|Location||348 Three Hills Ln., near Warm Springs, Virginia|
|Area||27.24 acres (11.02 ha)|
|Architect||Carneal and Johnston|
|Architectural style||Italian Renaissance, Colonial Revival|
|NRHP reference #||13000986|
|Added to NRHP||December 24, 2013|
|Designated VLR||September 19, 2013|
Three Hills is a historic home located near Warm Springs, Bath County, Virginia. It was built in 1913, and is a 2 1/2-story, frame and stucco Italian Renaissance style dwelling. It consists of a central block with flanking two-story wings and rear additions. The house has a Colonial Revival style interior. The front facade features a single-story, flat-roofed portico. Also on the property are the contributing small formal boxwood garden, three frame and stucco, one-story cottages, and a stone and brick freestanding chimney. Three Hills was built by American novelist and women's rights advocate Mary Johnston (1870-1936), who lived and operated an inn there until her death.J. Ambler Johnston, a young architect, distant relative of the writer and one of the founding partners of the Carneal and Johnston architectural firm (recently merged with Ballou Justice Upton), designed the house.
Warm Springs is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Bath County, Virginia, United States. The population as of the 2010 Census was 123. It lies along U.S. Route 220 near the center of the county. Warm Springs includes the historical mill town called Germantown.
Bath County is a United States county located on the central western border of the Commonwealth of Virginia, on the West Virginia state line. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,731; in 2015, the population was estimated at 4,470, it the second-least populous county in Virginia. Bath's county seat is Warm Springs.
Stucco or render is a construction material made of aggregates, a binder, and water. Stucco is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. It is used as a decorative coating for walls and ceilings, and as a sculptural and artistic material in architecture. Stucco may be used to cover less visually appealing construction materials, such as metal, concrete, cinder block, or clay brick and adobe.
Another home of Johnston's listed on the National Register of Historic Places is Linden Row in Richmond.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.
Linden Row is a set of seven historic rowhouses located in Richmond, Virginia. They were built in 1847 and 1853, and are three-story, Greek Revival style brick veneer townhouses on high basements and topped by a simple white cornice of wood. Each house has an identical Grecian Doric order entrance porch supported by two fluted Doric columns. A three-story porch runs the entire length of the back of the houses. Linden Row includes a house owned by noted author Mary Johnston, who died there in 1936.
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.
Long Meadow, also known as Long Meadows Farm, is a historic home located near Winchester, in Frederick County, Virginia. The earliest section was built about 1755, and is the 1 1/2-story limestone portion. A 1 1/2-story detached log unit was built shortly after, and connected to the original section by a covered breezeway. In 1827, a large two-story, stuccoed stone wing in a transitional Federal / Greek Revival style was built directly adjacent to log section. The house was restored in 1919, after a fire in the 1827 section in 1916. Also on the property are a contributing stone-lined ice house, an early frame smokehouse, and the ruins of a 1 1/2-story log cabin.
Cocke's Mill House and Mill Site, also known as Coles' Mill and Johnston's Mill, is a historic home located near North Garden, Albemarle County, Virginia. The miller's house was built in about 1820, and is a 1 1/2-half-story, three-bay, gable-roofed stone cottage built on a high basement. A one-story frame addition was built in 1989. Located on the property are the stone foundations of Cocke's Mill, built about 1792. It was originally two stories high with dimensions of 51 feet by 40 feet, and the stone walls of the original mill and tail race. The mill remained in use into the 1930s, and burned sometime in the 1940s.
Gaymont, or Gay Mont, is a historic home located at Port Royal, Caroline County, Virginia. Originally called "Rose Hill", the central section of the house was built about 1790 by John Hipkins as a two-story frame structure with a gable roof and two exterior end chimneys. His grandson and heir, John Hipkins Bernard, renamed the house in honor of his wife, Jane Gay Bolling Robertson, a descendant of Pocahontas. It was enlarged in 1819 with the addition of flanking one-story stuccoed brick wings and a one-story colonnade of stuccoed brick Tuscan columns. In 1834 a one-story octagonal music room was added and in 1839 an octagonal library and office at the ends of each wing. Except for a brief 18-month change in ownership in 1958–1959, the house remained in the Bernard-Robb family until 2007 at which time it transferred to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. A family cemetery with almost 40 graves is set just to the north of the house along the forest edge.
