Dolaucothi Gold Mines||United Kingdom, Wales, Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire|
|Durnovaria||United Kingdom, Dorchester, Dorset|
|Longovicium||United Kingdom, Lanchester|
The Cloaca Maxima was one of the world's earliest sewage systems. Built during either the Roman Kingdom or early Roman Republic, it was constructed in Ancient Rome in order to drain local marshes and remove waste from the city. It carried effluent to the River Tiber, which ran beside the city.
The Aniene, formerly known as the Teverone, is a 99-kilometer (62 mi) river in Lazio, Italy. It originates in the Apennines at Trevi nel Lazio and flows westward past Subiaco, Vicovaro, and Tivoli to join the Tiber in northern Rome. It formed the principal valley east of ancient Rome and became an important water source as the city's population expanded. The falls at Tivoli were noted for their beauty. Historic bridges across the river include the Ponte Nomentano, Ponte Mammolo, Ponte Salario, and Ponte di San Francesco, all of which were originally fortified with towers.
The ancient Romans were famous for their advanced engineering accomplishments. Technology for bringing running water into cities was developed in the east, but transformed by the Romans into a technology inconceivable in Greece. The architecture used in Rome was strongly influenced by Greek and Etruscan sources.
The Aqua Appia was the first Roman aqueduct, constructed in 312 BC by the co-censors Gaius Plautius Venox and Appius Claudius Caecus, the same Roman censor who also built the important Via Appia.
The Aqua Augusta, or Serino Aqueduct, was one of the largest, most complex and costliest aqueduct systems in the Roman world; it supplied water to at least eight ancient cities in the Bay of Naples including Pompeii and Herculaneum. This aqueduct was unlike any other of its time, being a regional network rather than being focussed on one urban centre.
The Romans constructed aqueducts throughout their Republic and later Empire, to bring water from outside sources into cities and towns. Aqueduct water supplied public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households; it also supported mining operations, milling, farms, and gardens.
Aqua Anio Novus was an ancient Roman aqueduct. Like the Aqua Claudia, it was begun by emperor Caligula in 38 AD and completed in 52 AD by Claudius, who dedicated them both on August 1. Together with the Aqua Anio Vetus, Aqua Marcia and Aqua Claudia, it is regarded as one of the "four great aqueducts of Rome."
Aqua Claudia, was an ancient Roman aqueduct that, like the Aqua Anio Novus, was begun by Emperor Caligula in 38 AD and finished by Emperor Claudius in 52 AD.
The Acueducto de los Milagros is the ruins of a Roman aqueduct bridge, part of the aqueduct built to supply water to the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta, today Mérida, Spain.
The Aqua Julia is a Roman aqueduct built in 33 BC by Agrippa under Augustus to supply the city of Rome. It was repaired and expanded by Augustus from 11–4 BC.
The Aqua Traiana was a 1st-century Roman aqueduct built by Emperor Trajan and inaugurated on 24 June 109 AD. It channelled water from sources around Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometers (25 mi) north-west of Rome, to Rome in ancient Roman times but had fallen into disuse by the 17th century. It fed a number of water mills on the Janiculum, including a sophisticated mill complex revealed by excavations in the 1990s under the present American Academy in Rome. Some of the Janiculum mills were famously put out of action by the Ostrogoths when they cut the aqueduct in 537 during the first siege of Rome. Belisarius restored the supply of grain by using mills floating in the Tiber. The complex of mills bears parallels with a similar complex at Barbegal in southern Gaul.
The Parco degli Acquedotti is a public park to the southeast of Rome, Italy. It is part of the Appian Way Regional Park and is of approximately 240 ha.
In Ancient Rome, the Aqua Alsietina was the earlier of the two western Roman aqueducts, erected somewhere around 2BC, during the reign of emperor Augustus. It was the only water supply for the Transtiberine region.
De aquaeductu is a two-book official report given to the emperor Nerva or Trajan on the state of the aqueducts of Rome, and was written by Julius Sextus Frontinus at the end of the 1st century AD. It is also known as De Aquis or De Aqueductibus Urbis Romae. It is the earliest official report of an investigation made by a distinguished citizen on Roman engineering works to have survived. Frontinus had been appointed Water Commissioner by the emperor Nerva in AD 96.
The Aqua Alexandrina was a Roman aqueduct located in the city of Rome. The 22.4 km long aqueduct carried water from Pantano Borghese to the Baths of Alexander on the Campus Martius. It remained in use from the 3rd to the 8th century AD.
The Aqua Marcia is one of the longest of the eleven aqueducts that supplied the city of Rome. The aqueduct was built between 144–140 BC, during the Roman Republic. The still-functioning Acqua Felice from 1586 runs on long stretches along the route of the Aqua Marcia.
An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to carry water from a source to a distribution point far away. In modern engineering, the term aqueduct is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose. The term aqueduct also often refers specifically to a bridge carrying an artificial watercourse. Aqueducts were used in ancient Greece, ancient Egypt, and ancient Rome. In modern times, the largest aqueducts of all have been built in the United States to supply large cities. The simplest aqueducts are small ditches cut into the earth. Much larger channels may be used in modern aqueducts. Aqueducts sometimes run for some or all of their path through tunnels constructed underground. Modern aqueducts may also use pipelines. Historically, agricultural societies have constructed aqueducts to irrigate crops and supply large cities with drinking water.
Aqueducts or water bridges are bridges constructed to convey watercourses across gaps such as valleys or ravines. The term aqueduct may also be used to refer to the entire watercourse, as well as the bridge. Large navigable aqueducts are used as transport links for boats or ships. Aqueducts must span a crossing at the same level as the watercourses on each end. The word is derived from the Latin aqua ("water") and ducere, therefore meaning "to lead water". A modern version of an aqueduct is a pipeline bridge. They may take the form of tunnels, networks of surface channels and canals, covered clay pipes or monumental bridges.
The Aqua Anio Vetus was an ancient Roman aqueduct, and the second oldest after the Aqua Appia. It was commissioned in 272 BC and funded by treasures seized after the victory against Pyrrhus of Epirus. Two magistrates were appointed by the Senate, the censors Manius Curius Dentatus who died five days after the assignment, and Flavius Flaccus. The aqueduct acquired the nickname of "old" (vetus) only when the Anio Novus was built almost three centuries later.
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