Centre-Val de Loire

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Centre-Val de Loire
La Loire a Orleans.jpg
The Loire river as it passes through Orléans
Flag of Centre-Val de Loire.svg
BlasonCentre.svg
Centre-Val de Loire in France 2016.svg
CountryFlag of France.svg France
Prefecture Orléans
Departments
6
Government
   President of the Regional Council François Bonneau (PS)
Area
  Total39,151 km2 (15,116 sq mi)
  Rank7th
Population
 (Jan. 2020) [1]
  Total2,574,863
  Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
[2]
  Total€78.343 billion
  Per capita€30,500
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-CVL
NUTS Region FR2
Largest city Tours
Website www.centre-valdeloire.fr

Centre-Val de Loire ( /ˌvældəˈlwɑːr/ , /ˌvɑːl-/ , French pronunciation: [sɑ̃tʁəvallwaʁ] , [Notes 1] lit.'Centre-Loire Valley') or Centre Region (French: région Centre, [ʁeʒjɔ̃sɑ̃tʁ] ), as it was known until 2015, is one of the eighteen administrative regions of France. It straddles the middle Loire Valley in the interior of the country, with a population of 2,572,853 as of 2018. Its prefecture is Orléans, and its largest city is Tours.

Contents

Naming and etymology

Logo used until 2015 Logo-Centre.svg
Logo used until 2015

Like many contemporary regions of France, the region of Centre-Val de Loire was created from parts of historical provinces: Touraine , Orléanais and Berry . First, the name Centre was chosen by the government purely on the basis of geography, in reference to its location in northwest-central France (the central part of the original French language area).

However, Centre is not situated in the geographical centre of France (except the Cher department); the name was criticised as being too dull and nondescript.[ citation needed ] Proposed names for the region included Val de Loire after the Loire Valley (the main feature of the region) or Cœur de Loire (Heart of Loire).[ citation needed ] On 17 January 2015, as part of the reorganisation of French regions, the region's official name was changed to Centre-Val de Loire. [3] Val de Loire is associated with positive images of the Loire Valley, such as the châteaux , the gentle and refined lifestyle, wine, as well as the mild and temperate climate, all of which attract many tourists to the region. A new logo was also created.

Geography

The regions Centre-Val de Loire and Ile-de-France and their departments on the background of historical provinces 1789 et 2022, Centre-Val de Loire et Ile-de-France, noms.png
The regions Centre-Val de Loire and Île-de-France and their departments on the background of historical provinces

Bordering six other regions, Centre-Val-de-Loire borders the most of all eighteen regions in France. The bordering regions are Normandy on the northwest, Île-de-France on the northeast, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté on the east, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes on the southeast, Nouvelle-Aquitaine on the southwest and Pays de la Loire on the west.

Departments

Centre-Val de Loire comprises six departments: Cher, Eure-et-Loir, Indre, Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher and Loiret.

Largest cities

Economy

Chateau de Chambord Chambord Castle Northwest facade.jpg
Château de Chambord

The gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 72.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.1% of French economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 25,200 euros or 84% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 99% of the EU average. [4]

An economic development agency, called Centréco, was created in 1994 by the Regional Council of Centre to promote the inflow of investments and the establishment setting-up of new businesses French and foreign companies in the Centre region. This ensures a mission of economic promotion, international support to regional companies and enhancement promotion of regional agrofood products via a regional signature, du Centre.

See also

Notes

  1. In isolation, Centre is pronounced [sɑ̃tʁ] .

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indre-et-Loire</span> Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2019, it had a population of 610,079. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cher (department)</span> Department of France

Cher is a department in central France, part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Named after the river Cher, its prefecture is Bourges. In 2019, it had a population of 302,306.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loire Valley</span> Area of France

The Loire Valley, spanning 280 kilometres (170 mi), is a valley located in the middle stretch of the Loire river in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire. The area of the Loire Valley comprises about 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi). It is referred to as the Cradle of the French and the Garden of France due to the abundance of vineyards, fruit orchards, and artichoke, and asparagus fields, which line the banks of the river. Notable for its historic towns, architecture, and wines, the valley has been inhabited since the Middle Palaeolithic period. The oldest known Neanderthal engravings have been found a cave in La Roche-Cotard which have been dated to more than 57,000 years ago. In 2000, UNESCO added the central part of the Loire River valley to its list of World Heritage Sites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loir-et-Cher</span> Department of France

Loir-et-Cher is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. Its name is originated from two rivers which cross it, the Loir in its northern part and the Cher in its southern part. Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41. It had a population of 329,470 in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eure-et-Loir</span> Department of France

Eure-et-Loir is a French department, named after the Eure and Loir rivers. It is located in the region of Centre-Val de Loire. In 2019, Eure-et-Loir had a population of 431,575.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indre</span> Department of France

Indre ; is a department in central France named after the river Indre. The inhabitants of the department are known as the Indriens and Indriennes. Indre is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire. The region is bordered by the departments of Indre-et-Loire to the west, Loir-et-Cher to the north, Cher to the east, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne to the south, and Vienne to the southwest. The préfecture (capital) is Châteauroux and there are three subpréfectures at Le Blanc, La Châtre and Issoudun. It had a population of 219,316 in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loiret</span> Department in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Loiret is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of north-central France. It takes its name from the river Loiret, which is contained wholly within the department. In 2019, Loiret had a population of 680,434.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pays de la Loire</span> Administrative region of France

Pays de la Loire is one of the eighteen regions of France, located on the country's Atlantic coast. It was created in the 1950s to serve as a zone of influence for its capital and most populated city, Nantes, one of a handful of French "balancing metropolises". In 2020, Pays de la Loire had a population of 3,832,120.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belleville-sur-Loire</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Belleville-sur-Loire is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bléré</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Bléré is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chaumont-sur-Loire</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Chaumont-sur-Loire, commonly known as Chaumont, is a commune and town in the Loir-et-Cher department and the administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire, France, known for its historical defensive walls and its castle.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Denis-sur-Loire</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Saint-Denis-sur-Loire is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in Centre-Val de Loire, France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loire</span> Longest river in France

The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi), it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land, while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Veuzain-sur-Loire</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Veuzain-sur-Loire, commonly known as Veuzain, is a commune in the French department of Loir-et-Cher, administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire. The municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger of the former communes of Onzain and Veuves.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regional Council of Centre-Val de Loire</span> Regional council

The Regional Council of Centre-Val de Loire is a deliberative assembly composed of 77 councillors, elected to six-year terms. As a whole, the body represents the region of Centre-Val de Loire, France. The current president of the council is François Bonneau of the Socialist Party (PS). A position he has held since 7 September 2007 and the resignation of fellow party member Michel Sapin. The regional council meets at the hôtel de région in Orléans, Loiret department. The building is located at 9, rue Saint-Pierre Lentin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bloisian</span>

Bloisian is a natural region of France located around the city of Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre-Val de Loire. This term also refers to the locals living there. Historically, Bloisian was part of the County of Blois, and from 1498 part of the Orléanais province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Miss Centre-Val de Loire</span>

Miss Centre-Val de Loire is a French beauty pageant which selects a representative for the Miss France national competition from the region of Centre-Val de Loire. Women representing the region under various different titles have competed at Miss France since 1928, although the Miss Centre-Val de Loire title was not used regularly until 2015.

References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  2. "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat" . Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  3. "Journal officiel of 17 January 2015". Légifrance (in French). 2015-01-17. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  4. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Centre-Val de Loire at Wikimedia Commons

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