Kentville

Last updated

Kentville
Kentville Hotel.jpg
Centretown Kentville
Kentville NS seal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Magna E Parva"
Canada Nova Scotia location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Kentville
Location of Kentville, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°04′39″N64°29′45″W / 45.07750°N 64.49583°W / 45.07750; -64.49583 Coordinates: 45°04′39″N64°29′45″W / 45.07750°N 64.49583°W / 45.07750; -64.49583
Country Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia
County Kings County
IncorporatedMay 1, 1886
Electoral Districts     
Federal

Kings-Hants
Provincial Kings North
Government
  TypeTown Council
   Mayor Sandra Snow
  MLA John Lohr (PC)
  MP Kody Blois (Lib)
Area
 (2016) [1]
  Land17.26 km2 (6.66 sq mi)
  Urban
17.84 km2 (6.89 sq mi)
  Metro
609.76 km2 (235.43 sq mi)
Elevation
31 m (102 ft)
Population
 (2016) [1]
   Town 6,271
  Density363.3/km2 (941/sq mi)
   Urban
12,088
  Urban density677.7/km2 (1,755/sq mi)
   Metro
26,222
  Metro density43.0/km2 (111/sq mi)
  Change (2011-16)
Increase2.svg2.9
   Census  Ranking
609 of 5,162
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code(s)
B4N
Area code(s)
Dwellings2,891
Median Income*$44,164 CDN
Website kentville.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Kentville is a town in Kings County, Nova Scotia. It is one of the main towns in the Annapolis Valley, and it is the county seat of Kings County. As of 2016, the town's population was 6,271. Its census agglomeration is 26,222.

Contents

History

Kentville owes its location to the Cornwallis River which downstream from Kentville becomes a large tidal river. The riverbank at the future location of Kentville provided as easy fording point. The Mi'kmaq name for the location was "Penooek". [2] The ford and later the bridge at Kentville made the settlement an important crossroads for settlements in the Annapolis Valley. Kentville also marked the limit of navigation of sailing ships.

Acadian settlement

The area was first settled by Acadians, who built many dykes along the river to keep the high Bay of Fundy tides out of their farmland. These dykes created the ideal fertile soil that the Annapolis Valley is known for. The Acadians were expelled from the area in the Bay of Fundy Campaign (1755) by the British authorities because they would not swear allegiance to the British King. The area was then settled by New England Planters. Settlement was expedited by the United Empire Loyalists during the American Revolution.

English settlement

The town was originally known as Horton's Corner, but was named Kentville in 1826 after Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent (son of King George III and father of Queen Victoria), who resided in Nova Scotia from 1794 to 1800. The village was at first relatively small and dwarfed by larger valley towns with better harbours such as Canning and Wolfville. The crossroads location did attract early shopkeepers and several stagecoach inns. Small schooners were able to land cargos in the "Klondyke" neighhourhood by the Cornwallis River which marked the height of navigation. [3] Kentville developed a reputation for rowdy drinking and horseraces in the early 19th century, earning the nickname "the Devil's half acre."

Growth

Windsor and Annapolis Railway locomotive Gabriel in Kentville, circa 1870 W&ARGabriel.jpg
Windsor and Annapolis Railway locomotive Gabriel in Kentville, circa 1870

When the Windsor and Annapolis Railway (later named Dominion Atlantic Railway) established its headquarters in Kentville in 1868 and began shipping Annapolis Valley apples to British markets, the community began to thrive. The railway not only employed a large number of people, up to a third of the town's population, but also attracted other industries such as mills, dairies, a large foundry, and a carriage works which even entered automobile production. A branchline of the Dominion Atlantic, the Cornwallis Valley Railway, was built north to Canning and Kingsport in 1889 furthering developing the apple industry and creating a suburban line for workers, shoppers and schoolchildren to commute to Kentville. The railway also attracted large institutional developments such as a large regional TB hospital, the Kentville Sanitorium, a federal agricultural research station, and an army training base at Camp Aldershot. [4]

Aberdeen Street, Kentville as passenger train arrives, c. 1910 Kentville Railway Station platform and Aberdeen Street with Dominion Atlantic Railway train approaching, circa 1910.jpg
Aberdeen Street, Kentville as passenger train arrives, c. 1910

The town became a major travel centre highlighted by the large Cornwallis Inn built at the town's centre by the railway. The town boomed during World War I and World War II with heavy wartime railway traffic on the Dominion Atlantic and the training of thousands of troops at Camp Aldershot. Many residents fought overseas in the local West Nova Scotia Regiment as well as other branches of service. A Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Kentville was named after the town, and her crew often took leave in Kentville.

