25% in each of 2/3 States + Majority votes needed to win
States won by Abubakar (in green) and Buhari (blue)
All 109 seats in the Senate of Nigeria
All 360 seats in the House of Representatives
General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate.The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Election Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time. In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence. Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections.
A general election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation's primary legislative body, as distinguished from by-elections and local elections.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.
The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of the national executive of Nigeria. The President of Nigeria is also the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The President is elected in national elections which take place every four years. The first President of Nigeria was Nnamdi Azikiwe, who took office on October 1, 1963. The current President, Muhammadu Buhari took office on May 29, 2015 as the 15th President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The elections were the most expensive ever held in Nigeria, costing ₦69 billion more than the 2015 elections.
Incumbent president Muhammadu Buhari won his reelection bid, defeating his closest rival Atiku Abubakar by over 3 million votes. He has been issued a Certificate of Return,and will be sworn in on 12 June 2019.
Muhammadu Buhari is a Nigerian politician currently serving as the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a retired major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d'état. The term Buharism is ascribed to the Buhari military government.
Atiku Abubakar is a Nigerian politician, businessman, philanthropist and Presidential candidate of the People's Democratic Party at the 2019 Nigerian general election. He served as the 11th vice-president of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007 under the presidency of Olusegun Obasanjo.
Democracy Day is June 12, a national public (bank) holiday in Nigeria. Until June 6, 2018, it was held annually on May 29, the day the military handed over power to an elected civilian government in 1999, marking the beginning of the longest continuous civilian rule since Nigeria's independence from colonial rule in 1960. It is a tradition that has been held annually, beginning in year 2000.
The President of Nigeria is elected using a modified two round system, to be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive a majority of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least 24 of the 36 states. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held.
In Nigeria, a state is a federated political entity that shares sovereignty with the federal government. There are 36 states bound together by a federal agreement. The Federal Capital Territory is not a state and under the direct control of the federal government. The states are further divided into a total of 774 Local Government Areas. Under the Nigerian Constitution, states have the power to ratify constitutional amendments.
The 109 members of the Senate were elected from 109 single-seat constituencies (three in each state and one for the Federal Capital Territory) by first-past-the-post voting.The 360 members of the House of Representatives were also elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies۔
The House of Representatives is the lower house of Nigeria's bicameral National Assembly. The Senate is the upper house.
A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practiced in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.
The People's Democratic Party held its presidential primaries on 5 October 2018, at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Thirteen aspirants contested for the ticket of the PDP, with Atiku Abubakar emerging the winner.
Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, on the north end of the city in the Omagwa neighbourhood. The stadium has a capacity of 38,000 people.
Port Harcourt is the capital and largest city of Rivers State, Nigeria. It lies along the Bonny River and is located in the Niger Delta. As of 2016, the Port Harcourt urban area has an estimated population of 1,865,000 inhabitants, up from 1,382,592 as of 2006.
Rivers State, also known simply as Rivers, is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. According to census data released in 2006, the state has a population of 5,198,716, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. Its capital and largest city, Port Harcourt, is economically significant as the centre of Nigeria's oil industry. Rivers State is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean, to the North by Imo, Abia and Anambra States, to the East by Akwa Ibom State, and to the West by Bayelsa and Delta states. It is home to many indigenous ethnic groups: Ogoni, Abua, Ekpeye, Ikwerre, Ibani, Opobo, Eleme, Okrika, and Kalabari, Etche, Ogba, Engenni, Egbema, Obolo and others. The people from Rivers State are known as "Riverians".
|Source: The Punch|
Incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari was selected as the sole candidate of the All Progressives Congress party primaries held on 29 September 2018.
Other candidates included:
A presidential and vice-presidential debate was organised by the Nigerian Elections Debate Group (NEDG) and the Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria (BON), with invitations extended to five of the 78 presidential candidates. The Debate Group explained the exclusion of other candidates as a measure to ensure the effectiveness of the debate and not an endorsement of the candidates chosen.
The vice presidential debate was held on 14 December 2018, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja. All invited vice presidential candidates were present, with candidates discussing their health, education, security and foreign affairs policies.
