Vertiginidae

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Vertiginidae
Temporal range: Upper Paleocene-recent [1]
Vertigo moulinsiana 2.jpg
A live individual of Vertigo moulinsiana
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Superorder: Eupulmonata
Order: Stylommatophora
Superfamily: Pupilloidea
Family: Vertiginidae
Fitzinger, 1833
Diversity [1]
93–95 species

Vertiginidae, common name the whorl snails, is a family of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs or micromollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea. [2]

Contents

Distribution

The distribution of the Vertiginidae is in the Northern Hemisphere: North America (60 species), Eurasia (30 species), North and central Africa (3-5 species). [1] That gives a total of approximately 93-95 species.

Ecology

Snails in this family inhabit habitats ranging from forests to semi-open and open habitats with various different kinds of substrate cover, vegetation and humidity. [1] They feed on microflora - bacteria and fungi - growing on dead and living plants. [1]

Taxonomy

The following three subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005): [2]

Genera

Genera in the family Vertiginidae include:

Subfamily Vertigininae

Tribe Vertiginini

Subfamily Nesopupinae
Subfamily ?

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Succineidae Family of gastropods

Succineidae are a family of small to medium-sized, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Succineoidea.

Planorbidae Family of gastropods

Planorbidae, common name the ramshorn snails or ram's horn snails, is a family of air-breathing freshwater snails, aquatic pulmonate gastropod molluscs. Unlike most molluscs, the blood of ram's horn snails contains iron-based hemoglobin instead of copper-based hemocyanin. As a result, planorbids are able to breathe oxygen more efficiently than other molluscs. The presence of hemoglobin gives the body a reddish colour. This is especially apparent in albino animals.

<i>Vertigo</i> (gastropod) Genus of gastropods

Vertigo is a genus of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs or micromollusks in the family Vertiginidae, the whorl snails.

Pupillidae Family of gastropods

Pupillidae is a family of mostly minute, air-breathing, land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea.

Clausiliidae Family of gastropods

Clausiliidae, also known by their common name the door snails, are a taxonomic family of small, very elongate, mostly left-handed, air-breathing land snails, sinistral terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks.

Ptychalaea is a fossil genus of very small, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the family Gastrocoptidae.

Sterkia is a genus of minute, air-breathing, land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks which were formerly classified in the family Pupillidae now in the family Vertiginidae instead.

Hygromiidae Family of gastropods

Hygromiidae is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Achatinellidae Family of gastropods

Achatinellidae is a family of tropical air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea.

Phenacolepadidae Family of molluscs

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Xanthonychidae Family of gastropods

Xanthonychidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Sphincterochilidae Family of gastropods

Sphincterochilidae is a taxonomic family of medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Elonidae Family of gastropods

Elonidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropods mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Orthurethra Clade of gastropods

Orthurethra is a clade of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the clade Stylommatophora.

Orthalicoidea Superfamily of gastropods

The Orthalicoidea are a superfamily of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial gastropod mollusks in the infraorder Orthalicoidei of the suborder Helicina

Pupilloidea Superfamily of gastropods

Pupilloidea is a superfamily of small and very small air-breathing land snails, terrestrial gastropod mollusks in the infraorder Pupilloidei.

Hygromiinae is a taxonomic subfamily of land snails, terrestrial gastropod molluscs in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies.

Geomitridae is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Gastrocoptidae Family of gastropods

Gastrocoptidae is a family of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Pupilloidea.

References

This article incorporates public domain text from the reference. [1]

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Family summary for Vertiginidae. AnimalBase, last modified 03-09-2006, accessed 23 June 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia . Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN   3-925919-72-4. ISSN   0076-2997.
  3. 1 2 "Mollusca" Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.