Thurrock (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Thurrock
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Thurrock2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Thurrock in Essex
EnglandEssex.svg
Location of Essex within England
County Essex
Electorate 77,667 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Grays, Tilbury, South Ockendon and Chafford
Current constituency
Created 1945
Member of Parliament Jackie Doyle-Price (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from South East Essex

Thurrock is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jackie Doyle-Price, a Conservative. [n 2]

Contents

History

History of boundaries

The seat was created from South East Essex as a result of the interim redistribution carried out for the 1945 general election. It remained unchanged until the redistribution following the reorganisation of local authorities under the Local Government Act 1972 (not coming into force until the 1983 general election), when it lost northern parts to the new constituency of Billericay. There was a small change for the 2010 general election, when East Tilbury was included in the new constituency of South Basildon and East Thurrock.

History of results

All campaigns since the seat's 1945 inception have resulted in a minimum of 26.8% of votes at each election for the main two parties, with Labour or the Conservatives alternating between first and second place. The third-placed party's share of the vote has fluctuated between 31.7% and 20.1% of the vote for UKIP and between 8.1% and 21.7 in the case of the Liberal Democrats and that party's predecessors. The seat attracted two candidates in 1959 and seven in 2015.

Thurrock was for 38 years from and including 1945 a large-majority Labour seat in parliamentary elections. The post-Falklands War election in 1983 gave a majority of less than 4% of the vote to a recently-split Labour Party (the breakaway faction, the SDP, came third). A Conservative gained Thurrock in 1987 with a small majority. In 1992, it was regained by a Labour candidate, Andrew MacKinlay. During his tenure as MP, MacKinlay was criticised for his questioning technique used on weapons expert Dr. David Kelly.

In the 2010 general election, a Conservative gained the seat, with Jackie Doyle-Price being elected as the MP on a majority of 92 votes, the third most marginal in that election. [2] The 2015 result gave the seat the 8th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. [3] In that 2015 election fewer than 1,000 votes separated the top three parties: Conservative, Labour and UKIP. The seat has had bellwether outcome status since 1997.

In 2017, the seat was number 1 on UKIP's 2017 target list, the party only needing a 0.98% swing to win the seat from third place if the previous result were repeated. The constituency was also at number 7 on Labour's target list, with a 0.54% swing needed for their candidate to win the seat. In the event, the swing to Labour was around 0.2% and Doyle-Price held the seat by a mere 345 votes, making it the 26th-closest nationally (of 650 seats). [4] This was also the third consecutive occasion that Thurrock had been held or won very narrowly. At the 2019 general election, Doyle-Price's vote share increased by 19.1%, the largest increase in vote share achieved by any Conservative candidate in the United Kingdom at that election, and her majority rose to 11,482 votes. [5]

Prominent frontbenchers

Dr Oonagh McDonald was Opposition Spokesman on Defence from 1981–1983, and then Opposition Spokesman on Treasury and Economic Affairs from 1983–1987.

Boundaries and boundary changes

Thurrock in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950. Thurrock1945.png
Thurrock in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

1945–1983: The Urban District of Thurrock. [6]

The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. [7] This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which South East Essex was divided into two constituencies. As a consequence, the new Thurrock Division of Essex was formed, comprising the Urban District of Thurrock (created largely from amalgamating the Urban Districts of Grays Thurrock and Tilbury and the Rural District of Orsett).

1983–2010: The Borough of Thurrock wards of Aveley, Belhus, Chadwell St Mary, East Tilbury, Grays Thurrock North, Grays Thurrock Town, Little Thurrock, Ockendon, Stifford, Tilbury, and West Thurrock. [8] [9]

Northern areas transferred to the new County Constituency of Billericay.

2010–present: The Borough of Thurrock wards of Aveley and Uplands, Belhus, Chadwell St Mary, Chafford and North Stifford, Grays Riverside, Grays Thurrock, Little Thurrock Blackshots, Little Thurrock Rectory, Ockendon, South Chafford, Stifford Clays, Tilbury Riverside and Thurrock Park, Tilbury St Chads, West Thurrock, and South Stifford. [10]

Following a redistribution of local authority wards, East Tilbury was transferred to the new County Constituency of South Basildon and East Thurrock.

