Thompson Brothers Rock Art

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Thompson Brothers Rock Art

T.W. THOMPSON FEB 22 1862.jpg

One of the inscriptions
USA Illinois location map.svg
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Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location Giant City State Park, Makanda, Illinois
Coordinates 37°35′42″N89°11′36″W / 37.59500°N 89.19333°W / 37.59500; -89.19333 Coordinates: 37°35′42″N89°11′36″W / 37.59500°N 89.19333°W / 37.59500; -89.19333
Area Less than 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built 1913-14
NRHP reference # 78001193 [1]
Added to NRHP December 29, 2015

The Thompson Brothers Rock Art is an inscribed rock located within Giant City State Park in Union County, Illinois. Four names are carved into the rock, all but possibly one of which were inscribed by Union soldiers or supporters during the Civil War. The two most prominent signatures belong to brothers Albert S. and T. W. Thompson; the former was a Union soldier, while the latter served as Deputy Provost Marshal and was responsible for locating Union deserters. Union soldier Thomas L. Bailey also carved his name into the rock; the fourth name, A. Parker, may have been either a fellow soldier or a resident of the area who added his name after the war. The rock was carved at a time when Union supporters and Southern sympathizers fought for control of southern Illinois, and as the Thompson family were among the most prominent Union supporters, it represents an attempt to physically claim the area for the North. The Confederate sympathizers' inability to deface the names signifies their gradual loss of power in the area. The rock is now one of the few surviving Civil War sites in Illinois. [2]

Epigraphy Study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing

Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions, or epigraphs, as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers. Specifically excluded from epigraphy are the historical significance of an epigraph as a document and the artistic value of a literary composition.

Giant City State Park state park in Illinois, USA

Giant City State Park is an Illinois state park on 4,000 acres (1,619 ha) in Jackson and Union Counties, Illinois, United States. Illinois acquired more than 1,100 acres (450 ha) in 1927, and dedicated the park as Giant City State Park. A lodge and visitor center welcome state park guests.

Union County, Illinois County in the United States

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 17,808. Its county seat is Jonesboro. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

Overview of the site Giant City SP 20140809-069.jpg
Overview of the site

The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 29, 2015. [1]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

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  1. 1 2 "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/28/15 Through 12/30/15". National Park Service . Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  2. Wagner, Mark et. al. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Thompson Brothers Rock Art. Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, December 8, 2014.