Triple (baseball)

Last updated
Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base. Ty Cobb sliding2-edit1.jpg
Ty Cobb, second all-time in career triples, slides safely into third base.

In baseball, a triple is the act of a batter safely reaching third base after hitting the ball, with neither the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) nor another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A triple is sometimes called a "three-bagger" or "three-base hit". [1] For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 3B. [2] [3]


Triples have become somewhat rare in Major League Baseball, less common than both the double and the home run. This is because it requires a ball to be hit solidly to a distant part of the field (ordinarily a line drive or fly ball near the foul line), or the ball to take an irregular bounce in the outfield, usually against the wall, away from a fielder. It also requires that the batter is a speedy enough runner to make it all the way to third base in time, and that the batter's team have a good strategic reason for wanting the batter on third base, as a stand-up double will already put the batter in scoring position and there will often be little strategic advantage to taking the risk of trying to stretch a double into a triple. On the extreme, the triple may be stretched into the very rare inside-the-park home run. The trend for modern ballparks is to have smaller outfields (generally increasing the number of home runs), ensuring that the career and season triples leaders mostly consist of those who played early in Major League Baseball history, particularly in the dead-ball era.

A walk-off triple (one that ends a game) occurs very infrequently. In general, game-winning hits with a runner on first base are walk-off doubles, since it is quite common for runners starting on first base to score on a double (as it is to make it from first to third on a single). For example, in 2019, there was not a single walk-off triple.

Triples leaders, Major League Baseball

PlayCareer lengthNumber of triples
Sam Crawford 1899–1917309
Ty Cobb 1905–1928295
Honus Wagner 1897–1917252
Jake Beckley 1888–1907243
Roger Connor 1880–1897233
Tris Speaker 1907–1928222
Fred Clarke 1894–1915220
Dan Brouthers 1879–1904205
Joe Kelley 1891–1908194
Paul Waner 1926–1945191


Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken. Chief Wilson Baseball.jpg
Chief Wilson's record of 36 triples in a season is unlikely to ever be broken.
PlayerYearNumber of triples
Chief Wilson 191236
Dave Orr 188631
Heinie Reitz 189431
Perry Werden 189329
Harry Davis 189728
Jimmy Williams 189928
George Davis 189327
Sam Thompson 189427
Sam Crawford 191426
Kiki Cuyler 192526
Joe Jackson 191226
John Reilly 189026
George Treadway 189426

See also

Related Research Articles

Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team.

Base on balls In baseball, reaching base on four balls

A base on balls (BB), also known as a walk, occurs in baseball when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls, and is in turn awarded first base without the possibility of being called out. The base on balls is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball's Official Rules, and further detail is given in 6.08(a). It is considered a faux pas for a professional player to literally walk to first base; the batter-runner and any advancing runners normally jog on such a play.

Hit (baseball) In baseball, hitting the ball into fair territory and safely reaching base without the benefit of an error or fielders choice

In baseball statistics, a hit, also called a base hit, is credited to a batter when the batter safely reaches or passes first base after hitting the ball into fair territory, without the benefit of an error or a fielder's choice.

Stolen base

In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a runner advances to a base to which he is not entitled and the official scorer rules that the advance should be credited to the action of the runner. The umpires determine whether the runner is safe or out at the next base, but the official scorer rules on the question of credit or blame for the advance under Rule 10 of the MLB's Official Rules.

Home run In baseball, a four-base hit resulting in a run by the batter

In baseball, a home run is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process. In modern baseball, the feat is typically achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles without first touching the ground, resulting in an automatic home run. There is also the "inside-the-park" home run where the batter reaches home safely while the baseball is in play on the field.

In baseball, a single is the most common type of base hit, accomplished through the act of a batter safely reaching first base by hitting a fair ball and getting to first base before a fielder puts him out. As an exception, a batter-runner reaching first base safely is not credited with a single when an infielder attempts to put out another runner on the first play; this is one type of a fielder's choice. Also, a batter-runner reaching first base on a play due to a fielder's error trying to put him out at first base or another runner out is not credited with a single.

Double (baseball)

In baseball, a double is the act of a batter striking the pitched ball and safely reaching second base without being called out by the umpire, without the benefit of a fielder's misplay or another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A double is a type of hit and is sometimes called a "two-bagger" or "two-base hit". For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 2B.

Double play Making two outs during the same play in baseball

In baseball and softball, a double play is the act of making two outs during the same continuous play. Double plays can occur any time there is at least one baserunner and fewer than two outs.

In baseball, a triple play is the rare act of making three outs during the same continuous play.

Error (baseball) Baseball statistic

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows a plate appearance to continue after the batter should have been put out. The term error is sometimes used to refer to the play during which an error was committed.

First baseman Infield defensive position in baseball and softball

A first baseman, abbreviated 1B, is the player on a baseball or softball team who fields the area nearest first base, the first of four bases a baserunner must touch in succession to score a run. The first baseman is responsible for the majority of plays made at that base. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the first baseman is assigned the number 3.

Inside-the-park home run Type of scoring play in baseball

In baseball, an inside-the-park home run is a play where a batter hits a home run without hitting the ball out of the field of play. It is also known as an "inside-the-parker", "in-the-park home run", or "in-the-park homer".

Jimmy Sheckard American baseball player

Samuel James Tilden Sheckard was an American left fielder and left-handed leadoff hitter in Major League Baseball who played for the Brooklyn Bridegrooms/Superbas, Baltimore Orioles (NL) (1899), Baltimore Orioles (AL) (1902), Chicago Cubs (1906–12), St. Louis Cardinals (1913) and Cincinnati Reds (1913).

Goose Goslin American baseball player

Leon Allen "Goose" Goslin was an American professional baseball left fielder. He played in Major League Baseball for the Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns, and Detroit Tigers, from 1921 until 1938.

Bob Allison American baseball player

William Robert "Bob" Allison was born in Raytown, Missouri and was a Major League Baseball outfielder and right-handed batter who played in the American League for the Washington Senators / Minnesota Twins from 1958 to 1970.

Baseball rules Overview of the rules of baseball at different levels and in different countries

The rules of baseball differ slightly from league to league, but in general share the same basic game play.

Glossary of baseball terms List of definitions of terms and concepts used in baseball

This is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial and specialized terms, phrases, and other jargon used in baseball, along with their definitions, including illustrative examples for many entries.


  1. "Triple (3B)". Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  2. "Dexter Fowler". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  3. McMahon, Rob, ed. (2009). USA Today Baseball Scorebook. Sterling Innovation. p. 11. ISBN   978-1-4027-6245-1.