Square Enix is a Japanese video game development and publishing company formed from the merger of video game publisher Enix absorbing developer Square on April 1, 2003. million units. The Dragon Quest series has shipped over 78 million units worldwide and is one of the most popular video game series in Japan, while the Kingdom Hearts series has shipped over 30 million copies worldwide.The company is best known for its role-playing video game franchises, which include the Final Fantasy , Dragon Quest , and Kingdom Hearts series. Since its inception, the company has developed or published hundreds of titles in various video game franchises on numerous gaming systems. Of its properties, the Final Fantasy franchise is the best-selling, with a total worldwide sales of over 144
Square Enix Holdings Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer, publisher, and distribution company known for its Final Fantasy, Dragon Quest, and Kingdom Hearts role-playing video game franchises, among numerous others. Several of them have sold over 10 million copies worldwide, with the Final Fantasy franchise alone selling 144 million, the Dragon Quest franchise selling 78 million and the Kingdom Hearts franchise selling 30 million. The Square Enix headquarters are in the Shinjuku Eastside Square Building in Shinjuku, Tokyo. The company employs over 4300 employees worldwide.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a two- or three-dimensional video display device such as a TV screen, virtual reality headset or computer monitor. Since the 1980s, video games have become an increasingly important part of the entertainment industry, and whether they are also a form of art is a matter of dispute.
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games. A game developer can range from one person who undertakes all tasks to a large business with employee responsibilities split between individual disciplines, such as programming, design, art, testing, etc. Most game development companies have video game publisher financial and usually marketing support. Self-funded developers are known as independent or indie developers and usually make indie games.
Square Enix has owned Taito, which continues to publish its own video games, since September 2005,and acquired game publisher Eidos Interactive in April 2009, which was merged with Square Enix's European publishing wing and renamed as Square Enix Europe. This list includes franchises in which Square Enix, or its original components Enix and Square, or its subsidiaries, were the primary developer or publisher, even if the series was begun prior to the subsidiary's acquisition. Franchises are defined as any set of interconnected media consisting of more than one release, and video game franchises are defined as franchises which were initially created as a video game or series of video games.
Taito Corporation is a Japanese company that specializes in video games, toys, arcade cabinets and game centers, based out of Shinjuku, Tokyo. The company was founded by Michael Kogan in 1953 as the Taito Trading Company, importing vodka, vending machines and jukeboxes into Japan. They would soon begin production of video games in 1972, renaming the company to simply Taito. In 2005, Taito was purchased by Square Enix, becoming a wholly owned subsidiary; however, they are treated as a separate entity from their parent company.
Square Enix Limited, doing business as Square Enix Europe, is a British video game publisher, acting as the European subsidiary of Square Enix. The company was founded as Domark in 1984, named after the founders Mark Strachan and Dominic Wheatley. In 1995, the company was acquired by Eidos and was merged with two other studios and renamed Eidos Interactive the following year. Eidos was in turn acquired by SCi in 2005, and Eidos Interactive was sold to Square Enix in 2009. On 9 November 2009, Square Enix completed the merger of its existing European branch with Eidos Interactive, renaming the resulting company Square Enix Europe.
For a list of all individual games developed or published by Square Enix, see the list of Square Enix video games and mobile games. For games released before the merger, see the Square and Enix video games. For games released by Taito, both before and after the acquisition, see the list of Taito games, and for games published by Eidos prior to acquisition see the List of Eidos Interactive games.
