List of aqueducts in the Roman Empire

Last updated

This is a list of aqueducts in the Roman Empire. For a more complete list of known and possible Roman aqueducts and Roman bridges see List of Roman bridges. [1] [2]

Contents

Aqueducts in the Roman Empire

NameLocationImageCoordinatesLength x HeightConstruction StartedService StartedDemolition or DecommissionInfluencer
Plovdiv Bulgaria, Plovdiv Wodo.jpg 42°7′50″N24°43′25″E / 42.13056°N 24.72361°E / 42.13056; 24.72361 30 km x
Plavno Polje [3] Croatia 32.6km x 0.296mAD 1
Diocletianus Aqueduct Croatia, Solin
Kamares Aqueduct Cyprus, Larnaca
Nicosia aqueduct Cyprus, Nicosia
Clausonnes France, Antibes Aqueduct Antibes Bouillide5.JPG
Barbegal aqueduct France, Arles Barbegal aqueduct 01.jpg
Aqueduct of the Gier France, Lyon Aqueducchapo01.JPG
Aqueduct of Luynes France, Luynes Luynes (France) Roman Aqueduct.jpg
Pont du Gard France, Nîmes Pont du Gard BLS.jpg 50kmAD 60
Fréjus France Frejus aquaduct.jpg 40kmAD 50
Aqueduct from Gorze to Metz France, Metz Roman aqueduct (Jouy-aux-Arches).jpg
Eifel aqueduct Germany Eifelwasserleitung05.jpg 50°30′46″N6°36′39″E / 50.5127°N 6.6108°E / 50.5127; 6.6108 130km x 1 metreAD 80
Sumelocenna Rottenburg, Germany 2015-10-24 sumelocenna aquaeductus.jpg 48°27′49″N8°51′44″E / 48.46362°N 8.86234°E / 48.46362; 8.86234 ca. AD 100
HadrianGreece, Argos
PeisistratidGreece, Athens
Long WallsGreece, Athens
Late RomanGreece, Athens
Corinth Greece, Corinthia
Chalcis Greece, Chalcis
Kavala aqueduct Greece, Kavala Kavala-Aqueduct.jpg
Mytilene Greece, Lesbos
Nicopolis Greece, Epirus
Patras Greece Patras Roman Aqueduct 2.jpg
Aqua Anio Vetus [4] Italy, Pleiades330 BCAD 640
Aqua Augusta Italy, Naples96km
Aqua Marcia – pictured is Aqua Marcia near Tivoli, ItalyItaly, Rome Tivoli Acquedotto Arci 0511-03.JPG 298,556′144 BC140 BC
Aqua Tepula [5] Italy, Rome126 BC127 BC Lucius Cassius Longinus Ravilla
Aqua Anio Novus Italy, horti Epaphroditiani [5]
Aqua Alexandrina Italy, Rome Aqua Alexandrina 02.jpg AD 226
Aqua Alsietina Italy, Rome
Aqua Appia Italy, Rome312 BC
Aqua Claudia – Pictured are the remains of aqueducts Aqua Claudia and Aqua Anio Novus at Porta Maggiore in Rome, integrated into the Aurelian Wall as a gate in AD 271Italy, Rome Porta Maggiore 21-09-2019.jpg
Aqua Virgo Italy, Rome
Minturno Italy
Ponte delle TorriItaly, Spoleto
Aqua Crabra Italy, Tusculum
Pont d'Aël Italy, Aosta Valley Aymaville - Pont d'Ael.jpg
Termini Imerese Italy, Sicily Termini Imerese aquaduct.jpg
Aqueduct of Triglio Italy, Apulia 40°34′50.82″N17°12′9.63″E / 40.5807833°N 17.2026750°E / 40.5807833; 17.2026750 123 BC
Gadara Aqueduct Jordan, Gadara 32°40′51″N35°52′09″E / 32.6808°N 35.8691°E / 32.6808; 35.8691
Aqueduct of Zubaida Lebanon, Beirut Qanater Zbaida.jpg
Aqueduct of Tyre Lebanon, Tyre
Aqueduct of Msaylha Lebanon, Batroun
Aqueduct of Nahr Ibrahim Lebanon, Byblos
Aqueduct of Volubilis Morocco, Volubilis
Skopje Aqueduct North Macedonia
Aqueduto de São Sebastião Portugal, Coimbra AD 1568 [6] AD 1570 [6]
Acueducto de Sexi [lower-alpha 1] Spain, Almuñécar
Albarracin-Gea-Cella Spain
Aqua Nova Domitiana Augusta Spain
Baelo Claudia's aqueduct Spain, Bolonia
Barcino Spain
Bejís Spain
Acueducto romano de Cádiz Spain, Cádiz
Caños de Carmona Spain, Seville
Cordoba (Aqua Fontis Aureae) Spain
Itálica Spain Canal subterraneo Italica.jpg
Las Medulas Spain
Les Ferreres Aqueduct Spain, Tarragona Roman aqueduct Tarragona.jpg
Los Bañales Spain
Acueducto de los Milagros Spain, Mérida El acueducto de Los Milagros.jpg
Lugo Spain
Noain Spain, Pamplona, Navarra
Onuba Aestuaria Spain
Peña Cortada Spain
Rabo de Buey-San Lázaro Spain
S'Argamassa's aqueduct Spain
Segobriga's aqueduct Spain, Saelices
Aqueduct of Segovia Spain, Segovia AcueductoSegovia edit1.jpg  ? x 28m
Aqueduct of Toletum Spain, Toledo
Valdepuentes Spain
aqueduct of hama syria
Aqueduct of Hadrian Tunisia
Zaghouan Aqueduct Tunisia, Carthage 132 km
Valens Aqueduct Turkey, Istanbul Valens aquaduct Istanbul 01.JPG
Aspendos Turkey, Antalya Province Aqueduct of Aspendos 01.jpg
Karapınar Aqueduct Turkey, İzmir
Kızılçullu Aqueduct Turkey, İzmir Roman aqueducts in Buca - 1880.jpg
Vezirsuyu Aqueduct Turkey, İzmir
Lamas Aqueduct Turkey, Mersin Province Lamas aqueduct.jpg
Olba Aqueduct Turkey, Mersin Province Olba Aqueduct.jpg
Laodicea on the Lycus Turkey, Denizli Province
Phaselis Turkey, Antalya Province Phaselis axb02.jpg
Dolaucothi Gold Mines United Kingdom, Wales, Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire
Durnovaria United Kingdom, Dorchester, Dorset
Longovicium United Kingdom, Lanchester