Constituency profile

Following the 2019 General Election, Thurrock was held by the Conservatives with a majority of nearly 11,500 votes, making it a safe Conservative seat. [11] This was a significant increase over 2017 when the Conservatives held the seat by just over 300 votes, when it was a marginal seat between the Conservatives and Labour. This industrial Essex seat, east of London, includes the towns of Grays, Tilbury and Purfleet and 18 miles of the north bank of the Thames.

Historically known for quarrying and heavy industry, it is now a retail destination thanks to the Lakeside shopping centre. Retail and distribution are big employers, while Tilbury Power Station has closed and Coryton oil refinery is being redeveloped as a business park. Tilbury is also London's major port, handling millions of tonnes of cargo a year and is a major cruise ship terminal.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 4.8% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . The regional average for the Eastern England region was considerably lower, at 3.2% of the population. [12]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [13] PartyNotes
1945 Leslie Solley Labour
1949 Labour Independent Group
1950 Hugh Delargy Labour Died May 1976
1976 by-election Oonagh McDonald Labour
1987 Tim Janman Conservative
1992 Andrew MacKinlay Labour
2010 Jackie Doyle-Price Conservative

Elections

Thurrock election results Thurrock election results.png
Thurrock election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Thurrock [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jackie Doyle-Price 27,795 58.6 +19.1
Labour John Kent16,31334.4-4.5
Liberal Democrats Stewart Stone1,5103.2+1.6
Independent James Woollard1,0422.2N/A
Green Ben Harvey8071.7N/A
Majority11,48224.2+23.5
Turnout 47,46759.6-4.8
Conservative hold Swing +11.8
General election 2017: Thurrock [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jackie Doyle-Price 19,880 39.5 Increase2.svg5.8
Labour John Kent19,53538.8Increase2.svg6.2
UKIP Tim Aker 10,11220.1Decrease2.svg11.6
Liberal Democrats Kevin McNamara7981.6Increase2.svg0.3
Majority3450.7Decrease2.svg0.4
Turnout 50,32564.4Increase2.svg0.5
Conservative hold Swing Decrease2.svg0.2
General election 2015: Thurrock [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jackie Doyle-Price 16,692 33.7 −3.1
Labour Polly Billington [18] 16,15632.6−4.0
UKIP Tim Aker [19] 15,71831.7+24.3
Liberal Democrats Rhodri Jamieson-Ball6441.3−9.4
CISTA Jamie Barnes2440.5N/A
Independent Daniel Munyambu790.2N/A
All People's Party Aba Kristilolu310.1N/A
Majority5361.1Increase2.svg0.9
Turnout 49,56463.9Increase2.svg 4.8
Conservative hold Swing 0.4
General election 2010: Thurrock [20] [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jackie Doyle-Price 16,869 36.8 +3.6
Labour Carl Morris16,77736.6−9.6
Liberal Democrats Carys Davis4,90110.7−0.4
BNP Emma Colgate3,6187.9+2.1
UKIP Clive Broad3,3907.4+4.0
Christian Peoples Alliance Arinola Araba2670.6N/A
Majority920.2N/A
Turnout 45,82259.1+4.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.6

