Redwick, Newport

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Redwick
Newport UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Redwick
Location within Newport
Population194  (2001 census [1] )
OS grid reference ST421841
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CALDICOT
Postcode district NP26 3
Dialling code 01633
Magor exchange
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Newport
51°33′10″N2°50′11″W / 51.55280°N 2.83648°W / 51.55280; -2.83648 Coordinates: 51°33′10″N2°50′11″W / 51.55280°N 2.83648°W / 51.55280; -2.83648

Redwick (Welsh : Y Redwig) is a small village and community (parish) to the south east of the city of Newport, in Wales, United Kingdom. It lies within the Newport city boundaries, in the historic county of Monmouthshire and the preserved county of Gwent.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh ; [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ](listen)) or y Gymraeg is a Brittonic language of the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as 'British', 'Cambrian', 'Cambric' and 'Cymric'.

A community is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales. Welsh communities are analogous to civil parishes in England. In 2016 there were 870 communities in Wales.

City Large and permanent human settlement

A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organisations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

Contents

Location

Redwick is located six miles south east of the city of Newport and some four miles south west of Caldicot, Monmouthshire on the flat coastal lands reclaimed from the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel and part of the Caldicot and Wentloog Levels.

Caldicot, Monmouthshire town in Monmouthshire, southeast Wales

Caldicot is a town and community in Monmouthshire, southeast Wales, located between Chepstow and Newport on the Gloucester to Newport Line served primarily by Caldicot station, whilst by road it is just off the busy M4 / M48 motorway corridor. The site adjoins the Caldicot Levels, on the north side of the Severn Estuary. Caldicot has easy access on the railway west to Newport, Cardiff Central and east to Chepstow, Lydney, and Gloucester, as well as one stop west to Severn Tunnel Junction and then east via the Severn Tunnel to Filton Abbeywood and Bristol Temple Meads and further afield. Generally good road access to Cardiff and across the Second Severn Crossing, old Severn Bridge to Bristol. The population of the town is around 11,000. It has a large school, Caldicot Comprehensive School, and is known for its medieval castle.

Severn Estuary the estuary of the River Severn, the longest river in Great Britain; mouth of the Severn, Wye, Usk, and the Bristol Avon

The Severn Estuary is the estuary of the River Severn, the longest river in Great Britain. It is the confluence of four major rivers, being the Severn, Wye, Usk and Avon, and other smaller rivers. Its high tidal range, approximately 50 feet (15 m), means that it has been at the centre of discussions in the UK regarding renewable energy.

Bristol Channel major inlet in the island of Great Britain

The Bristol Channel is a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in South West England. It extends from the lower estuary of the River Severn to the North Atlantic Ocean. It takes its name from the English city of Bristol, and is over 30 miles (50 km) wide at its western limit.

The Church

Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Redwick St Thomas the Apostle Church, Redwick.JPG
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Redwick

The ancient parish church of Church of St Thomas, Redwick is a Grade I listed building. [2] It is notable for many unusual features. [3] [4] An earlier dedication, when it belonged to Tintern Abbey, appears to have been to St. Michael. It is held with Magor.

Parish church church which acts as the religious centre of a parish

A parish church in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish. In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe have churches that date back to the Middle Ages, but all periods of architecture are represented.

The Church of St Thomas is the parish church of the village of Redwick, to the south east of the city of Newport, South Wales, Great Britain. A medieval church, Perpendicular in style, and with elements dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, possibly with twelfth century origins, it was listed Grade I on 3 January 1963.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

The church is unusually large for a parish church on the Caldicot and Wentloog Levels, perhaps second only in its grandeur to that at Peterstone. [5] The church has a full-immersion baptisty, unique medieval stone carvings and a fine Victorian pipe organ salvaged from two previous churches. On the ancient south porch is a distinctive 'scratch post' or "Mass sundial" and (like the church at nearby Goldcliff) has a mark indicating the flood level of the water inundation caused by the Bristol Channel flood, 1607. The handsome font originates from the 13th century and may have been an original feature.

