Bay Shore, New York

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Bay Shore, New York
Bayshore Marina.JPG
Bay Shore Marina
Motto: 
The Heart of the South Shore
Bay-shore-map.png
U.S. Census map
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bay Shore
Location within the State of New York
Coordinates: 40°43′47″N73°15′13″W / 40.72972°N 73.25361°W / 40.72972; -73.25361 Coordinates: 40°43′47″N73°15′13″W / 40.72972°N 73.25361°W / 40.72972; -73.25361
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New York.svg  New York
County Suffolk
Town Islip
Area
[1]
  Total6.72 sq mi (17.41 km2)
  Land5.68 sq mi (14.71 km2)
  Water1.04 sq mi (2.71 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total29,244
  Density5,150.41/sq mi (1,988.51/km2)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00
ZIP Code
11706
Area code(s) 631, 934
FIPS code 36-04935
GNIS feature ID0943194

Bay Shore is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Islip, New York, United States. It is situated on the South Shore of Long Island, adjoining the Great South Bay. The population of the CDP was 29,244 at the time of the 2020 census. [2] [3]

Contents

History

Bay Shore is one of the older hamlets on Long Island. Sagtikos Manor, located in West Bay Shore, was built around 1697. It was used as a British armed forces headquarters, at the time of the Battle of Long Island during the Revolutionary War. President Washington stayed at the manor during his tour of Long Island in 1790.

The land that would become Bay Shore proper was purchased from the Secatogue Native Americans in 1708 by local school teacher John Mowbray for "several eel spears". [4]

The hamlet's name has changed over time: Early European settlers referred to the area first as Penataquit and later as Awixa; both were names used by the indigenous Secatogue. For reasons never documented, the name was changed in the early 19th century to Sodom. [5] In 1842 there was a further name change to Mechanicsville, then a return in 1849 to Penataquit. [6] The name Penataquit proved unpopular because it was difficult to spell, and the name of the hamlet and post office was changed to Bay Shore in 1868. [6] [7]

George Bradford Brainerd (American, 1845-1887). Station, Bay Shore, Long Island, September 1879. Collodion silver glass wet plate negative. Brooklyn Museum George Bradford Brainerd (American, 1845-1887). Station, Bay Shore, Long Island, September 1879.jpg
George Bradford Brainerd (American, 1845–1887). Station, Bay Shore, Long Island, September 1879. Collodion silver glass wet plate negative. Brooklyn Museum

19th and early 20th centuries

Bay Shore became renowned in the late 19th century for its shopping district and resorts. The rural hamlet became popular with affluent New Yorkers looking to escape the city to white sand beaches of the Great South Bay and the fishing villages of Fire Island. It was a tourist spot on weekends and during the summer, in large part because the newly built Long Island Rail Road enabled easy access from New York City. During World War I it became the headquarters of the First Yale Unit, a United States Naval Air Reserve unit. [8]

Post-World War II development

The population of Bay Shore increased significantly after World War II: from the mid-1950s through mid-1960s, a variety of housing developments were constructed on farms and unused woodlands. Those developments were settled largely by working and middle class first-time home buyers from New York City.[ citation needed ]

Despite strains on the community brought on by sudden, substantial growth, the hamlet remained sound. Main Street continued to be one of the region's most popular shopping destinations.

1970s and 1980s

Bay Shore suffered a decline beginning in the late 1970s. Without a local government, residents were unable to make decisions that were instead left to the Town of Islip and Suffolk County. The population density and demographics shifted when rezoning permitted businesses, rental properties and multi-family dwellings where previously only single-family houses had been allowed. Many Main Street storefronts became vacant. Construction of the South Shore Mall two miles north of Main Street took business away from the small businesses on Main Street. Deinstitutionalization caused psychiatric patients of the nearby Pilgrim State Hospital to be hastily relocated to rental housing downtown, often without sufficient professional support. [9]

Restoration and the hamlet today

Work to restore Bay Shore has been ongoing since the 1980s. Upscale townhouses and condominiums were built in gated communities on the grounds of old estates. The former Bay Shore Theater and one-time opera house was renovated and expanded into a YMCA. The redevelopment of Main Street is ongoing; efforts include new sidewalks, antique-style streetlights, new landscaping and restored parks. Main Street has regained much of its popularity. There are many attractive new restaurants, clothing boutiques and other stores and offices. The Bay Shore Beautification Society transformed an empty lot on Main Street into a meditation garden that has since been recognized for its excellent design.

