Currency symbol

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Symbols of the four most widely held reserve currencies Reserve currencies symbols 4.svg
Symbols of the four most widely held reserve currencies

A currency symbol or currency sign is a graphic symbol used to denote a currency unit. Usually it is defined by a monetary authority, such as the national central bank for the currency concerned.


A symbol may be positioned in various ways, according to national convention: before, between or after the numeric amounts: €2.50, 2,50€ and 2 Cifrao symbol.svg 50.

Symbols are neither defined nor listed by international standard ISO 4217, which only assigns three-letter codes.


When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. For currencies in English-speaking countries and in most of Latin America, the symbol is placed before the amount, as in $20.50. In most other countries, including many in Europe, the symbol is placed after the amount, as in 20,50€. Exceptionally, the symbol for the Cape Verdean escudo (like the Portuguese escudo, to which it was formerly pegged) is placed in the decimal separator position, as in 2 Cifrao symbol.svg 50. [1]


Formal dimensions of the euro sign Euro Construction.svg
Formal dimensions of the euro sign
The euro sign as implemented in a selection of typefaces Moreeurofonts.svg
The euro sign as implemented in a selection of typefaces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The modern dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish dollar, [2] whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from the letter L (written until the seventeenth century in blackletter type as ) standing for libra , a Roman pound of silver. [3]

Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism meaningful to their adopter. For example, the euro sign is based on ϵ, an archaic form of the Greek epsilon, to represent Europe; [4] the Indian rupee sign is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter (ra); [5] and the Russian Ruble sign is based on Р (the Cyrillic capital letter 'er'). [6]

There are other considerations, such as how the symbol is rendered on computers and typesetting. For a new symbol to be used, its glyphs needs to be added to computer fonts and keyboard mappings already in widespread use, and keyboard layouts need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the new symbol. For example, the European Commission was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts. [7] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most type foundries designing customized versions that match the 'look and feel' of the font to which it is to be added, often with reduced width.

List of currency symbols currently in use

afghani Afghan afghani Af is the singular and Afs is the pluralU+060B؋AFGHANI SIGN
Arariary Malagasy ariary [8]
฿baht Thai baht Also B when ฿ is unavailableU+0E3F฿THAI CURRENCY SYMBOL BAHT
B/balboa Panamanian balboa
Brbirr Ethiopian birr
bitcoin Bitcoin Cryptocurrency U+20BFBITCOIN SIGN
Bsbolívar Venezuelan bolívar
boliviano Bolivian boliviano
cedi Ghanaian cedi U+20B5CEDI SIGN
¢ cent, centavo, etc.Fraction
A centesimal subdivision of the US dollar, the Canadian dollar and the Mexican peso
c cent etc. variantFraction
In currencies Australian, New Zealand, South African dollar; the West African CFA centime, and divisions of the euro.
Chchhertum Bhutanese chhertum Fraction
A centesimal division of the ngultrum
colon Costa Rican colón Also C when ₡ is unavailableU+20A1COLON SIGN
C$córdoba Nicaraguan córdoba [9] Also used informally for Canadian dollar; see Can$. [10]
Ddalasi Gambian dalasi
denar Macedonian denar
dinar Serbian dinar
dinar Algerian dinar
dinar Bahraini dinar U+062FدARABIC LETTER DAL & U+0628بARABIC LETTER BEH
dinar Iraqi dinar U+062FدARABIC LETTER DAL & U+0639عARABIC LETTER AIN
dinar Jordanian dinar
dinar Kuwaiti dinar
dinar Libyan dinar
dinar Tunisian dinar
dirham Moroccan dirham Dh is the singular and Dhs is the plural
dirham Emirati dirham Dh is the singular and Dhs is the plural
Dbdobra São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
$ dollar May appear with either one or two bars ( Double-barred dollar sign.svg ); in Unicode considered as same glyph (variants).U+0024$DOLLAR SIGN
pataca$: Macanese pataca

