Paulding-class destroyer

Last updated
Paulding (DD22). Starboard side, camouflaged, 1918 - NARA - 530782.jpg
USS Paulding at Queenstown, Ireland in 1918
Class overview
Name:Paulding class
Builders: Various
Operators:
Preceded by: Smithclass
Succeeded by: Cassinclass
Subclasses:Monaghan
Built: 1908–1912
In commission: 1910–1931
Completed: 21
Retired: 21
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 742 long tons (754 t) (normal)
  • 887 long tons (901 t) (full load)
Length: 293 ft 0 in (89.31 m) overall
Beam: 26 ft 3 in (8.00 m)
Draft: 8 ft 0 in (2.44 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 3 × shafts
Speed: 29.5 kn (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph) (design)
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Capacity: 241 long tons (245 t) oil (fuel)
Complement:
  • 4 officers
  • 82 enlisted
Armament:

The Paulding-class destroyers were a series of United States Navy destroyers derived from the Smithclass with the torpedo tubes increased from three to six via twin mounts. They were the first destroyers in the US Navy with oil-fired boilers. The 21 Pauldings doubled the number of destroyers in the US Navy. The Paulding class derived its name from the class's lead ship, Paulding, named for Rear Admiral Hiram Paulding (1797–1878). Like the Smiths, they were nicknamed "flivvers" after the small and shaky Model T Ford once the larger "thousand tonner" destroyers entered service.

Contents

Generally 21 ships, hull numbers 22 through 42, are considered Pauldings. However, some references list hull numbers 32 through 42 as the Monaghan class. [1] Others break out hulls 24–28, 30, 31, 33 and 36 as Roe class, with hulls 32, 35, and 38–42 as Monaghan class. Curiously, Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I refers to hulls 22–42 as the 21 [ships of the]Drayton class, going on to say "Unofficially known as 'Flivver Type'"; the book includes Paulding in the class listing, but not as the class leader. [2]

Design

Armament

The torpedo armament was six 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes in three twin mounts. This was an easy upgrade from the three single tubes with reloads of the Smith class, as the new design twin mounts actually weighed less than the older single mounts. [3] The gun armament was the same as the Smith class, with five 3-inch (76 mm)/50 caliber guns. [4] During World War I, one or two depth charge tracks were equipped for the convoy escort mission. [5]

Engineering

There was some variation in engineering among the ships of this class. The most visible was that hulls 24–27, 30–32, 34, 36, 37, 39, and 40 had three stacks instead of four, with the middle stack being larger as two boiler uptakes were trunked together in it. [3] Most of the ships' direct drive turbines were arranged as in the Smith class on three shafts, with a high-pressure center turbine exhausting to two low-pressure turbines on the outboard shafts. Cruising turbines were also fitted on the outboard shafts in these ships to improve fuel economy at low speeds. However, hulls 26–27, 30–31, and 34 had two turbines on two shafts (Zoelly or Curtis), with cruising stages included in the turbine casings. [3]

This was the first USN destroyer class with oil-fired boilers. Compared with the Smith class, the Pauldings had 12,000 shaft horsepower (8,900 kW) instead of 10,000 shp (7,500 kW), making them about a knot faster. From DD-32 on, most references state that Thornycroft boilers instead of Normand were equipped. [1] However, the Navy's official Ships' Data Book for 1911 shows that other types of boilers were used as well, including Yarrow and White-Forster. [6]

Paulding made 32.8 knots (60.7 km/h; 37.7 mph) on trials at 17,393 shp (12,970 kW). Normal fuel oil capacity was 241 tons with a design range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). [3]

Service

The Pauldings were commissioned in 1910–1912 and were active throughout World War I, primarily as convoy escorts in the Atlantic. They were equipped with one or two depth charge tracks for this mission. [5] All served in the United States Navy; twelve were transferred to the United States Coast Guard 1924–30 for the Rum Patrol; and all were scrapped 1934–35 to comply with the London Naval Treaty. [1]

Ships in class

The 21 ships of the Paulding class were: [7] [8]

ShipHull no.ShipyardLaid downLaunchedCommissionedDecommissionedFate
Paulding DD-22 Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine 24 July 190912 April 191029 September 1910August 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Drayton DD-23Bath Iron Works19 August 190922 August 191029 October 191017 November 1919Scrapped 1935
Roe DD-24 Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia 19 January 190924 July 190917 September 1910December 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Terry DD-25Newport News Shipbuilding8 February 190921 August 190918 October 191013 November 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Perkins DD-26 Fore River Ship and Engine, Quincy, Massachusetts 22 March 19099 April 191018 November 19105 December 1919Scrapped 1935
Sterett DD-27Fore River Ship and Engine22 March 190912 May 191015 December 19109 December 1919Scrapped 1935
McCall DD-28 New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New Jersey 8 June 19094 June 191023 January 191112 December 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Burrows DD-29New York Shipbuilding19 June 190923 June 191021 February 191112 December 1919USCG 1925–31, scrapped 1934
Warrington DD-30 William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia 21 June 190918 June 191020 March 191131 January 1920Scrapped 1935
Mayrant DD-31William Cramp & Sons22 April 190923 April 191012 July 191112 December 1919Scrapped 1935
Monaghan DD-32Newport News Shipbuilding1 June 191018 February 191121 June 19114 November 1919USCG 1924–31, scrapped 1934
Trippe DD-33Bath Iron Works12 April 191020 December 191023 March 19116 November 1919USCG 1924–31, scrapped 1934
Walke DD-34Fore River Ship and Engine5 March 19103 November 191022 July 191112 December 1919Scrapped 1935
Ammen DD-35New York Shipbuilding29 March 191020 September 191023 May 191111 December 1919USCG 1924–31, scrapped 1934
Patterson DD-36William Cramp & Sons29 March 191029 April 191111 October 19111 January 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Fanning DD-37Newport News Shipbuilding29 April 191111 January 191221 June 191224 November 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Jarvis DD-38New York Shipbuilding1 July 19114 April 191222 October 191226 November 1919Scrapped 1935
Henley DD-39Fore River Ship and Engine17 July 19113 April 19126 December 191212 December 1919USCG 1924–31, scrapped 1934
Beale DD-40William Cramp & Sons8 May 191130 April 191230 August 191225 October 1919USCG 1924–30, scrapped 1934
Jouett DD-41Bath Iron Works7 March 191115 April 191224 May 191224 November 1919USCG 1924–31, scrapped 1935
Jenkins DD-42Bath Iron Works24 March 191129 April 191215 June 191231 October 1919Scrapped 1935

See also

Smith-class destroyer

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Gardiner and Gray, p. 122
  2. Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, p. 147
  3. 1 2 3 4 Friedman, pp. 26–27, 455–457
  4. DiGiulian, Tony, early 3"/50 USN guns at NavWeaps.com
  5. 1 2 Friedman, p. 68
  6. "Ships' Data, U.S. Naval Vessels, 1911". US Navy Department. 1912. pp. 130–147. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  7. DestroyerHistory.org Paulding class destroyer
  8. Bauer and Roberts, pp. 169–170

Bibliography