Caldicot and Wentloog Levels

The Caldicot and Wentloog Levels are two areas of low-lying estuarine alluvial wetland and intertidal mudflats adjoining the north bank of the Severn Estuary, either side of the River Usk estuary near Newport in south east Wales. They are also known collectively as the Monmouthshire Levels or Gwent Levels, and the name Wentloog is sometimes spelled Wentlooge in official publications.

Peterstone village in Wales

Peterstone or Peterstone Wentlooge is a small hamlet to the south west of the city of Newport, South Wales.

Victorian era Period of British history encompassing Queen Victorias reign

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. In terms of moral sensibilities and political reforms, this period began with the passage of the Reform Act 1832. There was a strong religious drive for higher moral standards led by the nonconformist churches, such as the Methodists, and the Evangelical wing of the established Church of England. Britain's relations with the other Great Powers were driven by the colonial antagonism of the Great Game with Russia, climaxing during the Crimean War; a Pax Britannica of international free trade was maintained by the country's naval and industrial supremacy. Britain embarked on global imperial expansion, particularly in Asia and Africa, which made the British Empire the largest empire in history. National self-confidence peaked.

Its embattled and pinnacled central tower contain six bells, the fourth and fifth of which are pre-Reformation bells from the Bristol foundry, dated circa 1350-80 [6] making them some of the oldest church bells working anywhere in the country. Most unusually, following their lowering in the tower in the 1990s, the bells are rung from the chancel in full view of the congregation, although a number of old unused rope bosses suggest that this must have also been the case at some time in the past. The newest bell is the treble (lightest bell) which was added in celebration of Queen Elizabeth II's 40 years on the throne.[ citation needed ]

Reformation Schism within the Christian Church in the 16th century

The Reformation was a movement within Western Christianity in the sixteenth-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Roman Catholic Church and papal authority in particular. Although the Reformation is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517, there was no schism between the Catholic Church and the nascent Luther until the 1521 Edict of Worms. The edict condemned Luther and officially banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas. The end of the Reformation era is disputed: it could be considered to end with the enactment of the confessions of faith which began the Age of Orthodoxy. Other suggested ending years relate to the Counter-Reformation, the Peace of Westphalia, or that it never ended since there are still Protestants today.

Chancel space around the altar of a traditional Christian church

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary, at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse. It is generally the area used by the clergy and choir during worship, while the congregation is in the nave. Direct access may be provided by a priest's door, usually on the south side of the church. This is one definition, sometimes called the "strict" one; in practice in churches where the eastern end contains other elements such as an ambulatory and side chapels, these are also often counted as part of the chancel, especially when discussing architecture. In smaller churches, where the altar is backed by the outside east wall and there is no distinct choir, the chancel and sanctuary may be the same area. In churches with a retroquire area behind the altar, this may only be included in the broader definition of chancel.

The fine East window, which contains some painted glass from about 1870, unlike the roof and the other windows, escaped the nearby German Luftwaffe bomb blast of 1942. The restoration and re-modelling on the church, including the attractive raised tiled floor, in 1875, was by John Norton who later also participated in the building of the exquisite chapel at Tyntesfield in Somerset.

<i>Luftwaffe</i> Aerial warfare branch of the German military forces during World War II

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.

John Norton was an English architect who designed country houses, churches and a number of commercial buildings.

Tyntesfield Country house in North Somerset, England

Tyntesfield is a Victorian Gothic Revival house and estate near Wraxall, North Somerset, England. The house is a Grade I listed building named after the Tynte baronets, who had owned estates in the area since about 1500. The location was formerly that of a 16th-century hunting lodge, which was used as a farmhouse until the early 19th century. In the 1830s a Georgian mansion was built on the site, which was bought by English businessman William Gibbs, whose huge fortune came from guano used as fertilizer. In the 1860s Gibbs had the house significantly expanded and remodelled; a chapel was added in the 1870s. The Gibbs family owned the house until the death of Richard Gibbs in 2001.

