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Gillingham was a non-metropolitan district in Kent, England. It was abolished on 1 April 1998 and replaced by Medway.
The Borough of Gillingham, was formed in 1903, to which, in 1928, the adjoining parish of Rainham was added.
In 1944, a Medway Towns Joint Amalgamation Committee was formed by the borough corporations of Chatham, Gillingham and Rochester, to discuss the possibility of the towns forming a single county borough. In 1948 the Local Government Boundary Commission recommended that the area become a "most purposes" county borough, but the recommendation was not carried out.
Since the first election to the council in 1973 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:
|Party in control||Years|
|No overall control||1973-1976|
|No overall control||1990-1995|
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Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England. It is at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London.
Medway is a conurbation and unitary authority in Kent in the region of South East England. It had a population in 2019 of 278,016. The unitary authority was formed in 1998 when the City of Rochester-upon-Medway amalgamated with Gillingham Borough Council and part of Kent County Council to form Medway Council, a unitary authority independent of Kent County Council.
Gillingham is a town in the county of Kent in South East England. For local government purposes it is also in the unitary authority of Medway.
Rainham is a town and is part of the Medway Towns conurbation, its population often included under Gillingham in the unitary authority of Medway, in South East England. It is part of the ceremonial county of Kent. Historically, Rainham was a separate village until, in 1928, it was added to the Municipal Borough of Gillingham, which was originally created in 1903 and was grouped into the latter's built-up area in analysis of the 2011 census by the Office for National Statistics. It became part of the Medway authority when Gillingham was incorporated with the other towns to form Medway Unitary Authority in 1998. It has its own leisure and retail hub and unlike Gillingham has a traditional area broadly to the south and which since the late 20th century is largely residential housing.
A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England that is not a metropolitan county. The counties typically have populations of 300,000 to 1.4 million. The term shire county is, however, an unofficial usage. Many of the non-metropolitan counties bear historic names and most, such as Wiltshire and Staffordshire, end in the suffix "-shire". Of the remainder, some counties had the "-shire" ending but have lost it over time, such as Devon and Somerset.
Medway was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom between 1983 and 2010. A previous constituency of the same name existed from 1885 to 1918.
Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of subdivisions of England used for the purposes of local government outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly. As originally constituted, the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties each consisted of multiple districts, had a county council and were also the counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies. Later changes in legislation during the 1980s and 1990s have allowed counties without county councils and 'unitary authority' counties of a single district. Counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies are now defined separately, based on the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties.
Macclesfield was a non-metropolitan district in Cheshire, England. It was abolished on 1 April 2009 and replaced by Cheshire East.
Rochester and Strood is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Kelly Tolhurst, a Conservative. She is currently a minister in the Department for Transport.
Rochester-upon-Medway was a local government district in north Kent, England from 1974 to 1998.
One third of West Lancashire Borough Council in Lancashire, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2002, 54 councillors have been elected from 25 wards. West Lancashire is a non-metropolitan district forming a lower-tier of local government under Lancashire County Council.
Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district. They are constituted under the Local Government Act 1992, which amended the Local Government Act 1972 to allow the existence of counties that do not have multiple districts. They typically allow large towns to have separate local authorities from the less urbanised parts of their counties and provide a single authority for small counties where division into districts would be impractical. Unitary authorities do not cover all of England. Most were established during the 1990s, though further tranches were created in 2009 and 2019–20. Unitary authorities have the powers and functions that are elsewhere separately administered by councils of non-metropolitan counties and the non-metropolitan districts within them.
The Local Government Commission for England was the body responsible for reviewing the structure of local government in England from 1992 to 2002. It was established under the Local Government Act 1992, replacing the Local Government Boundary Commission for England. The Commission could be ordered by the Secretary of State to undertake "structural reviews" in specified areas and recommend the creation of unitary authorities in the two-tier shire counties of England. The Commission, chaired by John Banham, conducted a review of all the non-metropolitan counties of England from 1993 to 1994, making various recommendations on their future.
One third of Stevenage Borough Council in Hertfordshire, England is elected each year, followed by one year when there is an election to Hertfordshire County Council instead.
One third of Runnymede Borough Council in Surrey, England is elected each year, followed by one year where there is an election to Surrey County Council instead. The council is divided up into 14 wards, electing 41 councillors, since the last boundary changes in 2019.
Medway is a unitary authority in Kent, England. It was created on 1 April 1998 replacing Gillingham and Rochester-upon-Medway.
Medway Council is the local authority of Medway in Kent, England. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined.
Swale Borough Council in Kent, England is elected every four years. Until 2011 one third of the council was elected every year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2002, 47 councillors have been elected from 25 wards.
Rochester-upon-Medway was a non-metropolitan district in Kent, England. It was abolished on 1 April 1998 and replaced by Medway.
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