Post war challenges

Kentville faced serious challenges after World War II. The dominant apple industry suffered severe declines due to the loss of its British export market. The nearby military training base at Camp Aldershot was significantly downsized and the town's major employer, the Dominion Atlantic Railway suffered serious declines with the collapse of the apple industry and the growth of highway travel. Further decline followed in the 1970s as the town lost its retail core to the growth of shopping malls and later "big box" stores in nearby New Minas. The town was also eclipsed in restaurant, upscale retail and cultural institutions by the nearby university town of Wolfville. [5] Railway passenger service ended in 1990. Freight service ended in October 1993 and the Kentville rail shops were closed and moved to Windsor, Nova Scotia. [6] Kentville lost many heritage buildings in the postwar period and is one of the only towns in Nova Scotia without a single designated heritage building. Major losses included the large railway station, one of the most historic in Canada which was demolished in 1990. In July 2007 the town demolished the last railway structure in town, the DAR Roundhouse, despite a province-wide protest, a move which earned the Town of Kentville a place on the "2008 Worst" List of the Heritage Canada Foundation. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19011,731    
19112,304+33.1%
19212,717+17.9%
19313,033+11.6%
19413,928+29.5%
19514,240+7.9%
19564,937+16.4%
19614,612−6.6%
19814,974+7.8%
19865,208+4.7%
19915,506+5.7%
19965,551+0.8%
20015,610+1.1%
20065,815+3.7%
20116,094+4.8%
20166,271+2.9%
[8] [9] [10]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Kentville recorded a population of 6,271 living in 2,743 of its 2,891 total private dwellings, a change of

Kentville's 2011 population of 6,094 people reflects a modest population growth of 4.6% which has been lower than Kings County as a whole (7.1%) but slightly higher than the provincial average (3.0%). [11] Kentville's own population however is closely integrated with adjacent communities of Coldbrook and New Minas making for a combined population of 14,613 and forming part of the fast-growing area of eastern Kings County with an overall population of 25,969. The median household income in 2005 for Kentville was $44,164, which is below the Nova Scotia provincial average of $46,605. [12]

Industries

Valley Regional Hospital ValleyRegional Kentville.jpg
Valley Regional Hospital

During the early part of the 20th century Kentville emerged as the business centre of Kings County and despite the post-war loss of commerce to other valley communities, it remains the professional centre of the Annapolis Valley. Kentville is home to numerous professional services such as lawyers offices, doctors, and investment firms. On the outskirts of the town is the Valley Regional Hospital, built in 1991. The town is also home to the Annapolis Valley Regional Industrial Park which employs numerous people in the area through a variety of different businesses.

Agriculture, especially fruit crops such as apples, remain a prominent industry in the Kentville area, and throughout the eastern part of the valley. Kentville is home to one of the largest agricultural research facilities in Nova Scotia founded in 1911, known to the locals as The Research Station. The site now employs over 200 people and sits on 473 acres (1.91 km2) of the land at the east end of the town.

Kentville shares its northern boundary along the Cornwallis River with Camp Aldershot, a military training base founded in 1904. At its peak during World War II, the camp housed approximately 7000 soldiers. Kentville native Donald Ripley wrote a book chronicling Camp Aldershot and its effect on the town entitled On The Home Front. [13] Today the camp functions as an army reserve training centre and is the headquarters of The West Nova Scotia Regiment.

Electric utility (sold 1997)

Kentville until 1997-8 was one of seven Nova Scotia towns (along with Riverport, Berwick, Canso, Antigonish, Lunenburg and Mahone Bay) to own its own electricity distribution utility within town limits – the Kentville Electric Commission. When the other six joined into the Municipal Electric Utilities of Nova Scotia in January 1998, Kentville instead sold its utility to Nova Scotia Power, a privately owned generator and distributor whose service area covered the rest of the province.

