Battle of Irpin

Last updated
Battle of Irpin
Part of the Kyiv offensive of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
A damaged building Irpin Lypky.jpg
Date27 February – 28 March 2022
(1 month and 1 day)
Location
Result Ukrainian victory
Belligerents
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Commanders and leaders
UnknownFlag of Ukraine.svg Oleksiy Kuleba [1]
Flag of Ukraine.svg Oleksandr Markushyn [2]
Units involved

Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg  Russian Armed Forces

Flag of National Guard of the Russian Federation.svg National Guard of Russia

Ensign of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg  Ukrainian Armed Forces

Strength
30,000 troops (including Moschun) [5] 3,000 troops (including Moschun) [6]
Casualties and losses
83+ soldiers killed [7] [8]
1 armored personnel carrier destroyed [9]
200+ vehicles destroyed [10]
1 Su-25 shot down
2 Su-30s shot down [11]
Per Ukraine:
~50 soldiers killed [12]
Per Ukraine:
290 civilians killed [13]

The battle of Irpin was part of the Kyiv offensive in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine for control of the city of Irpin. The combatants were elements of the Russian Armed Forces and Ukrainian Ground Forces. The battle lasted from 27 February 2022 to 28 March 2022 and ended with Ukrainian forces recapturing the city. [14] [15]

Contents

The battle was part of a larger operation to encircle Kyiv, the capital city of Ukraine. The Ukrainian forces resisted the Russian advance in the capital's western suburbs of Irpin, Bucha, and Hostomel. [16] [17] [18] The battle was marked by fierce urban fighting. [19] [20]

Prelude

On 25 February, Russian forces advanced on the suburb of Hostomel and its airport from the northwest after partially breaking through Ukrainian defenses at Ivankiv, capturing the airport and establishing a foothold in the town. Though there was still ongoing Ukrainian resistance in Hostomel, Russian forces began to advance south to capture the neighboring cities of Irpin and Bucha, with the goal of encircling Kyiv. [17] [18]

Later that day, a Russian column was defeated by Ukrainian forces near Irpin. [21] [22] On 26 February, residents of Irpin reported that Russian saboteurs were disguising themselves as Ukrainian soldiers. [23]

Battle

February

A transfer of civilians from Irpin to Kyiv due to Russian attacks. Transfer of civilians from Irpin to Kyiv due to Russian attacks.jpg
A transfer of civilians from Irpin to Kyiv due to Russian attacks.

On 25 February, due a lack of communications with the main invasion command, a convoy of OMON and SOBR units from Kemerovo Oblast accidentally separated from the invasion forces and ended up charging at Kyiv by themselves. The convoy was ambushed at a bridge over the Irpin River, and the unarmored and under-equipped units were completely destroyed. Reportedly, of the 80 soldiers in the convoy, only 3 wounded men survived. [3]

On 27 February, Ukrainian forces reported that Russian Ground Forces had advanced into Bucha, breaking through the city and advancing towards Irpin. [18] [24] A tank battle ensued inside the city, while Ukrainian infantry engaged Russian paratroopers. [18] [24] Oleksandr Markushyn, the mayor of Irpin, stated that the Russian forces were attempting to break through the city, but were being repulsed by Ukrainian Ground Forces and Territorial Defense Forces, with Ukrainian tank reinforcements coming from Bucha. Intense fighting occurred at the Giraffe mall between Bucha and Irpin.Videos posted by Ukrainian soldiers showed a destroyed Russian armored personnel carrier and at least six dead Russian soldiers. [25] [26] [27]

The Ukrainian forces used rockets, artillery, and airstrikes to halt the Russian advance, and destroyed a bridge connecting Bucha and Irpin. [28] [29]

On 28 February 2022, Ukrainian official Oleksiy Arestovych stated that Ukrainian forces attacked Russian forces on Highway M06 in the morning and that more than 200 Russian vehicles were destroyed or damaged by the afternoon. [30] [31]

March

1–5 March 2022

The University of the State Tax Service of Ukraine in Irpin damaged by Russian shelling, 4 March Infrastructure of the University of the State Tax Service of Ukraine in Irpin damaged by Russian shelling.jpg
The University of the State Tax Service of Ukraine in Irpin damaged by Russian shelling, 4 March
Destroyed Russian armor in Irpin, 31 March Destroyed Russian armor in Irpin.png
Destroyed Russian armor in Irpin, 31 March
Irpin after Russian invasion Irpin after Russian invasion.jpg
Irpin after Russian invasion
Vehicle graveyard in Irpin Vehicle graveyard in Irpin 2.jpg
Vehicle graveyard in Irpin

