Thrift Wood

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Thrift Wood
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Thrift Wood Pile - geograph.org.uk - 1284294.jpg
Area of Search Essex
Grid reference TL 792018
Interest Biological
Area 19.4 hectares
Notification 1987
Location map Magic Map

Thrift Wood is a 19.4 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest south-east of Bicknacre in Essex. [1] [2] It is managed by the Essex Wildlife Trust. [3]

Site of Special Scientific Interest conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom

A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in Great Britain or an Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) in the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom and Isle of Man. SSSI/ASSIs are the basic building block of site-based nature conservation legislation and most other legal nature/geological conservation designations in the United Kingdom are based upon them, including national nature reserves, Ramsar sites, Special Protection Areas, and Special Areas of Conservation. The acronym "SSSI" is often pronounced "triple-S I".

Bicknacre village in United Kingdom

Bicknacre is a village in Essex, England. It is approximately 6.5 km (4.0 mi) north of South Woodham Ferrers and 9.2 km (5.7 mi) southeast of the city of Chelmsford. The village is in the borough of Chelmsford and in the parliamentary constituency of Maldon & East Chelmsford. It has a population of approximately 4,500 people.

Essex County of England

Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region.

The site is an ancient semi-natural wood on acid soil. It is of two types, both unusual habitats, pedunculate oak/hornbeam and sessile oak/hornbeam. Wild service trees and elders are found in the shrub layer, and a pond has a raised sphagnum bog. Twenty species of butterfly have been recorded. [1]

Hornbeam genus of plants

Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae. The 30–40 species occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

<i>Sambucus nigra</i> species of plant

Sambucus nigra is a species complex of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae native to most of Europe and North America. Common names include elder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry and European black elderberry. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry fertile soils, primarily in sunny locations.

<i>Sphagnum</i> genus of mosses, peat moss

Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as "peat moss". Accumulations of Sphagnum can store water, since both living and dead plants can hold large quantities of water inside their cells; plants may hold 16–26 times as much water as their dry weight, depending on the species. The empty cells help retain water in drier conditions. Hence, as sphagnum moss grows, it can slowly spread into drier conditions, forming larger mires, both raised bogs and blanket bogs. These peat accumulations then provide habitat for a wide array of peatland plants, including sedges and ericaceous shrubs, as well as orchids and carnivorous plants. Sphagnum and the peat formed from it do not decay readily because of the phenolic compounds embedded in the moss's cell walls. In addition, bogs, like all wetlands, develop anaerobic soil conditions, which produces slower anaerobic decay rather than aerobic microbial action. Peat moss can also acidify its surroundings by taking up cations, such as calcium and magnesium, and releasing hydrogen ions. Under the right conditions, peat can accumulate to a depth of many meters. Different species of Sphagnum have different tolerance limits for flooding and pH, so any one peatland may have a number of different Sphagnum species.

There is access from Main Road.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Thrift Wood, Woodham Ferrers citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  2. "Map of Thrift Wood, Woodham Ferrers". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  3. "Thrift Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 7 August 2016.

Coordinates: 51°37′42″N0°03′53″E / 51.6284°N 0.0646°E / 51.6284; 0.0646

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.