Heinemann (publisher)

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Heinemann
Heinemann logo.gif
Parent company Pearson Education (UK education)
Penguin Random House (UK trade)
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (US education)
Egmont Group (UK children's)
Founded1978;42 years ago (1978)
Country of origin United States
Headquarters location
Official website

Heinemann is a publisher of professional resources and a provider of educational services established in 1978 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, as a U.S. subsidiary of Heinemann UK. Today, the UK education imprint is owned by Pearson, the UK trade publications are owned by Penguin Random House and the US education imprint is owned by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Contents

Heinemann UK history

William Heinemann began working in the publishing industry under Nicolas Trübner, [1] who was a major publisher of what was called Oriental scholarship. [2] When, two years after Trübner's death, his company was taken over by the firm of Kegan Paul, Heinemann left and founded William Heinemann Ltd in Covent Garden, London, in 1890. [1] The first title published was Hall Caine's The Bondman , which was a "stunning success", selling more than 450,000 copies. [3] The company also released a number of works translated into English under the branding of "Heinemann's International Library", edited by Edmund Gosse. [4] In 1893, Sydney Pawling became a partner. [5] [6] They became known for publishing the works of Sarah Grand. [7] The company published the British version of Scribners' Great Education Series under the title Heinemann's Great Education Series, but did not include credits for the original American editor, Nicholas Murray Butler, an omission for which they were criticized. [7]

Between 1895 and 1897, Heinemann was the publisher of William Ernest Henley's periodical New Review . [8] In the late 1890s, Heinemann and the American publisher Frank Doubleday financially supported Joseph Conrad during his initial attempt at writing what eventually became The Rescue , and Heinemann was the British publisher for Conrad's The Nigger of the 'Narcissus' in 1897. [6] One of the company's businesses at that time was to sell English books to a Japan that was beginning to be interested in items of Western culture. Heinemann sold to the Japanese bookstore Maruzen translations of the works of Dostoyevsky and 5000 copies of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution by Peter Kropotkin. [9] In 1912, the company began publishing the Loeb Classical Library series, publications of ancient works with the Greek or Latin text on the left-hand page, and a literal translation on the right hand page. [10] The series has been called "the most significant" of the parallel-text translations. [10] Since 1934, it has been co-published with Harvard University. [10] [11]

On Heinemann's death in 1920 a majority stake was purchased by U.S. publisher Doubleday, [5] with Theodore Byard, who had previously been a professional singer, joining to lead the offices. [5]

A subsidiary company was established in The Hague in 1953; originally intended to distribute works in English to continental Europe, it eventually began to directly print Heinemann's books as well. [3]

The company was later acquired by conglomerate Thomas Tilling in 1961. When the impending takeover became known, Graham Greene (who had been with Heinemann since his first work in 1929) [12] led a number of Heinemann authors who protested by taking their works to other publishers, including The Bodley Head, of which Greene was a director. [12] [13]

BTR bought Thomas Tilling in 1983, and were not interested in its publishing division, so Heinemann was put on the block. Heinemann was purchased by the Octopus Publishing Group in 1985, and shortly afterwards sold the sprawling Heinemann HQ in rural Kingswood, Surrey for development; Octopus was purchased by Reed International (now Reed Elsevier) in 1987. Heinemann Professional Publishing was merged with Butterworths Scientific in 1990 to form Butterworth-Heinemann. [14] Random House bought Heinemann's trade publishing (now named William Heinemann) in 1997. Heinemann's educational unit became part of Harcourt Education when Reed Elsevier purchased the company in 2001. Pearson purchased the UK, South African, Australian and New Zealand arms of Harcourt Education in May 2007, while Houghton Mifflin purchased the American operations a few months later.

In 1957, Heinemann Educational Books (HEB) created the African Writers Series, spearheaded by Alan Hill and West Africa specialist Van Milne, to focus on publishing the writers of Africa such as Chinua Achebe, who was the first advisory editor of the series. Heinemann was awarded the 1992 Worldaware Award for Social Progress. [15] The series was relaunched by Pearson in 2011. [16] [17]

Inspired by the African Writers Series, Leon Comber launched the Writing in Asia Series in 1966 from Singapore. Two Austin Coates books in the series, Myself a Mandarin and City of Broken Promises, became bestsellers, but the series, after publishing more than 70 titles, was to fold in 1984 when Heinemann Asia was taken over by a parent group of publishers. [18]

In 1970, the Caribbean Writers Series—modelled on the African Writers Series—was launched by James Currey and others at HEB to republish work by major Caribbean writers. [19] [20]

Published works

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References

  1. 1 2 The Publishers' Circular and Booksellers' Record of British and Foreign Literature. Sampson Low, Marston & Company. 1895. pp. 49–.
  2. Trübner's American and Oriental Literary Record. Trübner & Company. 1884. pp. 48–.
  3. 1 2 Eliot, Simon; Rose, Jonathan (2009-04-06). A Companion to the History of the Book. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 343–. ISBN   9781405192781 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  4. Mosse, Werner Eugen; Carlebach, Julius. Second Chance: two centuries of German-speaking Jews in the United Kingdom. Mohr Siebeck. pp. 196–. ISBN   9783161457418 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 Kipling, Rudyard (1990). The Letters of Rudyard Kipling: 1920-30 . University of Iowa Press. pp.  43–. ISBN   9780877458982 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  6. 1 2 Ray, Martin (2007). Joseph Conrad: Memories and Impressions - An Annotated Bibliography. Rodopi. pp. 37–. ISBN   9789042022980 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  7. 1 2 The Bookman. Dodd, Mead and Company. 1895. pp. 214–.
  8. Wertheim, Stanley (1997). A Stephen Crane Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 151–. ISBN   9780313296925 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  9. Checkland, Olive (2003). Japan and Britain After 1859: Creating Cultural Bridges. Psychology Press. pp. 67–. ISBN   9780700717477 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 France, Peter (2001-12-13). The Oxford Guide to Literature in English Translation. Oxford University Press. pp. 503–. ISBN   9780199247844 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  11. Hall, Max (1986). Harvard University Press: A History . Harvard University Press. pp.  64–. ISBN   9780674380806 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  12. 1 2 West, W. J. (2002-08-01). The Quest for Graham Greene. Macmillan. pp. 182–. ISBN   9780312314781 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  13. Greene, Richard (2011-04-20). Graham Greene: A Life in Letters. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 330–. ISBN   9780307369369 . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  14. Medlik, S. (2016-06-06). "Publisher's note". Managing Tourism. Elsevier. pp. –. ISBN   978-1-4831-0372-3.
  15. "Worldaware Business Awards 1992 - Williamson Tea Award for Social Progress". Worldaware.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
  16. "Pearson revives African Writers Series, calls for submissions", Naija Stories, 4 August 2011.
  17. Nicholas Norbrook, "Publishing Africa Writers Series celebrates 50 years", The Africa Report, 29 February 2012.
  18. Comber, Leon (1991). Asian Voices in English. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 79–86. ISBN   9622092829 . Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  19. "Heinemann Caribbean Writers Series", Oxford Index.
  20. Caribbean Writers Series, Heinemann.