Thomas Wallace House
Thomas Wallace House, December 2009
|Location||SW corner of Brown and S. Market Sts., Petersburg, Virginia|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP reference #||75002116|
|Added to NRHP||May 2, 1975|
|Designated VLR||April 15, 1975|
Thomas Wallace House is a historic home located at Petersburg, Virginia. It was built about 1855, and is a two-story, three-bay, pressed brick dwelling in the Italianate style. It sits on a raised basement and has a low hipped roof with bracketed cornice. It has a one-story rear service wing and a front porch supported by six fluted Greek Doric order columns. On April 3, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln and General Ulysses S. Grant met in its library to discuss the inevitable end to the American Civil War and the surrender.
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,420. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines Petersburg with Dinwiddie County for statistical purposes. It is located on the Appomattox River. The city is just 21 miles (34 km) south of the historic commonwealth (state) capital city of Richmond. The city's unique industrial past and its location as a transportation hub combined to create wealth for Virginia and the Middle Atlantic and Upper South regions of the nation.
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.
The Doric order was one of the three orders of ancient Greek and later Roman architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. The Doric is most easily recognized by the simple circular capitals at the top of columns. Originating in the western Dorian region of Greece, it is the earliest and in its essence the simplest of the orders, though still with complex details in the entablature above.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.It is located in the South Market Street Historic District.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
South Market Street Historic District is a national historic district located at Petersburg, Virginia. The district includes 15 contributing buildings and 1 contributing object located in a predominantly residential section of Petersburg. It includes a varied collection of mid- to late-19th-century houses and includes notable examples of Late Victorian and Colonial Revival style architecture. Notable buildings include the Mt. Olivet Baptist Church (1858), Scott House (1855), and Williams House (1879). Located in the district and separately listed is the Thomas Wallace House.
The Stonewall Jackson House, located at 8 East Washington Street in the Historic District of Lexington, Virginia, was the residence of Confederate general Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson from 1858 to 1861.
Greenway Court is a historic country estate near White Post in rural Clarke County, Virginia. The property is the site of the seat of the vast 18th-century land empire of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781), the only ennobled British colonial proprietor to live in one of the North American colonies. The surviving remnants of his complex — a later replacement brick house and Fairfax's stone land office — were designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960.
Barboursville is the ruin of the mansion of James Barbour, located in Barboursville, Virginia. He was the former U.S. Senator, U.S. Secretary of War, and Virginia Governor. It is now within the property of Barboursville Vineyards. The house was designed by Thomas Jefferson, president of the United States and Barbour's friend and political ally. The ruin is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Thomas Harrison House is a historic home located at Harrisonburg, Virginia. It was built in 1750, and is a 1 1/2-story, two bay by one bay, coursed limestone vernacular dwelling. It has a gable roof and was built over a spring, which is accessible in the basement. The Thomas Harrison House is the oldest house in Harrisonburg, and its builder is regarded as the town's founder.
The Chimneys is a historic house located in Fredericksburg, Virginia. The house was constructed around 1771-1773. The house is named because of the stone chimneys at each end. The Georgian home was added to the National Register of Historic Places in April 1975. Of note are the interior decorative woodwork in the moldings, millwork, paneling indicative of building styles of the period. The decorative carving on the mantelpiece as well as on the door and window frames is particularly significant.
Upper Wolfsnare, historically called Brick House Farm until 1939, is a colonial-era brick home built, probably about 1759, in Georgian style by Thomas Walke III in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Walker House, also known as the William Walker House, is a historic home located at Warren, Albemarle County, Virginia. It was built between 1803 and 1805, and is a one-story, three-bay hipped-roof brick house on a high English basement. It has a one-story, one-bay, shed-roofed brick addition built in 1978. It was built by James Walker, a long time employee of Thomas Jefferson.
Mount Athos is a historic archaeological site located at Kelly, Campbell County, Virginia. It consists of a stone ruin atop a wooded ridge overlooking the James River. The plantation house was built about 1800 for William J. Lewis (1766–1828) and was a one-story dwelling with a classical portico and polygonal projections inspired by the architecture of Thomas Jefferson, of whom Lewis was a friend. It was destroyed by fire in 1876.
