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Chhatris are elevated, dome-shaped pavilions used as an element in Indian architecture. The word Chhatri means "canopy" or "umbrella." In the context of architecture, the word is used to refer to two different things. The usual and more widely understood meaning is of a memorial, usually very ornate, built over the site where the funeral (cremation) of an important personage was performed. Such memorials usually consist of a platform girded by a set of ornate pillars which hold up a stone canopy. The word chhatri is also used to refer to the small pavilions that mark the corners and roof of the entrance of a major building. These pavilions are purely decorative and have no utility, but are a classic folly displaying the status and wealth of the owner.
In architecture, a pavilion has several meanings. In architectural terminology it refers to a subsidiary building that is either positioned separately or as an attachment to a main building. Often its function makes it an object of pleasure.
In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or of such extravagant appearance that it transcends the range of garden ornaments usually associated with the class of buildings to which it belongs.
Chhatris are commonly used to depict the elements of pride and honour in Rajput, Maratha and Jat architecture. They are widely used in palaces, in forts, or to demarcate funerary sites. Originating in Rajasthani architecture where they were memorials for royalty, they were later adapted as a standard feature in all buildings in Maratha-ruled states, Rajasthan, and in Mughal architecture. The most notable surviving examples today are to be found at Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and the Taj Mahal in Agra.
Rajput is a large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent. The term Rajput covers various patrilineal clans historically associated with warriorhood: several clans claim Rajput status, although not all claims are universally accepted.
The Maratha are an Indian caste, originally of Marathi-speaking peasant-warriors. They established the Maratha Empire under Shivaji Maharaj in 1674 and were the dominant power on the subcontinent for much of the following century before their downfall in 1818. They were champions of Hinduism in the face of the Mughal Empire.
Rajasthan is a state in northern India. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.
Chhatris in Shekhawati may consist of a simple structure of one dome raised by four pillars to a building containing many domes and a basement with several rooms. In some places, the interior of the chhatris is painted in the same manner as the Havelis (Mansions) of the region.
A haveli is a traditional townhouse or mansion in the Indian subcontinent, usually one with historical and architectural significance. The word haveli is derived from Arabic hawali, meaning "partition" or "private space", popularised under the Mughal Empire, and was devoid of any architectural affiliations. Later, the word haveli came to be used as a generic term for various styles of regional mansions, townhouse and temples found in the Indian subcontinent.
domed temples resembling Chhatri were frequently depicted in Satavahana reliefs and south India from 1st–5th century AD.
The Satavahanas, also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region. Most modern scholars believe that the Satavahana rule began in the first century BCE and lasted until the second century CE, although some assign the beginning of their rule to as early as the 3rd century BCE. The Satavahana kingdom mainly comprised the present-day Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. At different times, their rule extended to parts of modern Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka. The dynasty had different capital cities at different times, including Pratishthana (Paithan) and Amaravati (Dharanikota).
Alwar located 150 km south of Delhi and 150 km north of Jaipur, is a city in India's National Capital Region and the administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan. Alwar is a hub of tourism with several forts, lakes, heritage havelis and nature reserves, including the Bhangarh Fort, the Sariska Tiger Reserve and Siliserh lake.
Jalsen Reservoir is a Famous Pond in Hindaun City, Hindaun Block in Rajasthan, India. It is cover 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi) reservoir (pond) area. It is located Central in the Hindaun, in the Hindaun Block. It is the most famous pond of Hindaun. Rastriya park in North, SH-1,SH-22 in West, Ramlila maidan in Naurth-East and Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham in East of Jalsen.
Hindaun is a city in Karauli district, Rajasthan, India. It has a population of 105690 and is governed by a municipal council. In vicinity are the Aravalli and Vindhya mountainous ranges.
Many other chhatris exist in other parts of Rajasthan. Their locations include:
Some of the best-known chhatris in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan are located at the following cities and towns:
The region of Madhya Pradesh is the site of several other notable chhatris of its famous Maratha rulers:
Chhatris can also be found in the outskirts of Bhuj city belonging mainly to Jadeja rulers of Kutch. The chhatri of Rao Lakhpatji is very famous for its intricate designs & carvings. Most of them but have been destroyed in the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. The restoration work is going on.
There are two notable chhatris in the United Kingdom, a country with strong historical links to India. One is a cenotaph in Brighton, dedicated to the Indian soldiers who died in the First World War.
The other is in Arnos Vale Cemetery near Bristol and is a memorial to the distinguished Indian reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy, who died in that city.
The Rajputana Agency was a political office of the British Indian Empire dealing with a collection of native states in Rajputana, under the political charge of an Agent reporting directly to the Governor-General of India and residing at Mount Abu in the Aravalli Range. The total area of the states falling within the Rajputana Agency was 127,541 square miles (330,330 km2), with eighteen states and two estates or chiefships.
