Habikino

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Habikino
羽曳野市
Furuichi Kofun Group from Mount Takao.jpg
Panoramic view of downtown Habikino and Furuichi tomb group heritage site
Flag of Habikino, Osaka.svg
Symbol of Habikino, Osaka.svg
Habikino in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Habikino in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Habikino
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°33′N135°36′E / 34.550°N 135.600°E / 34.550; 135.600 Coordinates: 34°33′N135°36′E / 34.550°N 135.600°E / 34.550; 135.600
CountryJapan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka
Government
  MayorTsuguo Kitagawa
Area
  Total26.45 km2 (10.21 sq mi)
Population
 (January 31, 2022)
  Total109,479
  Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address4-1-1 Konda, Habikino-shi, Ōsaka-fu 583-8585
Website Official website
Symbols
Flower Peach
Tree Mandarin Orange
Habikino city office Habikino-city-office.jpg
Habikino city office

Habikino (羽曳野市, Habikino-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 109,479 in 50918 households and a population density of 4100 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city is 26.45 square kilometres (10.21 sq mi). The city is known for its grapes, and also for its large number of ancient [[kofun]] burial mounds. The city is also sometimes referred to by its former name Minami-Osaka (南大阪).

Contents

Geography

Habikino is located in the southeastern part of Osaka Prefecture, in the Kawachi Plain surrounded by Ikoma, Kongō, and Katsuragi Mountains and Mount Nijō. It is within about 20 kilometers from the center of Osaka metropolis.

Neighboring municipalities

Osaka Prefecture

Nara Prefecture

Climate

Habikino has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Habikino is 14.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1475 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.7 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Habikino increased rapidly from the 1960s through 1990s, and has leveled off since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 36,982    
1970 77,134+108.6%
1980 103,181+33.8%
1990 115,049+11.5%
2000 119,264+3.7%
2010 117,702−1.3%

History

The area of the modern city of Habikino was within ancient Kawachi Province and is located on the route of the Take-no-uchi Kaidō, a highway which connected the ancient capitals of Asuka and Heijō-kyō with the coast. Numerous kofun burial mounds were built in the area during the Kofun period, including many attributed to early Emperors. During the Heian period, the area was controlled by the Kawachi Genji clan, the ancestors of the Minamoto clan who dominated Japan during the Kamakura period.

After the Meiji restoration, the area became part of Osaka Prefecture from 1881. The villages of Furuichi, Imagatani, and Nishiura were created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1896 the area became part of Minamikawachi District, Osaka. Furuichi was elevated to town status on October 1, 1916. On September 30, 1956, Furuichi merged with the town of Takawashi and the villages of Nanyu, Nishiura, Imagatani, and Tanpi to form the town of Minami-Osaka (南大阪町). On April 1, 1957, Minami-Osaka annexed the neighboring village of Mihara. On January 15, 1959, Minami-Osaka was elevated to city status, and took the name of Habikino.

Government

Habikino has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Habikino contributes one member to the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Osaka 14th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Habikino is a regional commercial center. It was traditionally known for grapes and figs. There is some light manufacturing, but agriculture remains central to the local economy.

Education

Universities and technical schools

Primary and secondary education

Habikino has 13 public elementary schools, five public middle schools and one combined elementary/middle school operated by the city government and one public high school operated by the Osaka Prefectural Department of Education. The Osaka Chiyoda Junior College is located in Kawachinagano

Transportation

Railway

KintetsuLogo.svg Kintetsu Railway - KT number-F.svg Kintetsu Minami Osaka Line

Highway

Bus

Local attractions

Sister city relations

Within Japan

Internationally

Notable people form Habikino

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<i>Kofun</i> Megalithic tombs in Northeast Asia

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Furuichi Station (Osaka) Railway station in Habikino, Osaka Prefecture, Japan

Furuichi Station is a railway station owned by Kintetsu Railway in Habikino, Osaka Prefecture, Japan.

Eganoshō Station Railway station in Habikino, Osaka Prefecture, Japan

Eganoshō Station is a railway station in Habikino, Osaka Prefecture, Japan.

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Mozu Tombs Megalithic tombs in Japan

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Kurohimeyama Kofun

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Honda Shiratori Haniwa Production Site

The Honda Shiratori Haniwa Production Site is an archaeological site with the ruins of a Kofun period factory for the production of haniwa clay funerary pottery, located in what is now the Hakucho neighborhood of the city of Habikino in Osaka Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. It received protection as a National Historic Site in 1973, with the area under protection expanded in 1975.

References

  1. "Habikino city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Habikino climate data
  3. Habikino population statistics
  4. "World Heritage Mozu-Furuichi Kofun Group: Mounded Tombs of Ancient Japan". www.mozu-furuichi.jp. Retrieved 2020-04-27.