Thuarea

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Thuarea
Thuarea involuta kuroiwazasa01.jpg
Thuarea involuta
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Thuarea

Type species
Thuarea sarmentosa
(syn of T. involuta) [1] [2]
Synonyms [2] [3]

Thuarea is a genus of plants in the grass family, native to Asia, Africa, Australia, and various islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. [1] [4]

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Poaceae family of plants

Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass. Poaceae includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns and pasture. Grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower part of each leaf encloses the stem, forming a leaf-sheath. With around 780 genera and around 12,000 species, Poaceae are the fifth-largest plant family, following the Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae and Rubiaceae.

Asia Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

Species: [2] [5]

Madagascar island nation off the coast of Southeast Africa, in the Indian Ocean

Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

China Country in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Japan Country in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

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<i>Oryza</i> genus of plants

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<i>Saccharum</i> genus of plants

Saccharum is a genus of tall perennial plants of the broomsedge tribe within the grass family.

<i>Pennisetum</i> genus of plants

Pennisetum is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family, native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. They are known commonly as fountaingrasses

<i>Cynodon</i> genus of plants

Cynodon is a genus of plants in the grass family. It is native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Old World, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in the New World and on many oceanic islands.

<i>Tragus</i> (plant) genus of plants

Tragus, commonly called bur gras, burr grass or carrot-seed grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family. It is native to Africa, Australia, and Eurasia with several species on islands in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans plus one species in Argentina.

<i>Koeleria</i> genus of plants

Koeleria is a common and widespread genus of plants in the grass family, found on all continents except Antarctica and on various oceanic islands. It includes species known generally as Junegrasses.

Dactyloctenium genus of plants

Dactyloctenium is a genus of Asian, African, and Australian plants in the grass family. Common name is crowfoot grasses.

Lepturus is a genus of plants in the grass family, native to Asia, Africa, Australia, and various islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

  1. Lepturus anadabolavensisA.Camus - Madagascar
  2. Lepturus androyensisA.Camus - Madagascar
  3. Lepturus boinensisA.Camus - Madagascar
  4. Lepturus calcareusCope - Socotra
  5. Lepturus copeanusB.K.Simon - Australia
  6. Lepturus geminatusC.E.Hubb. - Australia
  7. Lepturus humbertianusA.Camus - Madagascar
  8. Lepturus minutusB.K.Simon - Queensland
  9. Lepturus nesiotesCope - Socotra
  10. Lepturus perrieriA.Camus - Madagascar
  11. Lepturus pulchellus(Balf.f.) Clayton - Socotra
  12. Lepturus radicans(Steud.) A.Camus - Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Seychelles, India
  13. Lepturus repens(J.R.Forst.) R.Br. - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Chagos Is, Mauritius, Rodrigues I, Aldabra, Lakshadweep, Sri Lanka, Andaman Is, Paracel Is, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Japan, Cocos Is, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Christmas I, New Guinea, Solomon Is, Australia, many of the Pacific Islands
  14. Lepturus tenuisBalf.f. - Socotra
  15. Lepturus xerophilusDomin - Australia
<i>Cymodocea</i> genus of plants

Cymodocea is a genus in the family Cymodoceaceae described as a genus in 1805. It includes four species of sea grass distributed in warm oceans.

<i>Enneapogon</i> genus of plants

Enneapogon is a cosmopolitan genus of plants in the grass family.

Pseudechinolaena is a genus of tropical and subtropical plants in the grass family, all but one species endemic to Madagascar.

  1. Pseudechinolaena camusianaBosser - Madagascar
  2. Pseudechinolaena madagascariensis(A.Camus) Bosser - Madagascar
  3. Pseudechinolaena moratiiBosser - Madagascar
  4. Pseudechinolaena perrieriA.Camus - Madagascar
  5. Pseudechinolaena polystachya(Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Stapf - tropical - southern Africa, Asia, New Guinea, Latin America
  6. Pseudechinolaena tenuisBosser - Madagascar

Cyrtococcum is a genus of Asian, African, and Pacific Island plants in the grass family.

