Eight United States presidents have made presidential visits to the Middle East. The first trips by an incumbent president to countries in (or partly within) the Middle East were those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and were an offshoot of Allied diplomatic interactions during World War II. To date, 16 visits have been made to Egypt, 12 to Saudi Arabia, 11 to Israel, six to both Iraq, Jordan and Turkey, four to Iran, three to the Palestinian Territories, two to both Kuwait and Syria, one to Bahrain, Georgia, Oman, Qatar, and to the United Arab Emirates. No incumbent American president has yet visited: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Lebanon, or Yemen.
|Franklin D. Roosevelt||November 22–26, 1943||Egypt||Cairo||Attended First Cairo Conference with British Prime Minister Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek.|
|November 27 – December 2, 1943||Iran||Tehran||Attended Tehran Conference with Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.|
|December 2–7, 1943||Egypt||Cairo||Attended Second Cairo Conference with British Prime Minister Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü.|
|February 13–15, 1945||Great Bitter Lake, Suez Canal, Alexandria||Met with King Farouk, Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie, Saudi Arabian King Ibn Saud, and British Prime Minister Churchill.|
|Dwight D. Eisenhower||December 6–7, 1959||Turkey||Ankara||Informal Visit. Met with President Celâl Bayar.|
|December 14, 1959||Iran||Tehran||Met with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Addressed Parliament.|
|Richard Nixon||May 30–31, 1972||Iran||Tehran||Official Visit. Met with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.|
|June 12–14, 1974||Egypt||Cairo, Alexandria||Met with President Anwar Sadat.|
|June 14–15, 1974||Saudi Arabia||Jeddah||Met with King Faisal.|
|June 15–16, 1974||Syria||Damascus||Met with President Hafez al-Assad.|
|June 16–17, 1974||Israel||Tel Aviv, Jerusalem||Met with President Ephraim Katzir and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.|
|June 17–18, 1974||Jordan||Amman||State Visit. Met with King Hussein.|
|Jimmy Carter||December 31, 1977 – |
January 1, 1978
|Iran||Tehran||Official Visit. Met with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and King Hussein of Jordan.|
|January 3–4, 1978||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Met with King Khalid and Crown Prince Fahd.|
|January 4, 1978||Egypt||Aswan||Met with President Sadat and German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt.|
|March 7–9, 1979||Cairo, Alexandria, Giza||State visit; met with President Sadat and addressed the People's Assembly.|
|March 10–13, 1979||Israel||Tel Aviv, Jerusalem||State Visit. Met with President Yitzhak Navon and Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Addressed the Knesset.|
|March 13, 1979||Egypt||Cairo||Met with President Sadat.|
|George H. W. Bush||November 21–22, 1990||Saudi Arabia||Jeddah, Dhahran||Met with King Fahd and the Amir of Kuwait. Addressed U.S. and British military personnel in eastern Saudi Arabia.|
|November 22–23, 1990||Egypt||Cairo||Discussed the Persian Gulf crisis with President Hosni Mubarak.|
|July 20–22, 1991||Turkey||Ankara, Istanbul||Met with President Turgut Ozal.|
|December 31, 1992||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Met with King Fahd.|
|Bill Clinton||October 25–26, 1994||Egypt||Cairo||Met with President Hosni Mubarak and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat.|
|October 26–27, 1994||Jordan||Aqaba, Wadi Arava, Amman||Attended the signing of the Israel-Jordan peace agreement. Addressed the Jordanian Parliament.|
|October 27, 1994||Syria||Damascus||Met with President Hafez al-Assad.|
|October 27–28, 1994||Israel||Jerusalem||Met with senior Israeli officials. Addressed the Knesset.|
|October 28, 1994||Kuwait||Kuwait City||Met with Emir Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah. Addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|October 28, 1994||Saudi Arabia||King Khalid Military City||Met with King Fahd.|
|November 5–6, 1995||Israel||Jerusalem||Attended the funeral of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.|
|March 13, 1996||Egypt||Sharm el-Sheikh||Attended the Summit of the Peacemakers.|
|March 13–14, 1996||Israel||Jerusalem, Tel Aviv||Discussed cooperation against terrorism with senior Israeli officials.|
|December 12–15, 1998||Jerusalem, Masada||Met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and senior Israeli officials.|
|December 14–15, 1998||Palestinian National Authority||Gaza, Bethlehem, Erez||Addressed Palestine National Council. Attended a meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Chairman Yasser Arafat.|
|February 8, 1999||Jordan||Amman||Attended the funeral of King Hussein.|
|November 15–19, 1999||Turkey||Ankara, İzmit, Ephesus, Istanbul||State Visit. Attended Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Summit meeting.|
|March 25, 2000||Oman||Muscat||Met with Sultan Qaboos bin Said.|
|August 29, 2000||Egypt||Cairo||Briefed President Hosni Mubarak on the Middle East Peace Process.|
|October 16–17, 2000||Sharm el-Sheikh||Attended the Israeli-Palestinian Summit Meeting.|
|George W. Bush||June 2–3, 2003||Sharm el-Sheikh||Attended "Red Sea Summit" with the leaders of Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, and with Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas.|
|June 4, 2003||Jordan||Aqaba||Attended meetings with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas. Met with King Abdullah II.|
