Aylesford, Nova Scotia

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Aylesford
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Aylesford
Location of Aylesford, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°02′0″N64°50′00″W / 45.03333°N 64.83333°W / 45.03333; -64.83333
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
ProvinceFlag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia
County Kings
Electoral Districts     
Federal

West Nova
Provincial Kings West
Elevation
32 m (105 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total2,408
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
B0P 1C0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 847
NTS Map021H02
GNBC CodeCABCE

Aylesford, since its formation, has always been a farming community. It is situated in western Kings County in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia, Canada. The settlement was named after the fourth Earl of Aylesford, Heneage Finch, who was Lord Of The Bedchamber to George III from 1772-1777. [2] The community is located between the North and South Mountains, and is roughly a 15 minute to Canadian Forces Base Greenwood, and a 10 minute drive to its closest neighbour, the Town Of Berwick. Aylesford is located on the Evangeline Trail (Trunk 1) scenic tourist route, which was named after the epic 1847 H.W. Longfellow poem entitled Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie .

Contents

History

Aylesford Cenotaph AylesfordCenotaph.jpg
Aylesford Cenotaph

Aylesford is one of the oldest surviving settlements in Kings County, originally settled by Ulster Scots (Scots-Irish) during the early 1770s. Between 1772 and 1781, the population of Nova Scotia actually fell - from 19,000 to 12,000 - but by 1784, after the continued arrival of United Empire Loyalists during the American Revolution, the population had reached 32,000. A number of Loyalists, aka "The King’s Loyal Americans" put down roots in Aylesford and the surrounding area. Aylesford emerged as a major centre for packing, processing and exporting apples after the arrival of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway in 1869.

Economy

Aylesford's economy relies primarily on the local agricultural industry. It is a service centre for the surrounding agricultural district. An important crop is cranberries cultivated on the extensive peat bogs. Peat moss harvesting operations are also active.

Aylesford's largest tourist attraction, the Oaklawn Farm Zoo (located just outside the village in Millville), was home to Rutledge, the heaviest living lion in captivity, as certified by Guinness World Records in 1997. Rutledge died in February 2009, three months short of his 18th birthday. [3] The zoo also has a variety of other animals including tigers, dromedary camels, and a variety of monkeys. Other attractions in Aylesford include a public beach at Aylesford Lake, Crystal Falls hiking trail, and Clairemont Provincial park.

A farm called Dempsey's Corner has a fee-based self-pick service for fruits and vegetables. They also have a petting zoo and educate their visitors on the history of farming. Many other area farms provide a self-pick service offering strawberries, apples, pears, cherries, blueberries, raspberries, peaches and other produce. [4]

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

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Nova Scotia Province of Canada

Nova Scotia is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is one of the three Maritime provinces and one of the four Atlantic provinces. Nova Scotia is Latin for "New Scotland". Most of the population are native English-speakers.

Hants County, Nova Scotia County in Nova Scotia, Canada

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Kings County, Nova Scotia County in Nova Scotia, Canada

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History of Nova Scotia

The history of Nova Scotia covers a period from thousands of years ago to the present day. Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Nova Scotia were inhabited by the Mi'kmaq people. During the first 150 years of European settlement, the region was claimed by France and a colony formed, primarily made up of Catholic Acadians and Mi'kmaq. This time period involved six wars in which the Mi'kmaq along with the French and some Acadians resisted the British invre's War]], the capital was moved from Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, to the newly established Halifax, Nova Scotia (1749). The warfare ended with the Burying the Hatchet ceremony (1761). After the colonial wars, New England Planters and Foreign Protestants emigrated to Nova Scotia. After the American Revolution, Loyalists emigrated to the colony. During the nineteenth century, Nova Scotia became self-governing in 1848 and joined the Canadian Confederation in 1867.

Black Nova Scotians Black Canadians descended from American slaves or freemen

Black Nova Scotians or African Nova Scotians are Black Canadians whose ancestors primarily date back to the Colonial United States as enslaved people or freemen, and later arrived in Nova Scotia, Canada during the 18th and early 19th centuries. As of the 2016 Census of Canada, 21,915 Black people live in Nova Scotia, most in Halifax. Since the 1950s, numerous Black Nova Scotians have migrated to Toronto for its larger range of opportunities. Before the immigration reforms of the 1960s, Black Nova Scotians formed 37% of the total Black Canadian population.