Signal Hill is a historic home and farm complex located at Culpeper, Culpeper County, Virginia. The farmhouse was built about 1900, and is a two-story, asymmetrically cruciform brick house, in a refined, late-Victorian style. It features a one-story, 13-bay, wraparound porch with a hipped roof. Also on the property are the following contributing elements: three gable-roofed frame barns, two concrete silos, two frame gable-roof sheds, and a small gable-roof pump house.
Rose Hill Farm is a historic home and farm located near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia. It is a vernacular Federal style, 2 1/2-story brick and stucco structure built about 1819. The earliest section was built about 1797, and began as a three-room-plan, 1 1/2-story, log structure built upon a limestone foundation. About 1850, the house was enhanced with vernacular Greek Revival-style elements. Also on the property are a contributing summer kitchen, cistern, corn crib, and barn (c.1850–1860).
Elk Hill, also known as Harrison's Elk Hill, is a historic plantation home located near Goochland, Goochland County, Virginia. It was built between 1835 and 1839, and is a 2 1/2-story, three-bay, stuccoed brick central-hall-plan house in the Greek Revival style. It has a two-story rear ell. The front facade features a one-story Tuscan order portico consisting of paired rectangular wooden pillars supporting a full entablature.
Rock Hill Farm is a historic home and farm located near Bluemont, Loudoun County, Virginia. The original section of the house was built about 1797, and has undergone at least four additions and renovations about 1873, 1902, 1947, and 1990. It is two-story, stuccoed stone, Quaker plan, Federal style dwelling with a gable roof. Also on the property are the contributing two-story, wood frame bank barn ; one-story, pyramidal-roofed, stucco-finished smokehouse ; a two-story, gable-roofed, stucco and frame garage ; one story, gable-roofed, wood-frame corncrib ; one-story, gable-roofed, wood-frame office/dairy ; a fieldstone run-in shed ; a one-story, gable roofed, wood-frame stable ; the remains of a formal boxwood garden ; several ca. 19th-century, dry-laid, fieldstone fences (contributing); and a cemetery.
Cleremont Farm is a historic home and farm located near Upperville, Loudoun County, Virginia. The original section of the house was built in two stages between about 1820 and 1835, and added onto subsequently in the 1870s. 1940s. and 1980s. It consists of a stone portion, a log portion, and a stone kitchen wing. It has a five bay, two-story, gable-roofed center section in the Federal style. A one-bay, one-story Colonial Revival-style pedimented entrance portico was built in the early 1940s. Also on the property are the contributing original 1 1/2-story, stuccoed stone dwelling (1761); a stone kitchen from the late 19th or early 20th century; a stuccoed frame tenant house built about 1940; a stone carriage mount; and a series of five stone walls.
Woodgrove is a historic home located near Round Hill, Loudoun County, Virginia. The original section of the house was built around 1785, with a rear ell added around 1840, and an addition with a new main entrance in about 1910. All sections are 2 1⁄2 stories in height and constructed of native fieldstone. The oldest section of the house is in the Federal style and the 1910 addition is in the Classical Revival style. Also on the property is a contributing fieldstone meat house, built around 1840.
Barnett House, also known as Big Spring, is a historic home located near Elliston, Montgomery County, Virginia. The house was built about 1808, and underwent a radical transformation in the early 20th century. It is a two-story, five bay brick dwelling with a single pile central passage plan. The front facade features a one-story wraparound porch through the two-story portico across the facade. Also on the property is a contributing stuccoed frame meathouse.
Chestnut Hill is a historic home located at Orange, Orange County, Virginia. It was built about 1860, and is a two-story, frame dwelling in a combination of the Italianate and Greek Revival styles. A Second Empire style mansard roof was added in 1891. The front facade features a central, one-story, one-bay porch with a balustraded deck above and balustraded decks with the same scroll-sawn balusters across the front. The historic floor plan is a double-pile center-passage plan with two interior chimneys serving four fireplaces on each floor. The house was moved to a new location, 150 feet away from its original site, when threatened with demolition in 2003. Also on the property is a small, one-story, single-bay, 19th-century contributing shed.
Locust Hill is a historic home and farm complex located near Hurt, Pittsylvania County, Virginia. The house was built in two sections with the main section built in 1861, and expanded with a three-story rear ell in 1930. The original section is a 2 1/2-story, three bay, frame dwelling in the Swiss Gothic style. It has a steeply pitched gable roof that incorporates two central chimneys and four gable ends decorated in ornamental bargeboard. Also on the property are a number of contributing resources including a tavern, a servants' quarter, a kitchen, an icehouse, a chicken house, a smoke house, a dairy, a servants' quarter, a caretaker's house, a grist mill, a dam, a family cemetery, and the ruins of an 18th-century house.
