Triple (baseball)

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Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base. Ty Cobb sliding2-edit1.jpg
Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base.

In baseball, a triple is the act of a batter safely reaching third base after hitting the ball, with neither the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) nor another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A triple is sometimes called a "three-bagger" or "three-base hit". [1] For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 3B. [2] [3]

Contents

Triples have become somewhat rare in Major League Baseball, less common than both the double and the home run. This is because it requires a ball to be hit solidly to a distant part of the field (ordinarily a line drive or fly ball near the foul line), or the ball to take an irregular bounce in the outfield, usually against the wall, away from a fielder. It also requires that the batter is a speedy enough runner to make it all the way to third base in time, and that the batter's team have a good strategic reason for wanting the batter on third base, as a stand-up double will already put the batter in scoring position and there will often be little strategic advantage to taking the risk of trying to stretch a double into a triple. On the extreme, the triple may be stretched into the very rare inside-the-park home run. The trend for modern ballparks is to have smaller outfields (generally increasing the number of home runs), ensuring that the career and season triples leaders mostly consist of those who played early in Major League Baseball history, particularly in the dead-ball era.

A walk-off triple (one that ends a game) occurs very infrequently. In general, game-winning hits with a runner on first base are walk-off doubles, since it is quite common for runners starting on first base to score on a double (as it is to make it from first to third on a single). For example, in 2019, there was not a single walk-off triple.

Triples leaders, Major League Baseball

PlayCareer lengthNumber of triples
Sam Crawford 1899–1917309
Ty Cobb 1905–1928295
Honus Wagner 1897–1917252
Jake Beckley 1888–1907243
Roger Connor 1880–1897233
Tris Speaker 1907–1928222
Fred Clarke 1894–1915220
Dan Brouthers 1879–1904205
Joe Kelley 1891–1908194
Paul Waner 1926–1945191

Season

Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken. Chief Wilson Baseball.jpg
Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken.
PlayerYearNumber of triples
Chief Wilson 191236
Dave Orr 188631
Heinie Reitz 189431
Perry Werden 189329
Harry Davis 189728
Jimmy Williams 189928
George Davis 189327
Sam Thompson 189427
Sam Crawford 191426
Kiki Cuyler 192526
Joe Jackson 191226
John Reilly 189026
George Treadway 189426

See also

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References

  1. "Triple (3B)". MLB.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  2. "Dexter Fowler". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  3. McMahon, Rob, ed. (2009). USA Today Baseball Scorebook. Sterling Innovation. p. 11. ISBN   978-1-4027-6245-1.