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Thurrock [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Andrew MacKinlay 20,63647.2−9.3
Conservative Garry Hague14,26132.6+2.8
Liberal Democrats Earnshaw Palmer4,77010.9+0.6
BNP Nick Geri2,5265.8N/A
UKIP Carol Jackson1,4993.40.0
Majority6,37514.6-11.9
Turnout 43,69254.9+5.9
Labour hold Swing −6.1
General election 2001: Thurrock [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Andrew MacKinlay 21,12156.5−6.8
Conservative Mike Penning 11,12429.8+3.0
Liberal Democrats John Lathan3,84610.3+2.2
UKIP Christopher Sheppard1,2713.4+1.6
Majority9,99726.7-9.8
Turnout 37,36249.0−16.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Thurrock [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Andrew MacKinlay 29,89663.3+17.8
Conservative Andrew Rosindell 12,64026.8−16.9
Liberal Democrats Joe White3,8438.1−1.4
UKIP Peter Compobassi8331.8N/A
Majority17,25636.5+34.3
Turnout 47,21265.6-12.5
Labour hold Swing +17.2
General election 1992: Thurrock [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Andrew MacKinlay 24,79145.9+4.8
Conservative Tim Janman 23,61943.7+1.2
Liberal Democrats Alan J. Banton5,1459.5−7.0
Pensioners' PartyCharles Rogers3910.7N/A
Anti-Federalist League Peter Compobassi1170.2N/A
Majority1,1722.2N/A
Turnout 54,06378.1+6.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Thurrock [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tim Janman 20,52742.5+7.1
Labour Oonagh McDonald 19,83741.0+1.8
SDP Donald Benson7,97016.5-5.2
Majority6901.5N/A
Turnout 48,33471.5+3.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1983: Thurrock [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Oonagh McDonald 17,60039.21
Conservative T Jallon15,87835.37
SDP Donald Benson9,76121.74
Independent M Bibby1,2002.67
BNP R Sinclair2520.6
Communist J Paul1990.4
Majority1,7223.8
Turnout 44,89167.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Thurrock [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Oonagh McDonald 33,44948.55
Conservative Tony Baldry 27,03039.24
Liberal M Crowson6,4459.36
National Front E Burdett1,3581.97
Independent B Chattaway3650.53
Workers Revolutionary M Daly2420.35
Majority6,4199.31
Turnout 68,88475.11
Labour hold Swing
1976 by-election: Thurrock
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Oonagh McDonald 22,19145.27-10.30
Conservative Percy Lomax17,35235.39+10.95
Liberal Anthony Charlton5,97712.19-7.80
National Front John Roberts3,2556.64N/A
English National Frank Hansford-Miller 1870.38N/A
World Grid Sunshine Room PartyPeter Bishop720.15N/A
Majority4,8399.88
Turnout 49,034
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Thurrock
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 34,06655.57
Conservative P Lomax14,98624.44
Liberal A Charlton12,25519.99
Majority19,08031.12
Turnout 68.54
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Thurrock
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 36,21752.15
Conservative Graham Bright 17,69925.48
Liberal Kaye Fleetwood15,53422.37
Majority18,51826.66
Turnout 78.41
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Thurrock Electorate 84,337
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 30,87455.75
Conservative Graham Bright 19,48635.18
Liberal Kaye Fleetwood5,0249.07
Majority11,38820.56
Turnout 55,38465.67
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Thurrock Electorate 72,502
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 31,99860.67
Conservative Cedric J Hodgson14,09426.72
Liberal James C Moran6,64812.61
Majority17,90433.95
Turnout 72.74
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Thurrock Electorate 71,519
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 30,37257.22
Conservative Robert McCrindle 14,61527.53
Liberal A Noel H Blackburn8,09415.25
Majority15,75729.68
Turnout 53,08174.22
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Thurrock Electorate 67,054
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 32,27061.52
Conservative William E McNamara20,18838.48
Majority12,08223.04
Turnout 52,45878.23
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Thurrock Electorate 63,030
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 31,37566.16
Conservative Gerald A Petty16,04633.84
Majority15,32932.32
Turnout 47,42175.24
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Thurrock Electorate 53,157
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 28,85165.55
Conservative Godfrey Lagden 15,16634.45
Majority13,68531.09
Turnout 44,01782.81
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Thurrock Electorate 50,962
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Hugh Delargy 22,89352.68
Conservative Airey Neave 13,30630.62
Independent Labour Leslie Solley 4,2509.78
Liberal William Harold Henry Siddons3,0106.93
Majority9,58722.06
Turnout 43,45985.28
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Thurrock
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Leslie Solley 23,17170.05N/A
Conservative T Adam9,90929.95N/A
Majority13,26240.10N.A
Turnout 33,08076.89N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

Related Research Articles

Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Hartlepool is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament which has been represented by Mike Hill of the Labour Party since the 2017 general election. The constituency covers the town of Hartlepool plus nearby settlements.