On 2 March 2022, two Russian Sukhoi Su-25s conducted airstrikes in Irpin. Two missiles struck a residential building, killing a child and injuring a woman. [32] [33] [34] One of the Su-25s was shot down by Ukrainian forces. The jet was identified to be part of the Russian 18th Guards Assault Aviation Regiment. [35] [36]

Ukrainian military officials reported that Russian forces had begun to lose momentum, taking significant casualties and being stopped at "unfavorable borders". [37] [38]

On 3 March 2022, the Kyiv Oblast State Administration announced that the Ukrainian government was sending humanitarian aid to Bucha and Irpin, as well announcing evacuations in both cities. More than 1,500 women and children were reported to have evacuated by train, while 250 were evacuated by bus. [39] [40] However, Ukrainian officials reported that the evacuations were complicated as some railway tracks had been destroyed during fighting. [41]

Valerii Zaluzhnyi, the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, announced that a Russian Sukhoi Su-30 fighter jet was shot down over Irpin by Ukrainian air defenses on 3 March. [42] [43]

On 5 March 2022, Ukrainian forces began to evacuate civilians from Irpin towards Kyiv on foot, though a destroyed bridge complicated efforts. [44] [45]

6–10 March 2022

On 6 March 2022, Russian forces captured part of Irpin. [46] In the morning, Oleksiy Kuleba, the city's Ukrainian military commander, stated that many evacuation routes out of the city were unsafe. [1] During a civilian evacuation later that day, 8 civilians, including 2 children, were killed when Russian forces shelled the evacuation road by Russian mortar units. A Ukrainian artillery position was located nearby. [1] [47]

According to Human Rights Watch, the Russian shelling may have violated their obligations under international humanitarian law. The organization also stated that Ukrainian similarly had an obligation to prevent civilian casualties by not operating military actions in civilian areas. [48] Ukrainian soldier Pavlo Lee, an actor who had joined the Territorial Defense Forces, was later killed by Russian shelling. [49]

On 8 March, Markushyn, who was commanding part of the Ukrainian forces in the city, stated that Russian forces demanded him to surrender the city, which he rejected, saying, "Irpin can't be bought, Irpin fights". [50] [51]

On 9 March 2022, as Russian troops were seen patrolling streets in Irpin. [52] Ukrainian forces conducted a large-scale evacuation across Kyiv Oblast, including in Irpin. Up to 20,000 civilians were evacuated in Kyiv Oblast. [53] Later, the Kyiv Oblast State Administration stated that fighting in Irpin continued during the night. [54]

13–14 March 2022

On 13 March, Russian forces at a checkpoint shot at a car carrying foreign journalists, killing American journalist Brent Renaud and injuring two other journalists. Renaud was carrying press credentials issued by The New York Times , though he had not worked for the publication since 2015. [55] [56]

On 14 March, Mykhailyna Skoryk-Shkarivska  [ uk ], a member of Irpin City Council, stated that half of Irpin was occupied by Russian forces. [57]

23–24 March 2022

On 23 March, Markushyn claimed that Ukrainian forces were in control of 80 percent of the city, [58] while France 24 reported Ukrainian forces on the ground acknowledged that Russia controlled half of the city. [59]

28 March 2022

On 28 March, Markushyn claimed on social media that Irpin had been recaptured by Ukrainian forces. After initial uncertainty, [60] [61] Reuters confirmed the city was under Ukrainian control on 30 March, with CNN also confirming Ukrainian control of the city on 31 March. [62] [63]

See also

Related Research Articles

Irpin is a city on the Irpin River in Bucha Raion, Kyiv Oblast, northern Ukraine. It is located next to the capital Kyiv. Irpin hosts the administration of Irpin urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The city has a population of 65,167.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Irpin (river)</span> River in Ukraine

The Irpin or Irpen is a river in Ukraine, a right tributary of the Dnieper River. It is 162 kilometres (101 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 3,340 square kilometres (1,290 sq mi). Irpin city is one of the urban settlements beside the river.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hostomel</span> Urban locality in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Hostomel is a rural settlement in Bucha Raion, Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located northwest of the capital Kyiv. It hosts the administration of Hostomel settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 18,466.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bucha, Ukraine</span> City in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bucha is a city in Ukraine's Kyiv Oblast. Administratively, it serves as the administrative center of Bucha Raion. It hosts the administration of Bucha urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Its population is approximately 37,321. Bucha Day is celebrated in the city between 11 and 13 September.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vorzel</span> Urban locality in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Vorzel is an urban-type settlement in Bucha Raion, Kyiv Oblast of Ukraine. It belongs to Bucha urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 6,859.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kherson International Airport</span> Civil and military airport in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Kherson International Airport is a civil and military airport serving the city of Kherson, Ukraine. It is located at Chornobaivka, in Kherson Oblast, on the north-west outskirts of the city of Kherson.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Antonov Airport</span> Battle in the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The Battle of Antonov Airport, also known as the battle of Hostomel Airport, was a military engagement which occurred at the Antonov Airport in Hostomel, Kyiv Oblast, during the Kyiv offensive of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern Ukraine campaign</span> Russian offensive in Ukraine

