City of Mbombela Local Municipality
Location in Mpumalanga
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Sibusiso Mathonsi (African National Congress)|
|• Total||5,394 km2 (2,083 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||89.4%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
Mbombela Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Ehlanzeni District of Mpumalanga in South Africa. Mbombela is a siSwati name meaning "a lot of people in a small space".
Ehlanzeni is one of the 3 districts of Mpumalanga province of South Africa. The city of Ehlanzeni is Nelspruit. The majority of its 944 665 people speak SiSwati. The district code is DC32.
Mpumalanga is a province of South Africa. The name means "east", or literally "the place where the sun rises" in the Swazi, Xhosa, Ndebele and Zulu languages. Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It constitutes 6.5% of South Africa's land area. It shares borders with the South African provinces of Limpopo to the north, Gauteng to the west, the Free State to the southwest, and KwaZulu-Natal to the south. The capital is Mbombela (Nelspruit).
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
At the time of the 2016 municipal elections, Umjindi Local Municipality was disestablished and merged into the Mbombela Local Municipality.
Umjindi was a local municipality of the Ehlanzeni District in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Barberton was the seat of the municipality. The municipality had a population of 53,744 according to the 2001 census.
The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:
The National Census of 2001 was the 2nd comprehensive national census of the Republic of South Africa, or Post-Apartheid South Africa. It undertook to enumerate every person present in South Africa on the census night between 9–10 October 2001 at a cost of R987,000,000.
|Place||Code||Area (km2)||Population||Most spoken language|
|Nsikazi Part 1||81521||42.35||1,411||Swazi|
|Nsikazi Part 2||81525||1.01||118||Swazi|
|Remainder of the municipality||81511||2,529.46||44,904||Swazi|
The municipal council consists of ninety members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Forty-five councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in forty-five wards, while the remaining forty-five are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of sixty-nine seats on the council.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.
In South Africa, wards are geopolitical subdivisions of municipalities used for electoral purposes. Each metropolitan and local municipality is delimited by the Municipal Demarcation Board into half as many wards as there are seats on the municipal council. Each ward then elects one councillor directly, and the remaining councillors are elected from party lists so that the overall party balance is proportional to the proportion of votes received by each party.
The following table shows the results of the election.
|Residence Association of South Africa||2,132||2,177||4,309||1.2||0||1||1|
|Freedom Front Plus||1,593||1,442||3,035||0.8||0||1||1|
|African Christian Democratic Party||688||719||1,407||0.4||0||0||0|
|African People's Convention||318||754||1,072||0.3||0||0||0|
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