Castleton Baptist Church
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Castleton (Welsh : Cas-bach) is a hamlet in the city of Newport, South Wales.
Welsh is a Brittonic language of the Celtic language family. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as 'British', 'Cambrian', 'Cambric' and 'Cymric'.
A hamlet is a small human settlement. In different jurisdictions and geographies, hamlets may be the size of a town, village or parish, be considered a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, where the old French hamlet came to apply to small human settlements. In British geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church or other place of worship.
Newport is a city and unitary authority area in south east Wales, on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn Estuary, 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Cardiff. At the 2011 census, it was the third largest city in Wales, with a population of 145,700. The city forms part of the Cardiff-Newport metropolitan area, with a population of 1,097,000.
Castleton is in the Marshfield ward on the A48 dual carriageway located between the city of Newport to the east and Cardiff to the west.
Marshfield is an electoral ward and community in Newport in Wales governed by the Newport City Council. Population, 4,245 increasing to 6,270 at the 2011 census.
The A48 is a major trunk road in Great Britain. It runs from the A40 at Highnam, 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Gloucester, to the A40 at Carmarthen. Before the Severn Bridge opened on 8 September 1966, it was the principal route between South Wales and South West England. For most of its journey through South Wales, it runs almost parallel to the M4 motorway. During times of high winds at the Severn Bridge, the A48 is used as part of the diversion route and is still marked as a Holiday Route.
A dual carriageway or divided highway is a class of highway with carriageways for traffic travelling in opposite directions separated by a central reservation. Roads with two or more carriageways which are designed to higher standards with controlled access are generally classed as motorways, freeways, etc., rather than dual carriageways.
Castleton has a Baptist chapel. It was at the Castleton Baptist Association meeting in 1816 that it was resolved to build the first Welsh Baptist Chapel in Newport, and the land then acquired in Charles Street, with the help of a bequest from John Williams, a Newport tailor.This building is now used as a business and Church meetings are held at Gateway Baptist in Marshfield nearby. There is an Esso filling station with a cafe and deli next door. Across the road, is a Beefeater pub/restaurant, the Coach and Horses, with a Premier Inn.
A chapel is a Christian place of prayer and worship that is usually relatively small, and is distinguished from a church. The term has several senses. Firstly, smaller spaces inside a church that have their own altar are often called chapels; the Lady chapel is a common type of these. Secondly, a chapel is a place of worship, sometimes non-denominational, that is part of a building or complex with some other main purpose, such as a school, college, hospital, palace or large aristocratic house, castle, barracks, prison, funeral home, cemetery, airport, or a military or commercial ship. Thirdly, chapels are small places of worship, built as satellite sites by a church or monastery, for example in remote areas; these are often called a chapel of ease. A feature of all these types is that often no clergy were permanently resident or specifically attached to the chapel. Finally, for historical reasons, chapel is also often the term used for independent or nonconformist places of worship in Great Britain—outside the established church, even where in practice they operate as a parish church.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer and cider. It is a social drinking establishment and a prominent part of British, Irish, Breton, New Zealand, South African and Australian cultures. In many places, especially in villages, a pub is the focal point of the community. In his 17th-century diary Samuel Pepys described the pub as "the heart of England".
The A48 dual carriageway is the main road through Castleton. The A48(M) motorway passes close to the north of the village. There are no motorway junctions on this short link between (M4) Junction 29 and Junction 29A at St Mellons.
The A48(M) motorway in Wales links Cardiff with Newport. It is a 2 miles (3.2 km) long, M4 spur. At St Mellons, it runs continuously into the dual-carriageway A48, which also features hard shoulders. The A48(M) has no junctions and opened in 1977. The M4 was extended from junction 29 in 1980.
The M4, a motorway in the United Kingdom running from west London to southwest Wales, was originally referred to as the London-South Wales Motorway. The English section to the Severn Bridge was constructed between 1961 and 1971; the Welsh element was completed in 1993. The Second Severn Crossing officially renamed the Prince of Wales Bridge, was inaugurated on 5 June 1996 by the Prince of Wales and the M4 was rerouted. Apart from its two spurs—the A48(M) and the M48—the M4 is the only motorway in Wales.
The Great Western Railway station at nearby Marshfield acted as a rail connection, eastwards to Newport and onwards through the Severn Tunnel, terminating at London Paddington, and westwards to Cardiff and Fishguard Harbour. Closed since 1959,long before the Beeching cuts took effect, the nearest rail stations today are Newport and Rogerstone.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the southwest and west of England, the West Midlands, and most of Wales. It was founded in 1833, received its enabling Act of Parliament on 31 August 1835 and ran its first trains in 1838. It was engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose a broad gauge of 7 ft —later slightly widened to 7 ft 1⁄4 in —but, from 1854, a series of amalgamations saw it also operate 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard-gauge trains; the last broad-gauge services were operated in 1892.
