Tolland County Courthouse
|Location||53 Tolland Green, Tolland, Connecticut|
|Part of||Tolland Green Historic District (ID09000084)|
|NRHP reference No.||09000084|
|Added to NRHP||September 17, 1977|
|Designated CP||August 1, 1997|
The Old Tolland County Courthouse is a historic former courthouse at 53 Tolland Green in Tolland, Connecticut. Built in 1822 it was used as a county courthouse until the 1890s. It housed the Tolland Public Library from 1899 to 1985. Now a history museum operated by the Tolland Historical Society,the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
The Old Tolland County Courthouse is located on the west side of the Tolland Green, roughly at the junction of Connecticut Routes 195 and 74. Build in the neoclassical Federal style, the courthouse a 2+1⁄2-story wood-frame structure, with a gabled roof and clapboarded exterior with a Palladian window. The roof is topped by a two-story tower, with a square base and an octagonal louvered belfry capped by a round cupola. The main building facade is three bays wide, with corner pilasters rising to an entablature and gabled pediment. The main entrance is flanked by pilasters and topped by a half-round transom window and gabled pediment. The interior has been restored, with the second floor resembling its original appearance as a courtroom.
The courthouse was built in 1822, when Tolland was the county seat of Tolland County. The courthouse remained in service as such until 1890, when county courts mostly moved to Rockville. Starting in 1899, the courthouse housed the town's public library. In 1930, the courthouse was sold for $1 to Samuel Simpson, who promptly donated the building to the Tolland Public Library Association. The building continued to house the probate courts for Tolland and neighboring Ellington until 1960.
The courthouse served as the Tolland Public Library until 1985, when the library moved to the renovated and expanded Hick Municipal Building and Library Complex, formerly the Hicks Memorial School.In 2001, the Tolland Public Library Association donated the courthouse to the Tolland Historical Society, which oversaw its restoration and conversion to a museum. The first floor of the courthouse also houses the library and offices of the French-Canadian Genealogical Society of Connecticut.
Tolland is a town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 15,052 at the 2010 census.
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The Tolland Green Historic District is a historic district that includes the town green, Tolland Green, of Tolland, Connecticut.
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The Old Tolland County Jail and Museum is a historic jail in Tolland, Connecticut. It is located at 52 Tolland Green. The jail was in use from 1856-1968. The Jail served as the county jail in the 19th and 20th century for criminals who were convicted of a crime or were awaiting a trial at the courthouse across the street. The jail also had a hotel in front until a fire burned it down in 1893. The hotel was used to provide hospitality to visitors who had jail related business.
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Gilmanton Academy is a historic school building on Province Road in Gilmanton, New Hampshire. Built in 1894, it is a well-preserved example of a 19th-century academy building, and was one of the last to be built in the state. The building, now housing town offices and the local historical society, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
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The Daniel Benton Homestead is a historic house museum and the oldest house in Tolland, Connecticut. It was built in 1720 and has been operated by the Tolland Historical Society as a museum since 1970.
The Hicks-Stearns Family Museum is a Victorian historic house museum located on the town green in Tolland, Connecticut. The house was built in 1788, when it served as a tavern. It was occupied by the Hicks family from 1845 until 1970. Along with the Old Tolland County Jail and Museum, the Tolland County Courthouse, and the Daniel Benton Homestead, the Hicks-Stearns Family Museum is one of Tolland's four major landmarks.
Tolland Public Library is a public library that serves the town of Tolland, Connecticut. The library was founded in 1899 under the auspices of the Tolland Public Library Association. It serves a population of 14,838 by "providing library materials and services to support the leisure time, general information, and educational needs of its citizens."