Barium hydride

Last updated
Barium hydride
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.407 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/Ba.2H/q+2;2*-1 Yes check.svgY
  • InChI=1S/Ba.2H/q+2;2*-1
Molar mass 139.343 g/mol
Appearancewhite to gray crystals
Density 4.16 g/cm3
Melting point 675 °C (1,247 °F; 948 K) decomposes
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Barium hydride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula BaH2. [1]


Preparation and structure

Barium hydride can be prepared by dissolving elemental barium with hydrogen at temperatures between 150-200 °C: [2] [ clarification needed ]

Ba + H2 → BaH2


Barium hydride reacts with oxygen and water. It is easily explosive when it is mixed with a solid oxidant such as a halide or chromate. [3]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barium</span> Chemical element, symbol Ba and atomic number 56

Barium is a chemical element with the symbol Ba and atomic number 56. It is the fifth element in group 2 and is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alkaline earth metal</span> Group of chemical elements

The alkaline earth metals are six chemical elements in group 2 of the periodic table. They are beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra). The elements have very similar properties: they are all shiny, silvery-white, somewhat reactive metals at standard temperature and pressure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diborane</span> Chemical compound

Diborane(6), generally known as diborane, is the inorganic chemical compound consisting of boron and hydrogen with the formula B2H6. It is a toxic, colorless and pyrophoric gas with a repulsively sweet odor. Synonyms include boroethane, boron hydride, and diboron hexahydride. Diborane is a key boron compound with a variety of applications. It has attracted wide attention for its electronic structure. Its derivatives are useful reagents.

Barium hydroxide Chemical compound

Barium hydroxide is a chemical compound with the chemical formula Ba(OH)2. The monohydrate (x = 1), known as baryta or baryta-water, is one of the principal compounds of barium. This white granular monohydrate is the usual commercial form.

Barium carbonate Chemical compound

Barium carbonate is the inorganic compound with the formula BaCO3. Like most alkaline earth metal carbonates, it is a white salt that is poorly soluble in water. It occurs as the mineral known as witherite. In a commercial sense, it is one of the most important barium compounds.

Barium chloride Chemical compound

Barium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula BaCl2. It is one of the most common water-soluble salts of barium. Like most other water-soluble barium salts, it is white, highly toxic, and imparts a yellow-green coloration to a flame. It is also hygroscopic, converting first to the dihydrate BaCl2(H2O)2. It has limited use in the laboratory and industry.

Calcium nitride Chemical compound

Calcium nitride is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca3N2. It exists in various forms (isomorphs), α-calcium nitride being more commonly encountered.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barium fluoride</span> Chemical compound

Barium fluoride (BaF2) is an inorganic compound with the formula BaF2. It is a colorless solid that occurs in nature as the rare mineral frankdicksonite. Under standard conditions it adopts the fluorite structure and at high pressure the PbCl2 structure. Like CaF2, it is resilient to and insoluble in water.

Hydrogen telluride is the inorganic compound with the formula H2Te. A hydrogen chalcogenide and the simplest hydride of tellurium, it is a colorless gas. Although unstable in ambient air, the gas can exist at very low concentrations long enough to be readily detected by the odour of rotting garlic at extremely low concentrations; or by the revolting odour of rotting leeks at somewhat higher concentrations. Most compounds with Te–H bonds (tellurols) are unstable with respect to loss of H2. H2Te is chemically and structurally similar to hydrogen selenide, both are acidic. The H–Te–H angle is about 90°. Volatile tellurium compounds often have unpleasant odours, reminiscent of decayed leeks or garlic.

Barium iodide Chemical compound

Barium iodide is an inorganic compound with the formula BaI2. The compound exists as an anhydrous and a hydrate (BaI2(H2O)2), both of which are white solids. When heated, hydrated barium iodide converts to the anhydrous salt. The hydrated form is freely soluble in water, ethanol, and acetone.

Calcium hydride Chemical compound

Calcium hydride is the chemical compound with the formula CaH2, and is therefore an alkaline earth hydride. This grey powder reacts vigorously with water liberating hydrogen gas. CaH2 is thus used as a drying agent, i.e. a desiccant.

Barium sulfide Chemical compound

Barium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula BaS. BaS is the barium compound produced on the largest scale. It is an important precursor to other barium compounds including BaCO3 and the pigment lithopone, ZnS/BaSO4. Like other chalcogenides of the alkaline earth metals, BaS is a short wavelength emitter for electronic displays. It is colorless, although like many sulfides, it is commonly obtained in impure colored forms.

Barium peroxide Chemical compound

Barium peroxide is the inorganic compound with the formula BaO2. This white solid (gray when impure) is one of the most common inorganic peroxides, and it was the first peroxide compound discovered. Being an oxidizer and giving a vivid green colour upon ignition (as do all barium compounds), it finds some use in fireworks; historically, it was also used as a precursor for hydrogen peroxide.

Polysilicon hydrides are polymers containing only silicon and hydrogen. They have the formula where 0.2 ≤ n ≤ 2.5 and x is the number of monomer units. The polysilicon hydrides are generally colorless or pale-yellow/ocher powders that are easily hydrolyzed and ignite readily in air. The surfaces of silicon prepared by MOCVD using silane (SiH4) consist of a polysilicon hydride.

Barium iodate Chemical compound

Barium iodate is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula Ba(IO3)2. It is a white, granular substance.

Platinum tetrafluoride Chemical compound

Platinum tetrafluoride is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula PtF
. In the solid state, the compound features platinum(IV) in octahedral coordination geometry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metal peroxide</span>

Metal peroxides are metal-containing compounds with ionically- or covalently-bonded peroxide (O2−
) groups. This large family of compounds can be divided into ionic and covalent peroxide. The first class mostly contains the peroxides of the alkali and alkaline earth metals whereas the covalent peroxides are represented by such compounds as hydrogen peroxide and peroxymonosulfuric acid (H2SO5). In contrast to the purely ionic character of alkali metal peroxides, peroxides of transition metals have a more covalent character.

Strontium hydride is an inorganic compound with a chemical formula SrH2.

A hydridonitride is a chemical compound that contains hydride and nitride ions in a single phase. These inorganic compounds are distinct from inorganic amides and imides as the hydrogen does not share a bond with nitrogen, and contain a larger proportion of metals.

The inorganic imides are compounds containing an ion composed of nitrogen bonded to hydrogen with formula HN2−. Organic imides have the NH group, and two single or one double covalent bond to other atoms. The imides are related to the inorganic amides (H2N), the nitrides (N3−) and the nitridohydrides (N3−•H).


  1. WM Haynes. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 95 th ed. CRC Press, 2014. pp 4-50
  2. Libowitz, G. G. (1987). "Calcium, Strontium and Barium Hydrides". Inorganic Reactions and Methods. pp. 158–159. doi:10.1002/9780470145166.ch133. ISBN   9780471186557.
  3. Inorganic Chemistry Series Volume II Alkaline Earth Metal Boron-Aluminum Gallium Group. Science Press. pp 150. 4.1.2 Calcium Hydride, Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen