|United Soccer League divisions|
United Soccer League (USL), formerly known as United Soccer Leagues, is the organizer of several soccer leagues with teams in the United States and Canada. It includes men's and women's leagues, both professional and amateur. Leagues currently organized are the USL Championship, USL League One, USL League Two and the youth Super Y League. A new women's league, the USL W League, began play in 2022.It is directly affiliated with the United States Soccer Federation and the United States Adult Soccer Association. The USL is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.
Founded in 1985 by Francisco Marcos, the Southwest Indoor Soccer League was first intended as a minor indoor league associated with Major Indoor Soccer League.The league began with five teams, all owned by individuals who owned or operated indoor soccer arenas in the Southwest United States. League headquarters was in Austin, Texas. In 1986, Marcos' team, the Austin Sockadillos, entered the league giving it six teams. By 1989, the league had set its sights on greater prospects than remaining a small, semi-professional indoor league. A 1989 press release stated, "It is envisioned the league will be part of the USSF's plan to professionalize soccer in the USA prior to the 1994 World Cup, and the league plans to push its teams to be considered for the "three-tiered first, second and third divisions" plan the USSF envisions for soccer."
The USL began operations in 1986 as the Southwest Indoor Soccer League, a semi-professional indoor league. The league quickly expanded and added an outdoor season in 1989. In 1991, the league renamed itself the United States Interregional Soccer League. By then, the outdoor league overshadowed the indoor league which continued to slowly dwindle in importance. By the 1997–98 season, only five teams remained indoors while the outdoor season had over a hundred teams divided into a three-division structure. This led the league to stop running an indoor league.
In 2010, the USL began to consider relaunching an indoor season. However, it decided instead to take over operations of the Major Indoor Soccer League; beginning indoor operations in 2011. The champions were determined by a single games in 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996 and 1998. The champions were determined by a best of three series in 1998 and a best of five series in 1989, 1990 and 1991 and a home-and-home series in 2012 and 2013.
|1986/87||Addison Arrows||7–2||Lubbock Lazers|
|1987/88||Oklahoma City Warriors||3–0||Austin Sockadillos|
|1988/89||Lubbock Lazers||3 games to 2||Austin Sockadillos|
|1989/90||Addison Arrows||3 games to 0||Phoenix Hearts|
|1990/91||Colorado Comets||3 games to 0||Oklahoma City Warriors|
|1991/92||Oklahoma City Warriors||7–2||Atlanta Magic|
|1992/93||Atlanta Magic||11–7||Arizona Cotton|
|1993/94||Atlanta Magic||8–3||Chattanooga Express|
|1994/95||Atlanta Magic||6–3||Oklahoma City Slickers|
|1995/96||Baltimore Bays||10–8||Atlanta Magic|
|1996/97||Baltimore Bays||5–4; 13–10||Tulsa Roughnecks|
|1997/98||Baltimore Bays||11–4||Tulsa Roughnecks|
|The USISL ceased operating its own indoor league in 1998.|
From 2011–2014, the USL operated the MISL.
|2011/12||Milwaukee Wave||14–2; 12–10||Baltimore Blast|
|2012/13||Baltimore Blast||21–12; 8–6||Missouri Comets|
|2013/14||Missouri Comets||15–8; 4–19; 6–4||Baltimore Blast|
In 1989, the Southwest Indoor Soccer League added a summer, outdoor season known as the Southwest Outdoor Soccer League. In 1990, the league dropped both "indoor" and "outdoor" from its name as it ran both a semi-professional indoor and outdoor season. By 1995, the outdoor season had grown to such a size that the USISL, as it was known at the time, split the league into two levels, the aptly named, fully professional Professional League and the semi-professional Premier League. In 1996, the USISL added a third, higher, Select League. This was formed from the strongest teams from both the Professional and Premier League. The Select League, along with the competing A-League, both received official Division II status from FIFA. However, the A-League was in decline while the USISL was expanding. Therefore, in 1997, the A-League ceased operations and merged into the USISL Select League which was renamed the USISL A-League. From that point, the USL's three-level structure remained stable until 2010. Some teams left to start the North American Soccer League and the First and Second Divisions were merged to become the USL Professional Division.
|1989||Colorado Comets||3–1||Addison Arrows|
|1991||Richardson Rockets||3–0||New Mexico Chiles|
|1992||Palo Alto Firebirds||1–0||Tucson Amigos|
|1993||Greensboro Dynamo||2–1||Orlando Lions|
|1994||Greensboro Dynamo||2–1 (SO)||Minnesota Thunder|
|Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up||Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up||Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up|
|Division II||Division III||Semi-pro|
|1995 Professional||Long Island Rough Riders||2–1||Minnesota Thunder||1995 Premier||Richmond Kickers||3–1||Cocoa Expos|
|1996 Select||California Jaguars||2–1 (SO)||Richmond Kickers||1996 Professional||Charleston Battery||3–2 (SO)||Charlotte Eagles||1996 Premier||Central Coast Roadrunners||2–1||San Francisco Bay Seals|
|1997 A-League||Milwaukee Rampage||1–1 (3–0)||Carolina Dynamo||1997 D-3 Pro||Albuquerque Geckos||4–1||Charlotte Eagles||1997 PDSL||Central Coast Roadrunners||2–1||Cocoa Expos|
|1998 A-League||Rochester Raging Rhinos||3–1||Minnesota Thunder||1998 D-3 Pro||Chicago Stingers||3–2 (OT)||New Hampshire Phantoms||1998 PDSL||San Gabriel Valley Highlanders||3–2||Jackson Chargers|
|1999 A-League||Minnesota Thunder||2–1||Rochester Raging Rhinos||1999 D-3 Pro||Western Mass Pioneers||2–1||South Jersey Barons||1999 PDL||Chicago Sockers||3–1||Spokane Shadow|
|2000 A-League||Rochester Raging Rhinos||3–1||Minnesota Thunder||2000 D-3 Pro||Charlotte Eagles||5–0||New Jersey Stallions||2000 PDL||Chicago Sockers||1–0||Mid-Michigan Bucks|
|2001 A-League||Rochester Raging Rhinos||2–0||Hershey Wildcats||2001 D-3 Pro||Utah Blitzz||1–0||Greenville Lions||2001 PDL||Westchester Flames||3–1||Calgary Storm|
|2002 A-League||Milwaukee Rampage||2–1 (OT)||Richmond Kickers||2002 D-3 Pro||Long Island Rough Riders||2–1||Wilmington Hammerheads||2002 PDL||Cape Cod Crusaders||2–1||Boulder Rapids Reserves|
|2003 A-League||Charleston Battery||3–0||Minnesota Thunder||2003 Pro Soccer||Wilmington Hammerheads||2–1 (OT)||Westchester Flames||2003 PDL||Cape Cod Crusaders||2–0||Chicago Fire Reserves|
|2004 A-League||Montreal Impact||2–0||Seattle Sounders||2004 Pro Soccer||Utah Blitzz||2–2 (5–4 PK)||Charlotte Eagles||2004 PDL||Central Florida Kraze||1–0||Boulder Rapids Reserves|
|2005 First Division||Seattle Sounders||1–1 (4–3 PK)||Richmond Kickers||2005 Second Division||Charlotte Eagles||2–2 (5–4 PK)||Western Mass Pioneers||2005 PDL||Des Moines Menace||0–0 (6–5 PK)||El Paso Patriots|
|2006 First Division||Vancouver Whitecaps||3–0||Rochester Raging Rhinos||2006 Second Division||Richmond Kickers||2–1||Charlotte Eagles||2006 PDL||Michigan Bucks||2–1||Laredo Heat|
|2007 First Division||Seattle Sounders||4–0||Atlanta Silverbacks||2007 Second Division||Harrisburg City Islanders||1–1 (8–7 PK)||Richmond Kickers||2007 PDL||Laredo Heat||0–0 (4–3 PK)||Michigan Bucks|
|2008 First Division||Vancouver Whitecaps||2–1||Puerto Rico Islanders||2008 Second Division||Cleveland City Stars||2–1||Charlotte Eagles||2008 PDL||Thunder Bay Chill||1–1 (4–1 PK)||Laredo Heat|
|2009 First Division||Montreal Impact||3–2; 3–1||Vancouver Whitecaps||2009 Second Division||Richmond Kickers||3–1||Charlotte Eagles||2009 PDL||Ventura County Fusion||2–1||Chicago Fire Premier|
|2010 D2 Pro League||Puerto Rico Islanders||2–0; 1–1||Carolina RailHawks||2010 Second Division||Charleston Battery||2–1||Richmond Kickers||2010 PDL||Portland Timbers U23s||4–1||Thunder Bay Chill|
|USL Pro / United Soccer League||Premier Development League (PDL)|
|Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up||Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up|
|2011 USL Pro||Orlando City SC||2–2 (3–2 PK)||Harrisburg City Islanders||2011 PDL||Kitsap Pumas||1–0||Laredo Heat|
|2012 USL Pro||Charleston Battery||1–0||Wilmington Hammerheads||2012 PDL||Forest City London||2–1||Carolina Dynamo|
|2013 USL Pro||Orlando City SC||7–4||Charlotte Eagles||2013 PDL||Austin Aztex||3–1||Thunder Bay Chill|
|2014 USL Pro||Sacramento Republic FC||2–0||Harrisburg City Islanders||2014 PDL||Michigan Bucks||1–0||Kitsap Pumas|
|2015 USL||Rochester Rhinos||2–1 ( a.e.t. )||LA Galaxy II||2015 PDL||K-W United FC||4–3||New York Red Bulls U-23|
|2016 USL||New York Red Bulls II||5–1||Swope Park Rangers||2016 PDL||Michigan Bucks||3–2||Calgary Foothills FC|
|2017 USL||Louisville City FC||1–0||Swope Park Rangers||2017 PDL||Charlotte Eagles||2–1||Thunder Bay Chill|
|2018 USL||Louisville City FC||1–0||Phoenix Rising FC||2018 PDL||Calgary Foothills FC||4–2 ( a.e.t. )||Reading United AC|
|USL Championship (Division II)||USL League One (Division III)||USL League Two (Semi-pro)|
|Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up||Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up||Season||Winner||Final score||Runner-up|
|2019||Real Monarchs||3–1||Louisville City FC||2019||North Texas SC||1–0||Greenville Triumph SC||2019||Flint City Bucks||1–0 ( a.e.t. )||Reading United AC|
|2020||Final canceled due to COVID-19 pandemic||2020||Greenville Triumph SC||N/A||Union Omaha||2020||Season canceled due to COVID-19 pandemic|
|2021||Orange County SC||3–1||Tampa Bay Rowdies||2021||Union Omaha||3–0||Greenville Triumph SC||2021||Des Moines Menace||1–0||North Carolina Fusion|
|1995 W-League||Long Island Lady Riders||3–0||Southern California Nitemares|
|1996 W-League||Maryland Pride||3–0||Dallas Lightning|
|1997 W-League||Long Island Lady Riders||2–1 (OT)||Chicago Cobras|
|1998 W-League W-1||Raleigh Wings||4–3||Boston Renegades|
|1998 W-League W-2||Fort Collins Force||3–1||Hampton Roads Piranhas|
|1999 W-League W-1||Raleigh Wings||3–2 (OT)||Chicago Cobras|
|1999 W-League W-2||North Texas FC||5–1||Springfield Sirens|
|2000 W-League W-1||Chicago Cobras||1–1 (4–2 PSO)||Raleigh Wings|
|2000 W-League W-2||Springfield Sirens||2–1||Charlotte Lady Eagles|
|2001 W-League W-1||Boston Renegades||5–1||Vancouver Whitecaps Women|
|2001 W-League W-2||Charlotte Lady Eagles||3–1||Memphis Mercury|
|2002 W-League||Boston Renegades||3–0||Charlotte Lady Eagles|
|2003 W-League||Hampton Roads Piranhas||1–0||Chicago Cobras|
|2004 W-League||Vancouver Whitecaps Women||0–0 (4–2 PSO)||New Jersey Wildcats|
|2005 W-League||New Jersey Wildcats||3–0||Ottawa Fury Women|
|2006 W-League||Vancouver Whitecaps Women||3–0||Ottawa Fury Women|
|2007 W-League||Washington Freedom||3–1||Atlanta Silverbacks Women|
|2008 W-League||Pali Blues||2–1||F.C. Indiana|
|2009 W-League||Pali Blues||2–1||Washington Freedom Reserves|
|2010 W-League||Buffalo Flash||3–1||Vancouver Whitecaps Women|
|2011 W-League||Atlanta Silverbacks Women||6–1||Ottawa Fury Women|
|2012 W-League||Ottawa Fury Women||1–1 (4–3 PSO)||Pali Blues|
|2013 W-League||Pali Blues||1–0||Laval Comets|
|2014 W-League||Los Angeles Blues||6–1||Washington Spirit Reserves|
|2015 W-League||Washington Spirit Reserves||2–1||Colorado Pride|
|The W-League ceased operations after the 2015 season.|
|2022 W League||South Georgia Tormenta FC||2–1 ( a.e.t. )||Minnesota Aurora FC|
The United Soccer Leagues First Division was a professional men's soccer league in the United States and Canada from 2005 to 2010.
The United Soccer Leagues Second Division was a professional men's soccer league in the United States, part of the United Soccer Leagues (USL) league pyramid. It was at the third tier of soccer in the United States, behind Major League Soccer and the USL First Division, and one step up from the USL Premier Development League and other leagues in the fourth tier.
USL League Two (USL2), formerly the Premier Development League (PDL), is a semi-professional developmental soccer league sponsored by United Soccer Leagues in the United States, Bermuda, and Canada, forming part of the United States soccer league system. The league features 113 teams for 2022, split into sixteen regional divisions across four conferences. USL League Two is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.
Rochester New York FC, formerly known as the Rochester Rhinos, are an American professional soccer team based in Rochester, New York, United States.
The United States soccer league system is a series of professional and amateur soccer leagues based, in whole or in part, in the United States. Sometimes called the American soccer pyramid, teams and leagues are not linked by the system of promotion and relegation typical in soccer elsewhere. Instead, the United States Soccer Federation (USSF) defines professional leagues in three levels, called divisions, with all other leagues sanctioned by the USSF not having an official designated level or division.
El Paso Patriots was an American soccer team based in El Paso, Texas, United States. Founded in 1989, the team played in the Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Mid South Division of the Southern Conference.
Sporting Arizona FC is an American soccer team based in Arizona. Founded in 1989, Sporting Arizona FC is Arizona's professional development club.
The New Mexico Chiles were an American soccer club established in 1990 which competed in the American Professional Soccer League. In 1991, the team merged with the New Mexico Roadrunners and moved to the USISL until its disestablishment in 1996.
The Chicago Sockers were an American soccer team that were founded in 1995 as the Chicago Stingers. The team was a member of the United Soccer Leagues (USL) and played at the professional level in the USISL Pro League, USISL Select League and USISL D-3 Pro League until 1999. The club was renamed Sockers and choose to be relegated to the amateur USL Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American soccer pyramid, for the 1999 season.
Perry Van der Beck is an American former soccer midfielder, former coach and technical director, and the current Vice President of Competition and Operations for the United Soccer League.
Rob Ukrop is an American former soccer player who currently serves as Chairman of USL League One club Richmond Kickers.
Jonathan Greenfield is a South African soccer player.
F.C. New York was an American professional soccer team based first in Queens, New York City, and then Long Island, New York. The team played two seasons, starting in 2011 in the National Division of the USL Professional Division, the third tier of the American Soccer Pyramid and then moving to the National Premier Soccer League for 2012. The club did not finish its 2012 schedule before folding.
The American Professional Soccer League (APSL) was a professional men's soccer league with teams from the United States and later Canada. It was formed in 1990 by the merger of the third American Soccer League with the Western Soccer League.
The A-League was a professional men's soccer league which featured teams from the United States and Canada. The A-League emerged from the restructured American Professional Soccer League in 1995 and operated until 2004, after which it was re-branded the USL First Division. During its first season, in 1995, it was the de facto top professional soccer league in both countries, before it was replaced at the top of the United States soccer pyramid by Major League Soccer (MLS) in 1996.
Maxwell Griffin is a retired American soccer player.
The USL Championship (USLC) is a professional men's soccer league in the United States that began its inaugural season in 2011. The USL is sanctioned by the United States Soccer Federation as a Division II league since 2017, placing it under Major League Soccer in the hierarchy. The USL is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.
Orange County Soccer Club is an American soccer team based in the Orange County, California city of Irvine. Founded in 2010 as the Los Angeles Blues, the team currently plays in the second tier USL Championship.
USL League One (USL1) is a professional men's soccer league in the United States that had its inaugural season in 2019. The Division III league is operated by United Soccer League, the same group that operates the Division II USL Championship and other leagues. As of 2022, the league has 11 teams who play 30 regular season games, followed by playoffs.