Maharaja Suraj Mal or Sujan Singh was a ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India.
Deeg is a town and a municipality in Bharatpur district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is situated 32 kilometres (20 mi) north of Bharatpur and 98 kilometres (61 mi) north of Agra.
Maharani Kishori lived in the 18th century, the wife of Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India. She came from sorout's Hodal, a town situated in the Palwal district of Haryana, near Mathura and Bharatpur.
Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana was the most powerful ruler of princely state Gohad in northwestern Madhya Pradesh, India. According to Alexander Cunningham and William Crooke, Bamraulia gotra Jats from village Bamrauli in 1505 founded the city Gohad near Gwalior. Singhandev was the founder of Gohad state. Later it developed into an important Jat State. The Jat rulers of Gohad were awarded the title of Rana.
Kumher is a historical city and land of Sinsinwars the initial name of this city was Kuber. It is located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, India.
Loharu is a city, municipal committee and assembly constituency in the Bhiwani district of the Indian state of Haryana. It is the administrative headquarters of one of the four administrative sub-divisions of the district and covers 119 villages. It is also a railway junction station.
Dholpur State or Dhaulpur State was a kingdom of eastern Rajasthan, India, which was founded in AD 1806 by a Hindu Jat Rana Kirat Singh of Dhaulpur, Ruler. After 1818 the state was placed under the authority of British India's Rajputana Agency. The Ranas ruled the state until the independence of India in 1947, when the kingdom was merged with the Union of India.
Malhar Rao Holkar was a noble of the Maratha Empire, in present-day India. Malhar Rao is particularly known for being the first Maratha Subhedar of Malwa in Central India. He was the first prince from the Holkar family which ruled the Indore State. He was one of the early officers to help spread the Maratha rule to northern states and was given the state of Indore to rule by the Peshwas.
Bissau is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunu district in the state of Rajasthan, India. Bissau is another town of fluctuating fortunes. Its original name was Vishala Jat Ki Dhani. Keshari Singh, son of Thakur Shardul Singh of Jhunjhunu, got this village in Jagir. In it, Keshari Singh constructed a war Fort and a defensive boundary wall for defence with four gates in each direction. He named it Bissau in 1746 AD. Keshari Singh belonged to the famous Panchpana or five sons of Thakur Shardul Singh in Shekhawati. The rulers of Bissau belong to the Bhairo ji clan of Shekhawats and are the descendants of the famous ruler Maharao Shekha who was the son of Rao Mokal ji, a grandson of Maharaja Udai Karan of Dhundhar.
Maharaja Randhir Singh was the Jat ruler of the princely state Bharatpur in India and successor to Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Bharatpur.
Bada Bagh, also called Barabagh is a garden complex about 6 km north of Jaisalmer on the way to Ramgarh, in the state of Rajasthan in India. Overlooking a mango grove sits a set of royal cenotaphs, or chhatris, of Maharajas of Jaisalmer state, starting with Jait Singh III, built by the son of the Rawal jait singh III, maharawal Lunkaran singh. Later, with time 104, members of royal family graves and their chattries were built. He(maharawal lunkaran singh) also completed the construction of jait bandh, a dam project that was started by his father Rawal jait singh III, this dam stand useful till date for conservation of water.
H. H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar ShrimantYashwant Rao Holkar Bahadur, belonging to the subordinate feudatory Holkar dynasty of the Maratha Empires was the subordinate feudatory raja of the Maratha Empire. He was born on 3 December 1776. He was a gifted military leader and educated in accountancy as well as literate in Persian and Marathi. Yashwant Rao has been referred to by some Indian historians as the "Hannibal of India".
Rajasthan has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life.
Bharatpur State, also known as Bharatpore State, was a Hindu princely state in the Indian subcontinent. It was ruled by the Jats of Sinsinwar gotra.
Jaswant Singh ki chhatri, is a domed pillared pavilion shaped cenotaph, common to Rajasthani architecture, built in ca 1644-58 AD, and is said to be the only monument to have been built by a Hindu in Agra during the Mughal era. The chhatri is situated in Rajwara, Balkeshwar along the banks of river Yamuna, in Agra, and is now maintained by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as a monument of National importance
Chaurasi Khambon ki Chhatri or "84-Pillared Cenotaph" is a chhatri located in Bundi town, Rajasthan, India. It was constructed in 1683 by the Maharaja of Bundi, Rao Raja Anirudh, as a memorial to his foster brother, Deva.It is also called "Music Maharani's Chatri".
Ram Singh may refer to:
Kusum Sarovar, a historical sandstone monument on the holy Govardhan Hill between Govardhan and Radha Kund in District Mathura of Uttar Pradesh in India, is also the place of Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal's memorial chhatri. Near the monument are the Narada Kund, where Bhakti Sutra verses were written by Narada, and the Sri Radha Vana Bihari Temple.
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