Rose Fortune Canadian businesswoman

Rose Fortune was a child born in or around Philadelphia of runaway slaves. Her parents became Black Loyalists during the American Revolutionary War when they pledged to be loyal to the British Army in exchange for their freedom. At around the age of 10, Rose was among the approximately 3,000 Black Loyalists who sailed from New York City to Nova Scotia in 1783. She had at least three children and is thought to have been married twice. At about 50 years of age she began a business transporting luggage in a wheelbarrow from the Annapolis ferry docks to hotels and houses. By the early 1840s, she was using horse-drawn carriages to convey the luggage. She became the first female police officer in North America when she instituted and enforced curfews to keep the streets safe at night. Fortune is remembered for her business sense, strength, and courage.

Oaklawn Farm Zoo

The Oaklawn Farm Zoo is a zoo located in Millville, Nova Scotia, Canada, just south of the village of Aylesford. It was opened in 1984, and is family-owned and operated by Ron and Gail Rogerson. The zoo boasts the largest display of Big Cats and Primates in Eastern Canada. The 50-acre (20 ha) zoo is in a rural setting in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley, and includes a wide diversity of mammals, birds and reptiles.

Stephen De Lancey was a lawyer and political figure in New York state and Nova Scotia. He represented Annapolis Township in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1784 to 1789.

Wilmot, Nova Scotia

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Emma Stirling

Emma Maitland Stirling was a British activist in child welfare and in arranging their emigration to Canada. She created the organisation that became the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, but her contribution was not acknowledged in their history.

Township (Nova Scotia) Former division of Nova Scotia

A township in Nova Scotia, Canada, was an early form of land division and local administration during British colonial settlement in the 18th century. They were created as a means of populating the colony with people loyal to British rule. They were typically rural or wilderness areas of around 100,000 acres (400 km2) that would eventually include several villages or towns. Some townships, but not all, returned a member to the General Assembly of Nova Scotia; others were represented by the members from the county. Townships became obsolete by 1879 by which time towns and counties had become incorporated.

Samuel Bayard

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Vetch Bayard was a Loyalist military officer in the American Revolution who served in the King's Orange Rangers (KOR). He is the son of William Bayard who founded the KOR. He was the grandson of Governor Samuel Vetch and was the father of Robert Bayard.

References

  1. "Browse Data by Community Profile, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Government of Nova Scotia. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. Echoes across the Valley, A History of Kingston and its Neighbors, Tony Cochrane, Editor, pp. 42, ISBN   0-88999-564-8, Lancelot Press, Hantsport, NS
  3. "Record-setting Canadian zoo lion dies". United Press International. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  4. "Dempsey Corner Orchards (Aylesford) - All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go - Updated 2021 (Aylesford, Nova Scotia)".
  5. Our Children in Old Scotland and Nova Scotia . Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  6. "Emma Stirling and Miss Croall". British Home Child Group International. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  7. Emma Stirling's Work for Children, Youth and Young Women, 1894–95 by Julielynne Marie Anderson
  8. Girard, Philip. "Stirling, Emma Maitland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004 edition. Online, www.oxforddnb.com (accessed on various dates 2007).
  9. Girard, Philip. "Children, Church, Migration and Money: Three Tales o f Child Custody in Nova Scotia." Children's Voices in Atlantic Literature and Culture: Essays on Childhood. Edited by Hilary Thompson. Guelph: Canadian Children's Press, 1997.10-23; Girard, Philip. "Victorian Philanthropy and Child Rescue: The Career of Emma Stirling in Scotland and Nova Scotia, 1860–95." Myth, Migration and the Making of Memory: Scotia and Nova Scotia c. 1700–1990. Edited by Marjory Harper and Michael E. Vance. Halifax: The Gorsebrook Research Institute, 1999.218-231.
  10. Stirling, Emma (1861). The History of a Pin . Retrieved June 16, 2017.

Coordinates: 45°02′N64°50′W / 45.033°N 64.833°W / 45.033; -64.833