2019 Nigerian general election

Last updated
2019 Nigerian presidential election
Flag of Nigeria.svg
  2015 23–24 February 20192023 

26,527,423
25% in each of 2/3 States + Majority votes needed to win
Registered84,004,084
Turnout35.6% (Decrease2.svg8.05pp)
  Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (cropped).jpg Atiku Abubakar.jpg
Nominee Muhammadu Buhari Atiku Abubakar
Party APC PDP
Home state Katsina Adamawa
Running mate Yemi Osinbajo Peter Obi
States carried1917 + FCT
Popular vote15,191,84711,262,978
Percentage55.6%41.2%

Nigeria presidential election 2019.svg
States won by Abubakar (in green) and Buhari (blue)

President before election

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

Elected President

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

2019 Nigerian Senate election
23 February 2019

All 109 seats in the Senate of Nigeria
 Majority partyMinority party
 
Leader Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan Abiodun Olujimi
Party APC PDP
Leader's seatYobe NorthEkiti South
Seats before5350

President of the Senate before election

Bukola Saraki
PDP

Elected President of the Senate

Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan
APC

2019 Nigerian National Assembly election
23 February 2019

All 360 seats in the House of Representatives
 First partySecond party
 
Leader Femi Gbajabiamila Ogor Okuweh
Party APC PDP
Leader's seatSurulere IIsoko North / South
Seats before190151

Speaker before election

Yakubu Dogara
PDP

Elected Speaker

Femi Gbajabiamila
APC

General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate. [1] [2] [3] [4] The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Election Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time. [5] In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence. [6] Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections. [7]

During general election all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation's primary legislative body, as distinguished from by-elections and local elections.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular state.

President of Nigeria Head of state and head of Nigerian government

The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The President of Nigeria is also the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The President is elected in national elections which take place every four years. The first President of Nigeria was Nnamdi Azikiwe, who took office on October 1, 1963. However, Shehu Shagari is the First Executive President of Nigeria elected Democratically in 1979. The current President, Muhammadu Buhari took office on May 29, 2015 as the 15th President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Contents

The elections were the most expensive ever held in Nigeria, costing ₦69 billion more than the 2015 elections. [8] [9]

Incumbent president Muhammadu Buhari won his reelection bid, defeating his closest rival Atiku Abubakar by over 3 million votes. He has been issued a Certificate of Return, [10] [11] and will be sworn in on May 29, 2019, former date of Democracy Day (Nigeria). [12]

Muhammadu Buhari Nigerian president

Muhammadu Buhari is a Nigerian politician currently serving as the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a retired major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d'état. The term Buharism is ascribed to the Buhari military government.

Atiku Abubakar Nigerian politician

Atiku Abubakar is a Nigerian politician, businessman, philanthropist and presidential candidate of the People's Democratic Party at the 2019 Nigerian general election. He served as the 11th vice-president of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007 under the presidency of Olusegun Obasanjo.

Democracy Day is June 12, a national public (bank) holiday in Nigeria. Until June 6, 2018, it was held annually on May 29, the day the military handed over power to an elected civilian government in 1999, marking the beginning of the longest continuous civilian rule since Nigeria's independence from colonial rule in 1960. It is a tradition that has been held annually, beginning in year 2000. June 12 was formerly known as Abiola Day, celebrated in Lagos, Nigeria and some western state in Nigeria.

Electoral system

The President of Nigeria is elected using a modified two round system, to be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive a majority of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least 24 of the 36 states. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held. [13]

States of Nigeria

Nigeria is divided into states, federated political entities that share sovereignty with the federal government. There are 36 states bound together by a federal agreement. The Federal Capital Territory is not a state and under the direct control of the federal government. The states are further divided into a total of 774 Local Government Areas. Under the Nigerian Constitution, states have the power to ratify constitutional amendments.

The 109 members of the Senate were elected from 109 single-seat constituencies (three in each state and one for the Federal Capital Territory) by first-past-the-post voting. [14] The 360 members of the House of Representatives were also elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies۔ [15]

House of Representatives (Nigeria) lower house of Nigeria

The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of Nigeria's bicameral National Assembly. The Senate is the upper chamber.