|June 4–5, 2003||Qatar||Doha||Met with Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. Visited U.S. Central Command headquarters and addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|November 27, 2003||Iraq||Baghdad||Met with members of the Coalition Provisional Authority and the Iraqi Governing Council. Addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|June 26–29, 2004||Turkey||Ankara, Istanbul||Met with President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Attended the NATO Summit meeting.|
|May 9–10, 2005||Georgia||Tbilisi||Met with President Mikheil Saakashvili.|
|June 13, 2006||Iraq||Baghdad||Met with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|November 29–30, 2006||Jordan||Amman||Met with King Abdullah II and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.|
|September 3, 2007||Iraq||Al Asad Airbase||Met with Gen. David Petraeus, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, senior U.S. officials, Iraqi political leaders. Addressed U.S military personnel.|
|January 9–11, 2008||Israel||Tel Aviv, Jerusalem||Met with Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and President Shimon Peres. Visited Yad Vashem.|
|January 10, 2008||Palestinian National Authority||Ramallah, Bethlehem||Met with President Mahmoud Abbas. Visited the Church of the Nativity.|
|January 11–12, 2008||Kuwait||Kuwait City, Camp Arifjan||Attended Roundtable on Democracy and Development. Met with Gen. David Petraeus and United States Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker. Addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|January 12–13, 2008||Bahrain||Manama||Met with King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. Addressed U.S. military personnel.|
|January 13–14, 2008||United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi, Dubai||Met with President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.|
|January 14–16, 2008||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh, Al-Janadriyah||Met with King Abdullah.|
|January 16, 2008||Egypt||Sharm el-Sheikh||Met with President Hosni Mubarak.|
|May 14–16, 2008||Israel||Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Masada||Met with President Shimon Peres and Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. Addressed the Knesset. Attended Israel's 60th anniversary. Visited the Masada fortification site.|
|May 16–17, 2008||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh, al-Janadriyah||Met with King Abdullah.|
|May 17–18, 2008||Egypt||Sharm el-Sheikh||Met with President Hosni Mubarak, King Abdullah II of Jordan, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Prime Minister Salam Fayyad, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Pakistani Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. Addressed the World Economic Forum.|
|December 14, 2008||Iraq||Baghdad||Met with President Jalal Talabani and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Signed Strategic Framework and Security Agreements. Visited U.S. military personnel.|
|Barack Obama||April 5–7, 2009||Turkey||Ankara, Istanbul||Met with President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Delivered a speech to the Turkish Parliament. Laid a wreath at Anitkabir Mausoleum, Also met with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople of the Orthodox Church, attended the Alliance of Civilizations forum, and participated in a town hall meeting with students at the Tophane Cultural Center.|
|April 7–8, 2009||Iraq||Baghdad||Met with President Jalal Talabani and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Visited with U.S. troops.|
|June 3–4, 2009||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Met with King Abdullah.|
|June 4, 2009||Egypt||Cairo||Met with President Hosni Mubarak. Toured the Giza Pyramids. Delivered a speech at Cairo University.|
|March 20–22, 2013||Israel||Tel Aviv, Jerusalem||Met with President Shimon Peres and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Visited the Shrine of the Book and Yad Vashem, and spoke to students at the International Convention Center.|
|March 21–22, 2013||Palestinian National Authority||Ramallah, Al-Bireh, Bethlehem||Met with President Mahmoud Abbas. Visited the Church of the Nativity.|
|March 22–23, 2013||Jordan||Amman, Petra||Met with King Abdullah II.|
|March 28, 2014||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Met with King Abdullah.|
|January 27, 2015||Met with the newly appointed King Salman. Also paid respects to the late King Abdullah.|
|November 14–17, 2015||Turkey||Antalya||Attended the G-20 Summit Meeting. also met with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, King Salman of Saudi Arabia and Russian President Vladimir Putin.|
|April 20–21, 2016||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Official visit. Met with King Salman. Attended a summit meeting with the Gulf Cooperation Council.|
|September 30, 2016||Israel||Jerusalem||Attended the state funeral of former President Shimon Peres.|
|Donald J. Trump||May 20–22, 2017||Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Met with King Salman. Participated in the 2017 Riyadh Summit|
|May 22–23, 2017||Israel||Jerusalem||Met with President Reuven Rivlin and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.|
|May 23, 2017||Palestinian National Authority||Bethlehem||Met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.|
|December 26, 2018||Iraq||Al Asad Air Base||Visited with U.S military personnel serving in Western Iraq.|
Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir is a Saudi diplomat who is the former Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs and the current Saudi Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. He is the second person not belonging to the House of Saud to hold the office, after Ibrahim bin Abdullah Al Suwaiyel. He previously served as the Saudi Ambassador to the United States from 2007 to 2015, and was also a foreign policy advisor to King Abdullah.