Notable features

The Rose Inn, Redwick The Rose Inn, Redwick.JPG
The Rose Inn, Redwick

The village pub is the Rose Inn, a free house situated on South Row. [7] In May 2011, after a four-year wait, a grant of £316,323 from the Big Lottery Fund was confirmed, alongside £200,000 from the Welsh Assembly, for the replacement of the existing 60-year-old Village Hall. [8]

Whitehall Farm/Redbrick House

The earliest church records show that there was a house, then called Whitehall Farm, on the site since 1450. The main Georgian façade was built around 1795, by MP William Phillips. Phillips, built the Brick House ready for his son's return to Britain from the American Colonies. The son, also named William, never returned, however, as the ship carrying him home was wrecked in a storm before reaching Britain and he was drowned. [9] The house is now a guest house.

Archaeology

Insects from samples of Bronze Age timber buildings on the foreshore at Redwick have been examined by Smith and colleagues. [10] Four rectangular buildings of middle Bronze Age date have also been excavated on inter-tidal peat at Redwick - such buildings appear to have been used during seasonal pastoral activity on the wetland. [11] Martin Bell and colleagues from the University of Reading have studied Mesolithic to Neolithic coastal environmental change at Redwick. [12]

History

The church registers, which date from 1787, contain an unpleasant reminder of legal processes of not so very long ago. The last man to be hanged for sheep stealing in Monmouthshire was charged before local magistrates assembled at The Great House in the village. [13]

Salem Baptist Chapel was erected in 1832. By 1851, when the minister was Thomas Leonard, morning attendance was 21, with 13 scholars, and evening attendance was 68. [14] In 1994 the building was converted into a private residence.

Government

The area is governed by the Newport City Council and the Redwick, Newport community council.

Related Research Articles

Monmouthshire County

Monmouthshire is a county in south-east Wales. The name derives from the historic county of Monmouthshire of which it covers the eastern 60%. The largest town is Abergavenny. Other towns and large villages are Caldicot, Chepstow, Monmouth, Magor and Usk. It borders Torfaen and Newport to the west; Herefordshire and Gloucestershire to the east; and Powys to the north.

St Mellons district and suburb of Cardiff, Wales

St Mellons is a district and suburb of southeastern Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. Prior to 1996 St Mellons was the name given to the community largely north of Newport Road (B4487) which included the old St Mellons village. After 1996 the old community was divided and renamed as Old St Mellons and Pontprennau, with the newer, much larger area of modern housing and business parks to the south of Newport Road retaining the St Mellons name. Historically in Monmouthshire, St Mellons became part of South Glamorgan and Cardiff in 1974.

Stow Hill community area in Newport, Wales

Stow Hill is both an electoral district (ward) and coterminous community parish of the City of Newport, South Wales.

Rogiet village and community in Wales

Rogiet is a small village and community in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, between Caldicot and Magor, 8 miles (13 km) west of Chepstow and 11 miles (18 km) east of Newport, which covers an area of 847 hectares (3.27 sq mi). It lies close to the M4 and M48 motorways, and the Second Severn Crossing. It has a railway station named Severn Tunnel Junction. Rogiet only has a population of 1,813 (2011).

Magor, Monmouthshire large village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, UK

Magor - meaning 'a wall' - is a large village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, about 9 miles (14 km) west of Chepstow and about 9 miles (14 km) east of the city of Newport. It lies on the Caldicot Levels beside the Severn Estuary, and is in the community of Magor with Undy. Magor lies close to the M4 motorway. There is a nearby motorway service area sharing its name and it is within the commuter belts of Newport, Bristol and Cardiff.

Gwynllŵg was a kingdom of mediaeval Wales and later a Norman lordship and then a cantref.