|Franchise||Primary genre||First released||Latest release|
|7th Saga *||Action role-playing, puzzle||1993, The 7th Saga||1999, Mystic Ark: Theatre of Illusions|
|ActRaiser *||Side-scroller, platformer, action role-playing||1990, ActRaiser||1995, Terranigma|
|All Star Pro-Wrestling||Wrestling||2000, All Star Pro-Wrestling||2003, All Star Pro-Wrestling III|
|Arkanoid||Breakout clone||1986, Arkanoid||2017, Arkanoid vs. Space Invaders|
| Battle Gear ||Racing||1996, Side by Side||2006, Battle Gear 4 Tuned Professional Version|
| Battlestations ||Action, real-time tactics||2007, Battlestations: Midway||2009, Battlestations: Pacific|
| Birdie King ||Sports||1982, Birdie King||1984, Birdie King 3|
| Bubble Bobble ||Platformer, puzzle||1983, Chack'n Pop||2017, Bust-A-Move Journey|
|Bravely||Role-playing||2012, Bravely Default||2015, Bravely Second: End Layer|
|Bushido Blade*||Fighting||1997, Bushido Blade||1998, Bushido Blade 2|
|Championship Manager *||Sports, simulation||1992, Championship Manager||2016, Championship Manager 17|
|Chaos Heat||Survival horror, third-person shooter||1998, Chaos Heat||2000, Chaos Break -Episode from "Chaos Heat"-|
|Chaos Rings *||Role-playing||2010, Chaos Rings||2014, Chaos Rings III|
|Chase||Racing||1988, Chase H.Q.||2007, Chase H.Q. 2|
|Chocobo||Role-playing, roguelike, racing||1997, Chocobo's Mystery Dungeon||2012, Chocobo's Chocotto Farm|
|Chrono||Role-playing||1995, Chrono Trigger||1999, Chrono Cross|
|Cleopatra Fortune||Puzzle||1996, Cleopatra Fortune||2002, Cleopatra Fortune Plus|
| Conflict ||Tactical shooter||2002, Conflict: Desert Storm||2008, Conflict: Denied Ops|
|Darius||Action||1986, Darius||2015, Dariusburst Chronicle Saviours|
|Death Trap||Interactive fiction, visual novel||1984, The Death Trap||1986, Alpha|
| Densha de Go! ||Train simulator||1996, Densha de Go!||2018, Densha de Go! Plug & Play|
| Deus Ex ||Real-time tactics, first-person shooter||2000, Deus Ex||2017, Deus Ex: Mankind Divided – VR Experience|
|Dragon Quest *||Role-playing||1986, Dragon Quest||2017, Dragon Quest XI: Echoes of an Elusive Age|
|Drakengard *||Action role-playing||2003, Drakengard||2018, NieR:Automata BECOME AS GODS Edition|
|Dungeon Siege*||Action role-playing||2002, Dungeon Siege||2011, Dungeon Siege III: Treasures of the Sun|
|E. V. O.*||Role-playing, side-scroller||1990, E.V.O.: The Theory of Evolution||1992, E.V.O.: Search for Eden|
|Eclipse||Space flight simulator||1994, Total Eclipse||1996, Titan Wars|
|Elevator Action||Platformer||1983, Elevator Action||2011, Elevator Action Deluxe|
|Exit||Platformer, puzzle||2005, Exit||2009, Exit 2|
|Fear Effect*||Action-adventure||2000, Fear Effect||2018, Fear Effect Sedna|
|Fighting Force||Fighting, beat 'em up||1997, Fighting Force||1999, Fighting Force 2|
|Final Fantasy||Role-playing||1987, Final Fantasy||2018, World of Final Fantasy Maxima|
|Fortune Street||Party game, board game||1991, Itadaki Street: Watashi no Omise ni Yottette||2017, Itadaki Street: Dragon Quest and Final Fantasy 30th Anniversary|
|Front Mission||Tactical role-playing||1995, Front Mission||2010, Front Mission Evolved|
|Gangsters*||Strategy||1998, Gangsters: Organized Crime||2001, Gangsters 2: Vendetta|
| Gex ||Platformer||1994, Gex||1999, Gex: Deep Pocket Gecko|
|Groove Coaster *||Rhythm game||2011, Groove Coaster||2018, Groove Coaster 4: Starlight Road|
| Gunslinger Stratos ||First-person shooter||2012, Gunslinger Stratos||2017, Gunslinger Stratos Σ|
