Blaenau Gwent (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Coordinates: 51°46′37″N3°11′42″W / 51.777°N 3.195°W / 51.777; -3.195

Contents

Blaenau Gwent
County constituency
for the House of Commons
BlaenauGwent2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Blaenau Gwent in Wales
Preserved county Gwent
Population69,814 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 53,791 (December 2010) [2]
Major settlements Ebbw Vale, Abertillery, Brynmawr, Tredegar
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Nick Smith (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from Abertillery, Brecon and Radnor and Ebbw Vale [3]
Overlaps
Welsh Assembly South Wales East

Blaenau Gwent is a constituency in South Wales created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. [n 1]

History

Predecessor seats

Blaenau Gwent incorporates most of the area of Aneurin Bevan's old constituency and other areas as population expansion has been low or negative following the 1960s. The constituency was created in 1983, twenty-three years after Bevan's death, from the upper part of the former Abertillery constituency, the town of Brynmawr from Brecon and Radnor, and Bevan's old Ebbw Vale seat with the exception of the area of the Rhymney Community (formerly Rhymney Urban District). The then-Labour party leader Michael Foot, who had won Ebbw Vale in the by-election following Bevan's death, was the seat's first MP.

Strong Labour Party majorities

Until 2005, the constituency statistically ranked in the top 20 safest Labour seats in the country by size of majority and by continuous representation by candidates from that party. In the 1983 and 1992 general elections, it was Labour's safest seat.

In the 2010 general election, Labour candidate Nick Smith gained the seat with a 29.2% swing from Independent back to Labour; as one of three seats Labour gained in that election where its government fell. The 2015 result made the seat the 30th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. [4]

Period of independent representation

At the 2005 general election the Labour Welsh Assembly Member Peter Law ran as an independent and won the seat. He had resigned from the Labour Party in protest at the imposition of an all-women candidates' shortlist following the retirement of incumbent MP Llew Smith, and overturned a 19,313 (60%) Labour majority with a significant 9,121 (25%) majority. In 2006 the Labour Party decided not to require an all-women shortlist at the next general election. [5]

Law died of a brain tumour on 25 April 2006, prompting a by-election in the seat on 29 June. Labour failed to regain the seat as Law's former campaign manager, Dai Davies, was elected to replace him, beating Owen Smith, the Labour candidate who later became MP for Pontypridd.

Opposition parties

The Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats have both been very weak in the seat. From 1987 until 2017 neither had ever won 10% of the vote and the Conservatives had never achieved one eighth of the total votes cast. However, in 2015 the Conservatives achieved just under 15% of the vote, with Plaid Cymru in second place after Labour. In 2005 the Liberal Democrats received their lowest share of the vote in the United Kingdom and the Conservatives their second lowest, and both lost their deposits, though this particular election saw unusual circumstances.

The 2010 result was one of few where an Independent candidate kept their deposit, winning in excess of 5% of the votes cast, and pushed one of the main three parties into fourth place; the independent Blaenau Gwent People's Voice group fielded no candidate in 2015. Three non-Labour candidates exceeded 5% of the vote (the deposit threshold) in 2015, the foremost locally being UKIP but the Lib Dem and Green candidates failed to retain their deposits.

Boundaries

The constituency boundaries are analogous to those of Blaenau Gwent county borough. The main towns are Ebbw Vale, Abertillery, Brynmawr and Tredegar.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [6] Party
1983 Michael Foot Labour
1992 Llew Smith Labour
2005 Peter Law Independent
2006 by-election Dai Davies Blaenau Gwent People's Voice
2010 Nick Smith Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Blaenau Gwent [7] [8] [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Nick Smith 14,862 49.2 −8.8
Brexit Party Richard Taylor6,21520.6N/A
Conservative Laura Jones 5,74919.0+4.3
Plaid Cymru Peredur Owen Griffiths1,7225.7−15.5
Liberal Democrats Chelsea-Marie Annett1,2854.3+3.3
Green Stephen Priestnall3861.3N/A
Rejected ballots84
Majority8,64728.6−8.2
Turnout 30,30359.6−3.7
Registered electors 50,736
Labour hold Swing −14.7

Of the 84 rejected ballots:

This was the largest decrease in the Plaid Cymru vote share at the 2019 general election. [10]

General election 2017: Blaenau Gwent [11] [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Nick Smith 18,787 58.0 ±0.0
Plaid Cymru Nigel Copner6,88021.2+12.2
Conservative Tracey West4,78314.8+4.0
UKIP Dennis May9733.0−14.9
Independent Vicki Browning6662.1N/A
Liberal Democrats Cameron Sullivan2950.9−1.0
Rejected ballots35
Majority11,90736.8-3.3
Turnout 32,41963.3+1.6
Registered electors 51,176
Labour hold Swing −6.1

