Cumberland County, Nova Scotia

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Cumberland County
Cumberland County NS flag.gif
Cumberland County NS seal.gif
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Location of Cumberland County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°42′N64°06′W / 45.7°N 64.1°W / 45.7; -64.1 Coordinates: 45°42′N64°06′W / 45.7°N 64.1°W / 45.7; -64.1
CountryCanada
Province Nova Scotia
Towns Amherst / Oxford
EstablishedAugust 17, 1759
IncorporatedApril 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cumberland—Colchester
Provincial Cumberland North / Cumberland South
Government
  TypeCumberland County Municipal Council
  MayorMurray Scott
  MLA Elizabeth Smith-McCrossin (Independent)
Tory Rushton (PCNS)
  MP Stephen Ellis (CPC)
Area
[1]
  Land4,275.77 km2 (1,650.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [1] [2]
  Total30,538
  Density7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)
  Change 2011-16
Increase2.svg1.8%
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s) 902
Dwellings18,445
Median Income*$38,433 CAD
Website www.cumberland county.ns.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Cumberland County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

Contents

History

The name Cumberland was applied by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Monckton to the captured Fort Beauséjour on June 18, 1755 in honour of the third son of King George II, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, victor at Culloden in 1746 and Commander in Chief of the British forces. The Mi'kmaq name for the area was "Kwesomalegek" meaning "hardwood point".

Cumberland County was founded on August 17, 1759. When the Township of Parrsboro was divided in 1840, one part was annexed to Cumberland County and the other part annexed to Colchester.

The dividing line between Cumberland and Colchester was established in 1840. In 1897, a portion of the boundary line between the Counties of Colchester and Cumberland was fixed and defined. The county thrived in the 19th century with the development of lumbering, shipbuilding and coal mining. Deforestation and rural outmigration in the 20th century led to the abandonment of some communities such as Eatonville and New Yarmouth.

Geography

Cumberland county landscape at Fraserville with Spencers Island in background Shoreview.jpg
Cumberland county landscape at Fraserville with Spencers Island in background

The county has a total area of 4,271.23 km2 (1,649.13 sq mi).

Cumberland County is rich in natural resources with extensive forest land supporting lumber mills and pulp contractors. It has many mineral resources, including 2 operating salt mines. Until the 1970s it also had several coal mines which extracted coal from seams that run from Joggins to River Hebert and on to Athol and Springhill.

Agriculture is concentrated on wild blueberry harvesting throughout the Cobequid Hills, as well as mixed farms located in the Tantramar Marshes region, the Northumberland Strait coastal plain, and the Wentworth Valley.

The northwestern edge of Cumberland County forms part of the Isthmus of Chignecto, the natural land bridge connecting the Nova Scotia peninsula to North America. As such, the county hosts several important transportation corridors, including Highway 104 (the Trans-Canada Highway) and CN Rail's Halifax-Montreal railway line.

Two towns are located in Cumberland County: Amherst and Oxford.

Demographics

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Cumberland County had a population of 30,538 living in 14,139 of its 18,363 total private dwellings, a change of

Forming the majority of the Cumberland County census division, the Municipality of the County of Cumberland, including its Subdivisions A, B, C, and D, had a population of 19,964 living in 9,126 of its 12,988 total private dwellings, a change of

Communities

Towns
Villages
County municipality and county subdivisions

Highways

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Division".
  2. Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  3. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  4. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nova Scotia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  5. "Canada Year Book 1943-44" (PDF). September 10, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 10, 2017.
  6. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  7. Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  8. "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table".