Coenagrionidae

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Coenagrionidae
Ceriagrion glabrum male panorama.jpg
Male Ceriagrion glabrum
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Zygoptera
Superfamily: Coenagrionoidea
Family:Coenagrionidae
Kirby, 1890 [1]
Diversity
at least 110 genera

The insect family Coenagrionidae is placed in the order Odonata and the suborder Zygoptera. [2] The Zygoptera are the damselflies, which although less known than the dragonflies, are no less common. More than 1,300 species are in this family, making it the largest damselfly family. The family Coenagrionidae has six subfamilies: Agriocnemidinae, Argiinae, Coenagrioninae, Ischnurinae, Leptobasinae, and Pseudagrioninae. [3]

Odonata Order of insects

Odonata is an order of carnivorous insects encompassing the dragonflies (Anisoptera) and the damselflies (Zygoptera). The Odonata form a clade, which has existed since the Permian.

Agriocnemidinae subfamily of insects

The Agriocnemidinae are a subfamily of the Coenagrionidae family of damselflies. Damselflies in this subfamily are very small in size. The five genera contain 63 species.

Argiinae subfamily of insects

The Argiinae are a subfamily of damselflies in the family Coenagrionidae, the pond damselflies.

Contents

This family is referred to as the narrow-winged damselflies or the pond damselflies. [4] The Coenagrionidae enjoy a worldwide distribution, and are among the most common of damselfly families. This family has the smallest of damselfly species. More than 110 genera of the family Coenagrionidae are currently accepted. [5] [3]

Etymology

The name may be derived from Greek coen meaning shared or common and agrio meaning fields or wild.

Characteristics

forewing of the variable damselfly (Coenagrion pulchellum) Coenagrionidae Wing(loz).jpg
forewing of the variable damselfly ( Coenagrion pulchellum )

Adults are seen around various habitats including ponds and wetlands. The females lay their eggs among living or dead submerged vegetation, and in some species, even crawl about underwater depositing their eggs. The nymphs are usually found in debris or among living or dead submerged plant material. [6]

Genera

Eastern billabong fly (Austroagrion watsoni, female) Austroagrion watsoni.jpg
Eastern billabong fly ( Austroagrion watsoni , female)
Coromandel marsh dart Ceriagrion coromandelianum Coromandel Marsh Dart (Ceriagrion coromandelianum)- Male W IMG 3835.jpg
Coromandel marsh dart Ceriagrion coromandelianum
Azure damselfly, Coenagrion puella Coenagrion puella Luc Viatour.jpg
Azure damselfly, Coenagrion puella
Blue-tailed damselfly, Ischnura elegans Ischunura elegans Luc Viatour.JPG
Blue-tailed damselfly, Ischnura elegans
Saffron-faced blue dart Pseudagrion rubriceps Saffron-faced Blue Dart (Pseudagrion rubriceps) W IMG 0876.jpg
Saffron-faced blue dart Pseudagrion rubriceps

These genera belong to the family Coenagrionidae: [7] [8] [3]

Coenagrionidae family of insects

The insect family Coenagrionidae is placed in the order Odonata and the suborder Zygoptera. The Zygoptera are the damselflies, which although less known than the dragonflies, are no less common. More than 1,300 species are in this family, making it the largest damselfly family. The family Coenagrionidae has six subfamilies: Agriocnemidinae, Argiinae, Coenagrioninae, Ischnurinae, Leptobasinae, and Pseudagrioninae.

<i>Acanthagrion</i> genus of insects

Acanthagrion is a genus of damselflies. It is the dominant genus of damselfly at ponds and lakes in the Neotropics but A. quadratum is the only one found in North America. They are commonly known as Wedgetails because of the raised tip of the abdomen.

<i>Aciagrion</i> genus of insects

Aciagrion is a genus of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae. Aciagrion are small and slender damselflies with a small head. They are found at still waters including swamps. Aciagrion is widely distributed in the tropics from Africa, through Indonesia to Australia. They are commonly known as Slims.

<i>Africallagma</i> genus of insects

Africallagma is a genus of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae.

See also

Related Research Articles

Aeshnidae family of insects

The insect family Aeshnidae, sometimes called aeshnids, comprises the hawkers. They are the largest dragonflies found in North America and Europe and are among the largest dragonflies on the planet. This family represents also the fastest flying dragonflies of the order of the dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata).

<i>Rhionaeschna</i> genus of insects

Rhionaeschna is the scientific name of a genus of dragonflies from the family Aeshnidae. They are also known as blue-eyed darners.

