Timeline of Melbourne history

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The Melbourne, also known as the settlement skyline, and Yarra River Yarra River in summer.jpg
The Melbourne, also known as the settlement skyline, and Yarra River

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Melbourne , Victoria, Australia.


Pre-European settlement

19th century’s timeline

A map dating to the 1880s shows the well-established suburbs of Melbourne. Karte Melbourne MKL1888.png
A map dating to the 1880s shows the well-established suburbs of Melbourne.

20th century

Chart of Melbourne's population growth since first settlement in 1851 Melb pop growth.jpg
Chart of Melbourne's population growth since first settlement in 1851

21st century

See also

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The Melbourne tram network began in 1884 with the construction of the Fairfield Horse Tramway. However, the purpose of the line was to increase land prices in the area, and it soon closed during the depression in 1890. The first genuine attempt to construct a tramway network was the construction of the Richmond cable tram line by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company in 1885. Over the next few years, 16 more cable tram lines were constructed, as well as numerous other horse tramways. The depression of the early 1890s slowed further expansion of the cable network. The first electric tram line was the Box Hill and Doncaster tramway which opened in 1889. This was a pioneering line in what was then the countryside and thus didn't receive much patronage. It closed in 1896. The next attempt at an electric tramway was Victorian Railways' St Kilda to Brighton line, which opened in 1906. Later that year, the North Melbourne Electric Tramway & Lighting Company opened lines to Essendon and Maribyrnong. Many local councils formed their own tramway trusts and built tramways within their own constituency. The most successful of these was the Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust.


  1. Lewis, Miles (1995). Melbourne the city's history and development, 2nd ed. City of Melbourne.
  2. New South Wales Government Gazette, 12 April 1837 (No.271), p. 303.
  3. Melbourne the city's history and development, 2nd ed pg 5, Miles Lewis, 1995
  4. Charles Augustus FitzRoy. An Act for Regulating Buildings and Party Walls and for Preventing Mischiefs by Fire in the City of Melbourne. Melbourne: (Government of New South Wales, 1849).
  5. Burgmann, Verity and Meredith (1998). Green Bans, Red Union: Environmental Activism and the New South Wales Builders Labourers' Federation. pp. 50–51.
  6. Ness, Immanuel (2014). New Forms of Worker Organisation: The Syndicalist and Autonomist Restoration of Class Struggle Unionism.
  7. "Melbourne tram dispute and lockout 1990 - anarcho-syndicalism in practice". libcom.org. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  8. Lahey, Tim Colebatch and Kate (22 September 2009). "Melbourne's population hits 4 million". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  9. "170,000 Shut Down Melbourne's CBD To Demand Better Pay & Work Conditions". Pedestrian TV. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  10. "St Kilda beach racist protests: Far right clashes with anti-fascists". www.news.com.au. Retrieved 14 January 2019.

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