Castleton, Newport

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Castleton
Castleton, Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 69764.jpg
Castleton Baptist Church
Newport UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Castleton
Location within Newport
OS grid reference ST253835
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIFF
Postcode district CF3
Dialling code 01633
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Newport
51°32′44″N3°04′41″W / 51.545525°N 3.078016°W / 51.545525; -3.078016 Coordinates: 51°32′44″N3°04′41″W / 51.545525°N 3.078016°W / 51.545525; -3.078016

Castleton (Welsh : Cas-bach) is a hamlet in the city of Newport, South Wales.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh is a Brittonic language of the Celtic language family. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as 'British', 'Cambrian', 'Cambric' and 'Cymric'.

Hamlet (place) Small human settlement in a rural area

A hamlet is a small human settlement. In different jurisdictions and geographies, hamlets may be the size of a town, village or parish, be considered a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, where the old French hamlet came to apply to small human settlements. In British geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church or other place of worship.

Newport, Wales City and County in Wales

Newport is a city and unitary authority area in south east Wales, on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn Estuary, 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Cardiff. At the 2011 census, it was the third largest city in Wales, with a population of 145,700. The city forms part of the Cardiff-Newport metropolitan area, with a population of 1,097,000.

Contents

Location

Castleton is in the Marshfield ward on the A48 dual carriageway located between the city of Newport to the east and Cardiff to the west.

Marshfield, Newport community in Newport, Wales

Marshfield is an electoral ward and community in Newport in Wales governed by the Newport City Council. Population, 4,245 increasing to 6,270 at the 2011 census.

A48 road major trunk road in Great Britain

The A48 is a major trunk road in Great Britain. It runs from the A40 at Highnam, 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Gloucester, to the A40 at Carmarthen. Before the Severn Bridge opened on 8 September 1966, it was the principal route between South Wales and South West England. For most of its journey through South Wales, it runs almost parallel to the M4 motorway. During times of high winds at the Severn Bridge, the A48 is used as part of the diversion route and is still marked as a Holiday Route.

Dual carriageway type of road

A dual carriageway or divided highway is a class of highway with carriageways for traffic travelling in opposite directions separated by a central reservation. Roads with two or more carriageways which are designed to higher standards with controlled access are generally classed as motorways, freeways, etc., rather than dual carriageways.

Amenities

Coach and Horses pub/restaurant Coach and Horses , Castleton - geograph.org.uk - 1553057.jpg
Coach and Horses pub/restaurant

Castleton has a Baptist chapel. It was at the Castleton Baptist Association meeting in 1816 that it was resolved to build the first Welsh Baptist Chapel in Newport, and the land then acquired in Charles Street, with the help of a bequest from John Williams, a Newport tailor. [1] This building is now used as a business and Church meetings are held at Gateway Baptist in Marshfield nearby. There is an Esso filling station with a cafe and deli next door. Across the road, is a Beefeater pub/restaurant, the Coach and Horses, with a Premier Inn.

Chapel Religious place of fellowship attached to a larger institution

A chapel is a Christian place of prayer and worship that is usually relatively small, and is distinguished from a church. The term has several senses. Firstly, smaller spaces inside a church that have their own altar are often called chapels; the Lady chapel is a common type of these. Secondly, a chapel is a place of worship, sometimes non-denominational, that is part of a building or complex with some other main purpose, such as a school, college, hospital, palace or large aristocratic house, castle, barracks, prison, funeral home, cemetery, airport, or a military or commercial ship. Thirdly, chapels are small places of worship, built as satellite sites by a church or monastery, for example in remote areas; these are often called a chapel of ease. A feature of all these types is that often no clergy were permanently resident or specifically attached to the chapel. Finally, for historical reasons, chapel is also often the term used for independent or nonconformist places of worship in Great Britain—outside the established church, even where in practice they operate as a parish church.

Pub drinking establishment

A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer and cider. It is a social drinking establishment and a prominent part of British, Irish, Breton, New Zealand, South African and Australian cultures. In many places, especially in villages, a pub is the focal point of the community. In his 17th-century diary Samuel Pepys described the pub as "the heart of England".

Transport

A48 dual carriageway passing through Castleton A48 at Castleton - geograph.org.uk - 900337.jpg
A48 dual carriageway passing through Castleton

The A48 dual carriageway is the main road through Castleton. The A48(M) motorway passes close to the north of the village. There are no motorway junctions on this short link between (M4) Junction 29 and Junction 29A at St Mellons.

A48(M) motorway road in Wales

The A48(M) motorway in Wales links Cardiff with Newport. It is a 2 miles (3.2 km) long, M4 spur. At St Mellons, it runs continuously into the dual-carriageway A48, which also features hard shoulders. The A48(M) has no junctions and opened in 1977. The M4 was extended from junction 29 in 1980.

M4 motorway motorway in the United Kingdom

The M4, a motorway in the United Kingdom running from west London to southwest Wales, was originally referred to as the London-South Wales Motorway. The English section to the Severn Bridge was constructed between 1961 and 1971; the Welsh element was completed in 1993. The Second Severn Crossing officially renamed the Prince of Wales Bridge, was inaugurated on 5 June 1996 by the Prince of Wales and the M4 was rerouted. Apart from its two spurs—the A48(M) and the M48—the M4 is the only motorway in Wales.

The Great Western Railway station at nearby Marshfield acted as a rail connection, eastwards to Newport and onwards through the Severn Tunnel, terminating at London Paddington, and westwards to Cardiff and Fishguard Harbour. Closed since 1959, [2] long before the Beeching cuts took effect, the nearest rail stations today are Newport and Rogerstone.

Great Western Railway Former railway company in the United Kingdom

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the southwest and west of England, the West Midlands, and most of Wales. It was founded in 1833, received its enabling Act of Parliament on 31 August 1835 and ran its first trains in 1838. It was engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose a broad gauge of 7 ft —later slightly widened to 7 ft 14 in —but, from 1854, a series of amalgamations saw it also operate 4 ft 8 12 in standard-gauge trains; the last broad-gauge services were operated in 1892.

Marshfield railway station

Marshfield railway station was a former station on the South Wales Main Line which served Marshfield, Newport, in South Wales.

Severn Tunnel railway tunnel under the Severn estuary

The Severn Tunnel is a railway tunnel under the Severn Estuary between England and Wales.

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A40 road road in Great Britain, connecting London to Wales

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References

  1. ""Gwent Record Office - Charles Street Baptist Church, Newport, Records" at archiveswales.org.uk". Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  2. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/1965/aug/02/rail-closures-withdrawal-of-alternative