Triple (baseball)

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Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base. Ty Cobb sliding2-edit1.jpg
Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base.

In baseball, a triple is the act of a batter safely reaching third base after hitting the ball, with neither the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) nor another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A triple is sometimes called a "three-bagger" or "three-base hit". [1] For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 3B. [2] [3]

Baseball Sport

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.

In baseball, fielder's choice refers to a variety of plays involving an offensive player reaching a base due to the defense's attempt to put out another baserunner, or the defensive team's indifference to his advance. Fielder's choice is not called by the umpires on the field of play; rather, it is recorded by the official scorer to account for the offensive player's advance without crediting him with an offensive statistic such as a hit or stolen base.

Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team.

Contents

Triples have become somewhat rare in Major League Baseball. It often requires a ball hit to a distant part of the field, or the ball taking an unusual bounce in the outfield. It also usually requires that the batter hit the ball solidly, and be a speedy runner. It also often requires that the batter's team have a good strategic reason for wanting the batter on third base, as a double will already put the batter in scoring position and there will often be little strategic advantage to taking the risk of trying to stretch a double into a triple. (The inside-the-park home run is much rarer than a triple). The trend for modern ballparks is to have smaller outfields (often increasing the number of home runs); it has ensured that the career and season triples leaders mostly consist of those who played early in Major League Baseball history, generally in the dead-ball era.

Major League Baseball Professional baseball league

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.

The outfield is a sporting term used in cricket and baseball to refer to the area of the field of play further from the batsman or batter than the infield, and in association football to players outside the goal.

In baseball, a double is the act of a batter striking the pitched ball and safely reaching second base without being called out by the umpire, without the benefit of a fielder's misplay or another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A double is a type of hit and is sometimes called a "two-bagger" or "two-base hit". For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 2B.

A walk-off triple (one that ends a game) occurs very infrequently. For example, the 2016 MLB season saw only three walk-off triples, excluding one play that was actually a triple plus an error. [4]

Triples leaders, Major League Baseball

PlayCareer lengthNumber of triples
Sam Crawford 1899–1917309
Ty Cobb 1905–1928295
Honus Wagner 1897–1917252
Jake Beckley 1888–1907243
Roger Connor 1880–1897233
Tris Speaker 1907–1928222
Fred Clarke 1894–1915220
Dan Brouthers 1879–1904205
Joe Kelley 1891–1908194
Paul Waner 1926–1945191

Season

Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken. Chief Wilson Baseball.jpg
Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken.
PlayerYearNumber of triples
Chief Wilson 191236
Dave Orr 188631
Heinie Reitz 189431
Perry Werden 189329
Harry Davis 189728
Jimmy Williams 189928
George Davis 189327
Sam Thompson 189427
Sam Crawford 191426
Kiki Cuyler 192526
Joe Jackson 191226
John Reilly 189026
George Treadway 189426

See also

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Official scorer

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References

  1. "Triple (3B)". MLB.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  2. "Dexter Fowler". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  3. McMahon, Rob, ed. (2009). USA Today Baseball Scorebook. Sterling Innovation. p. 11. ISBN   978-1-4027-6245-1.
  4. Miller, Sam (November 29, 2016). "The mystery of the walk-off triple". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.