Allt-yr-yn

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Allt-yr-yn
Newport UK location map.svg
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Allt-yr-yn
Location within Newport
Population8,782 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference ST295885
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWPORT
Postcode district NP20 5
Dialling code 01633
Savoy exchange
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Newport
51°35′N3°01′W / 51.59°N 3.02°W / 51.59; -3.02 Coordinates: 51°35′N3°01′W / 51.59°N 3.02°W / 51.59; -3.02

Allt-yr-yn (Welsh : Allt-yr-ynn) is a suburb of the city of Newport, south-east Wales.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh ; [kʰəmˈraiɡ](listen)) or y Gymraeg is a Brittonic language of the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as 'British', 'Cambrian', 'Cambric' and 'Cymric'.

Newport, Wales City and County in Wales


Newport is a city and unitary authority area in south east Wales, on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn Estuary, 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Cardiff. At the 2011 census, it was the third largest city in Wales, with a population of 145,700. The city forms part of the Cardiff-Newport metropolitan area, with a population of 1,097,000.

Wales Country in northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.

Contents

Name

Pronounced by English-speaking locals as "Olt-er-reen", the spelling should include two Ns at the end, as "Allt-yr-ynn". The name means "The slope (allt) of the ash trees (ynn which is the plural of onnen – ash tree)" in Welsh.

Description

Allt-yr-yn forms an electoral ward (district) and coterminous community (parish) of the city. It is mainly residential and contains many large houses built in the early part of the 20th century. Some of the district is built upon the Ridgeway, Newport, with some of the ward offering views of surrounding areas such as Twmbarlwm. The area is governed by the Newport City Council.

A community is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales. Welsh communities are analogous to civil parishes in England. In 2016 there were 870 communities in Wales.

Ridgeway, Newport

Ridgeway is an area in Newport, Wales, in the suburb and electoral ward and coterminous community parish of Allt-yr-yn. It is well known for its ridge which overlooks Rogerstone and the nearby woodland areas. Ridgeway is at the end of the estate the main road breaks off onto the M4 motorway.

Twmbarlwm hillfort in Torfaen

Twmbarlwm also known as Twm Barlwm, Twyn Barlwm, or locally known as "The twmp" or the Pimple because of the mound that lies at its summit, is a hill situated 2 km (1.2 mi) to the northeast of Risca in South Wales. It is often mistakenly referred to as a mountain but is actually a hill due to being under 600m. It is 419 m (1,375 ft) high and is a well-known landmark throughout the region. It commands extensive views across what is now the M4 corridor, over Newport and Cwmbran - with part of it coming into Cwmbran - and out over the Bristol Channel.

Newport Civic Centre Newportciviccentre.jpg
Newport Civic Centre

Towards the City Centre, Allt-yr-yn is home to the offices of Newport City Council, at the Civic Centre, of which its clock tower can be seen for miles around.

Newport City Council local government in Newport, Wales

Newport City Council is the governing body for the city of Newport, one of the subdivisions of Wales within the United Kingdom. It consists of 50 councillors, representing the city's 20 wards.

Newport Civic Centre Grade II* listed building in Newport. Seat of government for the city of Newport, South Wales, UK

Newport Civic Centre is the seat of government for the city of Newport, South Wales and is a Grade II* Listed building in the Art Deco style. Newport City Council has its main offices located in the building which also includes a Crown Court complex. The Mayor's office is located in the Civic Centre.

University of Wales, Newport had a campus located in Allt-yr-yn. It served as the university's Science, IT and Business faculty. before moving to a site with a new £35 million complex on the banks of the River Usk in central Newport. The new campus formally opened in January 2011. [2] Initially the new campus will house the Newport Business School and design, film and media elements of the Newport School of Art, Media and Design.

University of Wales, Newport former university (1841–2013)

The University of Wales, Newport, was a university based in Newport, South Wales, prior to the merger that formed the University of South Wales in April 2013. The university had two campuses in Newport, Caerleon on the northern outskirts of the city, which was subsequently closed during July 2016, and a £35 million campus on the east bank of the River Usk in the Newport city centre which opened in 2011. In 2012 the university was ranked 111th out of 120 UK universities in the Guardian League Table for university rankings, 105th out of 116 in The Complete University Guide and 104th out of 116 UK universities in the Times Good University Guide.

River Usk river in Wales

The River Usk rises on the northern slopes of the Black Mountain, Wales, in the westernmost part of the Brecon Beacons National Park. Initially forming the boundary between Carmarthenshire and Powys, it flows north into Usk Reservoir, then east by Sennybridge to Brecon before turning southeast to flow by Talybont-on-Usk, Crickhowell and Abergavenny after which it takes a more southerly course.

On the west side of Allt-yr-yn heights there is a Local Nature Reserve containing ancient woodland, meadows and five ponds. Between 1934 and the mid-1960s this was home to an open-air swimming baths, [3] and is now managed by a volunteer group known as WING – Wildlife in Newport Group. The nature reserve borders the Crumlin Arm of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal which runs parallel to the M4 Motorway at Allt-yr-yn. Lock 2 has been restored by volunteers and work has started on lock 3. Lock 1 disappeared under road works in Newport early in the 20th century. [4]

Ancient woodland term used in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, an ancient woodland is a woodland that has existed continuously since 1600 or before in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Planting of woodland was uncommon before those dates, so a wood present in 1600 is likely to have developed naturally.

The Crumlin Arm of the Monmouthshire canal is part of the Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal network in South Wales. It connected Crumlin and its tramways to the Docks at Newport.

Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal network of canals in South Wales

The Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal is a small network of canals in South Wales. For most of its currently (2018) navigable 35-mile (56 km) length it runs through the Brecon Beacons National Park, and its present rural character and tranquillity belies its original purpose as an industrial corridor for coal and iron, which were brought to the canal by a network of tramways and/or railroads, many of which were built and owned by the canal company.

A permanent military presence was established in the area with the completion of the Cavalry Barracks in 1845. [5]

There was once a hospital in the ward, but this was deemed surplus to requirements and the site is now the Allt-yr-yn Heights estate.

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Fourteen Locks

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Raglan Barracks, Newport

Raglan Barracks is a military installation at Barrack Hill in Allt-yr-yn in Newport, Wales.

Barrack Hill

Barrack Hill is an area in Newport, Wales, in the suburb and electoral ward and coterminous community parish of Allt-yr-yn. It is most well known for its canal paths and most prominently the Raglan Barracks which sits on the top of the hill. Raglan Barracks is used for army training and is where the Newport army cadets are situated.

References

  1. "Newport ward 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2015".
  2. University Of Wales, Newport
  3. "Open-air swimming baths, Allt-yr-yn, Newport" . Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  4. BBC – South East Wales Reserves – Allt-yr-yn
  5. "Raglan House, Raglan Barracks, Allt-yr-Yn". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 7 December 2014.