Kingsland, also known as Richmond View, was a historic plantation house located at Chimney Corner, Chesterfield County, Virginia. It was built about 1805, and consisted of a 1 1/2-story, frame structure with a rear ell. The main section measured 18 feet by 31 feet and the rear ell extended 55 feet. The house featured a center chimney. Also on the property was a contributing smokehouse. It was moved and reconstructed in 1994.
Burlington is a historic plantation house located near Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia. It was built about 1750, and is a 1 1/2-story frame dwelling with a center-passage, double-pile plan. It has a slate gable roof with dormers. A one-story wing was added during its restoration in 1954.
Mansfield is a historic plantation house located near Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia. It was built in stages starting about 1750, and is a 1 1/2-story long and narrow frame dwelling with a hipped roof. It has a hipped roof rear ell connected to the main house by a hyphen. It features an octastyle Colonial Revival porch stretching the full length of the front facade.
Northbank is a historic plantation house located near Walkerton, King and Queen County, Virginia. The first section was built in 1722, with additions dated to 1827, 1863, and 1911. It is a 2 1/2-story, frame and clapboard home on a brick foundation. Also on the property are the contributing smokehouse, kitchen house, pole barn shed, and the family cemetery. The house remained in the same family from 1722 to 1990.
Mecklenburg County Courthouse is a historic courthouse building located at Boydton, Mecklenburg County, Virginia. It was built in 1838-1842, and is a large two-story, Roman Revival brick temple-form structure. It is five-bays wide and five-bays deep and features a hexastyle Ionic order portico. The building has a two-story rear ell.
Burke's Tavern is a historic inn and tavern located near Burkeville, Nottoway County, Virginia. It was built in the 1820s, and is a one-story frame building set upon a ground-level brick basement. The building has a central hall, single pile plan. It features brick exterior end chimneys. Near the end of the American Civil War in 1865, the Union Brigadier General Thomas Alfred Smyth of Delaware, wounded at the Battle of High Bridge was brought to the house, where he died on April 9. Smythe was the last Union general to be killed in the war.
Red Lane Tavern is a historic inn and tavern located at Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia. It was built in 1832, and is a 1 1/2-story, log building set on a brick foundation. The main block has a gable roof and exterior end chimneys. It has a 1 1/2-story kitchen connect to the main block by a one-story addition. The building housed an ordinary from 1836 to 1845. It is representative of a Tidewater South folk house.
Clearview is a historic home located at Falmouth, Stafford County, Virginia. It was built about 1796, and is a two-story, five bay, frame dwelling. It has a hipped roof, exterior end chimneys, and a distyle Tuscan order front porch. The house measures approximately 42 feet by 26 feet, with an 18 by 26 foot wing added in 1918-1919. The property was used by the Union army as an artillery position during the Battle of Fredericksburg in December, 1862.
Crabtree–Blackwell Farm is a historic farm located near Blackwell, Washington County, Virginia. The main house is a "saddlebag" type building with 2 1/2-story pens connected by a central limestone rubble chimney stack. The remaining Appalachian vernacular contributing resources are a spring house or milkhouse and log hay barn. The farm is representative of mountain folk culture.
Blenheim is a historic home located near Wakefield Corner, Westmoreland County, Virginia. It was built about 1781, and is a two-story, three bay, Late Georgian style brick dwelling. It has a gable roof and two-story, frame wing. The house was built by the Washington family to replace the original family house at Wakefield soon after it burned on Christmas Day, 1779. The house was built for William Augustine Washington, the son of George Washington's half-brother Augustine Washington II.
Thomas J. Michie House is a historic home located at Staunton, Virginia. It was built in 1847-1848, and is a two-story, three bay, Greek Revival style brick dwelling with a two-story wing. The front facade features a one-story, flat-roofed entrance porch supported by four slender Tuscan order columns. The interior has two elaborate country Federal mantels salvaged from a demolished home. It was built by Thomas J. Michie, who represented Augusta County in the Virginia House of Delegates. It was later the home of jurist Allen Caperton Braxton (1862-1914).
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