The Northern Ukraine campaign was a theater of operation in the Russian invasion of Ukraine. It involved attacks by Russia across the Russo-Ukrainian and Belarusian–Ukrainian borders, beginning on 24 February 2022, for control of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, and the surrounding areas of Kyiv Oblast and northern regions Zhytomyr Oblast, Sumy Oblast, and Chernihiv Oblast. Kyiv is the seat of the Ukrainian government and the headquarters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Chernihiv</span> Battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

The siege of Chernihiv was a military engagement in the city of Chernihiv, in Chernihiv Oblast in the north of Ukraine. It began on 24 February 2022, as part of the northern Ukraine offensive, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. On 4 April 2022, Ukrainian authorities stated that the Russian military had left Chernihiv Oblast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Ivankiv</span> Battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

The battle of Ivankiv was a military engagement that was part of the Kyiv offensive in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine for control of the town of Ivankiv which is the location of a key crossing over the river Teteriv. The combatants were elements of the Russian Armed Forces and Ukrainian Ground Forces. The battle lasted from 25 February 2022 to 31 March 2022 and ended with the withdrawal of Russian forces.

The battle of Bucha was part of the Kyiv offensive in the Russian invasion of Ukraine for control of the city of Bucha. The combatants were elements of the Russian Armed Forces and Ukrainian Ground Forces. The battle lasted from 27 February to 31 March 2022 and ended with the withdrawal of Russian forces. The battle was part of a larger tactic to encircle Kyiv, the capital city of Ukraine.

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and the resulting Russian occupation of multiple Ukrainian towns and cities, numerous cases of non-violent resistance against the invasion took place. Local residents organised protests against the invasion and blocked the movement of Russian military equipment. The Russian military dispersed the protests, sometimes with live fire, injuring many and killing some. Most of the large protests ended in March.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Hostomel</span> Battle during the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The battle of Hostomel was the first major battle in the Russian invasion of Ukraine, fought for control over the town of Hostomel between the Russian and Ukrainian armed forces. As part of the Kyiv offensive, the Russian forces sought control over Hostomel, Bucha and Irpin in order to encircle and besiege the Ukrainian capital city Kyiv from the west. Due to the intensity of the Kyiv offensive, the Kyiv Oblast State Administration named Hostomel, along with Irpin, Bucha, Highway M06, and Vyshhorod as the most dangerous places in Kyiv Oblast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022 Chornobaivka attacks</span> Military attacks in Chornobaivka during the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The 2022 Chornobaivka attacks were a series of Ukrainian attacks against the Russian-held Kherson International Airport at Chornobaivka, which began on 27 February 2022 during the southern Ukraine campaign of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Chornobaivka, located in Ukraine's Kherson Oblast, saw dozens of attacks on Russian positions by the Ukrainian Armed Forces following a bombing and takeover by the Russian Armed Forces of the town's airport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Makariv</span> Battle during the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The battle of Makariv was a military engagement in the town of Makariv in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The battle lasted from 27 February 2022 to 25 March 2022, the last day that fighting was reported in Makariv. Shelling of the town continued until 31 March, and the Makariv settlement hromada was fully liberated the next day, on 1 April.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian occupation of Kyiv Oblast</span> Military occupation by Russia

The Russian occupation of Kyiv Oblast was a military occupation that began on the first day of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022. The capital, Kyiv, was extensively bombed during the invasion, but was never captured. However, many cities were captured near North and western parts of the Oblast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Balakliia</span> Battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

The battle of Balakliia was part of the Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive that began on September 6, 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">241st Territorial Defense Brigade (Ukraine)</span> Ukrainian 241st Territorial Defense Forces Brigade

The 241st Independent Brigade of the Territorial Defense Forces is a military formation of the Territorial Defense Forces of Ukraine in Kyiv. It is part of Operational Command North.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">112th Territorial Defense Brigade (Ukraine)</span> Ukrainian 112th Territorial Defense Forces Brigade

The 112th Independent Brigade of the Territorial Defense Forces is a military formation of the Territorial Defense Forces of Ukraine in Kyiv. It is part of Operational Command North.

