Corella, Bohol

Last updated
Corella
Municipality of Corella
Town Hall Corella.jpg
Town Hall
Ph locator bohol corella.png
Map of Bohol with Corella highlighted
Corella, Bohol
Philippines location map (square).svg
Red pog.svg
Corella
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°41′N123°55′E / 9.68°N 123.92°E / 9.68; 123.92 Coordinates: 9°41′N123°55′E / 9.68°N 123.92°E / 9.68; 123.92
Country Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 1st District
Founded3 December 1879
Barangays 8 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
  Type Sangguniang Bayan
   Mayor Hilario D. Tocmo
   Vice Mayor Maria Asuncion B. Daquio
  CongressmanEdgardo M. Chatto
  Electorate5,725 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
  Total37.22 km2 (14.37 sq mi)
Elevation
71.2 m (233.6 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
  Total8,479
  Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
  Households
1,900
Economy
   Income class 5th municipal income class
   Poverty incidence 13.98% (2015) [4]
  Revenue (₱)48,851,238.22 (2016)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6337
PSGC
IDD : area code +63(0)38
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Native languagesBoholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog

Corella, officially the Municipality of Corella, (Cebuano : Lungsod sa Corella; Tagalog : Bayan ng Corella), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 8,479 people. [3]

Contents

Located 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran, it may have been named after a town in the province of Navarre in northern Spain. [5]

Corella is known primarily as the home of the endemic Philippine tarsier, one of the world's smallest primates. The 7.4-hectare (18-acre) Philippine tarsier sanctuary run by the Philippine Tarsier Foundation, as well as the Research and Development Center, is in Canapnapan, three kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the centre of town.

The people of Corella are predominantly conservative Roman Catholics belonging to the parish of Our Lady of the Village whose feast is celebrated on 27 April.

History

Its former name was Nugas before it obtained its present name, Corella. It was then a barrio of Baclayon. The adoption of the name Corella was made at the behest of Fr Jose Maria Cabañas del Carmen, then the parish priest of Baclayon and endorsed by Fr Felix Guillen de San Jose, the first Spanish priest. Corella was a name of a village in Navarra, Spain where this town's patroness, Nuestra Señora del Villar, showered miracles.

The creation of this town was due to the efforts of its inhabitants including Isidoro Ramo, who became its first gobernadorcillo.

The stone church and the convent were constructed during the tenure of Fr Felix Gullen and completed by later priests, one of them being Fr Dionisio Llorete who also spearheaded the erection of two stone school buildings and the municipal building during the term of the gobernadorcillo, Celedonio Sayon. But the construction of Corella's present concrete church began in 1924 under Fr Pedro Montelbon, the parish priest of Tagbilaran who took over the administration of the Corella parish after the incumbent, Fr Eugenio Desamparados left.

A battle of principles, rights, obligations, and duties raged in the municipality in 1920 between Simeon Sambola, the parish priest and the municipal president Nicanor C. Tocmo who were at loggerheads on the matter of school administration. From the pulpit, Fr Simeon lambasted the municipal administration and condemned the teachings in Corella schools as having originated from the mouth of hell. Enrollment in the school greatly diminished. Only close family friends and relatives of president Tocmo sent their children to school. The local civil administration complained to the provincial and national authorities. After a fact-finding investigation by the Department of Public Instruction whose report was submitted to the Governor-General, Fr Simeon was removed.

During the Japanese occupation, the area at a distance halfway between Corella and Gaboc was "no-man's land". Several civilians were arrested there by the Japanese and executed on the spot. Honorio Butawan, a bolo volunteer, was caught by the enemy, and taken to Tagbilaran never to return. Other civilians of Corella suffered instant death from the Japanese as the latter tried to escape the US army of liberation.

In October 1944, Capt. Martin Maliwanag, a guerrilla leader under Major Ismael Ingeniero established his headquarters in Corella, making the convent his command post and the primary school building east of the town plaza his detention cell. Several Filipino JCs (Japanese Constabulary) surrendered voluntarily. The first to surrender on 29 October 1944 was Lt. Victorio Sumodabila. He was shot on the spot by Capt. Maliwanag. Four other JCs from Corella who were killed and buried in common grave of Corella were Dandong Lamayo, his brother Fermin Lamayo, Felicisimo Guscal, and his brother-in-law, Celistino Formentera. In all, there were nine Filipino JCs who met their violent deaths in Corella on orders of Capt. Maliwanag, who met his own death when he attacked the Japanese garrison in Gaboc. His body was buried in the same cemetery as his victims. It was Maliwanag's men who captured the puppet Japanese governor Agapito Hontanosas.

During the guerrilla period, Corella had four mayors closely succeeding each other:

  • The Commonwealth-elected mayor Catalino C. Vale, who was suspected to be a Japanese puppet, was detained in Behind The Clouds (San Jose) in Batuan, where the Bohol Area Command (BAC) of the guerilla forces had its headquarters.
  • Roman Calotes Tocmo who was named acting vice mayor by the guerillas and Tiburcio Aranas who was the acting mayor.
  • After Aranas's death, Jose Clarin replaced him.
  • When Clarin went on leave, he was substituted by Isaac Filo.

