February 2022 Kharkiv cluster bombing

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February 2022 Kharkiv cluster bombing
Part of the Bombing of Kharkiv in the battle of Kharkiv during the Russian invasion of Ukraine
Damaged apartment building 28-64 Buchmy Street, Kharkiv after Russian shelling 28.02.2022 (03).jpg
A damaged building in Kharkiv after the attack
Location Kharkiv, Ukraine
Date28 February 2022
10:00 AM to 2:23 PM
TargetUkrainian civilians
Attack type
cluster munition bombing
Deaths9 [1]
Injured37 [1]
PerpetratorsBanner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg  Russian Armed Forces
MotiveUnknown

On February 28, 2022, a series of rocket strikes by the Russian Armed Forces killed 9 civilians and wounded 37 more [1] during the battle of Kharkiv, part of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Russian Army used cluster munition in the attack. Due to the indiscriminate nature of these weapons used in densely populated areas, Human Rights Watch described these strikes as a possible war crime. [2]

Contents

Attack

On February 28, 2022, during the battle of Kharkiv, around 10:00 a.m., the Russian Army fired Grad rockets into three different residential areas in Kharkiv. [2] [3] Nine civilians died. Four people were killed when they left a shelter to get water and go shopping between curfews; a family of two parents and three children were burned alive in their car. [4] The locations hit were residential buildings and a playground, [5] dispersed between Industrialnyi and Shevchenkivskyi District. Explosions in the city were recorded as late as 2:23 p.m. [2]

Investigations

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch investigated the attack and concluded that the Russian forces used Smerch cluster munition rockets, which disperse dozens of submunitions or bomblets in the air. [5] An international treaty bans cluster munitions because of their widespread damage and danger towards civilians. As there were no military targets within 400 meters of these strikes, and due to the indiscriminate nature of these weapons used in densely populated areas, Human Rights Watch assumes that it could be a possible Russian war crime. [2]

Amnesty International

Amnesty International found evidence of Russian forces repeatedly using 9N210/9N235 cluster munitions as well as scatterable mines, both of which are subject to international treaty bans - Convention on Cluster Munitions and Ottawa Treaty - because of their indiscriminate effects. [6] [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">March 2022 Donetsk attack</span> Missile attack in Ukraine

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">April 2022 Kharkiv cluster bombing</span> Incident during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 15 April 2022, a series of rocket strikes by the Russian Armed Forces killed 9 civilians and wounded 35 more during the battle of Kharkiv, part of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Russian Army used 9N210/9N235 cluster munition in the attack. Due to the indiscriminate nature of these weapons when used in densely populated areas, Amnesty International described these strikes as a possible war crime.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">March 2022 Kharkiv cluster bombing</span> Incident during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 March 2022, a rocket strike by the Russian Armed Forces killed 6 civilians and wounded 15 more during the battle of Kharkiv, part of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Russian Army used 9N210/9N235 cluster munition and BM-27 Uragan multiple rocket launcher in the attack. Due to the indiscriminate nature of these weapons used in densely populated areas, Amnesty International described these strikes as a possible Russian war crime.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Use of cluster munitions in the Russian invasion of Ukraine</span>

The use of cluster munitions during the Russian invasion of Ukraine (2022–present) has been recorded by a number of eyewitnesses and journalists, as well as representatives of the UN, humanitarian and public organizations. In particular, the head of the UN Human Rights Council, Michelle Bachelet, reported on March 30 at least 24 cases since the beginning of the invasion. As of July 1, hundreds of attacks by Russian forces with cluster munitions have already been recorded in the settlements of the Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhia, Kyiv, Luhansk, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Sumy, Kharkiv, Kherson and Chernihiv regions. 215 civilians are known to have been killed in these shellings and 474 injured, many of which may go unreported. Both Russia as well as Ukraine have used cluster munitions during the conflict, however, Russian use has been extensive while Ukrainian use has been more limited.

The Russian Armed Forces have launched several rocket attacks on Kharkiv, Ukraine, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lyman cluster bombing</span> Attack during the 2023 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 8 July 2023, at around 9:55 a.m., during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Russian Armed Forces shelled the residential area in the center of Lyman with 9M55K-series Smerch cluster munition. Lyman was at the time approximately 15 kilometers west of Russian-occupied territories. The bombing killed 9 civilians, while 13 were wounded. It targeted the crossing of Nezalezhnosti and Dubonosa Streets, where locals were selling and trading vegetables grown in their gardens.

Amnesty International stated that both Azerbaijani and Armenian forces committed war crimes during Second Nagorno-Karabakh War, and called on the governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan to immediately conduct independent, impartial investigations, identify all those responsible, and bring them to justice. UN Secretary-General António Guterres stated that "indiscriminate attacks on populated areas anywhere, including in Stepanakert, Ganja and other localities in and around the immediate Nagorno-Karabakh zone of conflict, were totally unacceptable". Columbia University's Institute for the Study of Human Rights recognized that violent conflict affected all sides in the conflict but distinguished "the collateral damage of Azerbaijanis" from "the policy of atrocities such as mutilations and beheadings committed by Azerbaijani forces and their proxies in Artsakh." Azerbaijan started an investigation on war crimes by Azerbaijani servicemen in November and as of 14 December 2020, has arrested four of its servicemen.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Civilian casualty report" (PDF). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights . March 1, 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Ukraine: Cluster Munitions Launched Into Kharkiv Neighborhoods". Human Rights Watch. March 4, 2022. Archived from the original on March 13, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  3. "Several killed as Russian rockets pound Ukraine's Kharkiv". Al Jazeera . February 28, 2022. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  4. Luke Harding (March 1, 2022). "'Horrendous' rocket attack kills civilians in Kharkiv as Moscow 'adapts its tactics'". The Guardian . Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  5. 1 2 David L. Stern, Miriam Berger, Sarah Cahlan, Isabelle Khurshudyan, Joyce Sohyun Lee (February 28, 2022). "Dozens wounded in shelling of Kharkiv as Russia strikes buildings with suspected cluster munitions". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Amnesty International UKRAINE: HUNDREDS KILLED IN RELENTLESS RUSSIAN SHELLING OF KHARKIV Archived 2022-09-17 at the Wayback Machine , June 13, 2022
  7. "Ukraine war: Evidence shows widespread use of cluster munitions in Kharkiv". BBC News . 13 June 2022. Archived from the original on 13 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.