First-past-the-post voting voting system in which voters select one candidate, and the candidate who receives more votes than any other candidate wins

A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.

Presidential candidates

Party primaries

PDP

The People's Democratic Party held its presidential primaries on 5 October 2018, at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Thirteen aspirants contested for the ticket of the PDP, with Atiku Abubakar emerging the winner. [16]

Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, on the north end of the city in the Omagwa neighbourhood. The stadium has a capacity of 38,000 people.

Port Harcourt Metropolis in Rivers, Nigeria

Port Harcourt is the capital and largest city of Rivers State, Nigeria. It lies along the Bonny River and is located in the Niger Delta. As of 2016, the Port Harcourt urban area has an estimated population of 1,865,000 inhabitants, up from 1,382,592 as of 2006.

Rivers State State in South South, Nigeria

Rivers State, also known simply as Rivers, is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. According to census data released in 2006, the state has a population of 5,198,716, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. Its capital and largest city, Port Harcourt, is economically significant as the centre of Nigeria's oil industry. Rivers State is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean, to the North by Imo, Abia and Anambra States, to the East by Akwa Ibom State, and to the West by Bayelsa and Delta states. It is home to three indegenious ethnic groups Ijaw, Ikwerre and Ogoni. The people from Rivers State are known as "Riverians".

CandidateVotes%
Atiku Abubakar 1,53248.6
Aminu Tambuwal 69322.0
Bukola Saraki 31710.1
Rabiu Kwankwaso 1585.0
Ibrahim Dankwambo 1113.5
Sule Lamido 963.0
Ahmed Makarfi 742.3
Tanimu Turaki 652.1
Attahiru Bafarawa 481.5
David Mark 351.1
Jonah Jang 190.6
Datti Ahmed 50.1
Total3,153100
Source: The Punch [17]

APC

Though some party members aspired for office of the president, notably, Dr. SKC Ogbonnia, Chief Charles Udeogaranya, and Alhaji Mumakai-Unagha, the incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari was selected as the sole candidate of the All Progressives Congress party primaries held on 29 September 2018 amidst charges of imposition . [18]

Other candidates

Presidential debates

A presidential and vice-presidential debate was organised by the Nigerian Elections Debate Group (NEDG) and the Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria (BON), with invitations extended to five of the 78 presidential candidates. The Debate Group explained the exclusion of other candidates as a measure to ensure the effectiveness of the debate and not an endorsement of the candidates chosen. [32] [33]

The vice presidential debate was held on 14 December 2018, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja. All invited vice presidential candidates were present, with candidates discussing their health, education, security and foreign affairs policies. [34] [35]

The presidential debate occurred on 19 January 2019, and took place at the same venue. The two leading presidential contestants were absent, with Atiku Abubakar leaving the venue upon discovering that Muhammadu Buhari was absent. Fela Durotoye (ANN), Oby Ezekwesili (ACPN) and Kingsley Moghalu (YPN) continued the debate, while criticising the absence of the others. Mark Eddo moderated the debate. [36] [37]

Opinion polls

Poll sourceDateSample size Abubakar
PDP
Buhari
APC
OthersNotes
Seamfix [38] [39] 9 November 2018 – 4 January 20192,44048%25%31%

Conduct

Immediately following the elections there were claims of widespread fraud by the opposition. The claims included accusations of ballot box snatching, vote-trading and impersonation. There were also claims that caches of explosives were found by police. [40] [41]

The African Union said the elections were "largely peaceful and conducive for the conducting of credible elections." The electoral commission also described the elections as mostly peaceful. [42]

Results

President

The results of the presidential election were announced in the early hours of 27 February 2019. [43]