dong Vietnamese đồng U+20ABDONG SIGN
֏ dram Armenian dram U+058F֏ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN
Double-barred dollar sign.svg
escudo Cape Verdean escudo Specifically the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão)As double barred: not defined in Unicode
Ξether ether Cryptocurrency U+039EΞGREEK CAPITAL LETTER XI
euro Euro This eurosign is used in all scripts used in the Eurozone countries (Latin, Cyrillic, Greek)U+20ACEURO SIGN
فلسfils fils Fraction
11000 or 1100 of various Arabic country currencies; see also falus
ƒ florinAlso fl when ƒ is unavailableU+0192ƒLATIN SMALL LETTER F WITH HOOK
Ftforint Hungarian forint
FBufranc Burundian franc
franc The symbol , an F with a double bar, was proposed but never officially adopted as the symbol of the French franc [14] [15] In some fonts, this code point is represented by Fr combined in a typographic ligature).U+20A3FRENCH FRANC SIGN
Ggourde Haitian gourde
grgrosz Polish grosz Fraction
A centesimal division of the złoty
guarani Paraguayan guaraní Also Gs when ₲ is unavailableU+20B2GUARANI SIGN
hheller Czech heller Fraction
A centesimal division of the koruna

hryvnia Ukrainian hryvnia U+20B4HRYVNIA SIGN
kip Lao kip Also K or KN when ₭ is unavailableU+20ADKIP SIGN
koruna Czech crown
knkuna Croatian kuna Historically Kn, between 1941 and 1945, see: Independent State of Croatia kuna
Kzkwanza Angolan kwanza
Kkina, kwacha
KKskyat Myanmar kyat K is the singular form and Ks is the plural
lari Georgian lari U+20BELARI SIGN
Leklek Albanian lek Also occasionally L
Llempira Honduran lempira Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho and Swazi currencies as the singular form. Also used as a pound sign (see: Lebanese, Sudanese and Syrian pounds and Turkish lira)
leuLeu is the singular and Lei is the plural. Also sometimes L
Leleone Sierra Leonean leone
lev Bulgarian lev
LElilangeni Swazi lilangeni L is the singular and E is the plural
lplipa Croatian lipa Fraction
A centesimal division of the kuna
lira Turkish lira Previously official sign was TL, still used when ₺ is unavailableU+20BATURKISH LIRA SIGN
LMloti Lesotho loti L is the singular and M is the plural
manat Azerbaijani manat Also m or man. when ₼ is unavailableU+20BCMANAT SIGN
KMmark Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
Mtmetical Mozambican metical [16] Also MTn
mmil Mil, mill, etc.Fraction
A millesimal subdivision of several currencies. As a subdivision of the US dollar the symbol ₥ is used (U+20A5MILL SIGN)
manat Turkmenistani manat
Nfknakfa Eritrean nakfa Also Nfa [17]
naira Nigerian naira Also N when ₦ is unavailableU+20A6NAIRA SIGN
Nungultrum Bhutanese ngultrum
UMouguiya Mauritanian ouguiya [18]
T$paanga Tongan paʻanga
Indian Paisa symbol.svg paisa Indian paisa Fraction
Centesimal division of the Indian rupee. Before 2010, official sign was ps. Still used when Indian Paisa symbol.svg is not available.
Not in Unicode
pspaisa Pakistani and Nepalese paisas Fraction
A centesimal division of the rupee
ppennyPenny sterling, and the pegged pennies of Alderney, the Falklands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man and Saint Helena Fraction
The centesimal subdivision of a pound sterling, known as the "New Penny" when introduced in 1971
piastre Lebanese and Syrian piastresA centesimal subdivision of the Lebanese and Syrian pounds
peso Philippine peso Also and PU+20B1PESO SIGN
PTpiastre Egyptian and Sudanese piastresFraction
A centesimal subdivision of the Egyptian and Sudanese pounds
pound Egyptian pound Also abbreviated £E in Latin script
pound Lebanese pound Also abbreviated £L in Latin script
Sudanese pound also abbreviated £Sd in Latin script.
Syrian pound also abbreviated £S, £Syr and SP in Latin script.
£ pound Pound sterling May be displayed with one or two bars, depending on typeface.U+00A3£POUND SIGN
SSPpound South Sudanese pound Also represented by £ [19]
Ppula Botswana pula
Qquetzal Guatemalan quetzal
qqintar Albanian qintar Fraction
A centesimal subdivision of the lek
Rrand South African rand Also Russian and Belarusian currencies in Latin script
R$real Brazilian real The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign: Double-barred dollar sign.svg

rial Iranian rial Rl is singular and Rls is pluralU+FDFCRIAL SIGN
rial Yemeni rial Rl is singular and Rls is pluralU+064AيARABIC LETTER YEH & U+0631رARABIC LETTER REH
riyal Saudi riyal Rl is singular and Rls is pluralU+0631رARABIC LETTER REH & U+0633سARABIC LETTER SEEN
rial Omani rial
rial Qatari riyal