Of the 35 rejected ballots:

General election 2015: Blaenau Gwent [13] [14] [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Nick Smith 18,380 58.0 +5.6
UKIP Susan Boucher5,67717.9+16.4
Conservative Tracey West [16] 3,41910.8+3.8
Plaid Cymru Steffan Lewis 2,8499.0+4.9
Green Mark Pond7382.3N/A
Liberal Democrats Samuel Rees6202.0−8.2
Majority12,70340.1+5.3
Turnout 31,68361.7−0.1
Registered electors 51,335
Labour hold Swing −5.4
General election 2010: Blaenau Gwent [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Nick Smith 16,974 52.4 +20.1
Blaenau Gwent PV Dai Davies 6,45819.9−38.2
Liberal Democrats Matt Smith 3,28510.1+5.9
Conservative Liz Stevenson2,2657.0+4.7
Plaid Cymru Rhodri Davies1,3334.1−2.4
BNP Anthony King1,2113.7N/A
UKIP Michael Kocan4881.5+1.0
Socialist Labour Alyson O'Connell3811.2+1.2
Majority10,51632.5N/A
Turnout 32,39561.8−4.4
Registered electors 52,442
Labour gain from Blaenau Gwent PV Swing +29.2

Elections in the 2000s

Blaenau Gwent by-election, 2006 [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Blaenau Gwent PV Dai Davies [20] [n 2] 12,543 46.2 -12.0
Labour Owen Smith 10,05537.0+4.7
Plaid Cymru Steffan Lewis 1,7556.5+4.1
Liberal Democrats Amy Kitcher1,4775.4+1.1
Conservative Margrit Williams1,0133.7+1.3
Monster Raving Loony Alan "Howling Laud" Hope 3181.2+1.2
Majority2,4889.1−16.8
Turnout 27,16150.5−14.4
Registered electors 52,512
Independent hold Swing −8.4
General election 2005: Blaenau Gwent [21] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Peter Law 20,505 58.2 +58.2
Labour Maggie Jones 11,38432.3−39.7
Liberal Democrats Brian Thomas1,5114.3−5.0
Plaid Cymru John Price8432.4−8.8
Conservative Phillip Lee 8162.4−5.2
UKIP Peter Osborne1920.5+0.5
Majority9,12125.9N/A
Turnout 35,25166.1+6.6
Registered electors 53,301
Independent gain from Labour Swing +48.9
General election 2001: Blaenau Gwent [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Llew Smith 22,855 72.0 −7.4
Plaid Cymru Adam Rykala3,54211.2+5.9
Liberal Democrats Charles Townsend2,9459.3+0.6
Conservative Huw Williams2,3837.5+0.9
Majority19,31360.8−9.9
Turnout 31,72559.5−12.8
Registered electors 53,353
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Blaenau Gwent [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Llew Smith 31,493 79.5 +0.5
Liberal Democrats Geraldine Layton3,4588.7+2.3
Conservative Margrit A. Williams2,6076.6−3.2
Plaid Cymru Jim B. Criddle2,0725.2+0.4
Majority28,03570.7+1.5
Turnout 39,63072.3-5.8
Registered electors 54,815
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: Blaenau Gwent [27] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Llew Smith 34,333 79.0 +3.1
Conservative David Melding 4,2669.8−1.7
Liberal Democrats Alistair Burns2,7746.4−2.5
Plaid Cymru (Green) Alun Davies 2,0994.8+1.1
Majority30,06769.2+4.8
Turnout 43,47278.1+0.9
Registered electors 55,638
Labour hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Blaenau Gwent [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Michael Foot 32,820 75.9 +5.9
Conservative Andrew Taylor4,95911.5+0.3
Liberal David McBride3,8478.9−6.2
Plaid Cymru Stephen Morgan1,6213.7±0.0
Majority27,86164.4+9.5
Turnout 43,24777.2+0.4
Registered electors 56,011
Labour hold Swing +2.8
General election 1983: Blaenau Gwent [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Michael Foot 30,113 70.0 N/A
Liberal Gareth Atkinson6,48815.1N/A
Conservative Talmai Morgan4,81611.2N/A
Plaid Cymru Stephen Morgan1,6243.7N/A
Majority23,62554.9N/A
Turnout 43,04176.8N/A
Registered electors 55,948
Labour win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  2. Dai Davies, Peter Law's former agent, stood as an independent with the support of the Blaenau Gwent People's Voice Group.