See also

Notes

  1. Almuñécar consists of 5 above ground aqueducts – 4 still in use

Related Research Articles

Cloaca Maxima One of the worlds earliest sewage systems

The Cloaca Maxima was one of the world's earliest sewage systems. Built during either the Roman Kingdom or early Roman Republic, it was constructed in Ancient Rome in order to drain local marshes and remove waste from the city. It carried effluent to the River Tiber, which ran beside the city.

Aniene

The Aniene, formerly known as the Teverone, is a 99-kilometer (62 mi) river in Lazio, Italy. It originates in the Apennines at Trevi nel Lazio and flows westward past Subiaco, Vicovaro, and Tivoli to join the Tiber in northern Rome. It formed the principal valley east of ancient Rome and became an important water source as the city's population expanded. The falls at Tivoli were noted for their beauty. Historic bridges across the river include the Ponte Nomentano, Ponte Mammolo, Ponte Salario, and Ponte di San Francesco, all of which were originally fortified with towers.

Ancient Roman engineering

The ancient Romans were famous for their advanced engineering accomplishments. Technology for bringing running water into cities was developed in the east, but transformed by the Romans into a technology inconceivable in Greece. The architecture used in Rome was strongly influenced by Greek and Etruscan sources.

Aqua Appia

The Aqua Appia was the first Roman aqueduct, constructed in 312 BC by the co-censors Gaius Plautius Venox and Appius Claudius Caecus, the same Roman censor who also built the important Via Appia.

Aqua Augusta (Naples) Aqueduct

The Aqua Augusta, or Serino Aqueduct, was one of the largest, most complex and costliest aqueduct systems in the Roman world; it supplied water to at least eight ancient cities in the Bay of Naples including Pompeii and Herculaneum. This aqueduct was unlike any other of its time, being a regional network rather than being focussed on one urban centre.

Roman aqueduct Type of aqueduct built in ancient Rome

The Romans constructed aqueducts throughout their Republic and later Empire, to bring water from outside sources into cities and towns. Aqueduct water supplied public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households; it also supported mining operations, milling, farms, and gardens.

Aqua Anio Novus Roman aqueduct

Aqua Anio Novus was an ancient Roman aqueduct. Like the Aqua Claudia, it was begun by emperor Caligula in 38 AD and completed in 52 AD by Claudius, who dedicated them both on August 1. Together with the Aqua Anio Vetus, Aqua Marcia and Aqua Claudia, it is regarded as one of the "four great aqueducts of Rome."

Aqua Claudia aqueduct designed to supply water to the city of Rome, built at the time of the Emperor Claudius

Aqua Claudia, was an ancient Roman aqueduct that, like the Aqua Anio Novus, was begun by Emperor Caligula in 38 AD and finished by Emperor Claudius in 52 AD.