|Hanjuku Hero||Real-time strategy||1988, Hanjuku Hero||2005, Hanjuku Galaxy Lunch|
|Hat Trick Hero||Sports||1990, Football Champ||1995, Hat Trick Hero '95|
|Heimdall*||Action role-playing||1991, Heimdall||1994, Heimdall 2: Into the Hall of Worlds|
|Just Cause *||Sandbox, third-person shooter, action-adventure||2006, Just Cause||2018, Just Cause 4|
|KiKi KaiKai||Shooter||1986, KiKi KaiKai||2001, Pocky & Rocky with Becky|
|Kingdom Hearts ©||Action role-playing||2002, Kingdom Hearts||2019, Kingdom Hearts III|
| Legacy of Kain ||Action-adventure||1996, Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain||2003, Legacy of Kain: Defiance|
|Life Is Strange *||Episodic graphic adventure||2015, Life Is Strange||2018, Life Is Strange 2|
|Lufia *||Role-playing||1993, Lufia & the Fortress of Doom||2010, Lufia: Curse of the Sinistrals|
|Mana||Role-playing||1991, Final Fantasy Adventure||2016, Adventures of Mana|
|Mini Ninjas*||Action-adventure||2009, Mini Ninjas||2013, Mini Ninjas Mobile|
|Musashi||Role-playing||1990, Adventures of Musashi||2005, Musashi: Samurai Legend|
| Ogre ||Tactical role-playing, real-time strategy||1993, Ogre Battle: The March of the Black Queen||2010, Tactics Ogre: Wheel of Fate|
|Operation Wolf||Shooting gallery||1987, Operation Wolf||1998, Operation Tiger|
|Pandemonium||Platformer||1996, Pandemonium!||1997, Pandemonium 2|
|Parasite Eve||Role-playing, third-person shooter||1998, Parasite Eve||2010, The 3rd Birthday|
|Power Blade*||Action, platformer||1991, Power Blade||1992, Power Blade 2|
|Psychic Force||Fighting||1995, Psychic Force||2005, Psychic Force Complete|
|Qix||Puzzle||1981, Qix||2009, Qix++|
|Rakugaki Ōkoku||Role-playing||2002, Magic Pengel: The Quest for Color||2004, Graffiti Kingdom|
|Ray||Scrolling shooter||1994, RayForce||1998, RayCrisis: Series Termination|
|SaGa||Role-playing||1989, The Final Fantasy Legend||2016, SaGa: Scarlet Grace|
|Shellshock*||Shooter||1995, Shellshock: Jus' Keepin' da Peace||2009, Shellshock 2: Blood Trails|
|Sonic Blast Man||Beat 'em up||1990, Sonic Blast Man||2011, Sonic Blast Heroes|
| Space Invaders ||Fixed shooter||1978, Space Invaders||2018, Space Invaders Extreme|
| Speed Race ||Racing||1974, Speed Race||1998, Automobili Lamborghini: Super Speed Race 64|
|Star Ocean *||Role-playing||1996, Star Ocean||2016, Star Ocean: Anamnesis|
|Supreme Commander*||Real-time strategy||2007, Supreme Commander||2010, Supreme Commander 2|
| Thief ||Stealth, action-adventure||1998, Thief: The Dark Project||2014, Thief|
|Thunderhawk||Combat flight simulator||1992, Thunderhawk||2001, Thunderhawk: Operation Phoenix|
|Tobal*||Fighting||1996, Tobal No. 1||1997, Tobal 2|
| Tomb Raider ||Action-adventure||1996, Tomb Raider||2018, Shadow of the Tomb Raider|
|Urban Chaos*||Action-adventure, first-person shooter||1998, Urban Chaos||2006, Urban Chaos: Riot Response|
|Valkyrie Profile *||Role-playing||1999, Valkyrie Profile||2016, Valkyrie Anatomia: The Origin|
|Wonder Project *||Life simulation||1994, Wonder Project J||1996, Wonder Project J2|
Enix Corporation was a Japanese video game publisher that produced video games, anime and manga. Enix is known for publishing the Dragon Quest series of role-playing video games.
IO Interactive A/S is a Danish video game developer based in Copenhagen, best known for creating and developing the Hitman franchise. IO Interactive employs 170 people as of October 2016, and operates a Malmö-based studio, IOI Malmö, since January 2019.