Caldicot Hundred

Caldicot was an ancient hundred of Monmouthshire, Wales.

Rumney, Cardiff district of Cardiff, Wales

Rumney is a district and community in the east of the city of Cardiff, Wales. It lies east of the Rhymney River, and is historically part of Monmouthshire. On 1 April 1938 the Cardiff Extension Act 1937 incorporated it into the county borough of Cardiff, although it remained part of Monmouthshire, and England.

St. Brides Netherwent village in United Kingdom

St. Brides Netherwent is a parish and largely deserted village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales. It is centred 2 miles north of Magor, and 3 miles west of Caerwent. The A48 Newport to Chepstow road passes close by to the north.

Undy Village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, UK

Undy is a village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, adjoining the village of Magor with which it forms the community and parish of Magor with Undy. It is located about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Caldicot and 10 miles (16 km) east of Newport, close to the junction of the M4 and M48 motorways, and adjoins the Caldicot Levels on the north bank of the Bristol Channel.

Whitson village in United Kingdom

Whitson is a village on the outskirts of the city of Newport, South Wales. It is located about 7 miles (11 km) south east of Newport city centre on the Caldicot Levels, a large area of coastal land reclaimed from the sea. Administratively, Whitson is part of the community of Goldcliff.

Llanwern an electoral ward and community in Newport, Wales

Llanwern is an electoral ward and community in the eastern urban-rural fringe of the City of Newport, South East Wales. Llanwern ward is bounded by the M4 and Langstone to the north, Ringland, Lliswerry and the River Usk to the west, the River Severn to the south and the city boundary to the east. The ward includes Bishton, Goldcliff, Whitson and Redwick, as well as the community of Llanwern, which contains Llanwern village and the western half of the site of Llanwern steelworks. The area is governed by the Newport City Council.

Christchurch, Newport village in United Kingdom

Christchurch is a village located at the top of Christchurch Hill in the Caerleon ward of the city of Newport, South Wales. The top of the hill affords panoramic views both towards the Bristol Channel in the south and through the Vale of Usk and into the Monmouthshire countryside to the north. The road, which runs along the crest of the hill, runs westwards to Newport and eastwards towards Caerleon and Catsash.

St. Brides Wentloog human settlement in United Kingdom

St. Bride's or St. Bride's Wentloog is a small hamlet to the south west of the city of Newport in South Wales.

Goldcliff, Newport village in the United Kingdom

Goldcliff is a village, parish and community to the south east of the city of Newport in South Wales. It lies within the Newport city boundaries in the historic county of Monmouthshire and the preserved county of Gwent. Administratively, the community of Goldcliff includes the parish of Whitson.

Priory Church of St Mary, Abergavenny Church in Monmouthshire, Wales

The Priory Church of St Mary, Abergavenny is a parish church in the centre of Abergavenny in Monmouthshire, Wales.

Nash, Newport village in Newport, south-east Wales

Nash is a village and community to the south of the city of Newport, South Wales, in the Liswerry ward.

References

  1. Office for National Statistics Parish Headcounts: Redwick
  2. "Church of St Thomas, Redwick". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  3. Redwick, St Thomas's Church at geograph.org
  4. "Church of St Thomas" (PDF). newport.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  5. St Thomas's Church, Redwick at geograph.org
  6. Dove's Guide: Redwick
  7. Rose Inn, Redwick, Monmouthshire:: OS grid ST4184 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!
  8. "Joy as Redwick village hall funding approved" by Melissa Jones at southwalesargus.co.uk
  9. Brick House Country Guest House history
  10. Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham
  11. The Archaeologist Winter 2006
  12. University of Reading Archeological Science (Geoarchaeology & Bioarchaeology)
  13. Evans, C.J.O., (1953) Monmouthshire, Its History and Topography, Cardiff.
  14. Jones, I.G. and Williams, D. (1976( (eds) Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851: A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales, Cardiff, UWP.