Buhari
55.60%
Atiku
41.22%
others
3.18%
Margin: 3,918,870
CandidatePartyVotes%
Muhammadu Buhari All Progressives Congress 15,191,84755.60
Atiku Abubakar People's Democratic Party 11,262,97841.22
Felix NicolasPeoples Coalition Party110,1960.40
Obadiah Mailafia African Democratic Congress 97,8740.36
Gbor John Wilson Terwase All Progressives Grand Alliance 66,8510.24
Yabagi Sani Yusuf Action Democratic Party 54,9300.20
Akhimien Davidson IsiborGrassroots Development Party of Nigeria41,8520.15
Ibrahim Aliyu HassanAfrican Peoples Alliance36,8660.13
Donald Duke Social Democratic Party 34,7460.13
Omoyele Sowore African Action Congress 33,9530.12
Da-Silva Thomas AyoSave Nigeria Congress28,6800.10
Shitu Mohammed KabirAdvanced Peoples Democratic Alliance26,5580.10
Yusuf Mamman DantalleAllied Peoples' Movement26,0390.10
Kingsley Moghalu Young Progressive Party21,8860.08
Ameh Peter Ojonugwa Progressive Peoples Alliance 21,8220.08
Ositelu Isaac BabatundeAccord Party19,2090.07
Fela Durotoye Alliance for New Nigeria 16,7790.06
Bashayi Isa DansarkiMasses Movement of Nigeria14,5400.05
Osakwe Felix Johnson Democratic People's Party 14,4830.05
Abdulrashid Hassan BabaAction Alliance14,3800.05
Nwokeafor Ikechukwu NdubuisiAdvanced Congress of Democrats11,3250.04
Maina Maimuna Kyari Northern People's Congress 10,0810.04
Victor OkhaiProvidence Peoples Congress8,9790.03
Chike Ukaegbu Advanced Allied Party8,9020.03
Oby Ezekwesili Allied Congress Party of Nigeria7,2230.03
Ibrahim Usman AlhajiNational Rescue Movement6,2290.02
Ike KekeNew Nigeria People's Party6,1110.02
Moses AyibiowuNational Unity Party5,3230.02
Awosola Williams OlusolaDemocratic Peoples Congress5,2420.02
Muhammed Usman Zaki Labour Party 5,0740.02
Eke Samuel ChukwumaGreen Party of Nigeria4,9240.02
Nwachukwu Chuks NwabuikwuAll Grassroots Alliance4,6890.02
Hamza Al MustafaPeoples Party of Nigeria4,6220.02
Shipi Moses Godia All Blended Party 4,5230.02
Chris Okotie Fresh Democratic Party4,5540.02
Tope Fasua Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party 4,3400.02
OnwubuyaFreedom And Justice Party4,1740.02
Asukwo Mendie ArchibongNigeria For Democracy4,0960.01
Ahmed BuhariSustainable National Party3,9410.01
Salisu Yunusa Tanko National Conscience Party 3,7990.01
Shittu Moshood AsiwajuAlliance National Party3,5860.01
Obinna Uchechukwu Ikeagwuonu All People's Party 3,5850.01
Balogun Isiaka IsholaUnited Democratic Party3,1700.01
Obaje Yusufu AmehAdvanced Nigeria Democratic Party3,1040.01
Chief Umenwa GodwinAll Grand Alliance Party3,0710.01
Israel Nonyerem Davidson,Reform and Advancement Party2,9720.01
Ukonga Frank Democratic Alternative 2,7690.01
Santuraki HamisuMega Party of Nigeria2,7520.01
Funmilayo Adesanya-DaviesMass Action Joint Alliance2,6510.01
Gbenga Olawepo-Hashim Peoples Trust2,6130.01
Ali SoyodeYes Electorates Solidarity2,3940.01
Nsehe NseobongRestoration Party of Nigeria2,3880.01
Ojinika Geff ChizeeCoalition for Change2,3910.01
Rabia Yasai Hassan CengizNational Action Council2,2790.01
Eunice Atuejide National Interest Party 2,2480.01
Dara JohnAlliance of Social Democrats2,1460.01
Fagbenro-byron Samuel AdesinaKowa Party1,9110.01
Emmanuel Etim Change Nigeria Party1,8740.01
Chukwu-Eguzolugo Sunday Chikendu Justice Must Prevail Party 1,8530.01
Madu Nnamdi EdozieIndependent Democrats1,8450.01
Osuala Chukwudi JohnRe-build Nigeria Party1,7920.01
Albert Owuru AmbroseHope Democratic Party1,6630.01
David Esosa Ize-IyamuBetter Nigeria Progressive Party1,6490.01
Inwa Ahmed Sakil Unity Party of Nigeria 1,6310.01
Akpua RobinsonNational Democratic Liberty Party1,5880.01
Mark Emmanuel AuduUnited Patriots1,5610.01
Ishaka Paul OfemileNigeria Elements Progressive Party1,5240.01
Kriz DavidLiberation Movement1,4380.01
Ademola Babatunde AbidemiNigeria Community Movement Party1,3780.01
A. Edosomwan JohnsonNational Democratic Liberty Party1,1920.00
Angela JohnsonAlliance for a United Nigeria1,0920.00
Abah Lewis ElaigwuChange Advocacy Party1,1110.00
Nwangwu Uchenna PeterWe The People Nigeria7320.00
Invalid/blank votes1,289,607
Total28,614,190100
Registered voters/turnout82,344,10734.75
Source: Vanguard