A US battleship was to have been placed at the Bay Shore Marina. However, the water was deemed too shallow, and instead a decommissioned WWII torpedo was converted into a monument. The aging bulkhead and other dock structures at the marina were rebuilt. Over the summer of 2010, a new water park was built at the marina with a renovated bath house and new landscaping.

Abandoned department stores at the Gardiner Manor Mall were razed to make new use of the property. Most of the old mall and adjacent buildings were replaced by new commercial and retail spaces, including a Lowe's home improvement center, a Target and a BMW dealership.

In 2008 and 2009, new condominiums replaced dilapidated housing next to the train station. Additionally, a pedestrian bridge was built over the tracks, and the old tunnel between platforms was closed.

Geography

The Bay Shore CDP is located on the South Shore of Long Island, approximately 42 miles (68 km) from Manhattan and 79 miles (127 km) from Montauk. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km2), of which 5.4 square miles (13.9 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2) (2.88%) is water. [2]

The northern boundary of the Bay Shore CDP is the Southern State Parkway. North of the parkway is the CDP of North Bay Shore. [10]

The village of Brightwaters is west of Bay Shore, and east of West Bay Shore and south of a portion of the Bay Shore CDP; The Great South Bay is to the south. [11] The village separates Bay Shore proper from West Bay Shore.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
2020 29,244
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

Demographics of the CDP

As of the census of 2010, there were 26,337, 9,064 households, and 6,079 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,877.2 per square mile (1,894.7/km2). There were 9,663 housing units at an average density of 1,789.4/sq mi (695.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 61.0% White, 19.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from some other race, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanics of any race constituted 30.8%. [13]

There were 9,064 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were headed by married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% were individuals 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.45. [13]

The population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. [13]

For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median income for a household in the CDP was $64,681, and the median income for a family was $74,223. Males had a median income of $44,816 versus $38,744 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,847. About 2.8% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Education

The Bay Shore Union Free School District serves the area with Bay Shore High School as the local high school.

In addition, Bay Shore Parochial School of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church (of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockville Centre) offers elementary education covering grades K–8 courses and curriculum. It opened in 1921. [15]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Roads

Bay Shore is accessible by major roads on Long Island such as:

Buses

There are many bus stops in Bay Shore on different lines, provided by Suffolk County Transit. [17]

Train

Bay Shore station is a stop on the Montauk Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. LIRR trains travel westward toward Babylon and New York City, and eastward toward Montauk. [18] The Bay Shore stop is a popular stop for visitors traveling to and from Fire Island.

Ferries

Bay Shore has terminals for the Ferries to Fire Island, serving Atlantique, Dunewood, Fair Harbor, Kismet, Ocean Bay Park, Ocean Beach, Point-O-Woods, Saltaire, and Seaview, and smaller hamlets. They are located at the southernmost end of Maple Avenue. Some daily ferries to Atlantique also make a stop at the Bay Shore Marina, which is across the canal from the Maple Avenue ferries.

Emergency services

Fire department

Since 1891, Bay Shore has been served by volunteer firefighters of the Bay Shore Fire Department. The department is headquartered on Fifth Avenue, and two additional stations are located on Union Boulevard and East William Street. The department also serves Brightwaters and West Bay Shore.

The Bay Shore Fire Department is made up of members from five companies. In 1885, Bay Shore Hook & Ladder Company #1 was formed. In 1891, within a few weeks of each other, Penataquit Hose Company #1 and the Bay Shore Hose Company #1 were formed. The three companies were soon merged to form the Bay Shore Fire Department that same year. In 1895, the Bay Shore Fire Patrol Company was formed. Finally, the Bay Shore Engine Company #1 was formed in 1925. Briefly, during World War II, a sixth company was formed, Victory Engine Company #2, to supplement the department while many of its members were off in Europe and Asia fighting for America's armed forces.[ citation needed ]

Rescue ambulance

Bay Shore is served by the Bay Shore-Brightwaters Volunteer Rescue Ambulance. [19]

Hospital

South Shore University Hospital (formerly Southside Hospital), which is part of Northwell Health, is located at 301 East Main Street in Bay Shore. [20]

Media

Radio station WBZO is licensed to serve Bay Shore.

Notable people

Films with scenes filmed in Bay Shore

Books that take place in Bay Shore

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Suffolk County, New York</span> County in New York, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Bay Shore, New York</span> Hamlet and census-designated place in New York, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Islip (hamlet), New York</span> Hamlet and census-designated place in New York, United States

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References

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