There have been 40 United States presidential visits to Canada by 13 presidents over the past century. As the U.S. president is both head of state and head of government, these visits have taken many forms, ranging from formal state visits, to official visits, working visits, or private visits.
Fourteen presidents of the United States have made thirty-four presidential visits to Mexico. The first visit by an incumbent president to Mexico was made in 1909 by William Howard Taft. It was only the second time in U.S. history that a president left the country while in office.
Six United States presidents have made presidential visits to Sub-Saharan Africa. The first was an offshoot of Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretive World War II trip to French Morocco for the Casablanca Conference. More recently, Barack Obama, the first U.S. president with African American ancestry, visited his father's native Kenya in 2015. Of the 46 African nations identified as sub-Saharan by the United Nations, 14 have been visited by an American president.
Ten United States presidents have made presidential visits to Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The first trip by an incumbent president to Eastern Europe was made by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, to the Soviet Union, and was an offshoot of Allied diplomatic interactions during World War II. The first trip by an incumbent president to Northern Asia was made by Gerald Ford in 1974, also to the Soviet Union, and was an offshoot of U.S.–Soviet Détente during the Cold War. The first presidential visits to other Eastern European countries occurred during this era of easing geo-political tensions as well.
Eight presidents of the United States have made presidential visits to North Africa. The first trips by a sitting president to countries in North Africa were those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and were an offshoot of Allied diplomatic interactions during World War II. Of the five countries in the region, only Libya has not yet been visited by an American president.
Eleven United States presidents and one president-elect have made presidential visits to South America. The first trip was made by Herbert Hoover in 1928. During this tour he delivered twenty-five speeches in ten Central and South American countries, almost all of which stressed his plans to reduce American political and military interference in Latin American affairs. In sum, he pledged that the United States would act as a "good neighbor."
Nine United States presidents and one president-elect have made presidential visits to the Caribbean since 1928. Franklin D. Roosevelt made the most trips to the Caribbean islands (14), either for vacation or while involved with Allied diplomatic interactions during World War II. Of the 13 sovereign countries in the region, four—Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines—have not as of yet been visited by an American president.
There have been twenty-four United States presidential visits to Southeast Asia by ten U.S. presidents. Dwight D. Eisenhower became the first incumbent president to visit a Southeast Asian country when he visited the Philippines in 1960. Since then, every president, except John F. Kennedy and Jimmy Carter, has travelled to the region. The Philippines, a former U.S. colony (1902–1946) and a close U.S. ally, is the most visited Southeast Asian country with ten visits, followed by Indonesia and Vietnam with eight, and Thailand with seven. Of the eleven sovereign states in the region, all but East Timor have been visited by a sitting American president.
Twelve United States presidents have made presidential visits to the United Kingdom and Ireland. The first visit by an incumbent president to the United Kingdom was made in December 1918 by Woodrow Wilson, and was an offshoot of American diplomatic interactions with the Principal Allied Powers at the conclusion of World War I prior to the Paris Peace Conference. The first visit by an incumbent president to Ireland was made in June 1963 by John F. Kennedy. To date, 37 visits have been made to the United Kingdom and eleven to Ireland.
To date, eight visits have been made to Afghanistan and India, five have been made to Pakistan, to Bangladesh. No incumbent president has yet visited Bhutan, the Maldives, Nepal, or Sri Lanka.
Ten United States presidents have made presidential visits to East Asia. The first presidential trip to a country in East Asia was made by Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952. Since then, all presidents, except John F. Kennedy, have traveled to one or more nations in the region while in office.
Thirteen United States presidents have made presidential visits to Southern Europe. Woodrow Wilson became the first incumbent president to visit a Southern European country in January 1919 in the aftermath of World War I. Visits occurring during the 1940s through 1980s were offshoots of American diplomatic interactions during World War II and then the Cold War.
Thirteen United States presidents have made presidential visits to Western Europe. The first visits by an incumbent president to countries in Western Europe were made in 1918 and 19 by Woodrow Wilson in the aftermath of World War I. He was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize for his peacemaking efforts. Visits occurring during the 1940s through 1980s were offshoots of American diplomatic interactions following World War II and during the Cold War. To date, 40 visits have been made to France, 32 to Germany, 20 to Belgium, 11 to Switzerland, six to Austria, and five to the Netherlands. No president has yet visited Liechtenstein, Luxembourg or Monaco.
Seven United States presidents have made presidential visits to Northern Europe. Richard Nixon became the first incumbent president to visit a Northern European country 1973. The first trips were an offshoot of the general easing of the geo-political tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. To date, every nation in the region has been visited at least once: Finland (6), Denmark (4), Latvia (3), Estonia (2), Iceland (2), Norway (2), Sweden (2), and Lithuania (1).