Norwich South (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Norwich South is a constituency in Norfolk represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, since 2015 by Clive Lewis, of the Labour Party.

South West Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

South West Norfolk is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Liz Truss, a Conservative.

Spelthorne (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Spelthorne is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Kwasi Kwarteng, a Conservative.

West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

West Lancashire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Rosie Cooper, a member of the Labour Party.

Barrow and Furness (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Barrow and Furness, formerly known as Barrow-in-Furness, is a constituency in Cumbria which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Simon Fell, a Conservative.

Easington (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Easington is a constituency created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

North East Derbyshire is a constituency created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Lee Rowley of the Conservative Party. This was the first time a Conservative candidate had been elected since 1935.

Mansfield (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Mansfield is a constituency created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Ben Bradley of the Conservative Party, who gained the seat at the 2017 general election, from the Labour Party. This is the first time the seat has been represented by a Conservative since its creation in 1885.

Gedling (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Gedling is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Tom Randall of the Conservative Party. The seat is one of the dozens of the UK seats held by Labour in 2017, but gained by the Conservatives in 2019.

Birmingham Northfield (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Birmingham, Northfield is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Gary Sambrook, a Conservative. It represents the southernmost part of the city of Birmingham.

Wolverhampton South West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Wolverhampton South West is a constituency created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Stuart Anderson of the Conservative Party.

Croydon Central (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Croydon Central is a constituency created in 1974 and is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Labour MP Sarah Jones. The seat bucked the national results in 2005, 2017 and 2019 leaning to right and left respectively being in other results a bellwether, its winner belonging to the winning party nationally since 1979.

Basildon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974-2010

Basildon was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Rochford and Southend East (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Rochford and Southend East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by James Duddridge, a Conservative.

Southend West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Southend West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir David Amess, a Conservative.

Harrow West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1945 onwards

Harrow West is a constituency which was created in 1945 and is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Until 1997, it only returned Conservative MPs; since then, it has elected the Labour Co-operative MP Gareth Thomas on a fluctuating majority. Since 2010, this has been bolstered by the loss of Pinner from the seat and the gain of a favourable ward for Labour from Harrow East.

Penistone and Stocksbridge (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Penistone and Stocksbridge is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament represented since 2019 by Miriam Cates, a Conservative. As with all constituencies, adults qualifying to vote in the seat elect one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

Thurrock is a unitary authority in Essex, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district. One third of the council is elected each year, followed by one year without an election. Since the unitary authority was first elected in 1997, the council has consisted of 49 councillors elected from 20 wards.

South Basildon and East Thurrock (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

South Basildon and East Thurrock is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Stephen Metcalfe, a Conservative.

References

  1. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. The 2010 marginality of the result placed the seat immediately behind the majorities of Dan Byles (Con), 54 votes and Michelle Gildernew (SF), 2 votes
  3. List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. Library, House of Commons (23 June 2017). "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout". Commons Library.
  5. The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. pp. 53 & 360. ISBN   978-0-00-839258-1.
  6. Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN   0900178094. OCLC   539011.
  7. Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  9. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  10. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  11. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14000995
  12. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  13. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
  14. "Thurrock Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  15. "STATEMENT OF PERSONS NOMINATED, NOTICE OF POLL AND SITUATION OF POLLING STATIONS Election of a Member of Parliament for Thurrock" (PDF). Thurrock Council . Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  16. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  17. "Thurrock". bbc.co.uk.
  18. "The Labour Party". labour.org.uk. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013.
  19. "Tim Aker announced as UKIP candidate for Thurrock". Your Thurrock. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  20. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  21. "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Thurrock". BBC News.
  22. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  27. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  29. "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
  30. "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.

Coordinates: 51°29′N0°19′E / 51.48°N 0.32°E / 51.48; 0.32