Marshfield railway station was a former station on the South Wales Main Line which served Marshfield, Newport, in South Wales.
The Severn Tunnel is a railway tunnel under the Severn Estuary between England and Wales.
The A41 is a major trunk road in England that links London and Birkenhead, although it has now in parts been superseded by motorways. It passes through or near various towns and cities including Watford, Kings Langley, Hemel Hempstead, Aylesbury, Solihull, Birmingham, West Bromwich, Wolverhampton, Newport, Whitchurch, Chester and Ellesmere Port.
The A40 is a major trunk road connecting London to Goodwick (Fishguard), Wales, and officially called The London to Fishguard Trunk Road (A40) in all legal documents and Acts. It is approximately 260 miles (420 km) long.
The N11 road is a national primary road in Ireland, running for 129 km (80 mi) along the east side of Ireland from Dublin to Wexford. It passes close to Bray, Greystones, Wicklow, Arklow, Gorey, and Enniscorthy. Beyond Wexford, the route continues to Rosslare as the N25. The road forms part of European route E01. As of July 2019 the N11/M11 is of dual carriageway or motorway standard from Dublin as far as Oilgate in County Wexford.
St Mellons is a district and suburb of southeastern Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. Prior to 1996 St Mellons was the name given to the community largely north of Newport Road (B4487) which included the old St Mellons village. After 1996 the old community was divided and renamed as Old St Mellons and Pontprennau, with the newer, much larger area of modern housing and business parks to the south of Newport Road retaining the St Mellons name. Historically in Monmouthshire, St Mellons became part of South Glamorgan and Cardiff in 1974.
Cardiff city centre is the city centre and central business district of Cardiff, Wales. The area is tightly bound by the River Taff to the west, the Civic Centre to the north and railway lines and two railway stations – Central and Queen Street – to the south and east respectively. Cardiff became a city in 1905.
Blackwood is a town, community and an electoral ward on the Sirhowy River in the Valleys of Wales administered as part of Caerphilly County Borough. It is located within the historic county of Monmouthshire.
Taff's Well, considered part of the Cardiff area is a semi-rural village, community and electoral ward located 6 miles (9.7 km) to the North of Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. Known locally as the 'Gates to the Valleys', it is located at the south easterly tip of Rhondda Cynon Taf. It is separated from Gwaelod Y Garth by the River Taff. Taff's Well is distinguished because it contains the only thermal spring in Wales. The tepid water is thought to rise along a fault-line from the Carboniferous Limestone, in somewhat similar manner to the warm springs at Bristol and Bath. Various religious groups regard it as a spiritual site.
Transport in Wales is heavily influenced by the country's geography. Wales is predominantly hilly or mountainous, and the main settlements lie on the coasts of north and south Wales, while mid Wales and west Wales are lightly populated. The main transport corridors are east-west routes, many continuing eastwards into England.
Tongwynlais is a village and community in the north of Cardiff, Wales, north of the M4 motorway in the Taff Valley. It is notable as the location of the hillside landmark, Castell Coch.
The A4042 is a trunk road that runs from Abergavenny to Newport in south Wales.
Bassaleg is a small semi-urban suburb on the west side of the city of Newport, in south Wales. It lies in the Graig electoral ward and community.
The M4 relief road is a proposed motorway south of the city of Newport, South Wales. Originally proposed in 1991, the scheme was dropped by the Welsh Government in 2009 when costs had risen to £1 billion. They were revived in 2011 with indications of support from the Treasury given in April 2013. There was controversial media speculation that it would become the United Kingdom's second full toll-paying motorway. In July 2014 the Welsh Transport Minister, Edwina Hart, stated that the scheme, following the so-called 'black route', would go ahead and could be completed by 2022. On 4 June 2019, however, the First Minister of Wales, Mark Drakeford, announced that the scheme would not proceed.
The A4161 is a main road in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. The main purpose of the road is to link the city centre with the M4 motorway in the west at junction 33, and in the east with the A48(M) motorway at St Mellons.
Nash is a village and community to the south of the city of Newport, South Wales, in the Liswerry ward.
Trunk roads in Wales were first created in the Trunk Roads Act of 1936 when the UK Ministry of Transport took direct control over 30 of the principal roads in Great Britain from English, Welsh and Scottish local authorities. The number of trunk roads were expanded from 30 to 101 in the Trunk Roads Act of 1946. These roads formed what the Act called "the national system of routes for through traffic". Since Welsh devolution the Trunk Road system in Wales has been managed by the South Wales Trunk Road Agent and North & Mid Wales Trunk Road Agent on behalf of the Welsh Government. As of April 2015, out of a total of 34,495 miles (55,514 km) of roads in Wales, 1,576 miles (2,536 km) are trunk roads.
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