Community events

The Apple Blossom Festival, founded in 1933 is held each May to celebrate the blossoming of local apple industry, one of the region's richest forms of agriculture.

Kentville is also well known for its Pumpkin People Festival.

Other Annual Festivals and Events hosted in Kentville: Devil's Half Acre Motorcycle Rally Valley Electronic Music and Art Expo (new in 2018) Open Street Chalk Art Festival Kentville Multicultural Festival (currently the largest Multicultural Festival in NS) Kentville Harvest Festival KBC's Great Big Country Fair

Climate

Kentville experiences a humid continental climate (Dfb). The highest temperature ever recorded in Kentville was 37.8 °C (100 °F) on 12 August 1944. [14] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −31.1 °C (−24 °F) on 1 February 1920. [14]

Climate data for Kentville CDA, 1981–2010 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1913–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.1
(64.6)
17.3
(63.1)
25.7
(78.3)
30.1
(86.2)
32.5
(90.5)
35.0
(95.0)
36.1
(97.0)
37.8
(100.0)
33.8
(92.8)
28.3
(82.9)
22.5
(72.5)
18.5
(65.3)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F)−1.2
(29.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.5
(38.3)
9.7
(49.5)
16.5
(61.7)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
13.7
(56.7)
7.9
(46.2)
2.1
(35.8)
12.0
(53.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−5.3
(22.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.2
(41.4)
11.1
(52.0)
16.3
(61.3)
19.8
(67.6)
19.3
(66.7)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F)−9.4
(15.1)
−8.9
(16.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
0.6
(33.1)
5.7
(42.3)
10.7
(51.3)
14.2
(57.6)
13.9
(57.0)
10.2
(50.4)
4.9
(40.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.7
(36.9)
Record low °C (°F)−30.6
(−23.1)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.8
(37.0)
2.2
(36.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−16.1
(3.0)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−31.1
(−24.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)116.1
(4.57)
101.3
(3.99)
109.8
(4.32)
92.7
(3.65)
102.1
(4.02)
81.6
(3.21)
84.0
(3.31)
76.7
(3.02)
84.4
(3.32)
89.0
(3.50)
121.5
(4.78)
122.0
(4.80)
1,181.2
(46.50)
Average rainfall mm (inches)50.8
(2.00)
46.3
(1.82)
67.1
(2.64)
73.8
(2.91)
97.3
(3.83)
81.6
(3.21)
84.0
(3.31)
76.7
(3.02)
84.4
(3.32)
89.0
(3.50)
108.9
(4.29)
70.9
(2.79)
930.8
(36.65)
Average snowfall cm (inches)71.4
(28.1)
59.2
(23.3)
45.2
(17.8)
17.2
(6.8)
4.0
(1.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
12.9
(5.1)
53.1
(20.9)
263.0
(103.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)17.514.813.613.914.112.611.710.911.013.615.717.2166.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)6.95.57.812.114.012.611.710.911.013.613.99.0129.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)13.111.68.33.60.310.00.00.00.00.02.910.750.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.8101.6133.0156.5198.9214.0234.8225.9178.4141.378.665.01,805.7
Percent possible sunshine 27.334.636.038.743.245.949.751.847.341.527.323.738.9
Source: Environment Canada [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

Famous residents

(From in or near Kentville, including the former Township of Cornwallis)

Education

The Museum on Webster Street, Kentville. Kings County Museum.JPG
The Museum on Webster Street, Kentville.

Education in the area is serviced by Kings County Academy in Kentville, serving grades primary through eight, the local high school is Northeast Kings Education Centre, located 15–20 minutes away in Canning. There are also several post secondary institutions, the Kingstec campus of the Nova Scotia Community College is located on the northern fringe of the town and Acadia University , is located in nearby Wolfville. The town operates a library and C@P site. Kentville is also home to the Kings County Museum, located in Kentville's old courthouse.