Volodymyr Hennadiiovych Korotia is a Ukrainian writer, public figure, serviceman, junior lieutenant of the Irpin Company Tactical Group of the Territorial Defense Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, a participant in the Russian-Ukrainian war. Member of the Bucha City Council (2020).

References

  1. 1 2 3 Addario, Lynsey (6 March 2022). "Russian forces fire on evacuees, leaving 4 people dead outside Kyiv". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  2. Christoph Reuter (11 March 2022). "Courage, Desperation and Defiance Fuels the Defense of Ukraine". Spiegel. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 McMillan, Tim (2022-05-20). "Know No Mercy: The Russian Cops Who Tried To Storm Kyiv By Themselves". The Debrief. Retrieved 2022-12-11.
  4. "Inside Ukraine's International Legion". 11 October 2022.
  5. "The Untold Story of the Battle for Kyiv | Small Wars Journal".
  6. "The Untold Story of the Battle for Kyiv | Small Wars Journal".
  7. "Know No Mercy: The Russian Cops Who Tried to Storm Kyiv by Themselves". 20 May 2022.
  8. "ЗСУ відбили Ірпінь у окупантів".
  9. "ЗСУ відбили Ірпінь у окупантів".
  10. "До 14:00 було знищено понад 200 одиниць техніки окупантів на напрямках траси Ірпінь-Житомир, - Арестович | Новини Еспресо".
  11. Свобода, Радіо (3 March 2022). "Російський літак СУ-30 збили у небі над містом Ірпінь – Залужний". Радіо Свобода.
  12. According to preliminary data, up to 50 servicemen, 200-300 civilians killed under shelling, during fighting in Irpin
  13. At least 290 civilian bodies found in Irpin since Russian withdrawal, mayor says
  14. Kramer, Andrew E.; Berehulak, Daniel (2022-03-29). "In Kyiv Suburb, Ukrainian Military Claims a Big Prize". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  15. Guerin, Orla (2022-04-01). "Battle for Irpin: Russian forces pushed out of Kyiv suburb". BBC News. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  16. Clark, Mason; Barros, George; Stepanenko, Kateryna (27 February 2022). "Russia-Ukraine Warning Update: Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 27, 2022". Critical Threats. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  17. 1 2 "Latest Military Situation in Ukraine, 27 February 2022 (Map Update)". Islamic World News. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022. On February 27, the southern areas of Gostomel Airport, including Bucha and Irpin, witnessed one of the heaviest battles in the past four days between Russian and Ukrainian forces. Russian forces trying to block the western entrances to the city of Kiev by advancing in this area.
  18. 1 2 3 4 Clark, Mason; Barros, George; Stepanenko, Kateryna (27 February 2022). "Russia-Ukraine Warning Update: Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 27, 2022". Critical Threats. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  19. "'Hand-to-hand combat': Street battles rage on Kyiv's edge". France 24. 2022-03-07. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  20. Episkopos, Mark (2022-03-17). "Ukraine Launches Counteroffensives in Key Cities". National Interest. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  21. "Відео розгромлених колон російської техніки в Конотопі та Ірпені". t1.ua. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  22. "ЗСУ розтрощили російську військову колону в Ірпені". TCH. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  23. "В Ірпені помітили російських військових, які переодяглися у цивільне (відео)". Segodnya. 26 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  24. 1 2 Орлова, Віолетта (27 February 2022). "Бої за Ірпінь, Бучу, та Гостомель: що відбувається в цих населених пунктах на Київщині". UNIAN. Archived from the original on 1 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  25. "ЗСУ відбили Ірпінь у окупантів". Segodnya. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  26. "Ірпінь відбитий. Купа трупів росіян - мер закликав об'єднуватися". Gazeta. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  27. "Бої в Ірпені: "шість окупантів знищено, мінус один БТР, працюємо далі"". Novynarnia. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  28. "Advisor to the President of Ukraine: Russian invaders broke through into Bucha, Irpin, and Hostomil, their advance was stopped". pravda. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  29. Горбач, Наталія (27 February 2022). "Колона окупантів заблокована: ЗСУ підірвали міст між Бучею та Ірпенем (ВІДЕО)". Depo Kyiv. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  30. ""Якби ж ви знали...": Арестович про знищення військової техніки окупантів". TCH. 28 February 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  31. "До 14:00 було знищено понад 200 одиниць техніки окупантів на напрямках траси Ірпінь-Житомир, - Арестович". Espreso. 28 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  32. "Російські окупанти ракетами обстріляли Ірпінь: подробиці". TCH. