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The Cabinet of Nigeria is part of the Executive Branch of the Government of Nigeria. The Cabinet's role, as written in the Ministers' Statutory Powers and Duties (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) Actis to serve as an advisory body to the President of Nigeria. Members of the Cabinet are appointed and report to the President, who can dismiss them at will. The Cabinet currently oversees 24 Federal Ministries, each responsible for some aspect of providing government services, as well as a number of parastatals (government-owned corporations).
The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The President of Nigeria is also the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The President is elected in national elections which take place every four years. The first President of Nigeria was Nnamdi Azikiwe, who took office on October 1, 1963. However, Shehu Shagari is the First Executive President of Nigeria elected Democratically in 1979. The current President, Muhammadu Buhari took office on May 29, 2015 as the 15th President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The Federal Ministries of Nigeria are civil service departments that are responsible for delivering various types of government service. Each ministry is headed by a Permanent Secretary who reports to a Minister in the Federal Cabinet. Some government functions are provided by "commissions" or parastatals that may be independent or associated with a ministry.
The ministries and parastatals are staffed by career civil servants. Each is headed by a Permanent Secretary, a senior civil servant appointed by the Head of the Civil Service. The Permanent Secretary is accountable to a Minister, who sits in the Cabinet and reports to the President. The Minister is appointed by the President subject to approval by the Senate and is responsible for policy, while the Permanent Secretary is responsible for implementation of policy.
The Senate is the upper chamber of the Nigeria's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly of Nigeria. The National Assembly is the nation's highest legislature,whose power is to make laws, is summarized in chapter one, section four of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution. It consists of 109 senators: the 36 states are each divided in 3 senatorial districts each electing one senator; the Federal Capital Territory elects only one senator.
The heads of the executive ministries are nominated by the President and then presented to the Senate. Section 147 (6) gives the Senate 21 days to complete the screening for confirmation or rejection by a simple majority. According to Section 147 (5) of the constitution the only qualification for one to be appointed as Minister is that the person must be “qualified for election into the House of Representatives”. If approved, they receive their commission scroll, are sworn in and then begin their duties.
A majority is the greater part, or more than half, of the total. It is a subset of a set consisting of more than half of the set's elements.
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations. Such oaths are often required by the laws of the state, religious body, or other organization before the person may actually exercise the powers of the office or any religious body. It may be administered at an inauguration, coronation, enthronement, or other ceremony connected with the taking up of office itself, or it may be administered privately. In some cases it may be administered privately and then repeated during a public ceremony.
The heads of the executive departments and most other senior federal officers at cabinet or sub-cabinet level receive their salary under a fixed pay plan as reviewed by the Revenue Mobilisation Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC). The annual basic salary of a substantive minister is ₦2,026,400 (₦168,866:66 per month).
|Allowance type||Amount (₦)||Notes|
|Furniture||6,079,200||Paid once in four years|
|Vehicle||8,105,600||Optional, loan repayable by the end of the tenure of the minister.|
|Vehicle Fuelling and Maintenance||1,519,800||Paid annually|
|Domestic Staff||911,880||Paid annually|
|Personal Assistant||506,000||Paid annually|
|Estacode allowance||$900||per night|
|Total||13,374,240||Excluding optional vehicle allowance|
By convention, there must be at least one Cabinet member from each of the 36 states in Nigeria, although there are only 28 ministries and at times the President takes direct control of a key ministry such as Petroleum Resources. To ensure representation from each state, a Minister is often assisted by one or more Ministers of State.
| President |
Commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces
Minister of Petroleum
|Vice President||Yemi Osinbajo||2015–|
|Minister of Justice|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Geoffrey Onyeama||2015–|
|Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning||Zainab_Ahmed||2018–|
|Minister of Defence||Bashir Salihi Magashi||2019–|
|Minister of Education||Adamu Adamu||2015–|
|Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment||Richard Adeniyi Adebayo||2019–|
|Minister of Labour and Employment||Chris Ngige||2015–|
|Minister of Federal Capital Territory||Mohammed Musa Bello||2015–|
|Minister of Science and Technology||Ogbonnaya Onu||2015–|
|Minister of Mines and Steel Development||Olamilekan Adegbite||2019–|
|Minister of Interior||Rauf Aregbesola||2019–|
|Minister Of State for Budget and National Planning||Clement Agba||2019–|
|Minister of Works and Housing||Babatunde Fashola||2015–|
|Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development||Sabo Nanono||2019–|
|Minister of Transportation||Rotimi Amaechi||2015–|
|Minister of Power||Saleh Mamman||2019–|
|Minister of Health||Osagie Ehanire||2019–|
|Minister of Women Affairs||Paulen Tallen||2019–|
|Minister of Niger Delta||Godswill Akpabio||2019–|
|Minister of Information and Culture||Lai Mohammed||2015–|
|Minister of Environment||Muhammad Mahmood||2019-|
|Minister of Water Resources||Suleiman Adamu||2019–|
|Minister of Youth and Sports||Sunday Dare||2019–|
|Minister for Aviation||Sirika Hadi||2015–|
|Minister of State for Environment||Sharon Ikeazor||2019–|
|Minister of State for Foreign Affairs||Zubair Dada||2019–|
|Minister of State for Mines and Steel Development||Ikechukwu Ogah||2019–|
|Minister of State for Health||Adeleke Mamora||2019–|
|Minister of State for Niger Delta||Festus Keyamo||2019–|
|Minister of State for Power||Goddy Jedy Agba||2019–|
|Minister of State for Works and Housing||Abubakar D. Aliyu||2019–|
|Minister of State for Education||Chukwuemeka Nwajiuba||2015–|
|Minister of State for Agriculture and Rural Development||Mustapha Baba Shehuri||2019–|
|Minister of State for Labour and Employment||Tayo Alasoadura||2019|
|Minister of Police Affairs||Maigari Dingyadi||2019–|
|Minister for Communication||Ali Isa Pantami||2019–|
|Minister of State for Industry, Trade and Investment||Maryam Katagum||2019–|
|Minister of State for Petroleum||Timipre Sylva||2019–|
|Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development||Sadiya Umar Faruk||2019–|
|Minister of State for Transportation||Gbemisola Saraki||2019–|
|Minister of Special Duties and International Affairs||George Akume||2019–|
|Minister of State for Federal Capital Territory||Ramatu Tijani||2019–|
|Minister of State for Science and Technology||Mohammed Abdullahi||2019–|
The Nigerian Civil Service consists of employees in Nigerian government agencies other than the military and police. Most employees are career civil servants in the Nigerian ministries, progressing based on qualifications and seniority. Recently the head of the service has been introducing measures to make the ministries more efficient and responsive to the public.
The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.
A presidency is an administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. Although often the executive branch of government, and often personified by a single elected person who holds the office of "president," in practice, the presidency includes a much larger collective of people, such as chiefs of staff, advisers and other bureaucrats. Although often led by a single person, presidencies can also be of a collective nature, such as the presidency of the European Union is held on a rotating basis by the various national governments of the member states. Alternatively, the term presidency can also be applied to the governing authority of some churches, and may even refer to the holder of a non-governmental office of president in a corporation, business, charity, university, etc. or the institutional arrangement around them. For example, "the presidency of the Red Cross refused to support his idea." Rules and support to discourage vicarious liability leading to unnecessary pressure and the early termination of term have not been clarified. These may not be as yet supported by state let initiatives. Contributory liability and fraud may be the two most common ways to become removed from term of office and/or to prevent re-election
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