Aylesford, Nova Scotia

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Location of Aylesford, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°02′0″N64°50′00″W / 45.03333°N 64.83333°W / 45.03333; -64.83333
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
ProvinceFlag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia
County Kings
Electoral Districts     

West Nova
Provincial Kings West
32 m (105 ft)
 (2011) [1]
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
B0P 1C0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 847
NTS Map021H02

Aylesford, since its formation, has always been a farming community. It is situated in western Kings County in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia, Canada. The settlement was named after the fourth Earl of Aylesford, Heneage Finch, who was Lord Of The Bedchamber to George III from 1772-1777. [2] The community is located between the North and South Mountains, and is roughly a 15 minute to Canadian Forces Base Greenwood, and a 10 minute drive to its closest neighbour, the Town Of Berwick. Aylesford is located on the Evangeline Trail (Trunk 1) scenic tourist route, which was named after the epic 1847 H.W. Longfellow poem entitled Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie .



Aylesford Cenotaph AylesfordCenotaph.jpg
Aylesford Cenotaph

Aylesford is one of the oldest surviving settlements in Kings County, originally settled by Ulster Scots (Scots-Irish) during the early 1770s. Between 1772 and 1781, the population of Nova Scotia actually fell - from 19,000 to 12,000 - but by 1784, after the continued arrival of United Empire Loyalists during the American Revolution, the population had reached 32,000. A number of Loyalists, aka "The King’s Loyal Americans" put down roots in Aylesford and the surrounding area. Aylesford emerged as a major centre for packing, processing and exporting apples after the arrival of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway in 1869.


Aylesford's economy relies primarily on the local agricultural industry. It is a service centre for the surrounding agricultural district. An important crop is cranberries cultivated on the extensive peat bogs. Peat moss harvesting operations are also active.

Aylesford's largest tourist attraction, the Oaklawn Farm Zoo (located just outside the village in Millville), was home to Rutledge, the heaviest living lion in captivity, as certified by Guinness World Records in 1997. Rutledge died in February 2009, three months short of his 18th birthday. [3] The zoo also has a variety of other animals including tigers, dromedary camels, and a variety of monkeys. Other attractions in Aylesford include a public beach at Aylesford Lake, Crystal Falls hiking trail, and Clairemont Provincial park.

A farm called Dempsey's Corner has a fee-based self-pick service for fruits and vegetables. They also have a petting zoo and educate their visitors on the history of farming. Many other area farms provide a self-pick service offering strawberries, apples, pears, cherries, blueberries, raspberries, peaches and other produce. [4]

Notable residents

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Rose Fortune Canadian businesswoman

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Oaklawn Farm Zoo

The Oaklawn Farm Zoo is a zoo located in Millville, Nova Scotia, Canada, just south of the village of Aylesford. It was opened in 1984, and is family-owned and operated by Ron and Gail Rogerson. The zoo boasts the largest display of Big Cats and Primates in Eastern Canada. The 50-acre (20 ha) zoo is in a rural setting in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley, and includes a wide diversity of mammals, birds and reptiles.

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Emma Stirling

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Samuel Bayard

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  1. "Browse Data by Community Profile, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Government of Nova Scotia. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. Echoes across the Valley, A History of Kingston and its Neighbors, Tony Cochrane, Editor, pp. 42, ISBN   0-88999-564-8, Lancelot Press, Hantsport, NS
  3. "Record-setting Canadian zoo lion dies". United Press International. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  4. "Dempsey Corner Orchards (Aylesford) - All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go - Updated 2021 (Aylesford, Nova Scotia)".
  5. Our Children in Old Scotland and Nova Scotia . Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  6. "Emma Stirling and Miss Croall". British Home Child Group International. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  7. Emma Stirling's Work for Children, Youth and Young Women, 1894–95 by Julielynne Marie Anderson
  8. Girard, Philip. "Stirling, Emma Maitland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004 edition. Online, www.oxforddnb.com (accessed on various dates 2007).
  9. Girard, Philip. "Children, Church, Migration and Money: Three Tales o f Child Custody in Nova Scotia." Children's Voices in Atlantic Literature and Culture: Essays on Childhood. Edited by Hilary Thompson. Guelph: Canadian Children's Press, 1997.10-23; Girard, Philip. "Victorian Philanthropy and Child Rescue: The Career of Emma Stirling in Scotland and Nova Scotia, 1860–95." Myth, Migration and the Making of Memory: Scotia and Nova Scotia c. 1700–1990. Edited by Marjory Harper and Michael E. Vance. Halifax: The Gorsebrook Research Institute, 1999.218-231.
  10. Stirling, Emma (1861). The History of a Pin . Retrieved June 16, 2017.

Coordinates: 45°02′N64°50′W / 45.033°N 64.833°W / 45.033; -64.833