  1. Cyrtococcum bosseriA.Camus - Madagascar
  2. Cyrtococcum capitis-yorkB.K.Simon - Queensland
  3. Cyrtococcum chaetophoron(Roem. & Schult.) Dandy - tropical Africa
  4. Cyrtococcum deccanenseBor - India, Sri Lanka
  5. Cyrtococcum deltoideum(Hack.) A.Camus - Madagascar
  6. Cyrtococcum fuscinode(Steud.) A.Camus - Comoros
  7. Cyrtococcum humbertianumA.Camus - Madagascar
  8. Cyrtococcum longipes(Hook.f.) A.Camus - India, Myanmar to Andaman Islands
  9. Cyrtococcum multinode(Lam.) Clayton - Tanzania, Uganda, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Réunion
  10. Cyrtococcum nossibeenseA.Camus - Madagascar
  11. Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum(Steud.) Stapf - China, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, Queensland, several Pacific Island groups
  12. Cyrtococcum patens(L.) A.Camus - China, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, Queensland, several Pacific Island groups
  13. Cyrtococcum tamatavenseA.Camus - Madagascar
  14. Cyrtococcum trigonum(Retz.) A.Camus - Kenya, Tanzania, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, several Pacific Island groups
<i>Stenotaphrum</i> genus of plants

Stenotaphrum is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.

Trachys is a genus of Asian plants in the grass family.

  1. Trachys copeanaKabeer & V.J.Nair - Tamil Nadu
  2. Trachys muricata(L.) Pers. ex Trin. - India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka
<i>Trisetum</i> genus of plants

Trisetum is a genus of plants in the grass family, widespread in temperate, subarctic, and alpine habitats in much of the world. Oatgrass is a common name for plants in this genus.

Dichanthium genus of plants

Dichanthium, known commonly as bluestem, is a genus of African, Asian, and Australian plants in the grass family.

Ophiuros is a genus of Asia, Australian, and East African plants in the grass family.

  1. Ophiuros bombaiensisBor - Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra
  2. Ophiuros exaltatus(L.) Kuntze - Indian Subcontinent, southern China, Southeast Asia, Ryukyu Islands, New Guinea, Australia
  3. Ophiuros megaphyllusStapf ex Haines - eastern India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand
  4. Ophiuros papillosusHochst. - Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
Enteropogon genus of plants

Enteropogon is a genus of tropical and subtropical plants in the grass family. It is widespread across many parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various islands.

  1. Enteropogon acicularis(Lindl.) Lazarides - curly windmill grass, large windmill grass, umbrella grass - Australia
  2. Enteropogon barbatusC.E.Hubb. - Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya
  3. Enteropogon brandegeei(Vasey) Clayton - Baja California, Baja California Sur
  4. Enteropogon chlorideus(Presl) Clayton - buryseed umbrella grass, verdillo cacahuatoide - Arizona, Texas, Mesoamerica
  5. Enteropogon coimbatorensisK.K.N.Nair, S.K.Jain & M.P.Nayar - India
  6. Enteropogon dolichostachyus(Lag.) Keng - Yemen, Oman, Afghanistan, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, southern China, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, northern Australia, Micronesia
  7. Enteropogon longiaristatus(Napper) Clayton - Tanzania
  8. Enteropogon macrostachyusMunro ex Benth. - bushrye - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North West Province
  9. Enteropogon minutusLazarides - northern Australia
  10. Enteropogon mollis(Nees) Clayton - Central America, West Indies, northern South America, Galápagos
  11. Enteropogon monostachyusSchum. - Somalia, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Swaziland, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  12. Enteropogon paucispiceus(Lazarides) B.K.Simon - Queensland
  13. Enteropogon prieurii(Kunth) Clayton - drier parts of Africa; Saudi Arabia, Yemen, India
  14. Enteropogon ramosusB.K.Simon - tussock umbrella grass - Australia
  15. Enteropogon rupestris(J.A.Schmidt) A.Chev. - drier parts of Africa
  16. Enteropogon seychellarumBenth. - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Madagascar, Seychelles, Aldabra
  17. Enteropogon unispiceus(F.Muell.) Clayton - Taiwan, Queensland, New South Wales, Cook Islands
<i>Ottelia</i> genus of plants

Ottelia is a genus of an aquatic plant family Hydrocharitaceae described as a genus in 1805. The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, South America, and Australia.

References