Recreation

Kentville also boasts a number of high quality recreational facilities. The Kentville Arena (now the Kentville Centennial Arena) is thought to have hosted the first ever summer ice hockey school. The town also houses a large indoor soccer arena and numerous other outdoor baseball and soccer fields, and playgrounds for local children. Kentville Memorial Park (considered to be one of the best baseball parks in Canada east of Montreal) is home to the Kentville Wildcats, a senior baseball team, who have won several NSSBL championships and one Canadian championship. Kentville swimming pool is home to the Kentville Marlins Swim Team.

Sister city

See also

Notes

  1. Temperature normals are averaged from Kentville CDA for the period 1981–1996 and Kentville CDA CS for the period 1996–2007.

Related Research Articles

Annapolis Valley Economic Region in Nova Scotia, Canada

The Annapolis Valley is a valley and region in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It is located in the western part of the Nova Scotia peninsula, formed by a trough between two parallel mountain ranges along the shore of the Bay of Fundy. Statistics Canada defines the Annapolis Valley as an economic region, composed of Annapolis County, Kings County, and Hants County.

Wolfville Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Wolfville is a Canadian town in the Annapolis Valley, Kings County, Nova Scotia, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of the provincial capital, Halifax. The town is home to Acadia University and Landmark East School.

Kings County, Nova Scotia County in Nova Scotia, Canada

Kings County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. With a population of 60,600 in the 2016 Census,, Kings County is the third most populous county in the province. It is located in central Nova Scotia on the shore of the Bay of Fundy, with its northeastern part forming the western shore of the Minas Basin.

Greenwood, Nova Scotia Village in Nova Scotia, Canada

Greenwood is a village located in the western part of Kings County in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley.

Dominion Atlantic Railway

The Dominion Atlantic Railway was a historic railway which operated in the western part of Nova Scotia in Canada, primarily through an agricultural district known as the Annapolis Valley.

New Minas village in Nova Scotia, Canada

New Minas is a village located in the eastern part of Kings County in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley. As of 2011, the population was 5,135.

Aldershot, Nova Scotia human settlement in Nova Scotia, Canada

Aldershot is a community in Nova Scotia, Canada, in Kings County.

Canning, Nova Scotia Village in Nova Scotia, Canada

Canning is a village in northeastern Kings County, Nova Scotia located at the crossroads of Route 221 and Route 358.

Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia Community in Nova Scotia, Canada

Grand-Pré is a Canadian rural community in Kings County, Nova Scotia. Its French name translates to "Great/Large Meadow" and the community lies at the eastern edge of the Annapolis Valley several kilometres east of the town of Wolfville on a peninsula jutting into the Minas Basin surrounded by extensive dyked farm fields, framed by the Gaspereau and Cornwallis Rivers. The community was made famous by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem Evangeline and is today home to the Grand-Pré National Historic Site. On June 30, 2012, the Landscape of Grand-Pré was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Berwick, Nova Scotia Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Berwick is a Canadian town in Kings County, Nova Scotia. The town is located in the eastern part of the Annapolis Valley on the Cornwallis River. The town site stretches south from the river and Exit 15 of Highway 101 to Highway 1. Berwick occupies 6.80 km2 and has an elevation of 43 m (141 ft) above sea level.

Port Williams, Nova Scotia Village in Nova Scotia, Canada

Port Williams is a Canadian village in Kings County, Nova Scotia. It is located on the north bank of the Cornwallis River, named after Edward Cornwallis, first governor of Nova Scotia. As of 2016, the population was 1,120.

Land Force Atlantic Area Training Centre Aldershot training base of the Canadian Army in Nova Scotia

5th Canadian Division Training Centre Detachment Aldershot is a training facility for 5th Canadian Division of the Canadian Army. It is located in Kings County, Nova Scotia.

Kings Transit

Kings Transit Authority is a public transit agency operating buses in the Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia. The system, incorporated in 1981, is funded by Kings County, Annapolis County, Digby County and the towns of Berwick, Wolfville, Kentville, Middleton, Annapolis Royal, and Digby.