Longwood House is a historic home located at Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia, and functions as the home of the president of Longwood University. It is a 2 1/2-story, three bay, frame dwelling with a gable roof. It features Greek Revival style woodwork and Doric order porch. Longwood House has a central passage, double-pile plan. It has a two-story wing added about 1839, and a second wing added in the 1920s, when the property was purchased by Longwood University. The house is located next to the university golf course, and since 2006, athletic fields used by the Longwood Lancers.
Commanding General's Quarters, Quantico Marine Base, also known as Building Number 1 and Quarters 1, is a historic home located at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Quantico, Prince William County, Virginia. It was built in 1920, and is a large, two-story, concrete-block-and-frame, Dutch Colonial Revival style house. The main block consists of a two-story, five-bay, symmetrical, gambrel-roofed central block with lower level walls covered with stucco. It has flanking wings consisting of a service wing and wing with a porch and second story addition. Also on the property is a contributing two-car, hipped roof, stucco-covered garage. The house is a contributing resource with the Quantico Marine Base Historic District.
Locust Hill is a historic home located near Mechanicsville in Rockbridge County, Virginia. The house was built in 1826, and is a two-story, three bay, Federal style brick dwelling. It has a side gable roof and interior end chimneys. The interior was damaged by fire in the 1850s and much of the woodwork was replaced with Greek Revival forms. A Greek Revival style front porch dates from the same period. The property also includes the contributing "slave quarters," a double pen log corn crib, and two frame sheds.
Benjamin Tonsler House is a historic home located at Charlottesville, Virginia. It was built in 1879, and is a two-story, stuccoed frame Late Victorian dwelling with elements of the Italianate and Second Empire styles. It has a rear wing, high-pitched gable roof, and a projecting corner tower with a mansard roof.
Recoleta, also known as Rothery, is a historic home located at Charlottesville, Virginia. It was built in 1940, and is a two- to three-story, "U"-shaped, Spanish Colonial Revival style dwelling. The house is constructed of stuccoed reinforced cinder block and has a red tile gable roof, arched openings, an exterior stair, a balcony, and steel-framed casement windows. The "U" contains a patio enclosed by a loggia with a garden front. Also on the property is a contributing garden enclosed by a cinder block wall built in 1946 that incorporates a fountain wall with a tile roof, circular lantern niches, and a patio. The house was built for University of Virginia music professor Harry Rogers Pratt and his wife, Agnes Edwards Rothery Pratt.
Scott House, also known as The Magnolia House, is a historic home located at Hampton, Virginia. It was built in 1889, and is a two-story, five-bay, stuccoed wood-frame Queen Anne style dwelling. It has a steeply pitched cross-gable roof and features cornice dentils, a bracketed cornice, elaborate gable ornamentation, an art glass transom over the raised panel double door, and 14 fluted Doric order columns that support a wrap-around porch.
La Riviere, also known as the William Ingles House, is a historic home located at Radford, Virginia. It was built in 1892-1893, and is a two-story Queen Anne house with a brick first story and a stuccoed frame second story. The house sits on rock-faced limestone blocks and has a slate-sheathed hipped roof. It features a three-story battlemented tower, a conservatory, and a curving wraparound porch. Also on the property are a contributing cook's house, garage, ice house, drive, and wall and gate.
New Pump-House, also known as the Byrd Park Pump House, is a historic pumping station building located in Byrd Park, Richmond, Virginia. It was built in 1881-1883, and is a three-part, "I" plan, Gothic Revival style granite building. A one-story, L-shaped annex was built in 1905. The building features a steeply pitched roof, projecting gables, Gothic arches, and lancet windows. Also on the property are the contributing Beaux Arts style 1924 Hydro Electric Pumping Station constructed of brick, concrete, and stucco and the 1881 Worthington Steam Pump Building, a one-story Italianate style pump house built of brick coated with stucco. The complex was built as the waterworks for the city of Richmond.
"Three Hills: The Home of Mary Johnston." Virginia Suffrage News, November 1, 1914. https://virginiachronicle.com/?a=d&d=VSN19141101&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN-------
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