<i>Argia</i> genus of insects

Argia is a genus of damselflies of the family Coenagrionidae and of the subfamily Argiinae. It is a diverse genus which contains about 114 species and many more to be described. It is also the largest genus in Argiinae. They are found in the Western Hemisphere. They are commonly known as dancers. Although the genus name comes from Ancient Greek: ἀργία, romanized: argia, lit. 'laziness', dancers are quite active and alert damselflies. The bluer Argia species may be confused with Enallagma species.

<i>Agriocnemis</i> genus of insects

Agriocnemis is a genus of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae. Agriocnemis is distributed widely across Africa, South-east Asia, Indonesia, Australia and islands in the Pacific. They are small insects, commonly known as wisps.

<i>Ceriagrion</i> genus of insects

Ceriagrion is a genus of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae. Species of Ceriagrion are small to medium size, generally brightly coloured damselflies. They are found across the Old World, Africa, Asia and Australia.

Heteragrion is a genus of damselflies in the subfamily Argiolestinae of the flatwing damselfly family Megapodagrionidae.

<i>Ischnura</i> genus of insects

Ischnura is a genus of damselflies known as forktails in the family Coenagrionidae. Forktails are distributed worldwide, including various oceanic islands. The males have a forked projection at the tip of the abdomen which gives the group their common name.

Leptobasis is a small genus of damselflies in the family Coenagrionidae. They are commonly known as Swampdamsels. The genus is neotropical and one species, L. melinogaster, has been recorded in Texas. They are slender and the females have very long ovipositors.

<i>Lestes</i> genus of insects

Lestes is a genus of damselfly in the family Lestidae. The family hold their wings at about 45 degrees to the body when resting. This distinguishes them from most other species of damselflies which hold the wings along, and parallel to, the body when at rest.

<i>Macromia</i> genus of insects

Macromia is a genus of large dragonflies in the family Macromiidae. They are commonly known as river cruisers from their habit of cruising long distances along river banks. Most species of Macromia occur in the tropical Australasian region, with one species being found in Europe , and a few species occurring in North America.

<i>Neoneura</i> genus of insects

Neoneura is a genus of damselfly in the threadtail family Protoneuridae. They are found in the neotropics, from Cuba and Texas to Argentina.

<i>Pseudagrion</i> genus of insects

Pseudagrion is the largest genus of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae, with over 140 species. Its range includes most of Africa, much of Asia, and Australia. Africa holds most of the diversity with almost 100 species. It has occupied most of the freshwater habitats in its range, and dominates damselfly communities in habitats as different as desert pools, equatorial rainforests and montane streams.

<i>Tramea</i> genus of insects

Tramea is a genus of dragonflies in the family Libellulidae, the skimmers and perchers. Species of Tramea are found in tropical and subtropical regions around the globe. They typically have colored bases to their otherwise translucent hindwings. In particular when they fly, this creates the impression of their carrying bags at the start of their abdomens. They are known commonly as saddlebags or saddlebags gliders.

Protoneuridae family of insects

The Protoneuridae are a family of damselflies. Most species are commonly known as threadtails, while others are commonly known as bambootails.

<i>Brechmorhoga</i> genus of insects

Brechmorhoga is a genus of dragonfly in the Libellulidae family. Members of this genus are commonly called clubskimmers because of the widening abdominal segments much like the clubtails.

<i>Telebasis</i> genus of insects

Telebasis is a genus of damselflies in the family Coenagrionidae. The genus occurs in the Neotropics. Most of the species are red with a few blue species in South America.

<i>Archibasis</i> genus of insects

Archibasis is a genus of damselflies belonging to the family Coenagrionidae. These damselflies are generally medium-sized with bright colouring. Archibasis occurs in southern Asia, Indonesia, New Guinea and Australia.

References

  1. Kirby, W.F. (1890). A Synonymic Catalogue of Neuroptera Odonata, or Dragonflies. With an Appendix of fossil species. London: Gurney & Jackson. pp. 202 [148]. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.5534.
  2. Dijkstra, K.D.B.; et al. (2013). "The classification and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013)". Zootaxa. 3703 (1): 36–45. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.9.
  3. 1 2 3 "World Odonata List". Slater Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound. 2018. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  4. Borror, D.J.; White, R.E. (1970). A Field Guide to Insects. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN   0-395-91171-0.
  5. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (2007). Coenagrionidae, retrieved November 4, 2007.
  6. John L. Capinera (2008). Encyclopedia of Entomology. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 1244–1245. ISBN   978-1-4020-6242-1.
  7. Dijkstra, Klaas‐Douwe B.; Kalkman, Vincent J.; Dow, Rory A.; Stokvis, Frank R.; et al. (2014). "Redefining the damselfly families: a comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Zygoptera (Odonata)". Systematic Entomology. 39: 68–96. doi: 10.1111/syen.12035 .
  8. "Odonata Central" . Retrieved 2019-05-19.