RMringgit Malaysian ringgit
Pridnestrovie ruble sign.svg rubla Pridnestrovie rubla not in Unicode
rubel Belarusian rubel Rbl is the singular and Rbls is the plural. Also used for the Russian ruble

ruble Russian ruble U+20BDRUBLE SIGN
rufiyaa Maldivian rufiyaa U+0783ރTHAANA LETTER RAA
rupee Indian rupee Before 2010, official sign was Re/Rs; still used when ₹ is unavailableU+20B9INDIAN RUPEE SIGN
ReRs rupee
Re is the singular form and Rs is the pluralU+20A8RUPEE SIGN
Rprupiah Indonesian rupiah

shekel Israeli new shekel U+20AANEW SHEQEL SIGN
TShshilling Tanzanian shilling
KShshilling Kenyan shilling
Sh.So.shilling Somali shilling [24]
UShshilling Ugandan shilling
S/sol Peruvian sol
Som sign.svg
som Kyrgyzstani som Som sign.svg : Kyrgyz National Bank approved the underlined С (Cyrillic Es) as currency symbol (2017) [25] U+20C0 Som sign.svg SOM SIGN

taka Bangladeshi Taka The Unicode code character name is "Bengali Rupee sign"U+09F3BENGALI RUPEE SIGN
WS$tala Samoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala". Also T and ST.
tenge Kazakhstani tenge Also T when ₸ is unavailableU+20B8TENGE SIGN
tetri tetri Georgian lari Fraction
togrog Mongolian tögrög Also Tog when ₮ is unavailableU+20AETUGRIK SIGN
VTvatu Vanuatu vatu [26]


¥ yuan Renminbi yuan (元/圆)Used with one and two crossbars, depending on font
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and the Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars
yen Japanese yen (円/圓); (en, lit. "circle") is usually used in Japan
zloty Polish złoty Also zl when ł is unavailable
¤ genericGeneric placeholder for any actual symbol, for example in formatting pattern "12¤00"U+00A4¤CURRENCY SIGN

Rupee symbols by language

Rupee sign in other languages (scripts)
LanguageSign in UnicodeCurrency
Telugu U+0C30 రూ రూపాయి Indian rupee
Tamil U+0BF9TAMIL RUPEE SIGNIndian rupee / Sri Lankan rupee
Gujarati U+0AF1GUJARATI RUPEE SIGNIndian rupee
Kannada U+0CB0KANNADA LETTER RAIndian rupee
North Indic U+A838NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARKIndian rupee
Wancho U+1E2FF𞋿WANCHO NGUN SIGN [27] Indian rupee

List of historic currency symbols

Some of these symbols may not display correctly.

Argentine austral (1985–1991)
Cz$ Brazilian cruzado (1986–1989)
₢$ Brazilian cruzeiro (1942–1967)
Cr$ Brazilian cruzeiro (1970–1986)
Brazilian cruzeiro (1990–1993)
CR$ Brazilian cruzeiro real (1993–1994)
NCz$ Brazilian cruzado novo (1989–1990)
NCr$ Brazilian cruzeiro novo (1967–1970)
Rs$ Brazilian real (1747–1942)
Pfennig, a subdivision of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)
MEast German Deutsche Mark (east) (1948–1964)
DMWest German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) (1948–2001)
Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries [28]
Greek drachma
ECU (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)
Chilean escudo (1960–1975)
ƒ Dutch gulden, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Fr Franc, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted
Kčs Czechoslovak koruna (1919–1993)
Lm Maltese lira
Ls Latvian lats (1922–2013, not continuously)
Lt Lithuanian litas (1922–2014, not continuously)
MEast German Mark der DDR (1968–1990)
German Mark (1875–1923)
MDNEast German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank (1964–1968)
mk Finnish markka (1860–2002)
o$s Argentine peso oro sellado (1881–1970)
PF Philippine peso fuerte (1852–1901)
Salvadoran colón (18922001)
Spanish peseta (1869–2002)
R or RD Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)
ℛℳ Reichsmark (1923–1948)
Double-barred dollar sign.svg Portuguese escudo ( cifrão )
Sk Slovak koruna (1993–2008)
Spesmilo (1907  First World War) in the Esperanto movement
Livre tournois (13th century 1795)
𐆚 As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆖 Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆙 Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆗 Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆘 Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
I/. Peruvian inti (1985-1991)
Bengali rupee mark [29] [30]
Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16 of a taka or rupee [30]
Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20 of an ānā (1/320 of a taka or rupee) [30]
߾Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet [31]
߿Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet [31]
𞲰Indic Siyaq rupee mark [32]

See also

Related Research Articles

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