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  33. "Уранці окупанти завдали двох авіаударів по Ірпеню, зруйновано житловий будинок. Фото і відео". Gordonua. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  34. "Внаслідок ворожого обстрілу Ірпеня загинула дитина та поранили жінку". 24tv. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  35. Орлова, Віолетта (2 March 2022). "Знищено російський літак Су-25, який бомбив Ірпінь (фото)". UNIAN. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  36. "Збито російський Су-25, який бомбив Ірпінь". mil.in.ua. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  37. ""Легкої прогулянки" не вийшло": в ЗСУ розповіли про ситуацію в Україні і "прозріння" окупантів". TCH. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  38. "Генштаб заявляє про "перехоплення ініціативи у російських окупантів"". Radiosvoboda. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  39. "ІРПІНЬ ТА БУЧА – УКРАЇНСЬКІ!". КИЇВСЬКА ОБЛАСНА ДЕРЖАВНА АДМІНІСТРАЦІЯ. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  40. БАЛАЧУК, ІРИНА (3 March 2022). "З Ірпеня і Бучі вивезли понад 1,5 тисячі жінок і дітей, з Фастівщини – ще 500". Pravda. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  41. "Буча, Ірпінь, Гостомель і Ворзель: що відбувається в найгарячіших точках Київщини". Ukrinform. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  42. "Російський літак СУ-30 збили у небі над містом Ірпінь – Залужний". Radiosvoboda. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 8 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  43. Гірко, Вікторія (3 March 2022). "Над Ірпенем збили російський літак Су-30". Fakty. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  44. "Люди після бомбардувань намагаються покинути місто Ірпінь (відео)". Radiosvoboda. 5 March 2022. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  45. "З Ірпеня на Київщині триває евакуація населення (фото, відео)". Konkurent. 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  46. "ОКУПАНТИ ЗАХОПИЛИ ЧАСТИНУ ІРПЕНЯ І ВБИЛИ МІНІМУМ 8 ОСІБ: МЕР ПОВІДОМИВ ПРО СИТУАЦІЮ В МІСТІ". TCH. 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  47. "Під час евакуації з Ірпеня війська РФ відкрили вогонь по цивільних, є загиблі – кореспондент Радіо Свобода". Radio Svoboda. 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  48. "Ukraine: Russian Assault Kills Fleeing Civilians". Human Rights Watch. 8 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  49. "Pasha Lee, Ukrainian Actor and TV Host, Killed by Russian Shelling at 33". IMDb. Archived from the original on 2022-03-08. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
  50. ""Irpin can't be bought, Irpin fights": Mayor refuses Russian demand to surrender". CNN. 8 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  51. Reuter, Christoph (2022-03-11). "Impressions from an Embattled Kyiv: Courage, Desperation and Defiance Fuels the Defense of Ukraine". Der Spiegel. ISSN   2195-1349 . Retrieved 2022-03-18.
  52. "Exclusive: Footage shows Russian troops inside besieged Irpin, 13 miles from central Kyiv". ITV News. 9 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-03-10. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
  53. "До 20 тысяч человек были эвакуированы из Бучи, Ирпеня, Гостомеля, Ворзеля и других городов Киевской области". TCH. 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  54. "Житомирська траса, Буча, Ірпінь, Макарів - найнебезпечніші напрямки Київщини". Ukrinform. 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  55. Alex Woodward; David Harding (13 March 2022). "Award-winning US filmmaker Brent Renaud killed by Russian forces in Ukraine, authorities say". The Independent . Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  56. Keiran Southern (13 March 2022). "American journalist Brent Renaud shot dead near Kyiv". The Times . Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  57. "Mass graves in Ukraine: Battered cities are digging makeshift burial sites". BBC News. 14 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-03-14. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  58. "Kyiv suburb Irpin now 80% under Ukrainian control, mayor says". CNN. 23 March 2022.
  59. "The battle of Irpin: Meeting the Ukrainian resistance". France24. 24 March 2022.
  60. "Mayor tells CNN that Ukraine has reclaimed Kyiv suburb Irpin from Russian forces". CNN. 2022-03-28. Retrieved 2022-03-28.
  61. "Irpin mayor says Kyiv suburb 'liberated' from Russian forces". Timeso of Israel. Retrieved 2022-03-28.
  62. Hnidyi, Vitalii; Karazy, Sergiy (30 March 2022). "Russia bombs Ukraine cities, despite pledge to pull back from Kyiv". Reuters . Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  63. Cotovio, Vasco; Pleitgen, Frederik; Blunt, Bryon; Markina, Daria (31 March 2022). "Ukrainians have retaken Irpin from the Russian invaders. But it's a city that now lies in ruins". CNN. Retrieved 1 April 2022.