Acueducto de los Milagros

The Acueducto de los Milagros is the ruins of a Roman aqueduct bridge, part of the aqueduct built to supply water to the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta, today Mérida, Spain.

Aqua Julia

The Aqua Julia is a Roman aqueduct built in 33 BC by Agrippa under Augustus to supply the city of Rome. It was repaired and expanded by Augustus from 11–4 BC.

Aqua Traiana

The Aqua Traiana was a 1st-century Roman aqueduct built by Emperor Trajan and inaugurated on 24 June 109 AD. It channelled water from sources around Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometers (25 mi) north-west of Rome, to Rome in ancient Roman times but had fallen into disuse by the 17th century. It fed a number of water mills on the Janiculum, including a sophisticated mill complex revealed by excavations in the 1990s under the present American Academy in Rome. Some of the Janiculum mills were famously put out of action by the Ostrogoths when they cut the aqueduct in 537 during the first siege of Rome. Belisarius restored the supply of grain by using mills floating in the Tiber. The complex of mills bears parallels with a similar complex at Barbegal in southern Gaul.

Parco degli Acquedotti park to the southeast of Rome, Italy with ancient Roman aqueducts

The Parco degli Acquedotti is a public park to the southeast of Rome, Italy. It is part of the Appian Way Regional Park and is of approximately 240 ha.

Aqua Alsietina

In Ancient Rome, the Aqua Alsietina was the earlier of the two western Roman aqueducts, erected somewhere around 2BC, during the reign of emperor Augustus. It was the only water supply for the Transtiberine region.

De aquaeductu is a two-book official report given to the emperor Nerva or Trajan on the state of the aqueducts of Rome, and was written by Julius Sextus Frontinus at the end of the 1st century AD. It is also known as De Aquis or De Aqueductibus Urbis Romae. It is the earliest official report of an investigation made by a distinguished citizen on Roman engineering works to have survived. Frontinus had been appointed Water Commissioner by the emperor Nerva in AD 96.

Aqua Alexandrina Roman aqueduct in the city of Rome

The Aqua Alexandrina was a Roman aqueduct located in the city of Rome. The 22.4 km long aqueduct carried water from Pantano Borghese to the Baths of Alexander on the Campus Martius. It remained in use from the 3rd to the 8th century AD.

Aqua Marcia

The Aqua Marcia is one of the longest of the eleven aqueducts that supplied the city of Rome. The aqueduct was built between 144–140 BC, during the Roman Republic. The still-functioning Acqua Felice from 1586 runs on long stretches along the route of the Aqua Marcia.

Aqueduct (water supply) Structure constructed to convey water

An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to carry water from a source to a distribution point far away. In modern engineering, the term aqueduct is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose. The term aqueduct also often refers specifically to a bridge carrying an artificial watercourse. Aqueducts were used in ancient Greece, ancient Egypt, and ancient Rome. In modern times, the largest aqueducts of all have been built in the United States to supply large cities. The simplest aqueducts are small ditches cut into the earth. Much larger channels may be used in modern aqueducts. Aqueducts sometimes run for some or all of their path through tunnels constructed underground. Modern aqueducts may also use pipelines. Historically, agricultural societies have constructed aqueducts to irrigate crops and supply large cities with drinking water.

Aqueduct (bridge) Structure constructed to convey water

Aqueducts or water bridges are bridges constructed to convey watercourses across gaps such as valleys or ravines. The term aqueduct may also be used to refer to the entire watercourse, as well as the bridge. Large navigable aqueducts are used as transport links for boats or ships. Aqueducts must span a crossing at the same level as the watercourses on each end. The word is derived from the Latin aqua ("water") and ducere, therefore meaning "to lead water". A modern version of an aqueduct is a pipeline bridge. They may take the form of tunnels, networks of surface channels and canals, covered clay pipes or monumental bridges.

Aqua Anio Vetus

The Aqua Anio Vetus was an ancient Roman aqueduct, and the second oldest after the Aqua Appia. It was commissioned in 272 BC and funded by treasures seized after the victory against Pyrrhus of Epirus. Two magistrates were appointed by the Senate, the censors Manius Curius Dentatus who died five days after the assignment, and Flavius Flaccus. The aqueduct acquired the nickname of "old" (vetus) only when the Anio Novus was built almost three centuries later.

References

  1. "Website on Roman aqueducts". www.romanaqueducts.info. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. Farkas, Maria. "Home". www.romaq.org. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  3. "SOCIETÀ FRIULANA DI ARCHEOLOGIA" (PDF): 264. and the Plavno polje – Burnum aqueductCite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. Quilici, L; Quilici Gigli, S. "Aqua Anio Vetus".
  5. 1 2 "Aqua Tepula".
  6. 1 2 http://www.portugalnotavel.com/arcos-do-jardim-coimbra/

Further reading