The presidential debate occurred on 19 January 2019, and took place at the same venue. The two leading presidential contestants were absent, with Atiku Abubakar leaving the venue upon discovering that Muhammadu Buhari was absent. Fela Durotoye (ANN), Oby Ezekwesili (ACPN) and Kingsley Moghalu (YPN) continued the debate, while criticising the absence of the others. Mark Eddo moderated the debate.
|Poll source||Date||Sample size|| Abubakar |
| Buhari |
|Seamfix||9 November 2018–4 January 2019||2,440||48%||25%||31%|
Immediately following the elections there were claims of widespread fraud by the opposition. The claims included accusations of ballot box snatching, vote-trading and impersonation. There were also claims that caches of explosives were found by police.
The African Union said the elections were "largely peaceful and conducive for the conducting of credible elections." The electoral commission also described the elections as mostly peaceful.
The results of the presidential election were announced in the early hours of 27 February 2019.
|Muhammadu Buhari||All Progressives Congress||15,191,847||55.60|
|Atiku Abubakar||People's Democratic Party||11,262,978||41.22|
|Felix Nicolas||Peoples Coalition Party||110,196||0.40|
|Obadiah Mailafia||African Democratic Congress||97,874||0.36|
|Gbor John Wilson Terwase||All Progressives Grand Alliance||66,851||0.24|
|Yabagi Sani Yusuf||Action Democratic Party||54,930||0.20|
|Akhimien Davidson Isibor||Grassroots Development Party of Nigeria||41,852||0.15|
|Ibrahim Aliyu Hassan||African Peoples Alliance||36,866||0.13|
|Donald Duke||Social Democratic Party||34,746||0.13|
|Omoyele Sowore||African Action Congress||33,953||0.12|
|Da-Silva Thomas Ayo||Save Nigeria Congress||28,680||0.10|
|Shitu Mohammed Kabir||Advanced Peoples Democratic Alliance||26,558||0.10|
|Yusuf Mamman Dantalle||Allied Peoples' Movement||26,039||0.10|
|Kingsley Moghalu||Young Progressive Party||21,886||0.08|
|Ameh Peter Ojonugwa||Progressive Peoples Alliance||21,822||0.08|
|Ositelu Isaac Babatunde||Accord Party||19,209||0.07|
|Fela Durotoye||Alliance for New Nigeria||16,779||0.06|
|Bashayi Isa Dansarki||Masses Movement of Nigeria||14,540||0.05|
|Osakwe Felix Johnson||Democratic People's Party||14,483||0.05|
|Abdulrashid Hassan Baba||Action Alliance||14,380||0.05|
|Nwokeafor Ikechukwu Ndubuisi||Advanced Congress of Democrats||11,325||0.04|
|Maina Maimuna Kyari||Northern People's Congress||10,081||0.04|
|Victor Okhai||Providence Peoples Congress||8,979||0.03|
|Chike Ukaegbu||Advanced Allied Party||8,902||0.03|
|Oby Ezekwesili||Allied Congress Party of Nigeria||7,223||0.03|
|Ibrahim Usman Alhaji||National Rescue Movement||6,229||0.02|
|Ike Keke||New Nigeria People's Party||6,111||0.02|
|Moses Ayibiowu||National Unity Party||5,323||0.02|
|Awosola Williams Olusola||Democratic Peoples Congress||5,242||0.02|
|Muhammed Usman Zaki||Labour Party||5,074||0.02|
|Eke Samuel Chukwuma||Green Party of Nigeria||4,924||0.02|
|Nwachukwu Chuks Nwabuikwu||All Grassroots Alliance||4,689||0.02|
|Hamza Al Mustafa||Peoples Party of Nigeria||4,622||0.02|
|Shipi Moses Godia||All Blended Party||4,523||0.02|
|Chris Okotie||Fresh Democratic Party||4,554||0.02|
|Tope Fasua||Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party||4,340||0.02|
|Onwubuya||Freedom And Justice Party||4,174||0.02|
|Asukwo Mendie Archibong||Nigeria For Democracy||4,096||0.01|
|Ahmed Buhari||Sustainable National Party||3,941||0.01|
|Salisu Yunusa Tanko||National Conscience Party||3,799||0.01|
|Shittu Moshood Asiwaju||Alliance National Party||3,586||0.01|
|Obinna Uchechukwu Ikeagwuonu||All People's Party||3,585||0.01|
|Balogun Isiaka Ishola||United Democratic Party||3,170||0.01|
|Obaje Yusufu Ameh||Advanced Nigeria Democratic Party||3,104||0.01|
|Chief Umenwa Godwin||All Grand Alliance Party||3,071||0.01|
|Israel Nonyerem Davidson,||Reform and Advancement Party||2,972||0.01|
|Ukonga Frank||Democratic Alternative||2,769||0.01|
|Santuraki Hamisu||Mega Party of Nigeria||2,752||0.01|