Woodville, Nova Scotia human settlement in Nova Scotia, Canada

Woodville is a community in Kings County of about 200 people located in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia. The community is situated north of Cambridge and Waterville at the foot of the North Mountain. Centred along Route 221, Woodville has a volunteer fire department, a Baptist church, two auto body shops, a home run automotive mechanic business, and many family-run farms. It is administratively part of the village of Cornwallis Square. A community centre is located in the former school, built in 1942. The former Wesley Knox United Church, built in 1921, was sold in 2006 is now a residence and artist's workshop.

Cornwallis River river in Canada

The Cornwallis River is in Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada. It has a meander length of approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi) through eastern Kings County, from its source on the North Mountain at Grafton to its mouth near Wolfville on the Minas Basin. The lower portion of the river beginning at Kentville is tidal and there are extensive tidal marshes in the lower reaches. In its upper watershed at Berwick, the river draws on the Caribou Bog while a longer branch continues to the official source, a stream on the North Mountain at Grafton.

Cornwallis Valley Railway

The Cornwallis Valley Railway (CVR) was a historic Canadian railway in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley. It was built in 1889 and ran 13.6 miles (21.9 km) from Kentville to Kingsport serving the Cornwallis Township area of Kings County. For most of its history, it operated as a branch line of the Dominion Atlantic Railway and was sometimes known as the "Kingsport Line".

Kingsport, is a small seaside village located in Kings County, Nova Scotia on the shores of the Minas Basin, famous at one time for building some of the largest wooden ships ever built in Canada.

Windsor and Annapolis Railway

The Windsor and Annapolis Railway (W&AR) was a historic Canadian railway that operated in Nova Scotia's Annapolis Valley.

Steam Mill Village human settlement in Canada

Steam Mill Village is a rural community north of Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada beside Camp Aldershot. It is named after an early steam-powered saw mill.

T. T. Vernon Smith

Thomas Timmis Vernon Smith (1824–1890) was a civil engineer who worked on several railways throughout England, Europe and Russia before immigrating to Canada and becoming Chief Engineer on the Windsor and Annapolis Railway project in 1866. The railway opened up accessibility to the Annapolis Valley, and was vital to the establishment of its agricultural industry by enabling the transport of fruit and livestock to global markets. Vernon Smith holds the 1859 patent for the first automated steam-powered foghorn, which known as the Vernon-Smith horn.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  2. C. Bruce Fergusson, "Kentville", Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives (1967), p. 326.
  3. Louis V. Comeau, Historic Kentville Halifax: Nimbus Publishing (2003) p. 83
  4. "Kentville", Dominion Atlantic Railway Digital Preservation Initiative
  5. Louis V. Comeau, Historic Kentville Halifax: Nimbus Publishing (2003) p. ix
  6. "Kentville", Dominion Atlantic Railway Digital Preservation Initiative
  7. Heritage Canada Foundation 2008 Worst List Archived May 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. Census 1956-1961 Archived August 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  9. "2001 Census of Canada Nova Scotia Perspective" (PDF). Nova Scotia Department of Finance Statistics Division. 2002. Archived from the original (pdf) on October 5, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  10. Clairmont, Lynda; Thomson, Anthony (1990). "Kentville Police Service: Structure and Organization". Atlantic Institute of Criminology, Occasional Paper Series. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  11. "Kentville, Nova Scotia – Detailed City Profile" . Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  12. Ripley, Donald: "On the Home Front: Wartime Life in Camp Aldershot and Kentville, N. S." Halifax: Nimbus, 1991 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 11, 2005. Retrieved June 27, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. 1 2 3 "Kentville CDA, Nova Scotia". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada . Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  14. "Kentville CDA CS, Nova Scotia". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  15. "December 2008". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  16. "April 2009". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  17. "September 2010". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  18. "March 2012". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  19. "Daily Data Report for February 2016". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada . Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  20. "Kentville cda cs". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada . Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  21. "Interview: The Blueman Group's Scott Bishop". blogTO.
  22. Duke, Laura Churchill. "Kentville twins with Italian town Castel di Sangro | The Register/Advertiser". www.kingscountynews.ca. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  23. Kentville and Castel di Sangro Twinning – Official video , retrieved September 8, 2019