Notes and references

  1. "Blaenau Gwent: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. "'Blaenau Gwent', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  4. List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. Tweedie, Neil (23 June 2006). "No welcome in these valleys for Labour". The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  6. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
  7. "Candidates Nominated for the Parliamentary Election Thursday 12 December 2019" (PDF). Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council. Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  8. 1 2 3 4 "Election-Results/General-Election-2019" (PDF). Blaenau Gwent Council. Blaenau Gwent Council. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  9. "Blaenau Gwent Parliamentary constituency". BBC News . Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  10. http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-8749/CBP-8749.pdf
  11. 1 2 3 4 "Election Results" (PDF). Blaenau Gwent Council. Blaenau Gwent Council. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  12. "Blaenau Gwent Parliamentary constituency". Election 2017 Results. BBC . Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  13. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. "General Elections Online". General Elections Online. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  15. "Blaenau Parliamentary constituency". Election 2015. BBC News. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2015-02-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  18. "Election 2010: Blaenau Gwent". BBC. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  19. Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 2005-2010 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
  20. "Your election candidates - so far". South Wales Argus.
  21. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. "Election 2005, Result: Blaenau Gwent". BBC. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  23. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. "BBC NEWS >Blaenau Gwent". Vote 2001. BBC News. 7 June 2001. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  25. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. "BBC NEWS>VOTE 2001>Results and Constituencies>Blaenau Gwent". Vote 2001. BBC News. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  27. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  29. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  30. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cardiff South East
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
1980–1983
Succeeded by
Islwyn

Related Research Articles

Aberavon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Aberavon is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Blaenau Gwent county borough

Blaenau Gwent is a county borough in Wales, sharing its name with a parliamentary constituency. It borders the unitary authority areas of Monmouthshire and Torfaen to the east, Caerphilly to the west and Powys to the north. Its main towns are Abertillery, Brynmawr, Ebbw Vale and Tredegar. Its highest point is Coity Mountain at 1,896 feet (578 m).

Edinburgh South (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Edinburgh South is a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament created in 1885. The constituency has been held by the Labour Party since 1987, being represented by Ian Murray since 2010. Murray was the only Labour MP in Scotland to retain his seat at the 2015 and 2019 general elections.

Cardiff North (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Cardiff North is a UK constituency in the city of Cardiff. Since its 1950 creation it returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The affiliation of the winning candidate for Cardiff North was that of the winning party nationally for the years 1979-2015 – a bellwether seat.

Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Oxford East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Anneliese Dodds of the Labour Party.

Monmouth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Monmouth is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The seat was created for the 1918 general election. Since 2005 the MP has been David Davies of the Conservative Party.

Brecon and Radnorshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Brecon and Radnorshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Created in 1918, it elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election; until 1997 its' name was Brecon and Radnor.

Bridgend (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Bridgend is a parliamentary constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.

Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Cardiff South and Penarth is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It is the largest such entity in Wales, with an electorate of 75,175 and one of the most ethnically diverse.

Gower (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Gower is a constituency created in 1885 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by one member of parliament (MP). Tonia Antoniazzi, Labour Party became its MP after winning it from a Conservative in the 2017 UK general election. Her party had previously represented the seat from 1908 until 2015.

Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Newport West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Newport West is one of two parliamentary constituencies for the city of Newport, South Wales, in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system. Paul Flynn, of the Labour Party, was the MP from the 1987 general election until his death on 17 February 2019. Consequently a by-election was held in the constituency on Thursday 4 April 2019. It is currently represented by Ruth Jones.

Rhondda (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Rhondda is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP is Chris Bryant of the Labour Party, first elected at the 2001 general election.

Torfaen (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Torfaen is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It returns one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post system.

Bootle (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Bootle is a constituency which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.

St Helens North (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

St. Helens North is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by the Labour Party's Conor McGinn. Between 1997 and 2015 the MP was Labour's David Watts.

Brighton Kemptown (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Brighton Kemptown, informally known usually as Brighton Kemptown and Peacehaven, is a constituency created in 1950 in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament covering the eastern portion of the city of Brighton and Hove including Kemptown and part of the Lewes District.

Woking (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Woking is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since it was first created for the 1950 general election, it has returned solely Conservative Party candidates.

Hayes and Harlington (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Hayes and Harlington is a constituency in the west of London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by John McDonnell of the Labour Party, the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer since September 2015.

Hampstead and Kilburn (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Hampstead and Kilburn is a constituency created in 2010 and currently represented in the House of Commons by Tulip Siddiq of the Labour Party. Glenda Jackson was the MP from 2010–2015, having served for the predecessor seat since 1992.