By state

State Buhari Atiku Sowore Moghalu Durotoye Duke Mailafia
Abia 85,058219,69821288720472336
Adamawa 378,078410,2662821091629783,989
Akwa Ibom 175,429395,8322221189592230
Anambra 33,298524,7381244,09145932227
Bauchi 798,428 209,31318311246516296
Bayelsa 118,821197,93312650371241,078
Benue 347,668356,8173095572014,927554
Borno 836,49671,7882697829322301
Cross River 117,302295,737242217881,395326
Delta 221,292594,0681,6264973201,7451,075
Ebonyi 90,726258,573205192683452213
Edo 267,842275,6913,106531273184850
Ekiti 219,231154,032400688848406
Enugu 54,423355,5532191,379141130348
Gombe 402,961138,4841653978248248
Imo 140,463334,923467676119772541
Jigawa 794,738289,89522667665,011261
Kaduna 993,445649,6122431962611,737558
Kano 1,464,768391,593416200114635591
Katsina 1,232,133308,0561866182150237
Kebbi 581,552154,28227653992,376285
Kogi 285,894218,20725087892,2264,369
Kwara 308,984138,184401140422212456
Lagos 580,825448,0158,9105,7336,9467702,915
Nassarawa 289,903283,847754445359339
Niger 612,371218,052324113145239588
Ogun 281,762194,6553,1965531,5091,37425,283
Ondo 241,769275,9014,41412243111,6186,296
Osun 347,634337,3771,0221892682591,525
Oyo 365,229366,6904,0141,6081,89676640,830
Plateau 468,555548,665268442796599590
Rivers 150,710473,9713724153651,244597
Sokoto 490,333361,60418118484301331
Taraba 324,906374,7431168035862211
Yobe 497,91450,7631373637180162
Zamfara 438,682125,423186442481186
FCT 152,224259,9975831,083652410246
Total15,191,84711,262,97833,95321,88616,77934,74697,874
Source: BBC, This Day, Vanguard [44] [45] [46]

Senate

Senate President Bukola Saraki (PDP) was defeated in Kwara Central by the APC candidate. [47]

Currently, 64 incumbent Senators will not be returning as members of the Ninth Senate, having been defeated during the elections. While the APC will have a simple majority of votes in the Senate, it will not have a supermajority (74 votes), meaning it cannot push through major bills on its own. Three Senate seats have yet to be filled. [48]

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
All Progressives Congress 64
People's Democratic Party 41
Young Progressive Party1
To be determined3
Invalid/blank votes
Total1090
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Stears Election Centre, [49] Legit.ng [48]

House of Representatives

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
All Progressives Congress 217
People's Democratic Party 115
All Progressives Grand Alliance 9
African Democratic Congress 3
People's Redemption Party 2
Action Alliance2
Social Democratic Party 1
Young Progressive Party 1
Labour Party 1
Allied Peoples Movement 1
To be determined8
Invalid/blank votes
Total3600
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Stears Election Centre, [49] ElectionGuide [50]

Governors

On 2 March 2019, elections were held for governors of 29 of the 36 states of Nigeria. Elections were suspended on the original date in Rivers State. They were later held on April 3, where the INEC declared that incumbent Wike won re-election. [51] [52]

PartyGovernorships
won
+/–
All Progressives Congress 15
People's Democratic Party 14
No election held7
Total360
Source: Stears Election Centre, [49] BBC Pidgin [53]

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