Barangays

Corella comprises 8 barangays, all classified as rural:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015 [3] 2010 [6]
071215001 Anislag 16.9% 1,434 1,233 2.92%    
071215002 Canangcaan 11.2% 952 888 1.33%    
071215003 Canapnapan 10.6% 902 784 2.71%    
071215004 Cancatac 11.1% 943 921 0.45%    
071215005 Pandol 8.4% 713 640 2.08%    
071215006 Poblacion 14.9% 1,260 1,181 1.24%    
071215007 Sambog 17.7% 1,498 1,327 2.33%    
071215008 Tanday 9.2% 777 725 1.33%    
Total8,4797,6991.85%
Sambog: 1,498 (17.6%)Anisag: 1,434 (16.9%)Poblacion: 1,260 (14.8%)Canangca‑an: 952 (11.2%)Cancatac: 943 (11.1%)Canapnapan: 902 (10.6%)Pandol: 777 (9.2%)Tanday: 725 (8.5%)Corella, Bohol

Climate

Climate data for Corella, Bohol
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F)22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches)102
(4.0)
85
(3.3)
91
(3.6)
75
(3.0)
110
(4.3)
141
(5.6)
121
(4.8)
107
(4.2)
111
(4.4)
144
(5.7)
169
(6.7)
139
(5.5)
1,395
(55.1)
Average rainy days18.614.816.516.723.926.425.624.124.426.323.720.5261.5
Source: Meteoblue [7]

Demographics

Population census of Corella
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 5,005    
1918 6,127+1.36%
1939 5,676−0.36%
1948 5,194−0.98%
1960 4,583−1.04%
1970 5,244+1.35%
1975 5,286+0.16%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 5,197−0.34%
1990 6,150+1.70%
1995 5,526−1.98%
2000 6,048+1.95%
2007 7,471+2.96%
2010 7,699+1.10%
2015 8,479+1.85%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3] [6] [8] [9]

From 1990, a marked decrease in population is noted. Groups of people migrated to other parts of the country, such as Mindanao, where they founded a new municipality, "New Corella".

Economy

Corella does not have any major industry. A great majority of the people of the town are engaged in small-scale home businesses.

Related Research Articles

Bohol Province in Central Visayas, Philippines

{{Infobox settlement | name = Bohol | official_name = Province of Bohol | settlement_type = Province | image_skyline = Bohol Capitol Building Tagbilaran.JPG | image_caption = Bohol Capitol Building, Tagbilaran | image_flag = Flag of Bohol Province, Philippines.svg | flag_size = 120x80px | image_seal = File:Bohol Seal 1.svg | seal_size = 100x80px | image_shield = | anthem = Awit sa BoholBohol Hymn | image_map = Ph locator bohol.svg | map_caption = Location in the Philippines | coordinates = 9°54′N124°12′E | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = Philippines | subdivision_type1 = Region | subdivision_name1 = Central Visayas (Region VII) | established_title = Discovered by the Spanish
Founded | established_date = 25 March 1565
22 July 1854 | seat_type = Provincial Capital | seat = Tagbilaran | government_type = Sangguniang Panlalawigan | government_footnotes = | leader_title = Governor of Bohol[*] | leader_name = Arthur C. Yap | leader_title1 = Vice Governor of Bohol | leader_name1 = Rene Relampagos | leader_title2 = Provincial Board

Tagbilaran Component city in Central Visayas, Philippines

Tagbilaran, officially the City of Tagbilaran,, or simply known as Tagbilaran City, is a 3rd class city and capital of the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 105,051 people.

Baclayon Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Baclayon, officially the Municipality of Baclayon,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 20,591 people.

Balilihan Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Balilihan, officially the Municipality of Balilihan,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,903 people.

Calape, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Calape, officially the Municipality of Calape,, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 30,863 people.

Carmen, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Carmen, officially the Municipality of Carmen,, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 46,306 people.

Cortes, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Cortes, officially the Municipality of Cortes,, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,954 people.

Guindulman Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Guindulman, officially the Municipality of Guindulman,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,408 people.

Lila, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Lila, officially the Municipality of Lila,, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 12,257 people.

Loay, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Loay, officially the Municipality of Loay,, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,691 people.

Loboc, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Loboc, officially the Municipality of Loboc,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 15,993 people.

Mabini, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Mabini, officially the Municipality of Mabini,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 27,171 people.

Maribojoc, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Maribojoc, officially the Municipality of Maribojoc,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 20,688 people.

Sierra Bullones Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Sierra Bullones, officially the Municipality of Sierra Bullones,, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 24,745 people.

Sikatuna, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Sikatuna, officially the Municipality of Sikatuna,, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 6,726 people.

Talibon, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Talibon, officially the Municipality of Talibon,, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 66,969 people.

Tubigon Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Tubigon, officially the Municipality of Tubigon,, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 45,893 people.

Valencia, Bohol Municipality of the Philippines in the province of Bohol

Valencia, officially the Municipality of Valencia,, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 27,126 people.

Mayorga, Leyte Municipality in Eastern Visayas, Philippines

Mayorga, officially the Municipality of Mayorga, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,161 people.

References

  1. "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA . Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. "Ayuntamiento de Corella" (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  6. 1 2 Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO . Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. "Corella: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  8. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.