Troup County Courthouse, Annex, and Jail

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Troup County Courthouse, Annex, and Jail
Troup County, Georgia Courthouse, Annex, and Jail.JPG
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Location E. Haralson St., LaGrange, Georgia
Coordinates 33°2′25″N85°1′50″W / 33.04028°N 85.03056°W / 33.04028; -85.03056 Coordinates: 33°2′25″N85°1′50″W / 33.04028°N 85.03056°W / 33.04028; -85.03056
Area 1.5 acres (0.61 ha)
Built 1939
Built by A.J. Honeycutt Co.
Architect William J.J. Chase
Architectural style Stripped Classicism
MPS Georgia County Courthouses TR
NRHP reference # 95000721 [1]
Added to NRHP June 8, 1995

The Troup County Courthouse, Annex, and Jail are three buildings built in 1939. Their construction was funded by the Public Works Administration, as a project under the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration to invest in infrastructure. They were designed by architect William J.J. Chase in Stripped Classical style. [2]

Public Works Administration

Public Works Administration (PWA), part of the New Deal of 1933, was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes. It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression. It built large-scale public works such as dams, bridges, hospitals, and schools. Its goals were to spend $3.3 billion in the first year, and $6 billion in all, to provide employment, stabilize purchasing power, and help revive the economy. Most of the spending came in two waves in 1933-35, and again in 1938. Originally called the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, it was renamed the Public Works Administration in 1935 and shut down in 1944.

William J.J. Chase American architect

William J.J. Chase was an American architect of Atlanta, Georgia.

LaGrange was in the news in January 2017 for the public apology of its police chief and mayor for the city's failure to prevent the 1940 lynching of Austin Callaway, a young black man. [3] Callaway was taken by a gang of white men from the jail, which presumably was this Troup County Jail.[ citation needed ]

Austin Callaway, also known as Austin Brown, was a young African-American man who was taken from jail by a group of six white men and lynched on September 8, 1940, in LaGrange, Georgia. The day before, Callaway had been arrested as a suspect in an assault of a white woman. The gang carried out extrajudicial punishment and prevented the youth from ever receiving a trial. They shot him numerous times, fatally wounding him and leaving him for dead. Found by a motorist, Callaway was taken to a hospital, where he died of his wounds.

The old Troup County Courthouse is used in the 21st century as the Juvenile Courthouse. The jail behind it was torn down in 2001 when the Troup County Government Center was built.[ citation needed ]

A former private Victorian home, built in 1892, was acquired by the county and operated as the Troup County Jail until replaced by the new facility in 1939. After being used in other ways, the building was restored and adapted for use since 2001 as the Chattahoochee Valley Art Museum / LaGrange Art Museum. [4] [5]

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Hand County Courthouse and Jail Upload image March 17, 1994 (#94000193) 415 West First Avenue 44°31′23″N 98°59′41″W Miller

References

  1. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. Leslie N. Sharp (April 13, 1995). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Troup County Courthouse, Annex, and Jail". National Park Service . Retrieved January 27, 2017. with 12 photos
  3. Emanuella Grinberg (January 27, 2017). "'Justice failed Austin Callaway': Town attempts to atone for 1940 lynching". CNN.
  4. Kenneth H. Thomas, Jr., and Julie Turner (May 10, 2001). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: LaGrange Commercial Historic District / Downtown LaGrange Historic District". National Park Service . Retrieved January 27, 2017. with 30 photos [ dead link ]
  5. "LaGrange Art Museum". New Georgia Encyclopedia. 2013.