|Adesanya-Davies Mercy Olufunmilayo||Mass Action Joint Alliance||2,651||0.01|
|Gbenga Olawepo-Hashim||Peoples Trust||2,613||0.01|
|Ali Soyode||Yes Electorates Solidarity||2,394||0.01|
|Nsehe Nseobong||Restoration Party of Nigeria||2,388||0.01|
|Ojinika Geff Chizee||Coalition for Change||2,391||0.01|
|Rabia Yasai Hassan Cengiz||National Action Council||2,279||0.01|
|Eunice Atuejide||National Interest Party||2,248||0.01|
|Dara John||Alliance of Social Democrats||2,146||0.01|
|Fagbenro-byron Samuel Adesina||Kowa Party||1,911||0.01|
|Emmanuel Etim||Change Nigeria Party||1,874||0.01|
|Chukwu-Eguzolugo Sunday Chikendu||Justice Must Prevail Party||1,853||0.01|
|Madu Nnamdi Edozie||Independent Democrats||1,845||0.01|
|Osuala Chukwudi John||Re-build Nigeria Party||1,792||0.01|
|Albert Owuru Ambrose||Hope Democratic Party||1,663||0.01|
|David Esosa Ize-Iyamu||Better Nigeria Progressive Party||1,649||0.01|
|Inwa Ahmed Sakil||Unity Party of Nigeria||1,631||0.01|
|Akpua Robinson||National Democratic Liberty Party||1,588||0.01|
|Mark Emmanuel Audu||United Patriots||1,561||0.01|
|Ishaka Paul Ofemile||Nigeria Elements Progressive Party||1,524||0.01|
|Kriz David||Liberation Movement||1,438||0.01|
|Ademola Babatunde Abidemi||Nigeria Community Movement Party||1,378||0.01|
|A. Edosomwan Johnson||National Democratic Liberty Party||1,192||0.00|
|Angela Johnson||Alliance for a United Nigeria||1,092||0.00|
|Abah Lewis Elaigwu||Change Advocacy Party||1,111||0.00|
|Nwangwu Uchenna Peter||We The People Nigeria||732||0.00|
|Source: BBC, This Day, Vanguard|
Senate President Bukola Saraki (PDP) was defeated in Kwara Central by the APC candidate.
Currently, 64 incumbent Senators will not be returning as members of the Ninth Senate, having been defeated during the elections. While the APC will have a simple majority of votes in the Senate, it will not have a supermajority (74 votes), meaning it cannot push through major bills on its own. Three Senate seats have yet to be filled.
|All Progressives Congress||64|
|People's Democratic Party||41|
|Young Progressive Party||1|
|To be determined||–||–||3||–|
|Source: Stears Election Centre , Legit.ng|
|All Progressives Congress||216|
|People's Democratic Party||114|
|All Progressives Grand Alliance||10|
|African Democratic Congress||3|
|People's Redemption Party||2|
|Social Democratic Party||1|
|Young Progressive Party||1|
|To be determined||–||–||10||–|
|Source: Stears Election Centre , ElectionGuide|
On 2 March 2019, elections were held for governors of 29 of the 36 states of Nigeria. Elections were suspended in Rivers State.
|All Progressives Congress||13|
|People's Democratic Party||9|
|To be determined||6||–|
|No election held||7||–|
|Source: Stears Election Centre , BBC Pidgin|
The People's Democratic Party (PDP) is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies generally lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum. It won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, and was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances. Currently, PDP controls 14 states out of 36 states in Nigeria.
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Olubukola Abubakar Saraki is a Nigerian politician who has been the President of Nigeria's Senate since 2015. Previously he was the Governor of Kwara State under the platform of the PDP from 2003 to 2011. He was first elected to the Senate in April 2011, also under the platform of the PDP, representing the Kwara Central senatorial district, and then re-elected in the March 2015 election, under the platform of the APC. He decamped back to his former party, the People's Democratic Party, on 31 July 2018. Saraki declared his intention to vie for the Office of President of Nigeria, under the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). but lost to Atiku Abubakar, he was subsequently announced as the DG of Atiku’s Presidential Campaign Council.
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The following lists events is scheduled to happen during 2019 in Nigeria.