Guilty Gear X, subtitled By Your Side in Japan, is a fighting game developed by Arc System Works and published by Sammy Studios. The second installment of the Guilty Gear series, Guilty Gear X was developed over a period of about two years after the first game's success. It was released in July 2000 for Japanese arcades, re-released on Dreamcast in December 2000, and later ported to PlayStation 2 in November 2001 and Game Boy Advance in January 2002.
Guilty Gear Isuka is a 2D fighting video game developed by Arc System Works and published by Sammy Corporation. Announced by Arc in September, it was released on December 17, 2003 in Japanese arcades as the sixth installment of the Guilty Gear series. Later, the game was ported for a release on the PlayStation 2 (PS2), Xbox, and Windows in Japan. The PS2 version was brought to North America by Sammy, and, in Europe, the home console version was released by 505 Game Street and the PC version by Zoo Digital Publishing.
Disney Interactive Studios, Inc. was an American video game developer and publisher owned by The Walt Disney Company through Disney Interactive. Prior to its closure in 2016, it developed and distributed multi-platform video games and interactive entertainment worldwide.
1998 saw many sequels and prequels in video games and several new titles such as Half-Life, Metal Gear Solid, F-Zero X, The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, Gex: Enter the Gecko, Xenogears, Banjo-Kazooie, Spyro the Dragon and MediEvil. The year has been retrospectively considered one of the best in video gaming due to the release of several critically acclaimed, commercially successful and influential titles across all platforms and genres.
Just Cause is an action-adventure video game set in an open world environment. It is developed by Swedish developer Avalanche Studios and published by Eidos Interactive, and is the first game in the Just Cause series. It was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and Xbox 360. The area explored during the game is described as being over 250,000 acres in size, with 21 story missions and over 300 side missions to complete.
Guilty Gear X2, also known as Guilty Gear XX and subtitled The Midnight Carnival in Japan, is a fighting game developed by Arc System Works and published by Sammy Studios. The third main installment of the Guilty Gear series, Guilty Gear X2 furthered the plot of the series, as well as introduced new characters and gameplay mechanics. A sequel to Guilty Gear X, it was announced in January 2002, and was released on May 23, 2002, for the arcades, in Japan. It was later ported to the PlayStation 2 and published in North America and Europe.
Furu Furu Park is a collection of minigames for the Wii. It was developed and published by Taito and was originally planned for a release in Japan for the Wii launch, but was pushed back to April 19, 2007. The minigames are inspired by classic Taito arcade games. Majesco Entertainment published the title in the US on January 16, 2008. There are 2 single-player modes and 3 multi-player modes. It has 30 minigames to play.
God of War is a mythology-based action-adventure video game franchise. Created by David Jaffe at Sony's Santa Monica Studio, the series debuted in 2005 on the PlayStation 2 (PS2) video game console, and has become a flagship title for the PlayStation brand, consisting of eight games across multiple platforms. The story is about Kratos, a Spartan warrior tricked into killing his wife and daughter by his former master, the Greek God of War Ares. Kratos seeks to rid himself of the nightmares by serving the other Olympian gods, but soon finds himself in confrontation with them due to their machinations. Years after the destruction of ancient Greece, Kratos ends up in ancient Norway with a young son named Atreus. The two journey throughout several realms to fulfill a promise to the boy's recently deceased mother, inadvertently making enemies of the Norse gods.
Deus Ex is a series of role-playing video games. The first two games in the series were developed by Ion Storm, and subsequent entries were developed by Eidos Montréal, following Ion Storm's closure. The series, set during the 21st century, focuses on the conflict between secretive factions who wish to control the world by proxy, and the effects of transhumanistic attitudes and technologies in a dystopian future setting.
Visual Works is a Japan-based CGI animation studio dedicated towards creating video game cut scenes and full-length feature films for Square Enix. Visual Works was founded as the CGI department for Square and was responsible for creating the pre-rendered CG openings for the company, starting with Final Fantasy VII in 1997.